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The Arab Winter in Rage

Twin Explosions Target Syrian Military Building

September 26th 2012

Free Syrian Army

Syrian officials say four security guards died when a pair of explosions hit a military building in central Damascus Wednesday, leaving part of the building in flames.  It was the third time in weeks that military headquarters have come under attack.

Plumes of black smoke poured into the sky of the Syrian capital as fire engulfed the top floors of the military's general staff headquarters. Nearby residents say the blasts broke windows and shattered plaster facades across central Damascus.

Witnesses say heavy volleys of gunfire could be heard for hours in the vicinity of Umayyad Square, where the blasts took place. Syrian state TV, which is located near the square, broadcast patriotic music shortly after the blasts but resumed normal programming soon after. Syrian Information Minister Omran Zoubi blamed the attack on terrorists, a term the government uses for rebels and fighters opposed to President Bashar al-Assad. The rebel Free Syrian Army claimed responsibility for the attack. The Syrian military said at least 14 people were wounded while four security guards died. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Nigerian Military Claims Progress Against Boko Haram

September 25th 2012

Boko Haram

The Nigerian military says it killed 35 Islamist militants and arrested more than 150 in recent days in two northeastern states.  The military says this is a sign it is overpowering the group known popularly as Boko Haram.  But some analysts say battles will not be enough to eliminate the threat. The military says the battle was "fierce'’ and lasted from early Sunday evening through the night.  

In a phone conversation from Yobe State, on one of Nigeria’s notoriously bad phone lines, spokesperson Lieutenant Eli Lazarus said two soldiers were injured in the battle, and that the military recovered guns, ammunition, bombs, swords and even bows and arrows after the fight. Lazarus said the raid was part of “Operation Restore Sanity,” which included the arrest of 156 suspected Boko Haram members in Adamawa State, also in Nigeria’s northeast.  One suspect was also reportedly killed in that raid. Lazarus said from a military perspective, this is a sign that the Nigerian government is beating Boko Haram, which has been blamed for roughly 1,400 deaths since it began attacks in 2009. Read more ..


China Rising

China Commissions First Aircraft Carrier

September 25th 2012

Liaoning - China's first flattop

China’s first aircraft carrier officially entered service Tuesday, amid a worsening territorial dispute with Japan and regional concerns over Beijing’s rapidly modernizing navy. The Defense Ministry said in a statement that the Soviet-built aircraft carrier, named Liaoning after China’s northeast province, is an important step in “raising the overall fighting capacity” of its naval forces.

The 300-meter ship, purchased from Ukraine in 1998, was delivered and commissioned to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) at a ceremony in the port city of Dalian, where the vessel was refitted.

The move comes as China is embroiled in a major diplomatic dispute with Japan over islands in the East China Sea, as well as disputes with Vietnam and the Philippines over oil and gas exploration in the South China Sea. China, the last permanent member of the United Nations Security Council to own an aircraft carrier, is also reportedly developing domestically built carriers. Read more ..


The Defense Edge

Fueling the Fleet, Navy Looks to the Seas

September 24th 2012

The first U.S. Navy Littoral Combat Ship, Freedom

Refueling U.S. Navy vessels, at sea and underway, is a costly endeavor in terms of logistics, time, fiscal constraints and threats to national security and sailors at sea.

In Fiscal Year 2011, the U.S. Navy Military Sea Lift Command, the primary supplier of fuel and oil to the U.S. Navy fleet, delivered nearly 600 million gallons of fuel to Navy vessels underway, operating 15 fleet replenishment oilers around the globe.

From Seawater to CO2

Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory are developing a process to extract carbon dioxide (CO2) and produce hydrogen gas (H2) from seawater, subsequently catalytically converting the CO2 and H2 into jet fuel by a gas-to-liquids process.  Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Improvised Explosive Device Attacks Growing and Morphing--May Appear in USA

September 24th 2012

Land Minee

U.S. military and civilian personnel continue to be targeted by radical Islamist groups using improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in their attacks and the IED will remain the weapon of choice of terrorists regardless of their affiliation. From the U.S. experience in Iraq, the reduction of U.S. forces there hasn't equaled a reduction in counter-IED or other critical capabilities, Army Lt. Gen. Michael Barbero said during his testimony before the House Appropriations Committee’s defense subcommittee according to a report released on Friday.

Barbero told House lawmakers that the IED threat is growing and morphing within other areas of the world including within our own country.

“Commanders and troopers on the ground are continuously refining their tactics, techniques and procedures tailored to the threat they face in the region,” Barbero told the subcommittee.

