The Digital Edge
|Junko Yoshida||January 28th 2014|
In the results posted Friday for the fourth quarter of 2013, Samsung Electronics reported an operating profit of 8.31 trillion won ($7.7 billion), which missed analyst expectations by a whopping 20%.
Samsung also reported its first quarterly operating profit decline in two years - an 18% drop from the $9.4 billion it reported for the third quarter. Though it posted a record $54.95 billion of revenue, the industry is focused now on its potential growth limits in the coming quarters.
Read more ..
The Korean company also issued a warning about anemic earnings in the current quarter. It's blaming "weak seasonality" in the IT industry early in a calendar year. It expects performance to pick up in the second half, but admitting a disappointment in advance is hardly good news.
Nobody is predicting the beginning of the end for Samsung, but this might be an opportune moment to compare its situation today with Nokia's back in 2007. Today the mobile division is responsible for more than half of Samsung Electronics' revenue and profit. Further, Samsung's share of the global smartphone market is more than 35%, and Nokia's share peaked at 39% in the third quarter of 2007.
Ukraine on Edge
|George Friedman||January 28th 2014|
|Vladimir Putin and Viktor Yanukovych|
A few months ago, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich was expected to sign some agreements that could eventually integrate Ukraine with the European Union economically. Ultimately, Yanukovich refused to sign the agreements, a decision thousands of his countrymen immediately protested. The demonstrations later evolved, as they often do. Protesters started calling for political change, and when Yanukovich resisted their calls, they demanded new elections.
Some protesters wanted Ukraine to have a European orientation rather than a Russian one. Others felt that the government was corrupt and should thus be replaced. These kinds of demonstrations occur in many countries. Sometimes they're successful; sometimes they're not. In most cases, the outcome matters only to the country's citizens or to the citizens of neighboring states. But Ukraine is exceptional because it is enormously important. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Ukraine has had to pursue a delicate balance between the tenuous promises of a liberal, wealthy and somewhat aloof Europe and the fact that its very existence and independence can be a source of strategic vulnerability for Russia. Read more ..
|John J. Clancey||January 27th 2014|
As Edward Snowden has continued to slowly release more information about the widespread intelligence gathering techniques of the National Security Agency (NSA), there have been more calls for him to be granted an amnesty and further calls for placing limits on intelligence gathering by the NSA and other intelligence agencies.
Der Spiegel has reported that NSA has a hacker unit, in the fine tradition of intelligence operatives labelled the Tailored Access Operations (TAO), which has developed techniques to exploit the weaknesses and hardware of computers.
According to Der Speigel, TAO has developed computer-monitor cables to record what appears on the screen, USB sticks with radio transmitters and fake base stations to obtain mobile phone signals, as well as attaching espionage software to computers that were intercepted on their way from the factory to customers! Another NSA unit is trying to build a “quantum computer” to break any type of encryption used by banks, businesses, hospitals, lawyers, and governments all over the world to protect their records. Read more ..
The Iranian Threat
|Shoshana Bryen||January 27th 2014|
The Obama administration is angry that Senate proponents of additional sanctions against Iran (to be instituted if the interim accord expires without a final agreement) appear to be more skeptical of Iranian promises than the president and Secretary Kerry are. The administration is angry as well that signers, particularly Democratic senators, of the Kirk-Menendez Amendment find themselves in accord with the security concerns of the government of Israel. And finally, the administration is angry with American Jews.
The Jerusalem Post this week cited an Israel Radio report of an American official saying the president and Secretary of State Kerry are "disturbed over what is being perceived in their inner circle as 'Jewish activism in Congress' that they think is being encouraged by the Israeli government." According to the Israel Radio report, the Israeli government is increasingly being viewed as "fanning the flames" among American Jews by encouraging them to promote the Israeli government position specifically on Iran sanctions. Read more ..
America on Edge
|Kent Paterson||January 26th 2014|
For better or worse, if something happens in California please be assured it will soon come to a neighborhood theater near you. Hollywood, Silicon Valley, Pleasant Valley Sunday suburban sprawl, the car culture, LSD, and acid rock all launched or took hold in the Golden State.
Politically, California was the birthplace of the 1960s student revolt, the Black Panther Party and La Causa, the great movement of the farmworkers spearheaded by Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta. California also gave rise to the modern tax revolt, the Reagan Revolution and state immigration battles like the 1994 fight over Proposition 187. Read more ..
