|Joseph K. Grieboski||June 1st 2009|
Cutting Edge Foreign Desk
|Iranian warships |
In a troubling sign of a growing regional hegemony, Iranian has dispatched six warships to the Gulf of Aden and "international waters.”
According to Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari, Commander of the Iranian Navy, “Iran has dispatched six warships to international waters and the Gulf of Aden region in an historically unprecedented move by the Iranian Navy. This is indicative of the country's high military capability in confronting any foreign threat on the country's shores." This voyage – allegedly sent on the orders of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei – marks the first time in modern history that the Islamic republic has projected its military might beyond its regional sphere of interest. Read more ..
Jerusalem Post correspondent
|Iranian Sejil-2 missile|
Iran is in the midst of a multi-year plan that it hopes will culminate in the production of several hundred missile launchers and over 1,000 long-range ballistic missiles within the next six years, according to estimates in the Israeli defense establishment.
Teheran is believed to currently have an arsenal of 100-200 long-range Shihab missiles that have a range of up to 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles) and carry up to one-ton warheads.
In recent days, Iran successfully fired the Sejil-2, a missile with a range of at least 2,000 kilometers.
In addition, the Iranians last year test-fired a missile called Ashura believed to have recently entered production, the goal being to eventually replace the Shihab. The Ashura is a solid-fuel missile, giving it a long shelf-life. Unlike the Shihab, it does not need to be fueled shortly before launching. Read more ..
The Edge of Jihad
|Joseph K. Grieboski||May 25th 2009|
Cutting Edge Foreign Desk
Somalia’s Islamist rebels have launched a major offensive against the central government, reviving long-standing concerns that the country could fall entirely to militants with alleged ties to al-Qaeda.
The situation is exacerbated by Eritrea’s support for the Islamists. The U.N. Security Council expressed anxiety over reports that Eritrea has been supplying arms to Islamist militants intent on toppling Somalia's new government and condemned the recent violence. The council insisted that Somali Islamist extremist groups immediately end the violence and join reconciliation efforts
"The Security Council ... expresses its concern over reports that Eritrea has supplied arms to those opposing the (government of) Somalia in breach of the UN arms embargo," the statement said.
While Eritrea rejects accusations that it sends weapons to the al Qaeda-linked Islamist militants fighting Somalia's government, Somalia's government said earlier this month that Asmara continues to support al Shabaab militants with planeloads of AK-47 assault rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and other weapons. The accusation was backed by diplomats and security experts. Read more ..
The Edge of Terrorism
|Eduardo Szklarz and Martin Barillas||May 25th 2009|
Cutting Edge Correspondents
|Wanted: Salman El Reda|
Salman El Reda, a Colombian national and key figure in Argentina, has been linked to the terrorist attack on the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association (AMIA) in 1994 that claimed 85 deaths. This was the finding by Argentina’s chief prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who issued an international warrant for El Reda's arrest on May 20.
In a press conference, Nisman said that El Reda participated in the “preparations and consummation of the attack” that, according to the prosecutor, was on the orders of the government of Iran and organized by Hezbollah—the pro-Iran terrorist organization.
United States Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne in Buenos Aires noted Nisman’s arrest warrant saying “We applaud and support all efforts directed at bringing to justice those responsible for the international terrorist attack on the AMIA that killed 85 people in Buenos Aires on July 18, 1994.”
The arrest order has complicated Argentina’s already strained relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran. In 2006, Argentina presented an international arrest warrants for Mohsen Rabbani and seven other Iranian operatives for their alleged participation in the 1994 attack. Among those being called to justice are former Iranian president Ali Akbar Rafsanjani, former foreign minister Ali AkbarVelavati and former information and security minister Ali Fallahijan, as well as former Revolutionary Guard commandant Mohsen Rezai. Argentina has also accused Iran of organizing the St. Patrick’s Day massacre in 1992, which took the lives of 29 people at the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires. Read more ..
America and Israel
In the wake of the recent meeting between President Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, four senators have circulated an letter to colleagues urging Obama to support the Jewish State's efforts to achieve peace.
Read the letter here.
At press time, seventy-six senators have signed the letter. The House version bears almost 195 signatures and is at 195, as of press time. The letter, crafted April 30 before the summit is designed to send a clear message to the White House about Israel’s security, its determination to control its own Palestinian negotiations as it confronts an Iranian nuclear threat. The notion that Obama was linking Jerusalem's negotiations with Palestinians to its ability to thwart nuclear annihilation rankled many in the Jewish and non-Jewish Israel support community. In a word, Israel has gone over the president’s head and appealed directly to the Congress. Read more ..
The Edge of Energy Independence
The European Union has signed an agreement with four nations to move ahead on creating new gas pipelines to reduce its energy dependence on Russia.
The European Union signed the new energy deal during a summit in Prague with four countries: Egypt, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia. The agreement aims to help pave the way toward creating a series of gas pipelines from central Asia and the Middle East through Turkey and into Europe.