Within the U.S., local police agencies, such as the New York Police Department, spend time and money on keeping abreast of the latest explosive devices and the newest countermeasures available to them.

From using state-of-the-art bomb-disposal robots -- guided by a police bomb technician -- that can use power tools, handle a high-powered water hose and pick up items, to the older procedure of filling the area with a special foam, police bomb squads take a backseat to no one in dealing with IEDs, former bomb tech George MacHaver said. According to officials at the Department of Defense, IEDs will most probably be encountered in present and future conflicts due to being relatively inexpensive to develop while their effectiveness is proven by the number of military deaths and casualties, as well as the destruction of military vehicles and other assets. And that doesn't include those IEDs developed by domestic terrorists on the U.S. mainland. Read more ..


The 2012 Vote

GOP Hawks Seek a New Posture in Afghanistan for a Romney Administration

September 23rd 2012

mitt romney

Republican defense hawks are urging Mitt Romney to separate himself from President Obama on Afghanistan and back an extended presence for U.S. troops in the country.

The advice comes as the White House hits the halfway point in its timeline to withdraw all U.S. troops and after Romney faced criticism for not mentioning the Afghan conflict in his acceptance speech for the Republican nomination.

Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) told The Hill on Wednesday the Romney camp needed to distance itself from the Obama administration's goal of pulling all American forces from Afghanistan by 2014. They should, instead, pursue a war plan focused on "what we leave behind" in the country, not just ending the war as soon as possible, according to Graham. It's about getting it right," the South Carolina Republican said. Getting it right, he added, almost certainly means keeping U.S. forces in country past the administration's deadline. "On the first day of a Romney administration," the presumed president-elect needed to call a meeting of the top U.S. commanders in Afghanistan and chart a different strategic course for the country, Graham said. Read more ..


The Arab Winter of Rage

Senate Republicans Demand Obama's Answer to Disaster in Libya

September 23rd 2012

Ambassador J Christopher Stevens
U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens, deceased.

Rep. Mike Rogers (R-Mich.) said Sunday that President Obama needs to set the record straight on what happened in the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya.

Speaking on CNN’s “State of the Union,” the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee said the attack on the consulate was a pre-planned, terrorist action. Rogers said Obama can’t worry about any political damage from the attack, which killed U.S. Ambassador to Libya Chris Stevens and three other Americans.

“The president needs to go on TV and set this right. It can’t be about the election. It has to be about an American ambassador who was killed,” Rogers said. “He needs to be out front and leading on this issue. He shouldn’t wait until after November.” Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

US Names 55 Guantanamo Detainees Cleared for Release

September 23rd 2012

al-Qaeda

The list represents about a third of the 167 terrorist suspects still in detention at Guantanamo more than 11 years after the 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States.

Many of the men are from Yemen, where President Barack Obama suspended repatriations in 2010 because of U.S. concerns that prisoners could become involved with al-Qaida militants based there.

Friday's release marks a reversal of the Obama administration's 2009 decision to keep the names of cleared detainees secret. The administration says it protected the information to "maintain flexibility" in negotiating potential detainee transfers to other countries. But the government said in a court filing Friday that "circumstances have changed" such that decisions to approve prisoners for transfer "no longer warrant protection." It pointed out that 28 detainees have been repatriated to their native countries since 2009, while 40 have been resettled in third countries. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

4 Journalists Killed in Somalia in 24 Hours

September 22nd 2012

Al-Shabbab in Somalia

A Mogadishu radio station program producer has became the fourth Somali journalist killed in less than 24 hours.  Despite relative peace and normalcy returning to the streets of Mogadishu, the death underscores the constant threat against journalists working in the war-torn country.  At least 13 Somali journalists have been killed this year.

Veteran journalist Hassan Yusuf Absuge is the latest journalist to be killed in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Witnesses say unidentified gunmen killed the Radio Manta producer Friday morning as he left the radio station in Yaqshid district after the night shift. The National Union of Somali Journalists has condemned the killings.

National Union Secretary-General Mohamed Ibrahim said it’s not clear why and who is targeting journalists but one thing for certain is that they are being killed in areas under government control. “There are several militia gangs; you know al-Shabab used to target journalists, as well as freelance militias and gangs who are targeting journalists in Mogadishu.  So far we don’t know who is exactly behind the killing of this journalist," said Ibrahim. Read more ..


