|George Friedman||September 6th 2010|
Public discussion of potential attacks on Iran’s nuclear development sites is surging again. This has happened before. On several occasions, leaks about potential airstrikes have created an atmosphere of impending war. These leaks normally coincided with diplomatic initiatives and were designed to intimidate the Iranians and facilitate a settlement favorable to the United States and Israel. These initiatives have failed in the past. It is therefore reasonable to associate the current avalanche of reports with the imposition of sanctions and view it as an attempt to increase the pressure on Iran and either force a policy shift or take advantage of divisions within the regime. Read more ..
|Armstrong Williams||September 6th 2010|
Cutting Edge Commentator
In this modern era, in the United States, we often find ourselves, as voting adults, faced with a choice between the lesser of two evils. Take, for instance, the high-profile Senate race in Nevada where one of the most unpopular sitting elected officials in the nation, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, a Democrat, is neck and neck with someone whose only real selling point is that she’s – well, it’s simple: she’s not Harry Reid.
I don’t mean to disparage Sharron Angle. I’m only saying that Nevadans don’t seem particularly high on her. Nevada independents and moderates – who usually decide general elections – are not rushing to vote for a woman who wants to abolish the Department of Education, privatize Social Security, and who recently told a radio station she believes she was called by God to run for the Senate. (It’s important for me to note here, especially given my unabashed belief in the importance of faith in public life, that I am not mocking or ridiculing Angle’s belief that God called her to run for the Senate. I am merely commenting on the effect her claim might have on her chances of eventually capturing Reid’s Senate seat. And I, as do most Christians, understand what she was probably trying to say is that she feels God’s will for her is to run for the Senate seat, win or lose. After all, many people feel after long prayer, that God blesses their desires to be, say, a school teacher. I, as a matter of fact, believe God has answered my prayers in allowing me to use the talents he’s blessed me with in my own career. The prudence of making such a claim on the campaign trail is another matter, and it’s one that, instead of making her the presumptive Senator-elect from Nevada, has made her “the lesser of two evils” in the minds of key Nevada voters.) Read more ..
|Rachel Ehrenfeld and John Wood||August 30th 2010|
American Center for Democracy
On July 1, 2010, The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (CISADA), which passed by a large majority in the Congress, was signed into law. This Act puts the onus on American banks to audit and certify that their foreign correspondent banks are not knowingly facilitating or supporting Iran’s nuclear program and terrorist activities.
U.S law enforcement agencies’ investigation of the U.S. unit of HSBC could soon test the Administration’s resolve to act against big foreign correspondent banks that ignore the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA).
President Obama’s statement at the signing of CISADA, noted that this Act “requires sanctions on financial institutions facilitating certain activities involving Iran” (emphasis added). The vagueness of the President’s statement clearly indicates the Administration’s ambiguity towards the enforcement of severe sanctions against those who continue to fuel Iran’s coffers. Read more ..
Middle East Peace Process
|George Friedman||August 30th 2010|
The Israeli government and the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) have agreed to engage in direct peace talks Sept. 2 in Washington. Neither side has expressed any enthusiasm about the talks. In part, this comes from the fact that entering any negotiations with enthusiasm weakens your bargaining position. But the deeper reason is simply that there have been so many peace talks between the two sides and so many failures that it is difficult for a rational person to see much hope in them. Moreover, the failures have not occurred for trivial reasons. They have occurred because of profound divergences in the interests and outlooks of each side. Read more ..
|Armstrong Williams||August 30th 2010|
Cutting Edge News Commentator
Islam emerged from what is modern day Saudi Arabia in the 7th century, and never looked back. Muslim armies swept across North Africa and invaded Catholic Spain, destroying or converting the Christian communities along the way. They turned churches into mosques, and made Islam the official religion. Muslim armies also took over the Holy Land, destroyed the last non-Islamic Persian empire, and moved into Asia Minor (modern day Turkey). By the 16th century, Islam had destroyed the Christian Byzantine Empire, had taken over Constantinople, and had turned the Hagia Sophia -- the most beautiful church in Christendom -- into a mosque. A century later, Muslim armies were outside the gates of Vienna. Read more ..
The Electoral Edge
|Armstrong Williams||August 23rd 2010|
Cutting Edge Commentator
The results of the recent primary elections have political pundits declaring 2010 to be the year of the woman. This may be true, but the real story is that this is the year of the conservative woman.
This year the GOP has nominated more female candidates than in any previous election cycle. The number of GOP women running for U.S. House or Senate seats has doubled over the past two years. In California, Republicans nominated Carly Fiorina to run for Senate and Meg Whitman to run for governor. In New Mexico, Sussana Martinez was nominated by the Republicans to run for governor. Linda McMahon, who formerly headed World Wrestling Entertainment, is the GOP Senate nominee in Connecticut. In Nevada, former state assemblywoman Sharron Angle was nominated by the Republicans to run against the Liberal Democratic standard bearer and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid. An unwavering conservative, Angle seeks to cut federal waste by eliminating the Departments of Energy and Education. A recent Rasmussen poll put her ahead of Reid by a 50 to 39 margin.
In South Carolina, Nikki Heley will be a candidate in a run-off election. Of course the conservative queen-maker and Tea Party standard bearer was Sarah Palin. Two of the recent primaries’ biggest winners, Fiorina and Nikki Haley, were endorsed by Palin. This past week, Palin threw her support behind three more female GOP candidates, whom she called “liberty-loving Mama Grizzlies.” For the first time in history, the conservative movement and the Republic Party are headlined by women rather than middle aged white men. Read more ..