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||January 25th 2014|
Mirable dictu! Even Fareed Zakaria says the P5+1 deal with Iran is a “train wreck.” Why? Because “They talked about dismantling the heavy water reactor at Arak. But he [Rouhani] made clear, categorically, specifically and unequivocally, none of that is going to happen.”
Too bad neither he nor many others wonder about the root cause for the different understandings of what was agreed to on November 24 in Geneva. Or, why when Iran is allowed to decide, a posteriori, which parts of the agreement it will adhere to, there is no reaction from Washington apart from “oh, they’re only speaking for domestic political consumption.” Delay easing sanctions as a response? Not a chance. Shhh! We’re still negotiating! Read more ..
America on Edge
|Jonathan Adelman and Asaf Romirowsky||January 24th 2014|
Over and over again we hear that Americans have lost their traditional willingness to use military force in places like Syria and Iran for a simple reason: They are war weary. This is often stated as an obvious, undeniable truth connected to the winding down of two long wars in Afghanistan (begun in 2001) and Iraq (begun in 2003). Yet, few bother to see if this is actually true and, if so, what it means for the United States.
If the connection were that simple, how can we explain American behavior after World War I and World War II? For the United States did not even enter World War I until April 1917, 32 months after the war started, and seriously engage in combat until September 1918, only two months before the end of the war. Its 55,000 battle losses were far less than 1% of total fatalities (9.5 million) suffered in the war. And none of the war was fought on American soil but rather it devastated significant areas of northern France, Eastern Europe and even part of Turkey. Read more ..
|Michael D. Lafaive||January 23rd 2014|
At a press conference January 22, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder explained why he wants to give $350 million in state money — which he insists is not a bailout — to Detroit. Details are lacking, but Gov. Snyder says he wants an "investment" from state tobacco revenue settlement funds to match a generous offer of support from private foundations. He says this would protect Detroit pensioners and the Detroit Institute of Arts collection.
Gov. Snyder says this is not a "bailout" but a "settlement" because a bailout (I am paraphrasing) involves giving money to bankers and not getting anything in return. This seems a bit of a stretch. Dictionary.com’s second entry on "bailout" reads: "an instance of coming to the rescue, especially financially: a government bailout of a large company." (Emphasis in the original.) Read more ..
Israel on Edge
|Rabbi Shammai Engelmayer||January 22nd 2014|
|Reading from a Sephardic Torah Scroll (Stands Upright in a Solid Box)|
Israel currently has two chief rabbis—an Ashkenazi one and the Rishon L’tzion, the official title of the Sephardi chief rabbi. A bill making its way through Israel’s legislative process would end that division in 2023 by creating a single chief rabbi for the country.
The legislation is the brainchild of Justice Minister Tzipi Livni of Hatnua, and is co-sponsored by two Bayit Hayehudi leaders—Religious Affairs Minister Naftali Bennett and Member of Knesset Eli Ben-Dahan.
Livni’s goal appears laudable. “In a state where there is only one president, one Supreme Court president, one prime minister, and one chief of general staff,” she said, “there is no way to justify the doubling of the position of chief rabbi. We have to rid ourselves of the old-fashioned division of ancestral congregations and start bringing the country together.”
How noble that sounds, and how so on point it seems. Jews are one people, after all, so maintaining two chief rabbis does seem divisive. The real question, however, is whether Livni’s stated motivation—and Bennet’s and Ben-Dahan’s for joining in—is less about unity and more about something insidious, namely the homogenization of Judaism at the expense of Sephardi and Mizrachi standards, practices, and culture. (The Mizrachi, often confused with the Sephardi, with whom they share many customs and practices, are Jews from Arab lands and North Africa. True Sephardim trace their origins to pre-expulsion Spain and Portugal.) Read more ..
The Economy on Edge
|John J. Castellani||January 22nd 2014|
With the State of the Union less than a week away, the strength of the U.S. and our competitiveness in the global economy are front and center. We are a nation of invention and discovery, but to retain that global edge, we must have the best and the brightest well-trained minds in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).
We are falling far behind other countries, as recent data show Shanghai 9th graders rank first in science and math literacy while U.S. students rank in the bottom half of member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). With a projected need for 1 million new STEM workers in the U.S. over the next decade, the private and public sectors must work together to reduce the STEM gap and keep key R&D and manufacturing in the U.S. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Raymond Ibrahim||January 21st 2014|
Arabic language websites reported earlier this month that the al-Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant—which, throughout the course of the war against the Syrian Bashar al-Assad government has committed any number of atrocities, from decapitating “infidels” to burning churches—has successfully “forced” two Armenian Christian families to convert to Islam.