The Arab Winter of Rage

Released Gitmo Detainee Linked to Embassy Attack in Libya

September 21st 2012

Libyan riot at US consulate Sep 2012 #3

U.S. Intelligence officials are finally speaking out and confirming what experts believed from day one of the Muslim uprisings in Libya and Egypt on Sept. 11, 2012: the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, was a deliberate and planned act of terrorism and is linked to the activities of al-Qaeda. Now members of the intelligence community revealed on Thursday that a former Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, detainee, al-Qaeda's Sufyan Ben Qumu, was involved in the attack, it's just not known to what degree.

When he was released from Gitmo in 2007, it was with the understanding that Moamar Khadaffi, the Libyan dictator, would imprison Ben Qumu. But during the uprising in Libya that eventually ousted and killed Khadaffi, the Libyan rebels -- some of whom were tied to terrorist organizations -- released prisoners from Khadaffi's jails including Sufyan Ben Qumu. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Insights from the Arrest of Chicago Jihadist

September 21st 2012

Chicago skyline

On the evening of Sept. 15, Adel Daoud parked a Jeep Cherokee loaded with a large explosive device outside a bar in downtown Chicago. As he walked down the street away from the vehicle, he activated a trigger to detonate the bomb. The bomb, however, was inert, and FBI agents positioned nearby immediately took Daoud, an 18-year-old from the Chicago suburbs, into custody.

Daoud had been the subject of a four-month FBI investigation and sting operation, during which undercover agents had been communicating with Daoud and recording his statements. Sting operations have become the tactic of choice for the FBI and other U.S. law enforcement organizations when investigating would-be jihadists. As U.S. law enforcement agencies perfect their sting operations to identify aspiring jihadists and prevent attacks, jihadists, too, can be expected to innovate and evolve alternate means of communication and vetting of those with whom they collaborate. Read more ..


The Weapon's Edge

F-35 Deputy Sees Challenges Ahead

September 21st 2012

Click to select Image

A little over five weeks ago, the Pentagon’s F-35 program got a new deputy manager, and a few days ago, he gave a candid “outsider’s” appraisal of the most costly weapons program in history — one that was noteworthy for its appraisal of how poorly the troubled aircraft program was run during the past decade and its criticism of the chaotic way that the Pentagon has been buying such high-tech weapons.

Maj. Gen. Christopher Bogdan, a seven-year Air Force acquisition veteran who last managed the KC-46 tanker program, warned an Air Force Association audience on Sept. 17 at National Harbor, Maryland, that “some of you may cringe at what I say.” Then he disclosed that the F-35’s buggy software “scares the heck out of me,” that its computer-driven logistics system is “frightening,” and that the relationship between the Air Force and the plane’s lead contractor Lockheed Martin is “the worst I’ve ever seen.” Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Stone Barriers: The New Form of Arab Terror on Roads in Judea and Samaria

September 21st 2012

Israeli Commandoes Injured by Flotilla

A new form of terrorist activity has recently begun to plague the communities of Judea and Samaria. These attacks take the form of piles of stones placed on the road during the night, with the objective of causing car accidents. The phenomenons of stone barriers placed on the road are becoming wider spread and are now being discovered on a weekly basis, with several cars having been damaged so far. Last week, four cars were damanged when a barrier was erected on the way to Harasha, in Benyamin, very close to residential areas. After the damage occurred, security forces searched for possible suspects, however the barrier itself was removed by local residents.

This attack was the last in a series which have occurred over the past months. Security officials have stated that it is believed to be the work of youths from a nearby village. No assailants have been arrested so far.

There has been a general rise in the terrorist activity against Israeli residents in Judea and Samaria in the past months. An Arab terrorist was caught Tuesday night attempting to infiltrate the town of Ginot Shomron in central Samaria. The Arab was caught at about 6:20 PM Tuesday evening, after several people reported seeing a suspicious looking individual crouching outside the town’s security fence. Local security forces apprehended the suspect. IDF troops arrived soon after the report was received and arrested the Arab. He was searched, and a knife and slingshot were found on his body. Read more ..


Egypt and Israel

Lessons for the West Bank in Sinai

September 20th 2012

Egyptian Tanks in Sinai

Hamas began exporting radicalism to Sinai in the wake of Israel's Gaza pullout. Removing the IDF from the Jordan Valley could do the same to Jordan. After radical Islamists killed 16 soldiers at an Egyptian army outpost in Sinai this August, Egypt's military pointed an accusing finger straight at Hamas-run Gaza, whence it said some of the terrorists came. Suiting action to words, Cairo swiftly shut the Egypt-Gaza border crossing, massed troops near Gaza, destroyed some of the cross-border smuggling tunnels and demanded that Hamas extradite three suspects. This response highlighted a fact that had previously attracted little notice: While Israel has long complained of arms and terrorists entering Gaza from Sinai, the traffic actually goes in both directions. In fact, as a recent study showed, Gaza has played a major role in radicalizing Sinai. Read more ..


