--Advertisement--
Ad by The Cutting Edge News

The Cutting Edge

Saturday December 20 2014 reaching 1.4 million monthly
--Advertisement--
Ad by The Cutting Edge News

The Race for Solar

Back

Colored Solar Cells Boost E-Reader Efficiency and Create Energy-Harvesting Light Displays

October 10th 2011

Energy Topics - solar cell in color
Colored solar cell (Credit: Jay Guo)

A new kind of screen pixel doubles as a solar cell and could boost the energy efficiency of cell phones and e-readers. The technology could also potentially be used in larger displays to make energy-harvesting billboards or decorative solar panels. Jay Guo, a professor in the University of Michigan's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, has developed the reflective photovoltaic color filter device that can convert absorbed light to electricity. The research is newly published in the current print edition of ACS Nano.

In traditional LCDs, less than 8 percent of the backlight actually reaches a viewer's eyes. The rest is absorbed by color filters and polarizers, Guo says. "This absorbed light is totally wasted," he said. "It becomes heat. You can feel it if you put your hand close to a monitor. Why not try to harvest some of this energy?"

That's just what he has done. Guo's new filter can convert to power about 2 percent of the light that would otherwise be wasted. This could add up to a significant amount in small electronics, he says.

The researchers created the new filter by adding organic semiconductor solar cells to an elegant and ultra-thin color filter, similar to what Guo's lab had created over a year ago. That filter is composed of nano-thin sheets of metal with precisely spaced gratings that act as resonators, trapping and reflecting light of a particular color. The color depends only on the amount of space between the slits.

At just 200 nanometers thick, the new filter is 100 times thinner than traditional colorant-based filters—a feature that would be attractive for use in future ultrathin colored display devices.

The paper is titled, "Photonic Color Filters Integrated with Organic Solar Cells for Energy Harvesting." The university is pursuing patent protection for the intellectual property.

U-M Sustainability fosters a more sustainable world through collaborations across campus and beyond aimed at educating students, generating new knowledge, and minimizing our environmental footprint. 

Nicole Casal Moore writes for the University of Michigan, from where this article is adapted.


Back
Copyright © 2007-2014The Cutting Edge News About Us