Two of the countries which signed the deal, Azerbaijan and Egypt, are gas rich. Two others, Turkey and Georgia, would host the pipelines carrying the gas. Europe hopes that one of the planned pipelines, known as Nabucco, will be up and running by 2014.
At a press conference in Prague, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso hailed the agreement. Read more ..
The Legal Edge
The persistent, years-long efforts of the National High School Mock Trial Championship to ignore the scheduling needs of orthodox Jewish student teams has once again been ruled out of order.
Stubbornly impervious to the demands of a condemning resolution unanimously adopted by the House of Representatives, refusals to obey by the New Jersey Bar Association and the North Carolina Academy of Trial Lawyers, admonitions from the attorney general of Georgia and the Anti-Defamation League, resignations by prestigious members of its own organization, and rebukes by a host of eminent legal personalities, the National High School Mock Trial Championship has clung to its policy of not permitting scheduling changes for the orthodox Jewish teams. Orthodox school teams that observe the Friday sundown to Saturday sundown Sabbath need to compete during the Thursday, daytime Friday, Saturday night and Sunday sessions as opposed to the sessions on the Sabbath. Religious school teams in increasing numbers—from the Jesuit High School in Louisiana to the Christian Heritage Academy in Oklahoma—compete in the national mock trial championships. Read more ..
Pakistan on the Edge
|Aftab Mughal||May 11th 2009|
Taliban forces have seized the homes and businesses of Sikhs living in the Northwestern Frontier Province of Pakistan. Infidels must pay a head tax. Many Sikh families have been forced to leave their homes in the Orakzai area of Pakistan.
Sikhs constitute a tiny religious minority in Pakistan. The latest Sikh nightmare began when Pakistan’s parliament passed the Sharia law for the Malakand Division of the Northwestern Frontier Province. On the very next day, April 14, 2009, the Taliban imposed a prodigious multi-million rupee Jazia (an Islamic tax to non-Muslims) on the Sikh community.
The Taliban said Sikhs are an unwanted minority and must pay the head tax in exchange for living in the area under the rule of Sharia. Following the Taliban’s threat, many Sikh families of the Feroze Khel area of Merozai in Lower Orakzai Agency simply fled.
The Taliban had also forcibly occupied shops of two Sikh businessmen and houses of several Sikhs to force them to pay the Jazia. Some families paid as much as 20 million rupees to Taliban forces to avoid further retaliation. After receiving Jazia tax, the Taliban released Sikh leader Sardar Saiwang Singh and vacated the occupied homes. Read more ..
Rep. Mark Kirk (R-IL) and the move to stop Iran’s nuclear program took center stage at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee Annual Policy Conference just concluded in Washington D.C. Arguably, the premier constituent event of the year, the conference hosted nearly 7,000 interdenominational supporters of Israel and approximately half the nation’s Senators and Congresspersons in a precision multimedia spectacle of public policy regarding the Jewish State.
Amid a multiplicity of topics and political heavyweights from Israeli President Shimon Peres to Vice president Joe Biden, the rising star on the pivotal issue seemed to be Rep. Kirk who is among the leading sponsors of the Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act (IRPSA). Read more ..
Update May 6. Under orders from a Fulton County judge and after a warning from the Department of Justice, the State Bar of Georgia has reversed itself and abandoned allegedly discriminatory scheduling practices by National High School Mock Trial Championship. See coming related story in News.
Pressure is mounting on the State Bar Georgia Bar Association in the wake of detailed revelations that the National High School Mock Trial Championship was preparing to repeat its years-long policy of allegedly discriminatory scheduling practices against Orthodox Jewish. The controversial practice in question revolves around the National High School Mock Trial Championship refusal to reschedule Saturday rounds for the increasing number of students from Orthodox Jewish schools that compete at the national level.
Now, the Civil Rights division of the Department of Justice on Friday May 1, 2009 has sent a detailed written warning to the director of the Administrative Office of the Courts of Georgia admonishing that any participation in the Mock Trial Championship must not violate the Safe Street Acts of 1968. The implementing regulation of the Safe Streets Act prohibits recipients of federal funds from engaging in programs that have the effect of discriminating on the basis of religion. Read more ..
Six foreign oil companies may soon be squeezed over their supply of gasoline to Iran. The six are: Vitol, Glencore International, the Swiss/Dutch firm Trafigura, France's Total, British Petroleum and India's Reliance Industries.
On April 22, the House of Representatives introduced the bi-partisan Iran Diplomatic Enhancement Act as a means of compelling Iran to heed the warnings of the U.S. and its allies to cease its nuclear weaponization program. The bill would also impose heavy sanctions on the oil suppliers.