A video accompanies some of these reports. In it, what appears to be an elderly Armenian man stands alongside an Islamic cleric who announces the Christian man’s conversion to Islam—to thunderous cries of “Allahu Akbar!” In his exultation, the cleric makes exuberant statements like “You see, we have no honor without Islam—without proclaiming aloud that ‘There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet!’” (Without the religious jargon, this is simply another way of saying, “Only by joining our team can you ever escape dishonor,” the lot of all non-Muslim, subhuman “infidels.”) Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Charles Lister||January 20th 2014|
Since early on January 3, Syrian insurgents have engaged the extremist group, the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) in intense battles across 5 of the country’s 14 governorates, forcing ISIS out of at least 28 separate municipalities. So far, forces combating ISIS’ control of territory across areas of Idlib, Aleppo, Hama, Al-Raqqa, and Deir ez Zour governorates have included members of three insurgent fronts – the largely nationalist Syrian Revolutionaries Front (SRF); the newly formed moderately Islamist Jaish al-Mujahideen; and the Salafist Islamic Front (IF).
This was an entirely expected development. For months tensions had been rising between ISIS and Syria’s various opposition groups, not to mention among large sectors of the Syrian population. Since its emergence in Syria in April and May 2013, ISIS has steadily asserted its hardline and uncompromising ideological norms in areas under its control. Syrians have perceived ISIS as a singularly self-interested actor. ISIS has proven increasingly disinclined to work alongside pre-existing multi-group structures established in order to coordinate operations against the government, administer effective opposition governance in “liberated” territory, and resolve legal disputes. Read more ..
Paraguay on Edge
|Lewis Feischman||January 19th 2014|
Center for Security Policy
The land-locked country of Paraguay, neatly tucked between Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia is seldom given much notice. However, there are elements of the country that are worth taking a look at. Last April Paraguay elected a new president, Horacio Cartes.
Cartes is a member of the Colorado party, a party that held Paraguay’s presidency for 60 years. Thirty five of those years were ones of dictatorship. Cartes, however, joined the Colorado Party only four years ago.
Cartes’s election took place ten months after former President Fernando Lugo (2008-2012) was impeached and deposed by the Paraguayan congress. That move by the Paraguayan legislature was seen by many countries in the region as a coup and as a result of that Paraguay was suspended from the South American Free Trade zone (Mercosur) as well as from the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and faced regional isolation. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|Jonah Goldberg||January 18th 2014|
It wasn’t supposed to be like this.
At the end of 2013, the Washington Post’s electoral number-crunchers calculated that the Democrats had a 1 percent chance to win back the House of Representatives. Barely into 2014, that already seems pretty optimistic. In the last week, several Democratic representatives saw the writing on the wall and voted with their feet — or with their seat — and announced they will be retiring.
Even a popular president can usually expect disappointing midterm results for his party. What makes things particularly dire for Democrats is that a president’s approval rating has a significant impact on his party’s prospects. Obama’s approval rating is in the low 40s, and, while things can change, few would bet it will improve all that much between now and November. Read more ..
The Iranian Threat
|Avi Jorisch||January 17th 2014|
Starting next Monday, Iran will formally implement an interim agreement with the West. President Rohani has described the accord as the world "bowing to Iran's might, power and resistance." The Islamic Republic has agreed to limit certain aspects of its nuclear activities for six months in return for what has been called "modest" relief from the crippling international sanctions imposed for most of the last decade. But the West, by rolling back the sanctions regime, has given Tehran an opportunity to reinvigorate its economic and diplomatic ties with the rest of the world, and Western countries have eagerly exploited the opening to do business with Iran. Re-legitimizing business as usual before Iran makes any significant concessions on its nuclear program not only sends the wrong message, but impairs the West's ability to negotiate effectively.
Iran has made a full court press to rehabilitate its economy following the relaxing of sanctions. In the last six weeks, Tehran has been working its charm offensive, principally with Europe, but also with Japan, Turkey and Azerbaijan. In addition, it has begun rebuilding the critical infrastructure necessary to transact global business, including in the banking and energy sectors. Read more ..
Egypt After Morsi
|Shoshana Bryen||January 16th 2014|
Jewish Policy Center
Warning: The following isn't nice.
The liberal moaning and wailing has begun. The circumstances of the referendum on Egypt's new constitution, the crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, and what appears to be the impending crackdown on Hamas have produced calls for "inclusion" and "democratic norms," and the denunciation of the military-backed government. TIME Magazine intones, "Egyptians are Voting Away their Freedom." The Washington Post called for a suspension of U.S. military aid to Egypt over its "bogus democracy."