The Nuclear Edge
|John J. McLaughlin||August 23rd 2010|
History News Network
With the sixty-fifth anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb almost upon us, there is undoubtedly going to be a flood of commentary on the wisdom of its use by the United States during World War II. The justified scolding of Charles Pellegrino and his The Last Train From Hiroshima and Nagasaki is likely only the opening salvo.
Venturing into the arena of discussing the wisdom of the use of the atomic bomb is fraught with danger. It is somewhat akin to asking for the creation of an "impartial panel" to rationally discuss the issue of abortion, immigration reform, or the merits of the Obama health plan.
Virtually overlooked in the often heated debate is the question of whether the use of the bomb was justified from a strategic viewpoint. In other words, could we have induced Japan to surrender without the use of the bomb? This writer says yes.
For anyone looking for a recent accumulation of articles both pro and con, a useful starting point would be the 2005 essay by J. Samuel Walker in that April’s Diplomatic History. Clearly, the issue of the bomb is still an important story and will be with us for some time. Walker references a 1999 poll by Newseum, a museum of the news media, of sixty-seven American journalists who ranked the atomic bombing of Japan in 1945 at the top of all the news stories of the twentieth century. It would not be surprising if the story had the same rank at the end of this century. Walker, like almost all the others who venture into this arena, concentrates on the ethics and morality of President Truman's decision to utilize the bomb. Whether it was necessary to win the war is not discussed. Read more ..
Arabs and Israelis
|Sol Stern||August 23rd 2010|
A specter is haunting the prospective Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations—the specter of the Nakba. The literal meaning of the Arabic word is “disaster”; but in its current, expansive usage, it connotes a historical catastrophe inflicted on an innocent and blameless people (in this case, the Palestinians) by an overpowering outside force (international Zionism). The Nakba is the heart of the Palestinians’ backward-looking national narrative, which depicts the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 as the original sin that dispossessed the land’s native people. Every year, on the anniversary of Israel’s independence, more and more Palestinians (including Arab citizens of Israel) commemorate the Nakba with pageants that express longing for a lost paradise. Every year, the legend grows of the crimes committed against the Palestinians in 1948, crimes now routinely equated with the Holocaust. Echoing the Nakba narrative is an international coalition of leftists that celebrates the Palestinians as the quintessential Other, the last victims of Western racism and colonialism. Read more ..
The Ground Zero Mosque
|Star Parker||August 16th 2010|
Cutting Edge commentator
President Obama brought with him to the presidency a conviction that we Americans somehow bore some responsibility for the antipathy towards us in the Islamic world and that outreach would help. This is false.
The "Ground Zero" Mosque project should not go forward and let's hope that Imam Feisel Abdul Rauf who is behind this $100 million project gets this message and backs off.
But given what he is hearing from the liberals in New York, including the city's Mayor, the congressman in whose district Ground Zero sits, and the New York Times, it's hard to be optimistic that he will change his mind.
Opposition to the Mosque is being portrayed, as the New York Times editorial page put it, as abandoning "the principles of freedom and tolerance." But the Times makes its own tenuous grasp of reality clear as it goes on in its editorial embracing the Mosque and Islamic Center to say that "The attacks of September 11 were not a religious event."
We can only wonder what those at the Times think was motivating the young Muslims who, while embracing their Korans and chanting to Allah, committed suicide, taking 3,000 innocent Americans to their deaths along with them.
The website for the project, the Cordoba Initiative, advertises itself as "Improving Muslim-West Relations" and "steering the world back to the course of mutual recognition and respect and away from heightened tensions." Read more ..
Turkey On the Edge
|Soner Cagaptay and David Pollock||August 16th 2010|
The Washington Institute
There has been speculation about where Turkey is heading ever since the Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002. The early years suggested to most observers that Turkey was heading West, as the AKP lobbied hard for membership in the European Union, and pushed the liberal-democratic and free-market reforms that membership requires. Lately, the consensus view has shifted 180 degrees. As Europe makes clear its resistance to welcoming a Muslim-majority member, Turkey seems to be positioning itself as a regional power broker among its Islamist neighbors, most dramatically by casting a no vote against U.N. sanctions on Iran. Read more ..
The Education Edge
|Armstrong Williams||August 9th 2010|
Cutting Edge commentator
America’s once proud public education system is officially broken. Just about every study, statistic, expert, and professional agrees that without serious changes, our schools and our students will continue to fall further and further behind the world standard. But although parents, politicians, and policy makers recognize the problems facing our schools, they aren’t doing the right things to fix them. They’ve tried - in fact, they’ve tried ad nauseam – but they’re using band aids when reconstructive surgery is needed.
Whether it’s the No Child Left Behind Act enacted in 2002, President Obama’s “Educate to Innovate” campaign started this year, or the countless other education program instituted in between, our leaders seem to recognize that our education system is bleeding. Teachers, individual schools, school districts, local governments, states, and the federal government also see the problem and have made many legitimate attempts in the last decade to improve schools and better educate our children.
And it seems as though every politician and education professional has, at one time or another, spouted off various ways to fix our schools and help our children catch up with their international counterparts. The problem with all these ideas and initiatives however – no matter how sincere they are – is that none of them truly address the real problem in education: a lack of funding. Read more ..
BDS--the New Anti-Jewish Boycott
|Gerald M. Steinberg||August 9th 2010|
|Gerald M. Steinberg|
Since 1948, Israel has been relatively isolated. In contrast to the Arab League, there is no "Jewish" League, and alliances depend on shared interests and values. European support has generally been problematic, and close cooperation with the United States only developed after 1967, with periodic friction, particularly during the Carter presidency (1977-1981). In the region, informal security links with Iran, Turkey and Jordan and the 1979 treaty with Egypt were exceptions.