Said Congressman Mark Kirk (R-IL), “If we are serious about stopping the emergence of a nuclear Iran, our window for effective diplomacy is starting to close,” perhaps hinting at Congress’ frustration with Iran and its Islamist leadership. Kirk is also an intelligence officer in the Navy Reserve and has introduced similar legislation in the past. Read more ..
|John Chapin||April 20th 2009|
Israel appears to gird for war as its defense establishment prepares the greatest military exercise in the history of the Jewish state. This exercise is expected to take place on June 2 and will involve testing the U.S.-Israeli developed missile defense system “Arrow” intended to deter missile attacks.
An Israeli strike on approximately one dozen targets in Iran could come with hours or days of receiving orders, according to an Israeli defense official quoted in the The Times of London. The military is apparently awaiting the final go-ahead by the country’s new civilian leadership under Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu. This comes despite assurances issued just days before on April 15 in which Israeli President Shimon Peres had backtracked on earlier rumors of war, saying, "The solution in Iran is not a military one." Indeed, Peres has recently been quoted as confirming that if a diplomatic solution is not found soon, "we will strike." Read more ..
Coke and Confiscation
A loose coalition of Jewish groups led by the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) has renewed it call for a public boycott of Coca-Cola products, and for Jewish members of the public to boycott the company’s kosher-for-Passover products during the current Passover holiday. The call comes at time when Coke heightens its kosher for Passover foods and beverages, and as the company prepares for its frequently contentious annual stockholder meeting.
Behind the protest movement is the Bigio property confiscation case. By way of information, the Bigio Family of Canada in earlier decades owned property near Cairo, Egypt. Their family had the property since the early 1900’s. Coca-Cola had been leasing the property and contracting with the Bigios, until the property was illegally taken from the family by the Egyptian government in 1964 during a campaign of anti-Semitism. In 1979, the Egyptian government ordered that the Bigios’ property be returned to them, but Egyptian courts repeatedly refused to enforce the order. In 1994, Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Egypt “purchased” the property when it was “privatized.” When the Bigios contacted Coca-Cola to remind the company of the family’s right to the property and requested to be justly compensated, top Coca-Cola officials apparently brushed the family aside. The story was the subject of an Edwin Black investigation in The Cutting Edge News last Passover (On Passover, an Egyptian Jew Battles Coca-Cola in the USA for a Modern Day Injustice) .
The Bigios brought a federal court action against Coca-Cola in 1997. Since then, Coca-Cola’s lawyers have used numerous legal maneuvers to avoid reaching the merits of the Bigios’ case, according to Bigio legal sources. All of Coke's procedural objections have failed both in the U.S. Court of Appeals and once in the U.S. Supreme Court, legal sources say. But the case has dragged on. Read more ..
Edge on Terrorism
|Brenda Gazzar & Yaakov Lappin||April 6th 2009|
Jerusalem Post correspondents
In the dusty Bedouin town of Hura, east of Beersheba, residents on April 5 were mostly tight-lipped - though a few were brazenly defiant - when asked about 15-year-old Basma Awad al-Nabari, who died after opening fire on a Border Police base in the Negev on April 4.
Relatives in the town of some 10,000 inhabitants said they found it difficult to believe that Nabari, who was known as a calm and successful 10th-grader, could have committed any kind of terrorist act.
If she had, they conceded, it's likely that someone outside the family was behind the attack, which caused no other casualties.
"We are not a family that teaches their children in this way," her great-uncle Ouda al-Nabari said outside a tent for guests near her home. "We don't go down to this level at all." Read more ..
The Bush Legacy
|Martin Barillas||March 30th 2009|
Cutting Edge Senior Correspondent
A Spanish national court may re-open a case against Bush Administration officials that are considered to have given the legal go-ahead for what are termed “crimes against the international community” at the U.S. facility at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. This would make Spain the first country to attempt a trial of officials involved in the imprisonment and interrogation of prisoners of the war against terror held by the United States.
Alleging torture of prisoners held at Guatánamo, human rights lawyers brought the case before leading anti-terror judge Baltasar Garzón, who agreed to send it on to prosecutors to decide whether it had merit. Under Spanish law, courts can prosecute offenses such as torture or war crimes even if they occurred in other countries. If arrest warrants are issued by the court, the six could be subject to arrest should they leave the United States. Read more ..
What if the Oil Stops
|John Chapin||March 23rd 2009|
|Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi|
This continuing coverage of America’s oil crisis arises from the The Plan: How to Save America When the Oil Stops—or the Day Before (Dialog Press). Buy it here.
Saudi oil minister Ali al-Naimi spoke in Vienna at a March 18 meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Counties and warned of a coming “catatstrophic” shortfall in petroleum production. "In years to come, if traditional energy supplies should prove inadequate because capital expenditure was curtailed due to unsustainable prices, unreliable indication of future demand or hopes for a substitute that oil cannot deliver, such a supply crunch would be catastrophic."
"The painful result would be felt sooner rather than later. It would effectively take the wheels off an already derailed economy."