That's a rather high hand. What if Egypt doesn't have a "bogus democracy," but an insurgency that needs redress? What if, to Egyptians, the Muslim Brotherhood resembles the Taliban more than it does the Democratic Party of the United States? Remember, the Taliban wasn't entirely unwelcome in Afghanistan in the chaos of the Russian withdrawal. What if Egyptians are driven by the specter of Libyan militias, Iraqi dissolution, Syrian civil war, and the wreckage produced by a single year of Muslim Brotherhood rule? What if Egyptians value perceived security over what they understand about democracy? Read more ..
|James C. Capretta||January 15th 2014|
President Obama has signaled that he plans to use income inequality as a political wedge issue in the 2014 midterm election. The idea is to shine a spotlight on the large disparity between the economic gains for those at the top of the income ladder and those on the bottom rungs, and then to blame Republicans for blocking efforts which are supposedly aimed at narrowing the gap. Think of Bill de Blasio-style populism on a national scale.
The battle lines in this emerging debate are becoming visible over the extension of long-term unemployment benefits and raising the federal minimum wage requirement. Much like the 2012 presidential contest, the president and his allies want to advance proposals that poll very well and which many Republicans oppose for principled reasons in an attempt to paint GOP candidates as insensitive to the plight of those struggling in today’s still sluggish economy. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|John Yoo||January 14th 2014|
Today, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Noel Canning v. NLRB in which the D.C. Circuit struck down President Obama’s recess appointments to the National Labor Relations Board. The question is whether the president’s power under Article II of the Constitution “to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate” allows appointments for (a) vacancies that came open while the Senate was in session and while (b) the Senate is in pro forma session (i.e., it is open but not transacting any legislative business).
In Noel Canning, President Obama appointed officers to the NLRB to positions that came open while the Senate was in session. He also appointed them while the Senate was in a pro forma session. Critics have rightly attacked President Obama for aggrandizing presidential power. The original understanding of the Clause appears to support the D.C. Circuit’s position, but by practice presidents had made recess appointments while the Senate was out of session for more than three days (or any time in between sessions), without Senate pushback. Read more ..
|Star Parker||January 13th 2014|
Scripps Howard News Service
It’s too early to predict where N.J. Governor Chris Christie’s “bridgegate” scandal will lead.
What did Christie know and when did he know it about actions of operatives in his administration who engineered the closing of key traffic lanes, leading onto the George Washington bridge outside Fort Lee, New Jersey, as political punishment for a Democratic mayor who did not endorse Christie’s reelection.
The lane closings caused horrendous traffic jams that might have caused the death of one elderly woman.
But whichever players in this horrible game of political vindictiveness are implicated, there is an important lesson.
Despite our obsession with political systems and processes, the quality of our lives ultimately flows from the behavior of individual human beings and not from any meticulously designed political system.
The best any political system can do is to assure political freedom. But it cannot assure what individuals choose to do with their freedom and the values that will define their lives.
The more we believe that politics alone can make our lives better, and that moral standards are just private matters with no import on the quality of our national life, the deeper we will dig the hole in which we are burying ourselves.
We just marked the 50th anniversary of President Lyndon Johnson’s declaration of “an unconditional war on poverty.”
But Johnson’s lofty political language about eradication of social injustice and poverty and who the man actually was and how he lived is a study in contrasts. Read more ..
|Balaji Rajan||January 13th 2014|
The student loan system is broken, and we need new ideas for fixing it.
Student debt now totals more than $1 trillion, and students are borrowing some $113 billion a year. With this year’s college graduates owing $32,500 on average, these debts threaten to be dead weights on their financial futures.
The nation is moving toward a mobile information and transaction paradigm, with purchases and payments online. Students bank electronically, shop electronically and study electronically. They should be able to repay their loans electronically, especially the large percentage of borrowers who are non-banked or under-banked.
The Obama administration is starting to make student loans more transparent and repayment more affordable. The new online “scorecard” measures colleges based on tuition, graduation rates, debt levels and graduates’ earnings. The Department of Education is reaching out to struggling borrowers, informing them of their options. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is scrutinizing the largest loan servicers. And Congress is holding hearings on the student debt crisis. Read more ..
The War on Drugs
|Jeremy Haile||January 12th 2014|
The Capitol steps might be literally frozen, but inside Congress, we’re seeing a bit of a thaw.
From federal spending bills to farm and nutrition programs, Congress appears poised to pass long-awaited bipartisan legislation this winter.