The 1993 Oslo declaration opened many doors, and the era of Israel's isolation appeared to be over. But the Oslo process' violent end and other changes in the region reversed much of this progress. European governments became more distant again, and tentative ties with some Gulf countries and North Africa were reversed. However, cooperation with the US during the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations remained very strong and Israelis were able to ignore the wider isolation.
The Obama administration has different priorities and perceptions, and relations have cooled considerably. Friction over Jerusalem construction, and images of humiliation during Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's March 2010 visit to the White House, suggested a major crisis. Conflict with Europe over the peace process and demands for Israeli concessions also expanded. In the region, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan reversed years of close ties, instead forming alliances with Syria and Iran and joining in their support for Hamas and Hezbollah. Read more ..
Mideast Peace on the Edge
|Jonathan Dahoah Halevi ||August 9th 2010|
The Palestinian Authority is under heavy international pressure, mostly American, aimed at facilitating the transition from proximity talks to direct negotiations with Israel.
The written message recently sent by President Obama to Palestinian Chairman Mahmud Abbas indicated that the American administration is not content, to say the least, with the Palestinian foot-dragging in the peace process, or with what is perceived to be a lack of appreciation for American pressure on Israel (which led PM Netanyahu to accept the two-state solution and to temporarily freeze settlement activity in the West Bank and Jerusalem.)
However, there is no obvious fundamental change in the Palestinian stance. The PA hesitates and refrains from explicit commitment to direct negotiations without any pre-conditions. Instead, it tries to weather the American demands by raising a new proposal to convene a three-way meeting of Palestine, Israel, and America to discuss the agenda of the negotiations, its legitimacy, and the settlement cessation. Read more ..
Edge on Death and Taxes
|Armstrong Williams||August 2nd 2010|
The ascendancy of the lawyer, banker, and political professions are as sure a sign of any that our society is becoming less free and more tyrannical. In many ways, these professions have replaced scribes and Pharisees as the money changers in our temples. Just as the scribes and Pharisees interposed themselves between the average believer and God, so lawyers, bankers, and politicians have interposed themselves between the citizen and the society. However, when we as individuals begin open our hearts to each other and rekindle moral excellence as the primary social currency, the need for oppressive laws and taxation lessens. Not to mention the deadening impact lawyers and so many laws have on the cultivation of virtues in the first place. It’s to the point where we’ve stopped talking about what’s right and wrong and more about what’s legal or illegal—what one can successfully get away with, instead of what one should do.
What’s right or wrong hinges more on recent case law—whether Napster or the recording industry won, for example. When trying to determine whether a course of action is good for the soul or the community of which we’re a part, it’s more “What did the Supreme Court recently say?” than “What would Jesus do?” Read more ..
Inside Latin America
|Thor Halvorssen||August 2nd 2010|
Human Rights Foundation
Upon Julius Caesar's murder, a struggle erupted over who would control his legacy. Octavius, Caesar's great-nephew, manipulated his position as Caesar's heir to wrest power from his rivals. He made Caesar a god and raised a temple, using Caesar's remains to underscore their connection. Symbolism was crucial, and to dispel any doubts about his legitimacy, Octavius added "Julius Caesar" to his name.
Shortly after midnight on July 16, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez reached back in time. He presided at the exhumation of the remains of Simón Bolívar -- Latin America's greatest independence hero, who helped liberate the region from Spain in the 19th century, and the object of Chávez's personal and political obsession.
The skeleton was pulled apart. Pieces were removed, such as teeth and bone fragments, for "testing." The rest was put in a new coffin with the Chávez government's seal. Chávez, who also tweeted the proceedings, gave a rambling speech in which he asked Christ to repeat his Lazarus miracle and raise the dead once more. He also apparently conversed with Bolívar's bones.
"I had some doubts," Chávez told his nation, paraphrasing the poet Pablo Neruda, "but after seeing his remains, my heart said, 'Yes, it is me.' Father, is that you, or who are you? The answer: 'It is me, but I awaken every hundred years when the people awaken.' "
By presidential decree, every television station in Venezuela showed images of Bolívar in historic paintings, then images of the skeleton, and then images of Chávez, with the national anthem blaring. The message of this macabre parody was unmistakable: Chávez is not a follower of Bolívar -- Chávez is Bolívar, reincarnated. And anyone who opposes or criticizes him is a traitor not just to Chávez but to history. Read more ..
Edge on Narco-trafficking
|Henry A. Garcia-Valderrama||July 26th 2010|
Council on Hemispheric Affairs
President Felipe Calderón’s aggressive counter-narcotics campaign in Mexico has begun to sprout a disturbing trend of abuse emanating from the Mexican armed forces. The human rights violations allegedly authored by the military rest on the underbelly of a drug conflict that has created frenzy throughout much of the country. As the country has seen an increase in military personnel patrolling its streets, so too has the public witnessed an increase in complaints of human rights violations. This disturbing trend highlights the reforms that need to be implemented in order to improve Mexico’s flawed human rights record. If advancement is to occur in safeguarding society, such abuses must be properly investigated and tried in a court of law. Read more ..
Edge on Race Relations
|Armstrong Williams||July 19th 2010|
Cutting Edge Commentator
The NAACP approved a resolution recently condemning the fringe element of the Tea Party movement for “explicitly racist behavior.” It would require a flow chart the likes of which have not been seen since the days of health reform to explain all of the ways this is wrong.
