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The Weapon's Edge

Israel and U.S. Test Arrow 3 Interceptor

March 1st 2013

Arrow Missile System

Israel tested the Arrow 3 missile for the first time according to an Israeli Defense Ministry statement released Monday. The test, said to be completely successful by one Israeli official, took place along with U.S. forces over the Mediterranean Sea. Arrow 3 is designed to detect and destroy long range missiles headed towards Israel from countries like Iran.

Arrow 3 is "the most sophisticated system of its kind," according to Uzi Rubin, who oversaw development of the project. Unlike its predecessors, these new missiles can reach higher altitudes. The recent test flight was designed for the rocket to reach an exo-atmospheric trajectory, a path with the rocket leaving the atmosphere. The system can also target warheads carrying non-conventional, WMD payloads. The rocket is still in early stages of development with its propulsion and tracking systems also going through evaluations last month. Arrow 3 has not yet been tested against striking incoming projectiles but officials expect it to be deployed by 2016. Read more ..


The Edge of Security

Fire: The Overlooked Threat

February 28th 2013

Carmel Fire Winter 2010

People sometimes obsess over the potential threat posed by terrorist attacks that use things such as chemical weapons, electromagnetic pulses or dirty bombs. Yet they tend to discount the less exciting but very real threat posed by fire, even though fire kills thousands of people every year. The World Health Organization estimates that 195,000 people die each year from fire, while according to the Global Terrorism Database an average of 7,258 people die annually from terrorism, and that includes deaths in conflict zones such as Afghanistan and Iraq.

There are also instances in which fire is used as a weapon in a terrorist attack. U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and embassy communications officer Sean Smith, the two diplomats killed in the attack on the U.S. office in Benghazi on Sept. 11, 2012, did not die from gunfire or even rocket-propelled grenade strikes but from smoke inhalation. This fact was not lost on the U.S. Department of State Accountability Review Board that investigated the Benghazi attack. In an interview published by Reuters on Feb. 24, former Ambassador Thomas Pickering, the head of the Accountability Review Board, said more attention should be paid to the threat fire poses to diplomatic posts.  Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Hezbollah Denies Death of Nasrallah as Rumors Spread He is in Iran for Cancer Treatment

February 27th 2013

hassan nasrallah - hezbollah

Lebanon-based Shiite terror organization Hezbollah denied the death of its leader, Hassan Nasrallah, Tuesday amid reports that he had been flown to Tehran to undergo cancer treatment.

The rumor of his death spread quickly on social media site Twitter, where purported screen shots of the Hezbollah-affiliated website Al Manar announcing Nasrallah’s death were posted. Hezbollah said the photos had been doctored, with the organization calling them a “cheap forgery.”

Monday a report emerged from Lebanese radio station the Voice of Lebanon that Nasrallah had been flown to Tehran for emergency medical treatment for severe cancer-related complications.

A different report from Lebanon claimed that Nasrallah had been flown to Iran after he was wounded in an attack by Syrian rebels during a meeting he was attending. The reports were attributed to “senior Hezbollah officials,” but there were no official confirmation of the reports from any other source. Read more ..


Israel on Edge

Israel's Border Fences Go Hi-Tech

February 26th 2013

Border Fence

The Israeli website I-HLS.COM reports that fifteen soldiers have joined the ranks of the technicians maintaining the advanced fences that protect Israel, following the conclusion of the most recent cycle of the 'Border Alert Systems' training course. These technicians are responsible for hundreds of kilometers of fencing fitted with touch and motion sensors, which protect Israel from threats in Gaza, Judea and Samaria, Lebanon and Sinai.

During the three-week training course, which took place at the Tzrifin training base, the participants learned to recognize every detail of the fences. According to the IDF, before being accepted to the training course, each of the new technicians was evaluated and given a sufficiently high physical profile to serve as a combat soldier who can respond if attacked on the border during a maintenance mission. The training course includes a broad range of content, but the emphasis is on the practical aspect. For that purpose, a fence of several meters was built at the instructional base for participants to practice locating and repairing malfunctions. Read more ..


The Weapon's Edge

Tiny Flybots That can Hover, Stalk and Kill Targets

February 25th 2013

Cyber warriors

The U.S. Air Force is developing tiny unmanned drones that will fly in swarms, hover like bees, crawl like spiders and even sneak up on unsuspecting targets and execute them with lethal precision. The Air Vehicles Directorate, a research arm of the Air Force, has released a computer-animated video outlining the the future capabilities of Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs). The project promises to revolutionize war by down-sizing the combatants.