But before they head out to the campaign trail later this year, lawmakers should take up another measure that enjoys wide bipartisan support: legislation to reform drug sentencing.
In recent months, bold leaders have come together from both parties to craft legislation to reform the way we address federal nonviolent drug offenses. Buttressed by states that have downsized prison populations while continuing to experience crime reductions, cross-aisle alliances in both the House and Senate have sought to scale back the overly punitive and fiscally irresponsible policies of the past. Read more ..
The Race for Biofuels
|Silvestre Reyes||January 11th 2014|
Serving as chairman of the House Intelligence Committee for four years was one of the most rewarding experiences I had in Congress. In my role as chairman, I had a front-row seat to the most serious threats that faced this nation and what the intelligence and military branches of government were doing to confront those challenges.
While much of what I learned remains classified, I am not revealing any state secrets by saying that our addiction to foreign sources of oil is a serious concern for our national security.
Even with that in mind, the recent proposal by the Environmental Protection Agency to reduce the amount of ethanol in our fuel supply is the right decision.
Ethanol is a mature industry that has grown so quickly there are concerns about damage to engines when it is used in higher blends. Also, because U.S. ethanol continues to rely almost entirely on corn for production, it has limited environmental benefits and creates impacts on livestock producers that are of grave concern in Texas. Read more ..
The Middle East on Edge
|Thomas Donnelly and Mary Habeck||January 10th 2014|
The first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish . . . the kind of war on which they are embarking, neither mistaking it for, nor -trying to turn it into, something that is alien to its nature. — Carl von Clausewitz
Far beyond the question of al Qaeda participation in the September 11, 2012, attacks on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, that killed Ambassador Christopher Stevens and others, David Kirkpatrick’s notorious New York Times article—claiming no international terror group had a role in the assault—is evidence that, 12 years after 9/11, we still don’t understand the enemy. More fatally, even after seven decades of direct engagement and involvement in the greater Middle East, we do not understand the nature of the war. Read more ..
Egypt on Edge
|H.A. Hellyer||January 9th 2014|
In a single week, Arabs of the Christian and the Islamic faiths commemorate the births of their most significant religious figures. The past year has seen their faiths deployed on many an occasion for various gains – sometimes laudable ones, but often otherwise. Will 2014 see a change in how religion is used in Egypt and Syria? Will it be used to bring people together, instead of forcing them apart? Or will it merely continue to be a tool for partisanship, bigotry and violence?
Christian Arabs who follow the different Orthodox calendars rejoiced in the birth of Christ earlier this week. In Egypt, they did so under close guard, amid fears that violent opponents of the government might target Christians. Radical Islamists have promoted sectarianism in Egypt for a long time, including in this current phase where many of them believe that the Coptic Church is disproportionally responsible for the ousting of Mohammed Morsi. Certainly, religion in this context is not being used to bring people together.
In a few days time, Muslim Arabs celebrate the birth of the final Prophet of Islam during Mawlid al-Nabi (the Birthday of the Prophet). They will do so the day before the much-anticipated referendum on amendments to the country’s constitution. In the run-up to that referendum, Egyptians have seen religious functionaries deploy religious language to support a “yes” vote. Former grand muftis of the republic have issued clear statements where they encouraged a “yes” vote on the basis that this was religiously commendable. Religion in this context is also not being used to bring people together – but rather to build support for a partisan position on a legal document that is a genuine point of contention between Egyptians. Read more ..
|Alex Brill||January 8th 2014|
For more than five years, the federal government has provided extended unemployment benefits to workers who have lost their jobs through no fault of their own and remained out of work beyond the standard 26 weeks of unemployment benefits. This program expired on December 28, 2013, ending extended unemployment benefits for 1.3 million Americans. The White House claims that the expiration of this program is "unprecedented in the context of previous extensions to earlier unemployment insurance programs." In his weekly radio address, President Obama declared, "Instead of punishing families who can least afford it, Republicans should make it their New Year's resolution to do the right thing, and restore this vital economic security for their constituents right now." If only the economic reality of the extended unemployment benefits program was as potent as the political rhetoric. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|James C. Capretta||January 7th 2014|
In the final weeks of 2013, most of the Obamacare focus was on the disastrous launch of the federal and state exchanges, followed by the frenzied effort to get the websites up to a minimum level of functionality before December 1. Almost forgotten in the tumult was the unpleasant reality that the highly controversial “HHS mandate” was about to go live on January 1, along with the rest of Obamacare. The mandate is the requirement that all employer-sponsored insurance plans, including those offered by employers with strong religious objections to the mandate, must provide “free”contraceptives, abortifacient drugs, and sterilization procedures to their workers and their workers’ families.