Naimi, who in 2008 declined to increase production after an appeal by then President George W. Bush, said that current low petroleum prices should not be used as a reason to shortchange investment in future production. Doing so, he averred, would only mean future shortages and price hikes.
The world risked disaster by placing too much hope on untested alternative energy sources, Naimi told an OPEC conference of energy leaders.
“We frankly court disaster if these supplemental resources on which such high hopes for energy security and sustainability are pinned do not fulfil their high expectations," he said.
OPEC and Saudi Arabia taking a lead role are making the biggest output cuts ever to retrieve oil prices back from a $100 drop. As a result of the Vienna meeting, oil production is expected to hold steady.
Naimi said that "40 USD is not enough; you need in between 60 and 75 USD to allow marginal producers to continue producing ethanol, heavy oil," adding "I would say that the ideal price for ability of the marginal producers to put more resources in the market is in between 60 and 75 US dollars a barrel". Read more ..
Edge on Oil
|Martin Barillas||March 16th 2009|
Cutting Edge Senior Correspondent
“Anyone who opposes me should be imprisoned,” said President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela on March 15 after giving orders that the army should seize the ports of Puerto Cabello and Maracaibo despite resistance from the governors of the two states involved. On his popular television program “Aló Presidente,” Chavez announced his order to seize the ports within the next few days, following the introduction of the Law of Decentralization. The measure was approved by the Venezuelan congress in recent days. Some 90 percent of the national legislature is controlled by Chavez' partisans.
Chavez was apparently incensed by resistance to the measure offered by opposition leaders such as Mayor Antonio Ledezma of Caracas and Governor Henrique Salas Feo of Carabobo – the state in which Puerto Cabellos is located. Ledezma said that he will ignore the new authority conferred upon the central government by the new law, considering it unconstitutional and an usurpation of local authority. Read more ..
Edge of Bird Flu
An experimental bird flu vaccine has been developed by modifying an existing vaccine previously used to treat smallpox. Scientists at Hong Kong University and the National Institutes of Health inserted key components of the H5N1 bird flu virus into the smallpox vaccine to achieve the effect. The scientists say the resulting bird flu vaccine, if validated, could be produced inexpensively in large quantities enjoy a long shelf-life, and be distributed and affordable even to poor nations.
Several more years of testing are required. The vaccine has not yet been tried on humans.
For years, health officials have feared that if the H5N1 bird flu virus mutates into a form easily passed to humans, the resulting epidemic could kill millions. Thus far, since 2003, at least 408 people in 15 nations have contracted bird flu worldwide since 2003. More than fifty percent suffered fatal infections. Read more ..
The Obama Edge
|Martin Barillas||March 3rd 2009|
Cutting Edge Senior Correspondent
Ambassador Héctor Timerman, Argentina’s representative to the United States, gave assurances on February 28 that a diplomatic flap between the two countries is now a “closed” matter. Argentine sensibilities were piqued earlier in the week by statements made by Leon Panetta, the newly minted head of the Central Intelligence Agency, that called into question Argentina’s economic and political stability. In his first on-the-record interview as intelligence chief, Panetta expressed concern that the current global economic crisis could destabilize not only Argentina, but also Venezuela and Ecuador.
Argentina reacted angrily. Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner figuratively took U.S. Ambassador Earl Wayne to the woodshed and expressed her government’s outrage. In a press conference afterwards, Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana said “We consider the statements an unacceptable interference in the internal affairs of our country, even more so coming from an agency that has a sad history of interference in the internal affairs in the countries in the region."
According to diplomat Timerman, Panetta communicated with him by telephone on March 27 to oil the waters. Timerman claimed that Panetta said that he had been “overwhelmed” by Argentina’s response. Timerman said that Panetta called to “beg forgiveness of President Cristina Fernández, the government, and all of Argentina” over the fracas. “I do not believe what I said and neither does the government of the United States. It was my mistake to repeat something that someone told me. It was not my intention to assume that thought as my own,” said Panetta according to Timerman. Read more ..
After the Holocaust
|Eduardo Szklarz and Martin Barillas||February 23rd 2009|
Cutting Edge Correspondents
|Catholic Bishop Richard Williamson|
Argentina has decided to expel dissident Catholic bishop Richard Williamson, a British subject, from its country. Williamson, whom the Vatican considers illegitimately consecrated as bishop, belongs to a breakaway group known as the Society of St. Piux X (SSPX) founded by excommunicated Bishop Marcel Lefebvre. The controversial bishop has been subjected to worldwide denunciations because of his public negation of the Holocaust. As of February 19, he was given 10 days to leave Argentina, according to a measure adopted by the country’s Ministry of Interior and approved by President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.