The Arab Winter of Rage

Intel Official Says Al Qaeda Link Probed In Libya Terrorist Attack

September 20th 2012

Libyan rioters at US consulate Sep 2012 #2

A senior counterterrorism official told senators Wednesday that the assault on a U.S. consulate in Libya — which left four Americans dead — was definitely a terrorist attack and that some of those involved might be connected to al Qaeda.

“Yes, they were killed in the course of a terrorist attack on our embassy,” said Matthew Olsen, director of the National Counterterrorism Center. Olsen was responding to a question from Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.) during an appearance before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee. 

“A number of different elements appear to have been involved in the attack, including individuals connected to militant groups that are prevalent in eastern Libya, particularly in the Benghazi area,” Olsen said. “As well, we are looking at indications that individuals involved in the attack may have had connections to al Qaeda or al Qaeda’s affiliates, in particular al Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb.” Read more ..


The Arab Winter of Rage

Muhammad Mocking Spreads as French Magazine Publishes New Cartoons

September 19th 2012

Libya protesters

The French magazine “Charlie Hebdo” which has been the victim of a firebomb attack for publishing images of the Islamic prophet Muhammad deemed by certain Muslims as offensive, published new pictures of the prophet on Wednesday, while the magazine’s cover features a Muslim man being pushed in a wheelchair by an Orthodox Jew. “You must not mock us,” both the wheelchair bound man and his Orthodox Jewish counterpart say, under a title that reads “Untouchables 2″, which is an imaginary sequel to a recent French film. The newly published pictures come as violence in parts of the Muslim world has erupted in what some have said is a response to the production of an amateur film depicting the prophet Muhammad in an unflattering light, with deadly attacks in Libya, Egypt, and most recently, in Afghanistan. Inside the most recent edition of Charlie Hebdo, Muhammad is featured in multiple pictures, including “nude caricatures”, according to Reuters.


America on Edge

White House Demands Military Prisons for Americans under NDAA

September 19th 2012

jail door closeup

The White House has asked the US Second Circuit Court of Appeals to place an emergency stay on a ruling made last week by a federal judge so that the president’s power to indefinitely detain Americans without charge is reaffirmed immediately.

On Wednesday, September 12, US District Court Judge Katherine Forrest made permanent a temporary injunction she issued in May that bars the federal government from abiding by the indefinite detention provision in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, or NDAA. Judge Forrest ruled that a clause that gives the government the power to arrest US citizens suspected of maintaining alliances with terrorists and hold them without due process violated the Constitution and that the White House would be stripped of that ability immediately. Read more ..


The Arab Winter of Rage

State Dept Takes Steps to Protect Diplomats as Protests Continue

September 19th 2012

Amb. Christopher Stevens, killed in Libya #2

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says the United States is taking aggressive steps to protect its diplomats, as protests continue against an anti-Islam film produced in the U.S. Demonstrations prompted the American consulate in the Indonesian city of Medan to temporarily close on Wednesday, following a similar move by the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand a day earlier.  Protests also took place Wednesday in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad.

Clinton said Tuesday that officials are reviewing security at every post and adjusting as necessary. She also said the Libyan government is helping American investigators probe last week's attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi that killed the U.S. ambassador and three other diplomats. Fury over the low-budget film that insults the Prophet Muhammad sparked protests, some of them violent, including at the U.S. Embassy in Tunisia. Tunisia's Foreign Minister Rafik Abdessalem on Tuesday condemned the attack, saying political violence is not acceptable and that such an incident will never happen again. He promised to pursue those responsible for the violence. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Iran and Syria Crises May Compel Hezbollah to Act, IDF Preparing

September 18th 2012

Hezbollah Troops

The IDF is deep in preparations for the next potential round of fighting with the Shi'ite Lebanese terror militia Hezbollah. If one conclusion can be drawn from the intensive military training, it is that the IDF is determined that any future confrontation does not resemble the indecisive outcome of the 2006 Second Lebanon War.