For starters, the mere act of criticizing a black president is not racist. Nor is it racist to raise the public consciousness to the very important issues of spiraling debt, misguided bailouts, and a series of social policies that may bankrupt the country. Our nation benefits from uninhibited discussion about these serious issues. Very simply, when movements—Tea Party or otherwise—openly debate these issues, the truth rises up. When the NAACP labels and dismisses the Tea Party as racists, it has a chilling effect on this important debate. As a result, the national dialogue is stifled.
It is sad that the nation’s oldest and most revered civil rights organization has been so co-opted by the Democrats that use the racism epithet to chill political discussion, rather than engage opposing viewpoints on the merits. Please understand, I have the utmost respect for the NAACP. But I cannot ignore the simple fact that the issues supported by the Tea Party relate principally to smaller government, lower taxes, less government debt, enforcing the immigration laws, and more individual freedom. These issues have nothing to do with abridging the rights and dignity of African Americans. By pretending otherwise, the NAACP has willingly allowed itself to be co-opted by the Democratic party. Even more alarming, they risk turning the word “racist” into a proxy for “someone whose politics you disagree with.” Read more ..
The Race for Alt Fuel
Cutting Edge energy and security writer
|Leviathan natural gas well|
The discovery of a gigantic natural gas reservoir less than 100 miles off Israel's coast seems like great news for the diplomatically and militarily embattled country. The gas finding will strengthen Israel's energy security, enable it to become an important gas exporter and contribute wealth to its economy.
It could also be the pretext for the next Middle East war.
Ten years after Israel’s withdrawal from southern Lebanon, Hezbollah is struggling to find a cause that would enable it to continue its “liberation war” against Israel. Yes, there are those Shebaa Farms on Israel’s northern border that according to international law belong to Syria, not Lebanon. But neither the Lebanese population nor Syria seem to be eager to inflame the region over a territory one fifth the size of Disney World. Something of greater strategic importance must be found in order to revive the “resistance.” Read more ..
The Political Edge
|Armstrong Williams||July 12th 2010|
Cutting Edge contributor
"When the Senate ceases to engage nominees in meaningful discussion of legal issues, the confirmation process takes on an air of vacuity and farce, and the Senate becomes incapable of either properly evaluating nominees or appropriately educating the public."
-Elena Kagan, 1995.
Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan must be psychic. Fifteen years ago she called nomination hearings “a vapid and hollow charade.” Last week, she ensured that her prediction came true. After over nine hours of questioning, we still lack critical insights into how Justice Kagan would approach some of society’s most pressing questions before the Court—let alone the slightest whiff of a judicial philosophy that would inform her decision making. Since Kagan has no actual judicial experience, one can’t help wondering if the nomination hearings were anything other than a political quiz show—they served the purpose of testing Kagan’s ability to perform under pressure, but they told us previous little about how she might approach the basic rights that we associate with happiness.
This should be at least somewhat disconcerting to the American people. The Supreme Court is unique in that it serves to resolve disputes that have divided Circuit judges. Perhaps more than any other judicial position, Supreme Court Justices must rely upon their sense of equity to resolve issues that, by definition, have no clear legal answer. If we are going to give someone a life appointment to such a position, shouldn’t we at least get a whiff of their beliefs? Read more ..
Lebanon on the Edge
|David Schenker||July 12th 2010|
|Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah|
For Washington, the death this week of Lebanon's most prominent and respected Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, was a bittersweet moment.
In 1983, Fadlallah, a vocal proponent of suicide bombings, reportedly blessed the bombers of the US Embassy and Marine Barracks in Beirut that killed over 240 Americans. More recently, Fadlallah's purported dying wish was the destruction of Israel.
Yet his death now paves the way for a more militant, Iranian-influenced strain of Islamic ideology to gain ground in Lebanon.
Fadlallah represented the most credible moral, political, and theological alternative to Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed Shiite militia.
Notwithstanding his fiery Friday sermons targeting Israel and the United States, the Iraqi-trained Fadlallah opposed the concept of velayat-e-faqih, which puts an Iranian mullah at the pinnacle of Shiite theology and politics. He also condemned Al Qaeda and so-called honor killings of Muslim women, stances that led many Westerners to see Fadlallah, a man Washington labelled a terrorist, as a kind of moderate.
To Hezbollah, the departure of Fadlallah is an opportunity to co-opt local Shiites -- traditionally aligned with quietist Iraqi religious leaders -- to the more militant ideology espoused by Iran's supreme leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The effort to shift the orientation of the community will take time, but should Hezbollah succeed, it will strengthen Tehran and further erode Washington's influence in the region. Read more ..
The Political Edge
|Armstrong Williams||July 5th 2010|
Cutting Edge commentator
In our great system of American government, we have come to believe that age is a good thing. The older our elected officials—the theory goes—the better equipped and more seasoned they are to handle the challenges of running a government across our continental country.
After all, experience is what voters crave, no? President Obama himself had to overcome early questions about his relative inexperience, and he worked hard to debunk those misperceptions.
Wisdom is also a coveted hallmark of someone who’s logged a few more years in elected office. That can’t be a bad thing. I’ve never met a politician who didn’t pray for the wisdom of Solomon as he dealt with the most difficult of legislative matters.
But does too much gray affect an office holder’s gray matter? Is there such a thing as being too old to capably lead and govern such a massive nation of laws and regulations? At what point does a legislator become so debilitated he or she is no longer able to effectively execute the duties of office? And how can we as a voting public know when those mental and physical thresholds have been crossed?
We face these questions today.
As our nation has aged, so, too, has our Congress, perhaps even more acutely. A 2008 Congressional Research Service report found that the 110th Congress that year was the oldest of any Congress in U.S. history. The Congress currently in session today has broken even that record. The average age of senators at the beginning of this 111th Congress was 62.7 years. By comparison, the average age in the first Congress more than 200 years ago was a mere 47.