The text of Argentina's decision affirms that Williamson “has repeatedly concealed the true motive for his residence in the country, having declared to be an administrative employee of the civil association known as “Tradition,” when in reality his true activity was that of a priest and director of the Lefebvrite seminary that the Society of St. Pius X maintains in the locality of Moreno.” Moreno is a rural community outside of Buenos Aires. Read more ..
|Joseph K. Grieboski||February 16th 2009|
Cutting Edge Foreign Desk
|Saudi King Abdullah|
The king of Saudi Arabia dismissed two powerful religious figures and appointed a woman as part of a government shuffle that appeared to be aimed at reforming the kingdom’s hard-line religious establishment.
King Abdullah dismissed the chief of the religious police and a cleric who condoned killing the owners of TV networks that broadcast “immoral” content. The shake-up — Abdullah’s first since coming to power in August 2005 — included the appointment of a female deputy minister, the highest government position a Saudi woman has attained. The moves were not unexpected, but the timing was a surprise. Observers said that the announcement had not been expected until late summer.
The king also changed the makeup of an influential body of religious scholars, for the first time giving more moderate Sunni Muslims representation to the group whose duties include issuing the religious edicts known as fatwas.
Of the judiciary, Abdullah has said that reforming that bastion of hard-line clerics implementing Islamic law is one of his top priorities. Judges currently have complete discretion in issuing sentences, except in cases where Islamic law outlines a punishment, such as capital crimes.
King Abdullah also replaced Hamad al-Sayyari, 68, the long-serving governor of the Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency, the central bank, with Mohammed al-Jasser, his 54-year old deputy. Mr. al-Jasser, a Saudi representative to the International Monetary Fund, has served as SAMA deputy governor since 1995. Read more ..
Surge Against Hamas
|Yaacov Katz||February 16th 2009|
Jerusalem Post correpondent
Medicine bottles, transferred to the Gaza Strip as humanitarian aid by Israel, were used by Hamas as grenades against IDF troops during Operation Cast Lead. The medicine bottles were manufactured by the Jerusalem Pharmaceutical Company, which is based in el-Bireh, a town adjacent to Ramallah, and the global pharmaceutical company Shire.
The medicine bottles were filled with explosives, holes were drilled in the caps, and fuses were installed. Once Hamas fighters lit the fuses, they had several seconds to throw the grenades at soldiers. The IDF also found small explosive devices that used medical syringes to hold their fuses.
The medical grenades were discovered in northern Gaza by troops during last month's three-week battle against Hamas. The grenades were taken to military explosives experts, and then disassembled and studied.
One bottle turned into a grenade originally contained a drug called Equetro, which is used by people who suffer from episodes associated with bipolar disorder. Another bottle had contained a vitamin supplement called Super-Vit. Read more ..
Edge of Terrorism
|Barry Newhouse||February 9th 2009|
The United Nations has announced the establishment of a commission to investigate the 2007 assassination of Pakistan's former prime minister Benazir Bhutto.
Supporters of Benazir Bhutto have remained skeptical of the country's initial investigation that concluded al-Qaida or Taliban assassins most likely killed her in December 2007.
In July, officials of Ms. Bhutto's party appealed to the United Nations to form an independent commission to investigate.
U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said in Islamabad that after extensive consultation, a three-member commission will be created, "very soon." He spoke after meeting with Pakistani President Asif Zardari, the widower of Benazir Bhutto.
"This is a crime that shocked and offended the world," said Ban Ki-moon. "And I know this is a matter of great importance to the government and people of Pakistan." Read more ..
Inside the Mideast
|Sam Orez||February 9th 2009|
Suspicious Iranian and other Middle Eastern maritime shipments are increasingly being intercepted and seized by the navies of various nations on the huint for contraband.
A vessel en route to Iran was intercepted by Greek naval forces and has been impounded for more than five weeks because its cargo was discovered to include components for surface-to-surface missiles.
The Greek seizure comes on the heels of a similar one by the Turkish Navy which also seized a suspicious Iranian vessel bound for Venezeula. That ship's cargo included crates labeled "tractor parts" which actually contained missiles.
In the first week of February, Israel's Navy stopped a ship from Lebanon en route to the Gaza Strip. In that case, the inspected cargo revealed only creates of food, water bottles and medicine.
Israel's interception coindided with a meeting in Copenhagen convened by the United States and several European countries to combat arms smuggling to Gaza. The international forum is ramping up collective means of reducing Iranian and other Mideast arms shipments in and out of the region. Read more ..
|Martin Barillas||February 2nd 2009|
|Aftermath of attack on Venezuelan synagogue|
Jewish Groups wourldwide mobilized concern over the safety of the Jewish community in Venezuela following an attack on the Tiferet Israel synagogue in Caracas. This followed death threats against rabbis and menacing behavior by "unknown persons" against Jewish installations in the capital.
Beginning at approximately 10 PM on January 30, a group of approximately 15 persons forced their way into the synagogue and community center, overpowering two guards and firing shots in the air. They proceeded to profane the place of worship, tossing the holy scriptures on the floor and leaving graffiti on the synagogue’s walls reading “Jews out” and “We don’t want Jews here.” Some reports claim that graffiti reading “Death to the Jews” was also evident nearby.