'MAVs will become a vital element in the ever-changing war-fighting environment and will help ensure success on the battlefield of the future,' the narrator intones. 'Unobtrusive, pervasive, lethal - Micro Air Vehicles, enhancing the capabilities of the future war fighter.' Read more ..


Afganistan on Edge

US, Allies Consider Leaving Up to 12,000 Troops in Afghanistan

February 23rd 2013

Brit with Afghani Soldier

U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta says NATO allies are considering leaving between 8,000 and 12,000 international troops in Afghanistan after 2014. The force would be left to help Afghans maintain stability in the country after most international troops pull out by the end of 2014.

The U.S. has said it has made no decision yet on how many of its troops will stay. Germany's defense minister offered a differing account, telling reporters Friday that U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta had mentioned 8,000 to 12,000 U.S. troops would remain. 

At a briefing before boarding his flight back to Washington, Panetta countered those remarks. “That report is not correct. We did discuss a range of options and what we discussed was a range of options that would be directed to the NATO force overall, which includes both the U.S. force contribution that we would make, plus what other NATO countries would contribute as well,” said Panetta. U.S. officials say the range of international troops to remain - including Americans - is between 8,000 and 12,000. Read more ..


The Cyber Edge

U.S. Eases Visa Process For Chinese Despite Cyber Attacks

February 22nd 2013

China-Internet-Users

On the same day that a report revealed that Chinese military officials perpetrated the cyber theft of an enormous amount of U.S. government confidential information and private corporate trade secrets, the Obama administration on Wednesday announced it will make it easier for Chinese citizens to obtain American visas. According to officials familiar with the plans, the White House released a new report on Wednesday that describes steps the U.S. military, intelligence community, law enforcement agencies and private-sector security directors may take to turn the tide against cyber stealing linked to the Chinese government.

At the same time the U.S. State Department is planning to launch a new application policy for non-immigrant visa applicants from China in spite of the cyberterrorism and corporate espionage alledgedly perpetrated by the Chinese government. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Jihadist Suspected in Damascus Car Bombing

February 21st 2013

Car Bomb

More than 50 people died when a car bomb exploded in the Mazraa neighborhood of Damascus on Thursday. Syrian state TV reported 200 people were injured from the blast close to the city center. Opposition activists and local residents also report three more bombings in Damascus that day and a mortar attack on the Syrian Army's General staff headquarters.

Bystanders described the bomb exploding at a security checkpoint between the ruling Ba'ath party headquarters and the Russian embassy. "Everything in the shop turned upside down" said one witness with the windows at the Russian Embassy also blown out. Free Syrian Army (FSA) spokesman Hussam Nassar denied the main rebel group played a role in the attack. Targeting a checkpoint near schools and hospitals was inappropriate he said, blaming the attack on the Syrian government. Read more ..


Israel's Next Northern War

Syria Claims It Shot Down Israeli Drone

February 21st 2013

Drone

Syria claims its forces have downed an Israeli unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) near the border with Lebanon.

A report broadcast Wednesday on Syria's state-run Mayadeen TV claimed government forces shot down the drone over the village of Deir al Ashayer, about 15 miles west of Damascus and not far from where an alleged Israeli  strike on a chemical weapons processing plant took place last month.

A separate report published by the Damas Post quoted local witnesses who said they saw a surface-to-air missile fired from Syria hit the drone, and burning wreckage falling from the sky over the eastern Lebanese village of Yanta. The event was not reported in the Syrian state-run SANA news agency, and there was no comment by Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's office. Read more ..


Edge of Terrorism

Diplomacy is a Necessary but Dangerous Business

February 20th 2013

Libyan rioters at US consulate Sep 2012 #2
U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi, Libya, in flames following terrorism.

In her farewell letter, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton noted the need for American leadership and the continuing impulse in American foreign policy for the United States to be a “force for good”. That signifies engagement. Unfortunately, that engagement has too often been military action, followed by Foreign Service and civilian efforts to build the blocks of democracy at the same time reconstructing stones and fabrics which have been torn down. What is termed American “expeditionary diplomacy” is not new to the post 9/11 world.

Once upon a time there was Vietnam. I remember the push for Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) to be out there in the provinces as “political advisors” to Province Chiefs. I was enthusiastically briefed on the Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support (CORDS) program which would remake South Vietnam. A personnel officer proudly showed me his M-16 hanging behind his State Department desk and he underlined the need for FSOs to be armed and competitive with the Department of Defense. Vietnamese language training would prepare you to understand and to influence. All that did not work out. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Government Airstrike Destroys Damascus City Block

February 20th 2013

Bombing Hits Syria March 18 2012

A Syrian government airstrike over a Damascus suburb on Wednesday destroyed parts of a city block, killing or wounding dozens. The strike came amid intensified government shelling of rebel-held districts in and around the capital in recent days.