Clearly, longevity and modern medicine explain away some of these differentials. Yet a closer look at the age breakdowns reveals a heavy tilt in the upper chamber towards those entering or currently in the eighth decade of their lives. Read more ..
After the Holocaust
|David Schaecter and Esther Toporek Finder||July 5th 2010|
For decades, Holocaust survivors and the families of Holocaust victims seeking transparent and accountable restitution of looted assets, such as insurance policies, have struggled against overwhelming odds.
In June, it was reported that Generali, Allianz, AXA and Munich Re are among the top 10 insurance companies in the world. After World War II, these companies, and others, failed to pay tens of thousands of policies bought and paid for by European Jews in good faith. Survivors were subjected to demands for original policies, or death certificates, as if Hitler was issuing those at Auschwitz.
As a result, the companies pocketed billions of dollars of Holocaust victims’ money.
The Obama administration, in legal papers filed by the Justice Department, recently stated that it would be “contrary to U.S. foreign policy” for Generali to be held accountable in U.S. courts. This was a different position from the one taken by President Bill Clinton, who refused to support Generali. Read more ..
|Lenny Ben-David||June 28th 2010|
|French Navy Rafale Practices on a U.S Carrier|
“Any of you boys seen an aircraft carrier around here?” – Maverick (aka Top Gun)
Actually, a couple of them. The USS Truman sailed through the Suez Canal last week with a dozen escort ships all armed to the teeth. The Truman is supposed to relieve the USS Eisenhower on station in the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf, but I wouldn't be surprised if the Ike stays around a little longer. Ostensibly, the Truman is supposed to provide support for the Afghanistan war, and several support ships are supposed to peel off for anti-piracy patrols off the coast of Somalia.
French President Sarkozy revealed last week that the French carrier the Charles De Gaulle is heading out to the region “before the end of the year.” How soon will it be before the British HMS Ark Royal will also join the other carriers in the region? Probably not too long, considering that French, British, and American jets have been participating in joint exercises in recent months with pilots landing on each other's carriers. Read more ..
Media on The Edge
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||June 28th 2010|
BP CEO Tony Hayward will likely win his case if he decides to sue American reporters and media outlets for libel in England for exposing his participation in a yacht race off the British Isle of Wight in the midst of the oil spill caused by his company in the Gulf of Mexico. You see, unlike the protections of free expression guaranteed by the American First Amendment, the plaintiff-friendly British libel laws hold the right of privacy of a public figure such as Hayward above transparency and accountability to the public.
The United States has historically led the world in the protection of its citizens' rights to free speech. The introduction of a new bill in the Senate Judiciary Committee last week reinforces this role by protecting all American writers and publishers from the enforcement of foreign libel judgments, such as the British court might award Mr. Hayward.
On June 22nd, Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Ranking Member Jeff Sessions (R-AL) introduced the Securing and Protecting our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage Act, or SPEECH Act. This bipartisan bill is co-sponsored by Senators Arlen Specter (D-PA), Joseph Lieberman (ID-CT), and Charles Schumer (D-NY). It will strengthen the protection of American authors and publishers from the enforcement of judgments ruled against them in frivolous and extortionate libel suits in foreign countries that do not have our protections for freedom of speech. Read more ..
Turkey and Israel
|Abraham Foxman||June 21st 2010|
Cutting Edge commentator
|Abraham H. Foxman|
These are sad times indeed for those with a strong attachment to Israel, and an equal and longstanding respect for Turkey. The unique relationship shared by these two countries, down through history and into the present, is being undermined in a stormy environment of disagreement, and charged rhetoric.
We need not go into a rehash of the much-discussed events and the diplomatic rows that brought us to this pass. The strongly critical remarks by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, first at Davos in response to Israel's December 2008 invasion of Gaza, and more recently over the flotilla episode and the deaths of nine Turkish activists aboard the Mavi Marmara, have cast a deep pall over the Israeli-Turkish relationship.
The echoes of Davos and the flotilla affair seem to be prevailing over calm heads and good will, and we can only wonder, why?
Sadly, an historic era of cooperation may be slipping away, as Turkey appears on the verge of abandoning a role it so proudly played as a bridge between the Muslim world and the West. The inter-governmental and people-to-people relationships are fraying, and the tangible benefits they have brought to both sides are at serious risk.
This is a shared history based on mutual interests and concerns. In March 1949, Turkey became the first Muslim state to recognize Israel, and in 1958, Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion met in secret to sign a military and intelligence cooperation agreement. Ben-Gurion later wrote to President Dwight D. Eisenhower that Israel's "links with the Government of Turkey have grown more intimate in secret channels." Read more ..
The Race For Oil
|Luiza Mello Franco||June 21st 2010|
Council on Hemispheric Affairs
The Brazilian authorities have portrayed a complex issue of huge significance as a simplistic contest between nationalists and sell-outs. On Wednesday, June 9th, the Brazilian Senate passed a bill that alters regulations governing the exploitation of the offshore “pre-salt” oil fields. Discovered in 2007, these are potentially extensive deposits of oil and gas, trapped several miles under the sea bed beneath a hard layer of salt. The regulations’ model will soon change from concessions to partilha, increasing the government’s control over production. One should hasten to underscore the dangers resulting from such a change. Read more ..
Israel on the Edge
|Jose Maria Aznar||June 21st 2010|
|Jose Maria Aznar|
For far too long now it has been unfashionable in Europe to speak up for Israel. In the wake of the recent incident on board a ship full of anti-Israeli activists in the Mediterranean, it is hard to think of a more unpopular cause to champion. In an ideal world, the assault by Israeli commandos on the Mavi Marmara would not have ended up with nine dead and a score wounded. In an ideal world, the soldiers would have been peacefully welcomed on to the ship. In an ideal world, no state, let alone a recent ally of Israel such as Turkey, would have sponsored and organized a flotilla whose sole purpose was to create an impossible situation for Israel: making it choose between giving up its security policy and the naval blockade, or risking the wrath of the world.