"The total disrespect of a Jewish house of worship reflects the escalating climate of hostility towards Jews in Venezuela," said American Jewish Committee executive director David A. Harris said in response to the attacks, adding "The wanton desecration of holy books is disheartening and inexcusable." Read more ..
|Martin Barillas||January 26th 2009|
Cutting Edge Senior Contributor
| Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad|
Turkey stopped a shipment bound for Venezuela from Iran, contending that it contained laboratory equipment capable of producing explosives, according to reports out of Ankara.
According to Turkish officials, the shipment was found at the Mediterranean port of Mersin and seized in December 2008. The lab equipment was found in 22 containers labeled “tractor parts” that were brought to the seaport via truck transport from neighboring Iran. Read more ..
North Korea’s Nukes
|Alison Klayman||January 19th 2009|
A U.S. expert says North Korea has "weaponized" its plutonium, producing four to five warheads. Pyongyang now wishes to be treated as a nuclear weapon state. Selig Harrison, an independent expert who met with officials this week in Pyongyang, says North Korea has weaponized about 31 kilograms of plutonium.
Harrison told reporters in Beijing Saturday North Korea may hold four to six nuclear bombs, depending on the grade of plutonium and specific weapons design. Yet none of the North Korean officials would explicitly acknowledge the details of the weapons. Harrison said they told him it was a "military matter" they could not discuss. He said the government refuses to let the weapons be inspected.
Harrison is director of the Washington-based Center for International Policy's Asia program. His North Korea trip began on January 12 and included a lengthy session with Li Gun, director general of the North Korean Foreign Ministry's United States division. Read more ..
The Surge Against Hamas
|Khaled Abu Toameh||January 5th 2009|
Jerusalem Post correspondent
The Hamas government has placed dozens of Fatah members under house arrest out of fear that they might exploit the current IDF operation to regain control of the Gaza Strip.
The move came amid reports that the Fatah leadership in the West Bank has instructed its followers to be ready to assume power over the Gaza Strip when and if Israel's military operation results in the removal of Hamas rule.
Fatah officials in Ramallah told reporters that Hamas militiamen had been assaulting many Fatah activists since the beginning of the operation last Saturday. They said at least 75 activists were shot in the legs while others had their hands broken.
Wisam Abu Jalhoum, a Fatah activist from the Jabalya refugee camp, was shot in the legs by Hamas militiamen for allegedly expressing joy over the IDF air strikes on Hamas targets. Read more ..
The Madoff Massacre
|Edwin Black||December 30th 2008|
The Federal government is using billions in taxpayer money to convert General Motors Acceptance Corp, known as GMAC, into a bank, as part of a backdoor Detroit bailout. In the process, it will rescue a company headed by J. Ezra Merkin, a cohort of Bernard Madoff, who engineered a $50 billion international Ponzi scheme.
The chairman of GMAC is J. Ezra Merkin. Merkin has been broadly accused of facilitating Madoff’s Ponzi scheme by deliberately feeding him billions in investor money through two hedge funds Merkin controlled.
On December 29, 2008, $5 billion went directly to GMAC from the Troubled Asset Relief Program, also known as TARP, and up to $1 billion is due to come from U.S. Treasury via a loan to General Motors so it can channel the money to GMAC, 49 percent of which is owned by General Motors. Read more ..
The Edge of Piracy
|Alisha Ryu||December 29th 2008|
Ibaado Aden, 65, a resident of Hobyo in the Galmudug region of central Somalia, watched a shiny sport utility vehicle slowly approaching the main market area of the village.
She said nothing. But it was clear from the look of concern on her face that the vehicle's occupants were pirates. They are the only people who can afford such luxury in this remote and dirt-poor fishing village, hundreds of kilometers from the nearest city.
Ibaado Aden abruptly ended our interview. She did not want to talk about pirates, especially about what they do with the ransom they receive. She said the pirates give the people nothing, and she does not know where or how the pirates spend their money.
Somali pirate groups operating in Hobyo and Haradhere in central Somalia and in the northern town of Eyl in Puntland have hijacked more than 40 vessels this year. The unprecedented number of hijackings has prompted at least a dozen countries, including the United States, China and Russia, to send warships to the region to protect vulnerable shipping lanes. The pirates still hold at least 19 vessels and more than 350 crew members hostage. Read more ..
The Madoff Massacre
|Gary Rosenblatt||December 22nd 2008|
New York Jewish Week editor
While international attention continues to focus on Bernard Madoff as he faces charges for his alleged $50 billion Ponzi scheme, some leaders in the Jewish community, particularly within Modern Orthodox institutions, are expressing shock and anger at the role played by J. Ezra Merkin, a prominent investment guru and philanthropist, who appears to have misled at least some investors. At Yeshiva University, Madoff is not the only trustee who has resigned in shame. Merkin also stepped down as a Yeshiva trustee. He played a primary role in managing the university’s endowment funds.