Employers who object to the mandate hadn’t forgotten about it, of course. They had been looking ahead to January 1, 2014, with dread for nearly three years, knowing that this might be the moment when they would have to choose between violating their consciences and accepting large financial penalties for sticking to their principles. The scores of lawsuits filed in federal court since the mandate was finalized last year are an indication of how seriously these employers are taking the issue. Read more ..
Israel and Palestine
|Khaled Abu Toameh||January 6th 2014|
The Gatestone Institute
It is much easier for Palestinians to accuse Israel of racism than to admit they do not want to be part of a Palestinian state.
"This is an imaginary proposal that relates to the Arabs as if they were chess pieces that could be moved around according to the wish of the players." — Ahmed Tibi, Member of Knesset.
If the Arab Knesset members are so worried about becoming citizens of a Palestinian state, they should be working toward integration into, and not separation from, Israel, and listening more to their constituents rather than the voices of Fatah and Hamas.
Renewed talk of land swaps between Israel and a future Palestinian state has left many Israeli Arabs worried about losing their status as citizens of Israel.
According to the Israeli daily Ma'ariv, Israel has proposed to the Americans transferring Israeli Arab communities to the Palestinian Authority as part of a land swap that would place Jewish settlements in the West Bank under Israeli sovereignty. Read more ..
|Michael Barone||January 6th 2014|
It is widely accepted that Hispanics will become a larger share of the American electorate in the years to come.
This is a matter of simple arithmetic. Less than one-tenth of adults counted in the 2010 Census classified themselves as “Hispanic” (a term invented by the Census Bureau for the 1970 count).
But one-quarter of children were similarly classified, many of them the offspring of illegal aliens who were born in the U.S. and thus entitled to citizenship.
It's true that Hispanics may not be as large a share of voters as is sometimes projected. There has been zero net migration from Mexico to this country since 2007, and, given advances in Mexico, immigration at the 1982-2007 levels may never resume. Read more ..
The Digital Edge
|David Inserra||January 5th 2014|
The explosion of Internet capabilities, specifically over the past seven years, has engendered seismic shifts in societies around the globe. This dynamic game changer challenges the economic and political status quo by providing a venue for sharing ideas and practicing innovation. According to a 2011 report by the McKinsey Global Institute, the Internet “accounted for 21 percent of the GDP growth in mature economies” from 2007 to 2011, and greatly benefited “consumers and small, upstart entrepreneurs.” Together with other economic, political, and social benefits, the value of an unchained Internet is apparent.
As a result, governments—both autocratic and democratic—around the world recognize the power of information to affect citizens’ economic, political, and social fortunes. Fearing the Internet’s power, cyber censorship and surveillance is common under many of the world’s brutal regimes, such as Cuba, North Korea, China, and Iran. As the Internet is a powerful medium of expression and innovation, the U.S. needs to reject government control of the Internet. Read more ..
History on Edge
|David Austin Walsh||January 4th 2014|
In an age of budget cuts, how can public history programs emerge victorious in the continuous struggle for funding?
By doing what public history does best, says Paul Ortiz, associate professor of history at the University of Florida and director of the Samuel Proctor oral history project: sending students out into local communities, building bridges, emphasizing hard skills, and above all aggressively advocating for resources.
“We've made the argument to administrators,” he said Thursday in a session at the American Historical Association annual meeting, “that public history is actually a STEM field of sorts, because students learn skills about social networking, writing, researching, and audio/visual production.”
Ortiz was a presenter at a panel entitled “Public Universities and the Need to Rethink Public History,” where he discussed, along with his co-panelists, the various public history initiatives at his school and successful strategies to get funding and expand public history programs.
Ortiz's department at the University of Florida released in October Siempre Adelante a feature-length documentary on the lives of Latin American immigrants in Alachua County, Florida, which received funding from both local and national grants and significant support from the community in and around Gainsville. Students were heavily involved in the production.
Jennifer Brier, who teaches at the University of Illinois Chicago, takes a different approach. Her Chicago history project, History Moves, is still on the drawing board, but has received nearly $60,000 in funding. The concept is disarmingly simple: a public history project on wheels, likely housed in a converted cargo container. The project will document the history of segregation in twentieth-century Chicago. Read more ..
|Wendell Potter||January 3rd 2014|
Center for Public Integrity
The White House did not receive much holiday cheer about Obamacare last week from public opinion pollsters, even though millions of Americans already are benefiting from the law. The numbers show just how big the disconnect is between the reality of what’s occurred in health care since Congress passed the Affordable Care Act in 2010 and the perception that people have of the law resulting from the relentless campaign of misinformation from the president’s opponents.