Young men screamed and cursed as they dug through the rubble of burning and collapsed buildings to pull out victims of a government airstrike in the Damascus suburb of Hamouriya. A live webcam broadcast showed a large city block engulfed in fire, as smoke poured from the ruins.

Fire and rescue vehicles arrived at the scene to try to douse dozens of burning shops, cars and buildings. Young men used crowbars to pry open smoldering vehicles and remove bodies, as ambulances ferried survivors away from the blast site. Elsewhere, witnesses reported intense bouts of shelling and multiple airstrikes by government forces in southern and eastern rebel-held districts of Damascus and its suburbs. A top rebel officer reportedly was wounded in one such government attack on the besieged suburb of Daraya. Read more ..


The Digital Edge

US Firm Links Chinese Army to Cyber Attacks

February 19th 2013

Shadowy Computer User

A U.S.-based Internet security group is accusing the Chinese government of involvement in a sophisticated campaign of cyber attacks against American businesses, government and critical infrastructure.

A 60-page report released Tuesday by Mandiant details dozens of attacks by a prolific, China-based hacker group it says is using "direct government support" to wage a "long-running and extensive cyber espionage campaign."

Mandiant says the group, referred to as APT1, has stolen massive amounts of data from nearly 150 organizations, mostly located in the United States, since 2006. It does not name the targets, but says they span 20 major industries, ranging from IT to financial services. It says it has traced the activities of the group to a Shanghai neighborhood surrounding the headquarters of the People's Liberation Army's secretive unit 61398, which Internet security analysts previously linked to cyber attacks. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Hezbollah Leader Threatens to Destroy Israeli Ports and Power Plants

February 18th 2013

Hezbollah

Hezbollah leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah said Saturday that he would not comment on a recent Bulgarian report finding that members of the Lebanese terrorist group carried out an attack that killed five Israeli tourists last summer, saying only that the "issue is being followed calmly and closely."

Speaking to hundreds of supporters via video link, Nasrallah said Israel had already accused his terrorist group of being behind the attack before the Bulgarian report was released. Nasrallah also warned the Jewish state against attacking Lebanon, saying Hezbollah's response would be harsh. The July 18 bombing at an airport in Bulgaria's Black Sea resort of Burgas killed five Israelis and a Bulgarian bus driver. As well as the bomber, who was also killed and whose identity has not been established, two other men are suspected of involvement in the attack. The names of the two other suspects, who are believed to still be alive, have not been made public. Read more ..


The Nuclear Edge

A Hair Trigger for the Nuclear Arsenals of Russia and the U.S.

February 16th 2013

Click to select Image

According to the American Federation of Scientists, the United States and Russia have an estimated 1,800 nuclear warheads on ballistic missiles that are on alert and ready to launch on short notice. France and Britain also keep some of their nuclear force on alert, although at lower readiness levels than the United States and Russia. No other nuclear weapon state has nuclear weapons on alert.

In a new report entitled Reducing Alert Rates of Nuclear Weapons (published by UN Institute for Disarmament Research), Hans Kristensen, Director of the Nuclear Information Project, and Dr. Matthew McKinzie, Senior Scientist in the Nuclear Program at the Natural Resources Defense Council, examine how the current alert levels exceed current and future security needs and undercut efforts to reduce the role of nuclear weapons.

The report finds that the United States and Russia previously have reduce the alert levels of their nuclear forces and recommends that both countries continue this process by removing the remaining nuclear weapons from alert through a phased approach to ensure stability and develop consultation and verification measures. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Soft Targets Back in Focus

February 14th 2013

libya-consulate

Obviously, individuals desiring to launch a terrorist attack seek to strike the highest-profile, most symbolic target possible. If it is well known, the target can magnify the terror, especially when the operation grabs the attention of international media. Such extensive exposure not only allows people around the globe to be informed minute by minute about unfolding events, but it also permits them to become secondary, vicarious victims of the unfolding violence. The increased exposure also ensures that the audience affected by the operation becomes far larger than just those in the immediate vicinity of the attack. The attack on the U.S. diplomatic office in Benghazi and the killing of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens led to months of media coverage that has included televised congressional hearings and fierce partisan and bureaucratic squabbles in the media. It was the terrorist equivalent of winning the lottery. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Economic Confidence Eroded: Virtual Currency & HFT

February 13th 2013

International Currency 3

The latest worry among those who are concerned about the digitalization of commerce and the erosion of market confidence seems to be the growing phenomenon of virtual or "alternative" currency. The originator of virtual currency as an easy-to-use convenience was one Satoshi Nakamoto, who created Bitcoin. Its website explains:

"Bitcoin is one of the first implementations of a concept called crypto-currency which was first described in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list. Building upon the notion that money is any object, or any sort of record, accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context, Bitcoin is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities."

