The Iranian Threat
|Susan St. Claire||January 27th 2013|
ran has formally banned all oil and gas exports to the European Union, an official said on January 27. Oil Ministry spokesman Ali Reza Nikzad Rahbar told the semiofficial Mehr news agency that the ban will remain in effect as long as "hostile decisions" continue to be made by the EU. The Iranian ban is expected to have limited effect since the 27-member bloc already has imposed its own boycott on Iranian energy as part of its package of sanctions over Iran's disputed nuclear program. Before the EU ban took effect last year, sales to the EU accounted for about 18 percent of Iran's oil and gas exports. The United States and many other countries fear that Iran is attempting to develop nuclear weapons. Iran maintains its nuclear program is exclusively peaceful.
Despite many requests by EU countries on buying oil and gas from Iran, Iran will not sell any oil and gas to those countries,â€ Nikzad Rahbar told Mehr news agency.
It is not clear what â€œrequestsâ€ Nikzad Rahbar was referring to, as the EU stopped importing crude oil in July last year, and gas under the latest round of sanctions that came into force earlier this month. It comes as fresh restrictions are being implemented by the EU, preventing Iranian banks from dealing with Europe, unless for humanitarian purposes. The embargoes are aimed at hindering Tehrans nuclear program, which Brussels believes is aimed at developing a nuclear weapon.
Iranâ€™s Central Bankâ€™s assets in the EU have also been frozen and European shipyards cannot construct oil tankers destined for the Islamic Republic. Nikzad Rahbar said Tehranâ€™s counter-sanctions were a direct response to these â€œhostile decisionsâ€. The exact effectiveness and impact of the sanctions on Iran has been disputed, due to sketchy information coming from Tehranâ€™s officials. The US has estimated that Iran has lost more than $40 billion in revenues as a result of oil import bans gradually imposed over the past year, mostly by Western countries.
Earlier this month, Iranian oil minister Rostam Qasemi also confirmed that oil exports had fallen by 40 percent, which tallies with the US estimate. At the same time, Nikzad Rahbar insisted to Mehr that the exports hadnâ€™t been â€œaffected muchâ€ and that â€œIran has signed new contracts with other world oil companiesâ€.
There has also been mounting speculation that Iran is circumventing the EU sanctions by setting up fronts in other countries, particularly neighboring Turkey, and exporting petrochemicals through third parties, though the scope of these transactions is unclear.
Officially, Iranâ€™s GDP contracted by 1 percent last year, while its currency lost 80 percent of its value against the dollar.
Tehran insists that its nuclear program is entirely peaceful, while the US and the EU say Iran is producing ever-greater quantities of enriched uranium, which is a key component of a functioning nuclear weapon.
Latest negotiations between the sides have hinged on Iran accepting a new inspection program from the UNâ€™s nuclear watchdog, the IAEA.
After continually failing to even set a date for possible negotiations, the sides are now likely to meet for talks next month.