According to an Associated Press online survey, more people had unfavorable opinions of the law than favorable ones, with many people who have insurance through their employers blaming the law for the hike in premiums and deductibles they’ve been told to expect for next year.
The one thing that was clear from the survey is that most Americans have not yet heard about how the law already is helping them. Many of the respondents also appear to have short-term memory problems. They seem to have forgotten that premiums and deductibles have been going up, often by double digits, every year for at least a couple of decades. The reality is that the rate of premium increases since Obama signed the Affordable Care Act has been lower than in many previous years. Read more ..
America on Edge
|Armstrong Williams||January 2nd 2014|
Communism is an economic construct that died because it had no incentives for anyone other than the politicians who, of course lived outside the economic rules of their society. The lack of incentives, combined with human nature, killed all work ethic. Money became worthless because there was nothing to buy. Laborers engaged in ever poorer workmanship. State owned and managed companies were able to survive only because the public was forced to buy their shoddy goods. In the end, many in Russia suffered. The Russian saying in the 1970’s that “we pretend to work and they pretend to pay us” was a very telling slogan.
In a perfect world, where people are never selfish, communism and socialism might work. The problem with communism, socialism and Marxism is that none of them account for, or complement, Unfortunately, their view of human nature is incorrect. Each depletes economic virtue practically across the board. Those on the top are largely there because of cronies or having a strong family background with wealthy prominent members. They often stay in power via corruption and exploitation of the poor. Dynamic virtue will rarely be found in such a class of people. Then there are the majorities who hold the power of uprising. This group of people includes more than just those on the fringe of society; it contains the lower and fledgling middle classes. They have no incentive to work; rather their lives are caught up in an illusion. They are provided with the crafty ruse that the life that they are living is on par with the middle class of the rest of the world. They believe that their government is not buying them off, but that this system is actually more honorable. It is thought that communism is supposed to cure all of the ailments of capitalism. Communism is supposed to be an evolution of economic systems that is better than both socialism and capitalism. In a perfect world, where people are never selfish, communism might work. However, this is simply inconsistent with human nature. People, whether because of biology, evolution or God’s will, work to better their own lives and to provide for their own families and loved ones. No amount of evangelizing, idealizing or governmental coercion can change this simple fact about Economic Man. Read more ..
America on Edge
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||January 1st 2014|
January 1, 2014, should be remembered as the day that legalized the doping of the American mind. But it's hard to tell how many Colorado residents, where "recreational" use of marijuana becomes legal at the stroke of midnight, will be able to remember the day because their "memory-related structure will shrivel and collapse."
Memory loss is but one effect caused by frequent marijuana use, as proven by researchers at Northwestern University. The study also found "evidence of brain alterations ... significant deterioration in the thalamus, a key structure for learning, memory and communications between brain regions." If this were not enough, the study concluded, "chronic marijuana use could boost the underlying process driving schizophrenia.
This study is the latest to document scientifically the devastating long term harm caused by marijuana use. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), "marijuana smoke contains 50% to 70% more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than does tobacco smoke ... which further increases the lungs' exposure to carcinogenic smoke." Moreover, "marijuana users have a 4.8-fold increase in the risk of heart attack in the first hour after smoking the drug. ... This risk may be greater in aging populations or those with cardiac vulnerabilities." Read more ..
The Defense Edge
|Steven Casey||December 31st 2013|
Barack Obama has become the “drone warrior-in-chief.” As president, he has rejected bogging down U.S. ground forces in protracted, perhaps unwinnable wars, in favor of unleashing modern technology that kills terrorists without exposing American soldiers to peril. It is a controversial strategy. Conservatives accuse Obama of moral amnesia. They emphasize the hypocrisy of the Nobel Laureate directly controlling a campaign of “assassination by remote control.” Many liberals simply stress the immorality of his actions. They recoil from their president launching a rain of death from the skies, breaking international law and undermining the sovereignty of a supposed ally to boot.
Viewed outside the parameters of the today’s intense partisan politics, however, Obama’s emphasis on drones is not particularly novel. Presidents have often concentrated on “technowar”: using new innovations, from air power to smart bombs, in order to avoid the high casualties associated with deploying a massive ground army. They have invariably done so for one reason above all others: a clear sense that the public will no longer support a foreign policy dependent on a type of war that results in large numbers of U.S. casualties. Read more ..
|Shoshana Bryen||December 30th 2013|
As the P5+1 nuclear negotiation with Iran was taking shape, Secretary of State John Kerry was irritated by the discomfort shown by Congress, Israel and the Gulf States of both Iran and of the Administration's decision making process. "We are not blind and I don't think we're stupid," he told "Meet the Press" on 10 November.