Unlike actual currency, Bitcoin does not rely on issuance by a central bank or government, and fluctuates in value outside the traditional money markets: "Bitcoin has more than doubled in the past 12 months, strengthening to $16.37 from $5.88, according to data from Mt. Gox, the world's largest bitcoin exchange. The money, issued by a decentralized network of computers, has recovered after falling to $2.14 in November 2011 from a high of $29.58 five months earlier." (Emphasis added). Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

No Longer a Bystander to Revolution

February 12th 2013

Israeli Jet Diving

Depending on what one believes, a week-and-a-half ago Israeli fighter jets struck either an arms convoy in Lebanon, the Assad regime's nerve center for biological and chemical weapons research in Damascus, or an Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) headquarters, in an attempt to contain the spillover from the Syrian civil war. Irrespective of the targets, the misnamed "Arab Spring" has finally ensnared Israel, which, under Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, has endeavored to avoid being dragged into the unraveling chaos of the Arab uprisings.

Careful to eschew a public role that could shine the spotlight on "Israel" and the accompanying anti-Semitic conspiracies, Jerusalem has said little, done less, and hoped that the revolutionary tidal wave would not sweep away too many of Israel's regional security maxims. Fearful of both instability and Islamist ascendancy, Israel's strategy has been defensive, clutching to the status quo as best it could. Read more ..


The Cyber Edge

Obama Administration to Issue Cyber-Security Order

February 12th 2013

Click to select Image

The White House is poised to release an executive order aimed at thwarting cyberattacks against critical infrastructure on Wednesday, two people familiar with the matter told The Hill. The highly anticipated directive from President Obama is expected to be released at a briefing Wednesday morning at the U.S. Department of Commerce, where senior administration officials will provide an update about cybersecurity policy.

The executive order would establish a voluntary program in which companies operating critical infrastructure would elect to meet cybersecurity best practices and standards crafted, in part, by the government. Observers are expecting the president to briefly mention the need for the country to improve its defenses against cyberattacks during his State of the Union address on Tuesday. Read more ..


Nuclear Edge

Obama Likely to Reduce U.S. Nuclear Warheads

February 11th 2013

Misslle in Silo

Senior Obama administration officials have agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. military deploys could be cut by at least a third without harming national security, according to sources involved in the deliberations.

They said the officials’ consensus agreement, not yet announced, opens the door to billions of dollars in military savings that might ease the federal deficit and improve prospects for a new arms deal with Russia before the president leaves office. But it is likely to draw fire from conservatives, if previous debate on the issue is any guide.

The results of the internal review are reflected in a draft of a classified decision directive prepared for Obama’s signature that guides how U.S. nuclear weapons should be targeted in the future against potential foes, according to four sources with direct knowledge of it. The sources, who requested anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to a reporter about the review, described the president as fully on board, but said he has not signed the document.

The document directs the first detailed Pentagon revisions in U.S. targeting since 2009, when the military’s nuclear war planners last took account of a substantial shrinkage — roughly by half from 2000 to 2008 — in the total number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. arsenal. It makes clear that an even smaller nuclear force can still meet all defense requirements. Read more ..


Edge of Terrorism

Senior Senate Dems Push for Oversight of Armed Drone Strikes

February 10th 2013

The top Democrats on the Senate intelligence and judiciary panels are planning hearings to consider establishing new authorities for federal courts to oversee the use of armed drone strikes against suspected terror targets worldwide.
That authority would likely be patterned after the intelligence oversight responsibilities under the Foreign Intelligence and Surveillance Act (FISA), Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), the Senate Intelligence Committee’s chairwoman, told reporters. FISA established a special federal court to approve surveillance on suspected foreign spies working inside the United States.

Senate Judiciary chairman Sen. Pat Leahy (D-Vt.) and Ranking Member Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) have also indicated "their concern and interest" in introducing some sort of FISA-like legal check on the administration's authority to execute armed drone strikes, the California Democrat said. Read more ..


Iraq on Edge

Iraq Hit by Multiple Bombings

February 9th 2013

Car bomb and kid Baghdad 2012

Four car bomb explosions shook parts of Iraq Friday, killing at least 26 people. Workers swept away shards of glass and other rubble after a car bomb tore through a flea market selling birds and animals in a Shi'ite district of Baghdad. Another car-bomb blast hit the capital while two other attacks occurred in the Shi'ite town of Hilla.