This is highly important since it will be Hezbollah, with its tens of thousands of rockets, that will lead Iran's reprisal attempts for any potential Israeli strike on Iran's nuclear weapons development program. Hezbollah and Israel fought a 34-day war in the summer of 2006, after Hezbollah launched an unprovoked cross-border raid on Israeli army patrols, killing several soldiers and kidnapping two more who soon died of their injuries, all the while firing rockets at northern Israeli communities. Read more ..


Iran's Nukes

It is Not About Elections--It is About Centrifuges, Says Netanyahu

September 17th 2012

Bibi Netanyahu with Glasses

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu dedicates much of his time to thinking about how to handle the Iranian nuclear issue, considering it a rapidly approaching existential threat. Not surprisingly, it was also the main topic of a wide-ranging interview he gave with Israel Hayom before Rosh Hashanah. Here is what the Israeli leader had to say:

IH: What did you say, and what did you hear, in your recent conversation with U.S. President Barack Obama?

Benjamin Netanyahu: “It was a good conversation that revolved around significant issues and our desire to prevent Iran from progressing any further with their military nuclear program. It is natural to have disagreements. Israel is closer [to Iran] and more vulnerable. The U.S. is big, far away, and less vulnerable. Naturally we have diverging views on certain things. In the face of a threat like Iran’s nuclear armament, I believe that it is important that the international community set a clear red line. Iran has taken obvious steps in recent years and months toward developing nuclear weapons capability.” Read more ..


The Winter of Arab Rage

Ambassador Rice Asserts Benghazi Attack was not Premeditated

September 17th 2012

Libya protesters

The Obama administration is sticking to its position that the deadly attack in Benghazi on September 11 wasn't premeditated, contradicting U.S. lawmakers and Libya's own president. Speaking on several Sunday shows on September 16, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice placed the blame for violence that has spread to two dozen countries across the Muslim world squarely on a U.S.-made anti-Islam video.

Republicans and many others are dubious, with some lawmakers suggesting the attack on the U.S. compound in Benghazi was a coordinated attack by a militant group. “There's no question that as we've seen in the past with things like [Salman Rushdie's] Satanic Verses, with the [Danish] cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed, there have been such things that have sparked outrage and anger, and this has been the proximate cause of what we've seen,” Rice said on Fox News Sunday. “We are of the view that this is not an expression of hostility in the broader sense toward the United States or U.S. policy. It's proximately a reaction to this video.” Read more ..


Edge of Terrorism

Obama Administration Rattles the Sabre in Response to Muslim Uprising

September 15th 2012

Amb Chris Stevens in Death

In the aftermath of the deadly attack on a U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya on September 11, the U.S. military and law enforcement agencies are involved in beefing up diplomatic security and the investigation of the murders and assaults on U.S. embassy staff, according to a September 13 press conference.

During the news briefing, Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said that Defense Secretary Leon Panetta condemned in the strongest terms the September 11 attacks on U.S. diplomatic facilities in Egypt and Libya.

In response to the unrest in Muslim countries, Secretary Panetta ordered the evacuation of American diplomatic personnel and casualties out of Libya and called for the remains of the four State Department personnel, including those of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, who was killed in the attack late Tuesday at the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, to be brought back to the United States. Read more ..


The Afganistan War

IG: Afghan Fuel Records Go Missing

September 15th 2012

Stryker ICV

What happened to almost $475 million worth of oil destined for the Afghan National Army – that’s what the Special Investigator General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) would like to know.

Unfortunately, the inspectors may never find out.  According to the report released Monday, more than four years of financial records that the Department of Defense was supposed to keep to track this spending are either missing or so poorly kept that even gathering basic information, such as the location and size of fuel sites, was not possible.

The report concludes that the Department of Defense agency in charge of tracking the oil “does not have accurate or supportable information on how much U.S. funds are needed for [Army] fuel, where and how the fuel is actually used, or how much fuel has been lost or stolen.”

Inspectors found that records from October 2006 to March 2011 were shredded improperly, a violation of DOD policies that made it impossible for auditors to track what happened to the hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of oil.  DOD also “could not provide more than half” of the documents requested from March 2011 onward. Read more ..


The Weapon's Edge

How an 82-Year-Old Exposed Security Lapses at Nuclear Facilities

September 15th 2012

Y-12

The hammering on the wall of America’s premier storage vault for nuclear-weapons grade uranium in pitch-darkness six weeks ago was loud enough to be heard by security guards. But they assumed incorrectly that workmen were making an after-hours repair, and blithely ignored it.