On 24 November, with the deal done, he crowed on CNN's "State of the Union," "I believe that from this day, Israel is safer." He added, "We are going to expand the amount of time in which they can break out… have insights to their program that we didn't have before. Israel, if you didn't have these things, would be seeing Iran to continue on a daily basis to narrow the breakdown (sic) time." Read more ..
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||December 29th 2013|
The United States’ policy toward Iran is seemingly dictated by Tehran. On December 7, Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif warned, “If Congress adopts sanctions … The entire deal is dead. We do not like to negotiate under duress.” Zarif’s threat worked magic. President Obama and his secretary of state John Kerry embarked on twisting Congress’s arms to stop the bipartisan amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act, which aimed to close “loopholes in the current sanctions on Iran.”
The White House, on behalf of the mullahs, succeeded to kill the bill, which would have applied only “after the six-month negotiations period-specified in an interim deal reached last month with Iran-expired and only if Iran had been found in violation of its obligations.” Read more ..
|Russell Mead||December 29th 2013|
The American Studies Association, a group of nearly 5,000 professors of the subject, has voted by a large margin to boycott all Israeli institutions of higher education, the New York Times reports. The path of the Boycott, Divest and Sanctions movement (BDS) is not exactly paved with significant victories, but the ASA, which apparently prides itself on its deep understanding of academic freedom and the details of international law, is very confident of its resolution’s importance:
“The resolution is in solidarity with scholars and students deprived of their academic freedom, and it aspires to enlarge that freedom for all, including Palestinians,” the American Studies Association said in a statement released Monday. The statement cited “Israel’s violations of international law and U.N. resolutions; the documented impact of the Israeli occupation on Palestinian scholars and students; the extent to which Israeli institutions of higher education are a party to state policies that violate human rights,” and other factors. Read more ..
Israel on Edge
|Shoshana Bryen||December 28th 2013|
Last week, in the context of the P5+1/Iran negotiations I wrote:
We're familiar with the rules for buying a rug in the souk. If you want the rug more than he wants the deal, you will overpay; if he wants the deal more than you want the rug, you win.
But either way, money and rug will change hands. Alternatively, if you want to buy a rug and he wants to sell a camel, no matter how ardently you bargain there will be no deal. Unless you change your mind and take the camel.
The P5+1 was negotiating an end to Iran's nuclear program; Iran was negotiating the conditions under which it would continue to enrich uranium. Then the White House changed sides, agreeing with Iran on future enrichment and undermining the now P4+1. Read more ..
Venezuela on Edge
|Ben Cohen||December 28th 2013|
The other day, I asked a leading Venezuelan opposition figure what he thought was the main difference between Hugo Chavez, the late Venezuelan comandante, and his successor, Nicolas Maduro. "If Chavez was Frank Sinatra," came the reply, "then Maduro is the guy in the karaoke bar singing an out of tune version of My Way."
The point here is not that Chavez was a preferable alternative to Maduro; as Roger Noriega correctly points out in the New York Post, Chavez's "divisive, illegitimate regime polarized society and devastated the economy." It's that the uncharismatic, foul-tempered Maduro has, during the seven months that he's been in power, exposed the totalitarian tendencies implicit in the ideology of chavismo, with the result that he's fast losing support among those segments of Venezuelan society, like the three million Venezuelans now living in extreme poverty, who regarded Chavez as a savior not so long ago. Read more ..
The Iranian Threat
|Shoshana Bryen||December 28th 2013|
The Obama administration is entitled to be furious with Israel. Although the U.S. got bragging rights for its (one-sided-not-in-our-favor) deal with Iran, Prime Minister Netanyahu remains determined publicly to say what the President wants to hide: Iran's nuclear program could not be negotiated away, rolled back significantly or inspected properly. The only means to a signed document was for the U.S. to abandon its principles and pressure its allies. The U.S. has done that.
It was hard to oppose negotiations, it always is hard. Churchill said, "Its better to jaw, jaw than war, war" (you need the accent to make it work). But a deal that is not a capitulation by one side requires two conditions: the parties must equally value the process; and there has to be a compatible endgame. The West invested the process with much more value than did Iran, providing the mullahs with instant leverage, but most important, there was no agreed-upon end game. Read more ..
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