In our dealings with Israel, we must blow away the red mists of anger that too often cloud our judgment. A reasonable and balanced approach should encapsulate the following realities: first, the state of Israel was created by a decision of the UN. Its legitimacy, therefore, should not be in question. Israel is a nation with deeply rooted democratic institutions. It is a dynamic and open society that has repeatedly excelled in culture, science and technology.
Second, owing to its roots, history, and values, Israel is a fully fledged Western nation. Indeed, it is a normal Western nation, but one confronted by abnormal circumstances. Read more ..
The Helen Thomas Affair
Cutting Edge contributor
On May 27, 2010, a well known figure in the Washington Press Corps, Ms. Helen Thomas, was briefly interviewed ad hoc by Rabbi David Nesenhoff. According to press reports, the Rabbi, his son and a friend saw Ms. Thomas walking across the lawn at the White House when all were in attendance for the Jewish American Heritage Month celebration. The Rabbi approached Ms. Thomas and asked her for a comment on Israel, to which she replied, “Tell them to get the hell out of Palestine.” Ms. Thomas’s reasoning as she rambled on, was that Palestine was under occupation and that the Israelis occupying this territory should go ‘home’ to Poland, Germany, America, and everywhere else.
The Rabbi confessed to being shocked by the outburst, yet he proceeded to place the video of the conversation on his Web site as soon as he was able to. The following scandal led to many recriminations, and ultimately forced Ms. Thomas to resign from her position.
Undoubtedly Ms. Thomas’s position is one that is not viewed favorably by many Americans, and most assuredly not among the Jewish Diaspora. Her views on this subject are rather blunt, historically inaccurate, and probably more reflective of her age than her wisdom. In fact, since Ms. Thomas is just shy of her 90th birthday, it would not that far-fetched to infer she has become afflicted by the effects age has on the mind; so in that sense, her resignation under these circumstances while sad, is most likely somewhat overdue.
What is not so morally clear, however, is the manner in which the Rabbi dealt with the “story.” As Navy men, my father and I both learned that you punish in private, and praise in public. My question is: Couldn’t the Rabbi have handled this better and with far more grace, while simultaneously making his point and achieving his goal? As a man of God, one would expect that a Rabbi would be no stranger to the concept of grace. Why then was it that he felt a public outing was necessary? Read more ..
The Immigration Edge
|Armstrong Williams||June 14th 2010|
Cutting Edge commentator
The problem with immigration is most definitely not capitalism. Capitalism depends upon the agreement of two or more parties upon a mutually agreeable exchange—whether it be of one’s labor for a wage or of one’s money for a product or service. Businesses seek to lower costs so that they can provide a product or service at the price at which supply and demand reach an equilibrium, which is the point—theoretically—at which their profits are maximized.
The problem with immigration is not that businesses follow this basic principle in seeking cheap immigrant labor, but is instead that the government has inadvertently, because politicians seem immune to understanding the “law of unintended consequences,” set the price of immigrant labor at an artificially low point. Illegal immigrants, are willing to work for less, in part, because they’re taxed less and business owners are all too willing to “exploit” (the anti-capitalist’s favorite word) the immigrant’s willingness to work for less, so this mutually beneficial exchange takes place at the expense of low-skilled American workers.
Of course businesses prefer cheap immigrant labor to more expensive legal labor, but only because cheap immigrant labor already existed in abundance, not because businesses sought a particular class of people to exploit and hold down. What is consistently lost in the politics of this issue is that it’s not about the immigrants themselves; it’s purely about cost. A century ago, it was the Italians and the Irish. By mid-century they’d moved up and out of the low-skilled sector and our economy had itself moved into a more prosperous period that saw high-school boys seeking summer and after-school work building homes and widgets. When it was high-school kids earning only a penny an hour, we called it character-building, but in our increasingly race-conscious and entitlement-driven culture, all of a sudden the businesses that for eons have been paying low-skilled labor as little as they can get away with are vilified as racist tyrants. The reality is, you couldn’t pay low-skilled labor nearly enough to satisfy those whose real problem is not wages or greedy CEOs, but the entire capitalist venture.
The problems with today’s system were created by the government, plain and simple; after all, it’s not the CEOs of companies writing immigration laws; well-meaning but stupid politicians do that just fine all on their own. Read more ..
The Hamas Flotilla
|Juda S. Engelmayer||June 14th 2010|
A new videotaped interview with the captain of the largest ship in the Gaza Freedom Flotilla has surfaced, revealing that the ship had been overrun by members of the Turkish humanitarian group İnsani Yardım Vakfı (IHH) preparing for a confrontation with Israel.
The whole truth of the incident has yet to come out, but with each day that passes, new information gets presented that helps piece this puzzle together. Mehmut Tuval, Captain, Mavi Marmara tells Israeli officers of a very different type of voyage than that of a pure humanitarian mission. The video opens with Tuval talking about a group of IHH members cutting steel pipe from the rails of the ship and cutting chains, preparing them on the deck three hours before the IDF commandoes boarded. To do this, they used cutting disks that were brought on for this purpose. Read more ..