About $110 million of Yeshiva’s endowment—8 percent of the total—was invested in Ascot Partners, a $1.8 billion Merkin fund that was wholly invested with Madoff and is now gone. According to several sources close to the institution, officials are “livid” and “feel betrayed” because the $110 million was transferred by Merkin into Madoff’s fund without the board’s knowledge.
Yeshiva’s endowment is now about $1.2 billion, down from 1.7 billion in January, according to a letter sent December 16 to the YU community from President Richard Joel. Most of that loss is due to the general collapse of the economy.
Few are accusing Merkin, who did not respond to an interview request, of prior knowledge that Madoff was operating an alleged fraud. Indeed, Merkin, 54, informed investors in his Ascot Partners fund last Thursday that he was among those who suffered substantial personal losses when it crashed, since all of its dollars were invested with Madoff. Read more ..
Latin America's Drug Wars
|Martin Barillas||December 15th 2008|
Cutting Edge Senior Contributor
|Guatemalan Police Strike Force|
Guatemala’s director of the National Civilian Police force, Marlene Blanco Lapola, informed that nation’s congress on December 9 that more than 2,000 automatic weapons have disappeared from her inventory, including AK-47 assault rifles and Israeli-made Uzi machine guns. Upon questioning by legislators, Director Blanco could not answer just how many weapons are missing and said that an inventory is ongoing. She affirmed, however, that some of the missing weapons already have been used in crimes.
“We have received reports from commissariats that weapons are missing. In other cases, these have left our warehouses, but we do not know who took nor with whose permission, since the signatures left in the registers are illegible.” She added that a judge is known to bear a police-issued Uzi submachine gun, while it is not clear how he obtained it. Read more ..
Global Economic Crisis
|Katie Hamann||December 15th 2008|
|Leaders of China, Japan, and South Korea|
In the wintery Japanese city of Fukuoka there was a thawing of relations between former foes as China, South Korea and Japan, met on December 13 to discuss options for a coordinated regional response to the worsening global economic crisis. The leaders of Asia's largest economies spent the day discussing their economies and a range of other issues including climate change and North Korea's bid for nuclear weapons.
Meeting independently for the first time, China's Premier Wen Jiabao, Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso, and South Korean President Lee Myung-bak—who together manage about 75 percent of Asia's economy—explored ways of supporting each other and the broader Asian community amid the deepening global economic crisis. Read more ..
Edge of Justice
|Martin Barillas||December 8th 2008|
Cutting Edge Contributor
By a 7-to-3 vote on December 3, 2008 the judges of the United States Court of Appeals in Chicago reinstated a $156 million jury verdict granted by a federal district court in favor of Joyce and Stanley Boim, the parents of a 17-year-old American-born student David Boim, who was shot and killed by Hamas terrorists at a bus stop near Jerusalem in May 1996. The judgment was against Muslim organizations based in the United States that had contributed funds to Hamas in the years between 1994 and 1996.
A December 2007 ruling by three judges of the Seventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals had vacated the judgment on the grounds that the plaintiffs had not shown sufficient "causation" between the contributed funds and the drive-by shooting of David Boim. The defendants claimed that their contributions to Hamas were intended only to benefit the organization's charitable activities in the Middle East and not to support Hamas' program of terrorism. Read more ..
|Amanda Pazornik||December 8th 2008|
J Weekly correspondent
How did Dr. Daniel J. Kliman die?
The staunch Israeli activist, who taking Arabic lessons, was found dead at the bottom of an elevator shaft in the building where he was taking classes. What happened?
Police said that the mysterious death of the outspoken pro-Israel activist appeared to be accidental—but friends and family insist that Kliman was the victim of foul play.
“We almost expected something would happen to him at some point, given his activism and trips to Israel,” said Kliman’s brother, Jonathan. “We didn’t expect what seemed to have happened to him. It seems really odd, and I’m glad the investigations are continuing.”
Kliman’s body was discovered December 1 at the bottom of an elevator shaft in the historic Sharon Building at 55 New Montgomery Street in San Francisco. It had apparently been there for six days. The 38-year-old internist, who lived alone in Oakland, was supposed to leave for Israel on Thanksgiving, giving friends and family no reason to question his whereabouts. Read more ..
Edge on Africa
|Martin Barillas||December 1st 2008|
Cutting Edge Senior Contributor
Violence has claimed the lives of over 400 people in the central Nigeria city of Jos, the capital of that country's Plateau state.
Rioting in the streets resulted after a dispute emerged from the results of voting on November 28. The mostly Christian-backed governing party, the People's Democratic Party, was declared to have won the state elections. But the victory was passionately rejected by the opposition, the All Nigeria People's Party, which is perceived in the state as a predominantly Muslim party.
Homes were destroyed during the clashes, with mosques and churches burned, as gangs of men from the Muslim Hausa community and the mainly Christian ethnic groups, armed with machetes fought.
