The Race for EVs
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|Christoph Hammerschmidt||October 17th 2016|
Independently of one another, connector manufacturer ITT Cannon and cable systems provider Leoni introduced elements of a charging infrastructure capable of reducing the charging time to a few minutes. Leoni showcased the concept design of a charging station capable of charging an 85 kWh battery (like the one used in the Tesla S) within 15 minutes. Within three to five minutes, the battery can be charged for a range of some 100 kilometers. During charging, 400 amps at 1000 volts are carried over the cable. Since conventional cables, dimensioned for lower currents, would overheat during the process, Leoni enables the current-carrying parts to be cooled actively. The company however declined to specify the coolant.
Connector supplier ITT Cannon announced to introduce a similar charger – like its counterpart from Leoni, the ITT charger is designed to deliver up to 400 kW at 400 amps, and like the Leoni charger, relevant components are cooled. Unlike Leoni, ITT Cannon provided technical details of its system: The high power density is facilitated by a dielectric cooling liquid that runs from the cable throughout the connector’s contact system. The solution works with a weight optimized cable design; the cable diameter is minimized for better flexibility. The contact system has high-precision canted coil spring power contacts to reduce mechanical stress and the electric resistance of the contact partners to a minimum. ITT Cannon claims its contact system leads to significantly lower power losses during the charging process, compared with existing solutions. At the same time, the design maximizes the life time.