National Security on the Edge
|Gadi Adelman||June 7th 2010|
I had originally planned on writing an article about the National Intelligence Director Dennis Blair’s resignation on May 20th after only 16 months in that position, which came reportedly at President Barack Obama's request. Then, like any good plan following its agenda, only six days later the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, John Brennan, gave a speech at CSIS (Center for Strategic and International Studies) in which he announced that President Obama would be releasing his National Security Strategy on the 27th. That speech changed my plans.
Just to put into perspective where this man’s loyalties lie, John Brennan had just given a speech on February 13 at New York University, in which he stated, "...And as part of that experience, to learn about the goodness and beauty of Islam....I came to see Islam not as it is often misrepresented, but for what it is...a faith of peace and tolerance and great diversity….”
Two minutes later in the same speech he referred to Jerusalem, Israel’s capital, by its Arabic name, “And in all my travels, the city I have come to love most is Al Quds...” Read more ..
Edge on Domestic Security
|Robert P. Kirchhoefer||May 31st 2010|
Section IV of Article IV of the US Constitution states:
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence. (Emphasis mine).
That the state of Arizona has need for the United States government to guarantee its protection from invasion and domestic violence is beyond question. It is expressly Constitutional. That Arizona has become frustrated by the insouciance of federal Immigration policy that evinces reluctance to sufficiently enforce laws that would limit the misery that Arizona is enduring through no fault of its own is clear. That Arizona has enacted a law to prevent financial, civil, and mortal chaos from worsening is understandable. And that the law, as currently enacted, has been misrepresented by myriad politicians, talking heads, and unelected elites is, sadly, typical. Read more ..
Inside the Eurozone
|Marko Papic, Robert Reinfrank and Peter Zeihan||May 24th 2010|
Rumors of the imminent collapse of the eurozone continue to swirl despite the Europeans’ best efforts to hold the currency union together. Some accounts in the financial world have even suggested that Germany’s frustration with the crisis could cause Berlin to quit the eurozone — as soon as this past weekend, according to some — while at the most recent gathering of European leaders French President Nicolas Sarkozy apparently threatened to bolt the bloc if Berlin did not help Greece. Meanwhile, many in Germany — including Chancellor Angela Merkel herself at one point — have called for the creation of a mechanism by which Greece — or the eurozone’s other over-indebted, uncompetitive economies — could be kicked out of the eurozone in the future should they not mend their “irresponsible” spending habits.
Rumors, hints, threats, suggestions and information “from well-placed sources” all seem to point to the hot topic in Europe at the moment, namely, the reconstitution of the eurozone whether by a German exit or a Greek expulsion. We turn to this topic with the question of whether such an option even exists. Read more ..
|Mehdi Khalaji||May 17th 2010|
Persian-language radio and television broadcasts are among the main tools of U.S. public diplomacy toward Iran. Yet both of Washington's primary outlets for such broadcasting -- Radio Farda (RF) and the Persian News Network (PNN), an arm of Voice of America (VOA) television -- have been harshly criticized since their inception.
The most recent criticism surfaced last month, in a letter from Rep. Trent Franks (R-AZ) to President Obama. Signed by sixty-nine other congressmen, the letter accused PNN of "anti-American rhetoric" and an "apparent lack of oversight regarding the context of VOA-Persian broadcasting." Subsequently, an April 14 Washington Times editorial described VOA as "Voice of the Mullahs," stating "if VOA is telling Iranians struggling for freedom that resistance is futile, we hope Tehran keeps jamming it." As evidence of VOA's anti-American stance, the editorial noted that PNN had interviewed two "pro-regime" figures, Houshang Amir Ahmadi and Trita Parsi. Five days later, VOA director Danforth Austin responded to the allegations by defending VOA's objectivity, asking, "[W]ould the government of Iran waste time and money jamming VOA's PNN if it didn't find the content objectionable?" Read more ..
Pentagon on the Edge
|Robert Gates||May 10th 2010|
Secretary of Defense
|Defense Secretary Robert Gates|
General Eisenhower – whose portrait hangs behind my desk at the Pentagon, and whose life has been a source of wisdom and inspiration – is a hero of mine. Eisenhower was a low-maintenance leader of simple tastes, modest demands, and small entourages – in stark contrast to what often happens at the upper levels of power in Washington and in other elite settings. A newspaper article from December 1944 described a visit by Eisenhower to the front lines in the European Theater of Operations. The reporter noted that “there is no fanfare, no screaming motorcycle escorts, no fluttering banners” – only a convoy that consisted of three cars: one for Ike and his sole British aide, one for the press, and one spare. After arriving, Eisenhower set up his modest trailer right in the middle of what the reporter described as “one of the biggest and sloppiest mud puddles in creation,” despite the presence of an elegant (and abandoned) chateau nearby.
I should note that even the bureaucratically-wise General Eisenhower was flummoxed by the Pentagon, now referred to as the “Puzzle Palace.” Soon after the war and returning to Washington, Ike made the mistake of trying to find his office by himself, and got very lost. He later wrote: “One had to give the building his grudging admiration; it had apparently been designed to confuse any enemy who might infiltrate it.” Read more ..
The Edge of Recovery
|James L. Gattuso||May 3rd 2010|
The Senate is expected to take up a proposal, originally authored by Senator Chris Dodd (D–CT), to reform the financial regulatory system in the U.S. The goal is clear: to minimize the chances that another financial crisis—and bailouts—will arise again.
The objective is a good one. Unfortunately, the 1,408-page bill includes numerous provisions that would hurt—not help—consumers and the economy. It would even make another financial crisis or bailout more likely to occur.