It was the fourth time in under three weeks that devastating explosions have hit Shi'ite or pro-government targets in the country. ​​The bombings come as sectarian tensions escalate between the Sunni opposition and Shi'ite Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

In the northern city of Mosul, thousands of Sunni demonstrators chanted slogans against the government, as religious leaders called on Mr. Maliki to meet their demands. One Sunni sheikh who addressed the crowd said Sunnis have their rights and that the government must release prisoners he says were arrested "arbitrarily." He also demanded that parliament be dissolved and that an anti-Ba'ath party law be repealed. Read more ..


Electronic Edge

Bush Family Bush-Wacked by Hackers

February 8th 2013

A criminal inquiry was launched on February 8 into an apparent hack of  email accounts belonging to former presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, as well as other members of the Bush clan.

"There's a criminal investigation under way," Jim McGrath, according to AFP. McGrath is a spokesman for the elder ex-president Bush (88), who was recently hospitalized. This followed reports that private Bush family communications had been accessed.

"I can't get into the specifics," McGrath added. McGrath compiled Heartbeat: George Bush in his own words, a book the offered selected quotes from the 41st president of the United States. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Terrorist Bomb in Turkey: Security Measures that Worked

February 7th 2013

bomb aftermath us embassy turkey
Aftermath of bombing at US Embassy-Ankara.

On Feb. 1, a Turkish national named Ecevit Sanli walked up to the side entrance of the U.S. Embassy in Ankara like many others had done that day. Dressed inconspicuously, he waved a manila envelope at the man inside the guard booth as he approached the entrance. The security guard had no reason to distrust the man approaching the checkpoint; the entrance is used to screen packages, and perhaps the guard assumed Sanli was dropping off a document or was a visa applicant at the wrong entrance. What the guard did not know, perhaps, is that Sanli was a person of interest to the Turkish police, who suspected that he was plotting an attack.

The guard opened the door of the access control building -- the outermost door of the embassy compound -- to speak to Sanli, who took one step inside before detonating the explosive device that was strapped to his body. The explosion killed Sanli and the security guard, seriously wounded a journalist who was visiting the embassy and left two other local guards who were manning the entrance with minor injuries. Read more ..


Israel on Edge

Patriot Missiles in Turkey Cannot Protect Israel from Iran

February 6th 2013

A patriot missile defense system deployed in Turkey by NATO cannot protect Israel from an attack by Iran.

According to Turkey’s Hurriyet Daily News, during a speech to Parliament Defense Minister İsmet Yılmaz said: “Some of our colleagues lodged claims that ‘the target of the deployment of these [Patriots] is aimed at protecting Israel from missiles to be launched from Iran,’ which does not at all comply with the truth. It is not technically possible for a missile, the target of which could be 36 kilometers away, to intercept a missile launched from Iran to Israel.” Read more ..


Japan on Edge

Japanese Premier Warns China over 'Dangerous' Moves

February 6th 2013

Japanese destroyer Asigiri
Japanese destroyer 'Asigiri' visiting Anchorage, Alaska.

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says it is "extremely regrettable" that a Chinese warship locked its pre-firing radar on a Japanese navy boat near disputed islands last week. Speaking to a parliamentary session on February 5, Abe called the move "dangerous." He said it could lead to an accidental clash, and he warned China against escalating the situation further. "At a time when it seemed there are signs of improvement towards increasing talks between Japan and China, having this sort of one-sided provocative action taken by the Chinese is extremely regrettable," said Abe.

Tokyo has lodged an official protest with Beijing over the January 30 incident, the latest in a series of dangerous escalations in their long-running dispute over ownership of a group of East China Sea islands. On February 5, Japan's defense ministry said it confirmed that the Chinese navy frigate aimed its weapons-targeting radar at the Japanese vessel. It also said a Japanese military helicopter was targeted with similar radar earlier last month. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Obama Administration Seeks to Justify Drone Strikes on Americans

February 5th 2013

The Department of Justice has developed a white paper outlining the specific circumstances under which the United States can conduct a lethal drone strike against an American citizen, a copy of which was obtained Monday by NBC News.

The paper provides the first detailed look at the criteria the Obama Administration uses to judge if it can legally kill American citizens traveling abroad without the benefit of due process. In the document, the Justice Department concludes that a lethal strike against a senior operational leader of al Qaeda — or an affiliated terrorist group — can occur if a three-part test is met: that a high-level American intelligence official has determined the individual poses a imminent threat, that capture is infeasible, and that the strike is conducted according to the laws of war governing use of force.

"This conclusion is reached with recognition of the extraordinary seriousness of a lethal operation by the United States against a U.S. citizen, and also of the extraordinary seriousness of the threat posed by senior operational al Qaeda members and the loss of life that would result were their operations successful," the memo reads. Read more ..