Residents have taken some 397 corpses to the principal mosque in Jos after pitched fighting between Christians and Muslims. Burial in a mass grave is being discussed.
The majority of the victims presented wounds caused by gunfire or edged weapons. An immediate dawn-to-dusk curfew remains in effect at press time. Read more ..
Extreme Borderland Violence
|John Chapin||December 1st 2008|
|Tijuana killers arrested by Mexican drug enforcement|
The headless bodies of nine persons were found on the morning of November 30 at a vacant lot in Tijuana, the Mexican city across the US border from San Diego, California, bringing the November 29-30 weekend toll to 18 murders. Near the bodies a message was found which read, “we are Fatty Villarreal’s people and this is how we deal with the ‘Three.’”
This was a reference to the narcotics traffickers known as Armando Villarreal and Teodoro García Simental, a.k.a “El Teo,” and “El Tres Letras” (Three Letters). The macabre murders occurred in the eastern part of Tijuana in a neighbourhood called Granjas Familiares de Matamoros, which has been under Mexican army control since November 18.
Tijuana, long a haven for U.S. tourists looking for cheap divorces and cheap thrills, is the capital of the Arellano Félix drug cartel. The cartel consists of a family eleven siblings of the surname Arellano Felix—seven of whom are brothers who have either been incarcerated or killed in recent years. Following the arrest of Eduardo Arellano Félix, the last of the seven brothers to face justice, leadership of the criminal clan fell to a son of one of the Arellano Félix sisters, Fernando Sánchez Arellano, whose position is disputed by Teodoro García “El Teo.” Read more ..
|Martin Barillas and Eduardo Szklarz||November 24th 2008|
Cutting Edge Senior Contributors
The former dictator of Argentina, General Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo, has been charged with ordering the deaths of 31 political prisoners when he led the governing military junta of the South American country in the 1970s. Judge Cristina Garzón de Lascano of Córdoba charged him with crimes against humanity perpetrated from 1976 to 1983.
The judge is to investigate the participation of Videla and other Argentine military authorities in human rights abuses and other crimes committed in police facilities and the San Martín prison in Córdoba, an area southwest of Buenos Aires in the foothills of the Andes. This is the first time that Videla has been charged in the Province of Córdoba for crimes against humanity.
In addition to Videla, another 20 persons have been charged and also facing fines and imprisonment. Among them are retired Army officers Vicente Meli, Mauricio Carlos Poncet, Raúl Eduardo Fierro, and Jorge González Navarro.
Videla and fellow junta member Admiral Eduardo Massera and Air Force Brigadier Orlando Ramón Agosti were both trained at the School of the Americas training facility organized by the U.S. Army in Panamá. In 1999 President Bill Clinton apologized to the people of Guatemala for the role the U.S. played in the repression of human rights in their country, as it was Argentina that provided military advisors to the governments of Guatemala and El Salvador during their civil wars in the 1970s when thousands of innocent persons, along with Marxist guerrillas, were killed by military and security forces. Read more ..
|Martin Barillas||November 17th 2008|
Cutting Edge Senior Contributor
Girls on the way to school in the Kandahar province in Afghanistan were attacked by terrorists who doused them with battery acid on November 12. A sixteen-year-old girl said, "We were on the way to school when two men on motorbikes stopped next to us. One of them threw acid on my sister's face. I tried to help her, and then they threw acid on me, too." This happened on the morning of November 12, and hundreds of school children have since stayed away from school out of fear of further attacks. A teacher at a girls school in Kandahar, who was also injured in the attack, was not certain whether classes would resume.
Some 15 women and girls were injured in the attacks in Kandahar, an area of considerable Taliban presence. Two girls were released from hospital a day after the attack, but one girl remains because of severe burns to her face and eyes.
During the Taliban regime that ruled Afghanistan before the U.S.-led military intervention, women and girls were expected to remain at home and could face death or severe punishment by the Taliban enforcers of sharia - Islamic law. Girls were banned from schools during the days of Taliban rule and could not leave their homes without male escorts. Read more ..
|John Chapin||November 10th 2008|
Architectural plans for the infamous Auschwitz death camp, revealed by German newspaper Bild on November 8, gave further testimony to the fact that the planners and executioners knew that Auschwitz was intended for the extermination of human beings. These were post-construction plans, drawn up after the construction of the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination complex on the base of an old military camp of the Austro-Hungarian empire.
Bild reported that Dr. Hans-Dieter Kreikamp, chief director of the federal archives in Berlin, said the find was of "extraordinary importance." Furthermore, said Kreikamp, "The plans are authentic certificates of a systematically planned genocide of European Jews." Architectural drawings that included floor plans, side-elevations, and maps were found in an abandoned apartment in Berlin. They were drawn sometime between 1941 and 1943, showing detailed plans for prisoner barracks and chambers for murdering inmates with poison gas. The chambers were clearly marked “Gaskammer” – gas chamber. Read more ..
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