Among other things, the bill:
Creates a protected class of “too big to fail” firms. Section 113 of the bill establishes a “Financial Stability Oversight Council,” charged with identifying firms that would “pose a threat to the financial security of the United States if they encounter “material financial distress.” These firms would be subject to enhanced regulation. However, such a designation would also signal to the marketplace that these firms are too important to be allowed to fail and, perversely, allow them to take on undue risk. As American Enterprise Institute scholar Peter Wallison wrote, “Designating large non-bank financial companies as too big to fail will be like creating Fannies and Freddies in every area of the economy.”
Provides for seizure of private property without meaningful judicial review. The bill, in Section 203(b), authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to order the seizure of any financial firm that he finds is “in danger of default” and whose failure would have “serious adverse effects on financial stability.” This determination is subject to review in the courts only on a “substantial evidence” standard of review, meaning that the seizure must be upheld if the government produces any evidence in favor of its action. This makes reversal extremely difficult. Read more ..
The Edge of Justice
|Hon. Paul G. Cassell||April 26th 2010|
As a former United States District Court Judge, I have a unique perspective on the criminal justice system.
Aggressive prosecution and strong sentencing advocacy are at the center of most US Attorney decisions. Federal judges have the sole authority to administer fair and consistent criminal sentences. These are certainly weighty responsibilities which require balancing the dual interests of punishment and deterrence with mercy and societal redemption of those convicted of criminal acts. In his now famous speech to federal prosecutors, then Attorney General Robert Jackson captured the difficult balance that must be reached by those who exercise authority over fellow human beings when he concluded “the citizen’s safety lies in the prosecutor [or judge] who tempers zeal with human kindness, who seeks truth and not victims, who serves the law and not factional purposes, and who approaches his task with humility.”
Notwithstanding the best efforts of prosecutors and judges to administer justice, practitioners such as ourselves remain concerned about not only disparity in sentencing in the federal system, but specifically the shockingly high sentences being meted out in some white collar cases based on overinflated or overreliance on the dollar loss amounts in fraud cases. One particular case, set for sentencing in the coming days, is United States v. Sholom Rubashkin. Read more ..
Edge on Justice
|Rabbi Shmuley Boteach||April 19th 2010|
|Rabbi Shmuley Boteach|
At middle age I have come to accept my limitations. Although I like to have an opinion on almost everything, I am conscious of the fact that I am not a legal scholar and do not understand all the complexities of the criminal case against Shalom Rubashkin, the former CEO of America's largest kosher meat plant, Agriprocessors of Postville, Iowa.
But I am not a stupid man either. And I, and a heck of a lot of other fairly intelligent and educated people are scratching our heads as to why government prosecutors are requesting that Rubashkin, who has ten children, including an autistic son, and a reputation for enormous philanthropy, be given a life sentence in prison.
A life behind bars. The very words are ominous. Isn't that reserved for society's most heinous offenders? Life sentence has one conjuring images of rapists and murderers, international drug cartel kingpins and white-collar criminals guilty of gargantuan fraud, like Bernie Madoff.
What did Rubashkin do? After an INS raid on the plant that found hundreds of illegal immigrants, the company was pushed to the brink of bankruptcy and Rubashkin, who had already been arrested for employing illegals, was subsequently found guilty of defrauding a bank and producing false invoices in order to keep the business going. There is no insinuation that he did any of this for personal profit or gain. Unlike Madoff, he had no Hamptons estate, no fancy yacht, and no Manhattan penthouse. By all accounts he and his family lived in incredibly modest circumstances. Read more ..
The Edge of Energy
Cutting Edge Energy Writer
Two recent policy announcements revealed the Obama administration’s core strategy in addressing the nation’s growing dependence on oil. Early in April, President Barack Obama announced that his administration would allow new oil exploration along the Atlantic Coast and in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The administration also announced new mandatory fuel efficiency standards of 35.5 mpg average within six years, up nearly 10 mpg from now.
By simultaneously promoting supply-side solutions (drill baby, drill) and demand-side solutions like increased efficiency, Mr. Obama is throwing bones to the two camps that for decades have dominated the nation’s energy debate. This may be smart politics, but when it comes to effectiveness—though there is nothing wrong fundamentally with either efficiency or drilling—both policies will do very little to address America’s energy security challenge, as they fail to address the root of the problem: oil’s virtual monopoly over transportation fuel (only 2 percent of U.S. oil demand is due to electricity generation).
Last year, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimated that opening the Outer Continental Shelf to exploration would affect oil prices by 11 cents per barrel by 2020, which would translate to less than a penny per gallon. On the flip side, going on an efficiency diet would not even offset the growth in demand due to natural growth. Read more ..
The Edge of Food
|Brian Lilley||April 5th 2010|
Is it a pig or a mouse pig? Relax I am told, it is just a bit of DNA and not species specific, putting mouse DNA into a pig won't affect it at all. Why then are researchers trying to bring a little piggy to market with mouse DNA spliced into the beast? The answer is simple and readily answered by people behind it, because the mouse DNA, when combined with E. coli, allows for the pig to process phosphorous in a way that the pig currently cannot.
To bring everyone up to speed on what I am going on about here, allow me to present Enviropig, an invention of the University of Guelph in Canada. The scientists behind Enviropig have been working on this animal for 11 years, trying to find a way to reduce the phosphorous output of swine herds raised through intensive livestock operations or factory farming. Professor Stephen Liss tells me that phosphorous run off can be a problem on farms, if the run off hits water supplies be it in streams or wells, the water can become contaminated, algae growth can overtake the water. The solution, Enviropig which can reduce phosphorous output by as much as 70 percent.
But this is not just about solving an environmental problem, the goal is to market this animal for human consumption and currently there are applications before the United States Food and Drug Administration and Health Canada, asking the regulatory bodies to approve the "transgenic" animal for the dinner plate. I'm not sure. Read more ..
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