Israel Next Northern War

Israel to Build World’s Most Advanced Border Fence Between Golan Heights and Syria

February 4th 2013

Syrian-mortars-hit

Israel has begun development of what it claims will be the world’s most advanced border system, according to Israeli daily Maariv.

Situated between the Golan Heights and Syria, the fence will cost an estimated quarter of a billion dollars. Defense officials claim that the project has no connection to recent turmoil in the north, but that the decision was made last year given the already weakening Syrian government.

The fence, which will be completed this year, will soon be equipped with technology able to monitor and sensor any movement or suspicious activity near the border. Data collected will be transferred to a central control center able to analyze and then respond to it accordingly. The Syrian civil war has increasingly encroached on Israel’s northern border. In November mortar fire from Syria landed in Israel, prompting the IDF to fire warning shots back into Syria. Read more ..


Israel's Next Northern War

As Syria Crumbles, Israel Prepares for Instability

February 3rd 2013

soldiers pray at wailing wall

Compared to Syria's other neighbors, Israel has been the least affected by the storm raging to its north. The fighting between regime and opposition forces can be seen from the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights, but the border itself is quiet, and the few incidents of firing toward Israel in late 2012 were likely unintended. Yet Israel is far from complacent -- its airstrike near Damascus, reported yesterday, highlights its concerns about the explosiveness of the Syrian scene, particularly the proliferation of strategic weapons. More broadly, Israel expects the nearly forty years of calm along the Syrian border to end once Bashar al-Assad falls, or even before then.

WHO WILL FILL THE VOID?
Israeli officials are skeptical about whether Assad will be able to maintain his grip on power past this year. Yet they also realize that the civil war may continue consuming the country beyond his ouster. Although the turmoil diminishes the traditional risk of war with the Syrian army, it highlights the risk of confrontation with hostile nonstate actors. Read more ..


The Edge of Immigration

Homeland Security to get Final Say Over Border Security

February 2nd 2013

Under a bipartisan Senate framework, Democrats say, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano would have final say over whether the border is secure enough to put 11 million illegal immigrants on a path to citizenship. If Napolitano does not provide the green light for putting illegal immigrants on a pathway to citizenship, the responsibility for judging whether the metrics for border security have been met will be given to her successor.

The early debate over immigration reform has yielded two thorny questions: What metrics will be used to determine whether the goals for border security and other safeguards against illegal immigration have been met? Who will decide whether the metrics have been achieved?

Sen. Charles Schumer (N.Y.), the lead Democratic sponsor of the bipartisan immigration reform framework unveiled this past week, said Napolitano should decide. “What we’ve proposed is that the DHS secretary, whomever it is, will have final say on [whether] whatever metrics we proposes are met,” Schumer said. “We think those metrics will be quite objective.” Read more ..


Edge of Terrorism

Trafficking Cocaine for Allah

February 1st 2013

Taliban

“Terrorism and drugs go together like rats and the bubonic plague,” stated Attorney General John Ashcroft (March 2002). “They thrive in the same conditions, support each other, and feed off each other.”

The nexus of terrorist groups and international criminal organizations is complex, linking money, geography, politics, arms, and tactics to create a mutually beneficial relationship. This nexus yields hundreds of billions of dollars in revenues worldwide—for 1992 alone, the figure was close to $1 trillion. A decade later, with the exponential growth in drug consumption, U.S. experts estimated the profits to be as high as $2 trillion. Since then, a staggering supply of heroin from Afghanistan, Iran and Mexico, and cocaine from South America, have created millions of new drug addicts the world over and filled the coffers of Islamist warlords. Read more ..


The Digital Edge

Chinese Cyber Hackers a Growing Threat

January 31st 2013

Hackers

Chinese hackers have conducted a growing number of attacks against foreign companies and government institutions in recent years, leading a recent U.S. congressional report to call China the "most threatening actor in cyberspace."

Although the attacks are difficult to trace to a specific source, many suspect the hackers are targeting overseas business, media, political and security institutions at the direction of, or with the permission of, the Chinese government or military.

Chinese officials have denied the charge, saying Beijing also is a victim of computer attacks and security breaches. They argues that just because cyber attacks may originate from Chinese soil does not mean China is sponsoring the attackers. The latest accusation came Thursday from the New York Times, which said hackers employing methods known to be used by the Chinese military broke into its computers, in apparent retaliation for a scathing investigation into the wealth of Premier Wen Jiabao. Read more ..


Libya on Edge

Libya's Growing Fears of Spill-Over from Violent Mali

January 31st 2013

Tureg

With French-backed government forces advancing in northern Mali after seizing the Islamist rebel strongholds of Timbuktu and Gao, leaders in neighboring Libya are raising the alarm, warning of a spillover that could see rebel Tuareg and al-Qaeda-linked fighters fleeing into Libyan territory.

A mass exodus of Malian rebels would pose a severe challenge for Libya’s new rulers. They are already struggling to contain security problems of their own, including Islamist-related violence in the country’s second city of Benghazi, which has gone through a series of bombings and assassinations in recent weeks.

Last week’s attack on a natural gas plant in Algeria – mounted by al-Qaida militants opposed to the French intervention in Mali – has heightened fears in North African and Western capitals of more attacks by jihadists on energy facilities in Mali’s neighbors. Read more ..


Israel's Next Northern War

Did Israel Hit Lebanon or Syria?

January 30th 2013

Jets vapor trail

Whether an Israeli strike against a suspected transfer of missiles to Hezbollah took place within Syrian territory, or over the border in Lebanon, could affect any escalation from the incident. Iran, Israel's arch-foe and one of Damascus's few allies, said on Saturday it would consider any attack on Syria as an attack on itself. During and since Israel's 2006 war with Hezbollah, there have been unconfirmed reports of Israeli strikes on convoys just after they entered Lebanon from Syria.

Israel has long made clear it claims a right to act preemptively against enemy capabilities. Alluding to this, air force chief Major-General Amir Eshel on Tuesday said his corps was involved in a covert and far-flung "campaign between wars". He added, "This campaign is 24/7, 365 days a year," Eshel told an international conference. "We are taking action to reduce the immediate threats, to create better conditions in which we will be able to win the wars, when they happen." Read more ..


The North Korean Threat

Ferocious, Weak and Crazy: The North Korean Strategy

January 29th 2013

Kim Jong-Un

North Korea's state-run media reported Sunday that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered the country's top security officials to take "substantial and high-profile important state measures," which has been widely interpreted to mean that North Korea is planning its third nuclear test. Kim said the orders were retaliation for the U.S.-led push to tighten U.N. sanctions on Pyongyang following North Korea's missile test in October. A few days before Kim's statement emerged, the North Koreans said future tests would target the United States, which North Korea regards as its key adversary along with Washington's tool, South Korea.

North Korea has been using the threat of tests and the tests themselves as weapons against its neighbors and the United States for years. On the surface, threatening to test weapons does not appear particularly sensible. If the test fails, you look weak. If it succeeds, you look dangerous without actually having a deliverable weapon. And the closer you come to having a weapon, the more likely someone is to attack you so you don't succeed in actually getting one. Developing a weapon in absolute secret would seem to make more sense. When the weapon is ready, you display it, and you have something solid to threaten enemies with. Read more ..


Mali on Edge

Donors Pledge $455 Million for Mali Force

January 29th 2013

3 Taureg Fighters

African nations and members of the wider international community pledged more than $455 million Tuesday to assist an African-led military intervention in Mali. Donations pledged at the conference at African Union (AU) headquarters nearly meet the target of $460 million the AU says is needed for the African-led international support mission in Mali, known as AFISMA.

The force will support Mali's army in its fight against al-Qaida-linked militants who seized control of northern Mali following a coup last March. The money raised at the conference will go into a United Nations trust fund for AFISMA and for training and equipping the Malian army.

Ethiopian Prime Minister and AU President Hailemariam Desalegn welcomed the fundraising effort as a show of solidarity. “It is in the best interest of all of us to do everything we can to assist this sisterly nation.  I hope that the pledge we have made today will be urgently materialized to ensure that the momentum we have gained is sustained until we restore peace,” he said. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Hezbollah Sets up Camps near Syrian WMD Facilities

January 28th 2013

Hezbollah

Hezbollah has set up several bases in Syria, near known locations where Syrian President Bashar Assad is holding parts of his chemical warfare arsenal. The information came to light amid growing concerns in Israel that Assad's arsenal of unconventional weapons – considered to be the largest in the world – would fall into the hands of the Lebanon-based Shiite terror group. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently held a number of security assessments focusing on the developments in the war-torn country. Israel's defense establishment has been holding similar assessments, focused on the potential shift in the balance of power between the IDF and Hezbollah, in the event that the latter would get hold of Assad's WMDs. As the regime's hold on power slips further, it is becoming apparent that Hezbollah will use the chaos embroiling Syria to transfer advanced weapons system – and most likely unconventional weapons – into Lebanon. Read more ..


The Weapon's Edge

World's Most Advanced Fighter Jet has Disastrous Flaws

January 27th 2013

F-35 Military Plane

A test pilot preparing for takeoff in what is billed as the world’s most advanced military aircraft made an unsettling discovery last week: A cockpit signal warned him of a fuel problem and closer inspection revealed a hose that carries jet fuel had come loose in the engine compartment.

The result was a scramble to investigate the incident and the grounding over the weekend of twenty-five F-35 Joint Strike Fighter being tested at air bases in Florida and Arizona, as well as Lockheed Martin’s production factory in Fort Worth, Texas. The decoupled hose was only the latest of many glitches in the costliest weapons program in U.S. history.

Just days earlier, the Pentagon’s Operational Test and Evaluation office's annual report to Congress had identified the “fueldraulic” lines at the heart of the incident as a potential fire hazard. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Attack on Syria Constitutes an Attack on Tehran Declares Iran--Israel Eyes Chemical Weapons

January 27th 2013

Assad and Ahmadinejad

Iran warned on Saturday any attack on Syria would be considered an attack on the Islamic republic, AP reported. In its strongest warning to date against outside intervention in Syria, an aide to supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Ali Akbar Velayati, said Western and Gulf powers were trying to destabilize the “golden ring of resistance,” referring to Iran, Syria, and paramilitary groups such as Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Gaza. The comments came as warplanes bombed districts in Damascus and regime forces uncovered a network of tunnels used to smuggle arms into the country. Since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad broke out in March 2011, more than 60,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the fighting. Iran is Syria’s strongest ally in the region, and has said its Revolutionary Guard force has top-ranking officers in Damascus providing advice. Iran has long been accused of arming and funding the suppression of the protest movements in Syria, and of aiding the regime in its armed conflict against rebels by providing weapons and money.

Reuters reported: "Any sign of Syria's grip on its suspected chemical weapons slipping as it battles an armed uprising could trigger Israeli military strikes, Israel's vice premier said on Sunday. Silvan Shalom confirmed a media report that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had last week convened security chiefs to discuss the civil war in nearby Syria and the state of the country's chemical arsenal. The meeting, held on Wednesday, had not been publicly announced and was seen as especially unusual as it came while votes were still being counted from Israel's national election the day before, which Netanyahu's party list won narrowly.

Reuters continued; "Should Lebanon's Hezbollah guerrillas or rebels battling forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad obtain Syrian chemical weapons, Shalom told Israel's Army Radio, "it would dramatically change the capabilities of those organizations". Such a development would be "a crossing of all red lines that would require a different approach, including even preventive operations", he said - alluding to military intervention, for which Israeli generals have said plans have been readied. "The concept, in principle, is that this (chemical weapons transfer) must not happen," Shalom said. "The moment we begin to understand that such a thing is liable to happen, we will have to make decisions." Interviewed separately by Army Radio, Civil Defense Minister Avi Dichter said Syria was "on the verge of collapse". But asked whether Israel perceived an imminent threat, Dichter said: "No, not yet. I suppose that when things pose a danger to us, the State of Israel will know about it." Read more ..


Korea on Edge

Tensions Rise as North Korea Announces New Nuclear Test

January 26th 2013

North Korean Missile

A U.S. research institute devoted to analysis of North Korea says the country's nuclear site is in a high state of readiness to conduct another nuclear test. Joel Wit, the founder of 38 North website, said satellite images show that such a test could be conducted within weeks if ordered by Pyongyang. "What we see is a lot of activity at the site and it's easy for us to see that because there has been snow there and you can see that the roads that are in use are not covered with snow, nor are a lot of the footpaths in the area near the test tunnel," he said.

Wit said that satellite photos taken on January 4 also show many North Koreans lined up near the entrance to the test tunnel which, he says, could be armed guards. In addition, there are a lot of buses and other vehicles in the area, which he says is unusual in the winter. Read more ..


The Mali War

French-Backed Malian Forces Push Toward Rebel Stronghold

January 25th 2013

French troops Mali

French-backed Malian forces are battling Islamist militants in a key town that leads toward the city of Gao, a militant stronghold in the country's north. Residents and security officials say French and Malian forces fought rebels in Hombori, on Friday, a town about 250 kilometers from Gao.

Meanwhile, local officials say militants have bombed a strategic bridge near the border with Niger. A French-led international counter-offensive against Islamist militants who seized control of much of northern Mali last year has entered its third week. French and Malian forces are pushing toward rebel strongholds.

​​"They left the city of Diabaly, which they had taken last week, and are now going north, past a city called Nampala, which is very close to Mauritania, and heading to Lere, which is also very close from the Mauritanian border. And, from Lere there is a small airport there and the French troops are within, let’s say, 100 or 200 to Timbuktu," Fall reports. Read more ..



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