Minutes earlier, a perimeter camera had caught an image of intruders — not workmen — breaching an eight-foot high security fence around the sensitive facility outside Knoxville, Tenn. But the guard operating the camera had missed it. A different camera stationed over another fence — also breached by the intruders — was out of service, a defect the protective force had ignored for 6 months.

In theory, the pounding might have been the work of a squad of terrorists preparing to plant a powerful explosive in the wall of the Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility (HEUMF), a half-billion dollar vault that stores the makings of more than 10,000 nuclear bombs. Instead, it was a group of three peace activists, including an 82-year old nun, armed only with flashlights, binoculars, bolt cutters, bread, flowers, a Bible, and several hammers. Read more ..


The Iranian Threat

Iran's Quds Force: Mission is to Destroy the Jewish state

September 13th 2012

Iranians on Parade

The ongoing series of terrorist attacks and attempted terrorist attacks in countries throughout the world in recent years is prima facie evidence that Israel is being singled out for total destruction using any means necessary by Iran's global terrorism network. The Iranian government's tool for the annihilation of the Jewish State is the Iranian Revolutionary Guard's elite unit the Quds Force, analysts at the Israeli terrorism think-tank the Meir Amit Information Center said.

The terrorist attacks are planned and directed by the Quds Force, while the Lebanese-based terrorist group Hezbollah carries out the actual attacks performing the function of the Quds Force's main proxy-militia abroad.

"In our assessment, the terrorist attack targeting the bus of Israeli tourists in Bulgaria was carried out by Hezbollah as part of the Iranian campaign and from their point of view was the most successful to date. Five Israelis, the Bulgarian bus driver and the terrorist were killed and 36 Israeli tourists were wounded," stated the Meir Amit analysts.

The Quds Force straddles the line separating a recognized nation's military from a state-sponsored terrorist group.

Iran's accelerated terrorist campaign during 2012, has several objectives. For example, Iranian leaders wish to counteract their almost paranoid fear of a covert campaign being conducted against it. Also, their goal is to exact revenge for the deaths of Iranian nuclear scientists and senior Hezbollah commander Imad Mughniyeh, which Iran and Hezbollah attribute to Israel. Read more ..


Site Security

Smart Material to Protect Buildings and Vehicles

September 12th 2012

indoor

Researchers in Berlin have developed a new kind of anti-theft system based on a woven fabric that triggers an alarm when penetrated by intruders

The smart fabric developed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM in Berlin enables the exact location of the break-in to be identified, and is significantly cheaper than other burglary detection systems.
The material is also cheap enough to use as an invisible means of protecting entire buildings. Vehicles parked overnight at truck stops are particularly vulnerable to attacks by thieves who slit open the canvas tarp covering the trailer while the driver is asleep and make off with the cargo. If the tarp were made from the smart fabric, the driver in the bunk would be immediately alerted.

The fabric was developed in collaboration with the Technische Universität Berlin and ETTLIN Spinnerei und  Produktions in Ettlingen, which manufactures technical textiles, among other things, and has filed a patent on the fabric.“The fabric could be used to implement an entirely novel, invisible security system for buildings,” said IZM project manager Erik Simon. What makes this solution unique is the fact that it not only signals the presence of intruders but also indicates the precise point of forced entry. The fine lattice of conductive threads woven into the fabric enables the place where it was cut to be identified to the nearest centimeter. Read more ..


The New Middle East

Islamists Storm U.S. Embassy in Cairo; Ambassador Killed in Libya

September 12th 2012

Cairo embassy protest Sep 2012

Egyptian protesters, believed to be members of the Muslim Brotherhood and the even more radical Islamist group the Salafists, stormed the walls of the U.S. embassy in Cairo on Tuesday. The enraged mob then tore down the American flag and burned it during the mob attack. The attackers were allegedly angry over a motion picture being filmed that they claim denigrates the Prophet Mohammad, according to a U.S. counterterrorism analyst in the nation’s capital. About 20 people stood on top of the embassy wall, while about 2,000 protesters gathered outside. The embassy attackers demanded that President Mohamed Morsi, himself an Islamist and member of the Muslim Brotherhood, take action against the U.S. filmmakers.

Once the U.S. flag was in their possession, the Egyptian invaders shredded it and posed with its pieces in front of television cameras. Finally, the Islamist mob burned the shredded Stars and Stripes outside of the embassy building, but still on embassy property. The U.S. Marines assigned to perimeter security were reportedly ordered to stand down in spite of facing thousands of rabid protesters. Read more ..


China on Edge

China Sends Ships to Stake Claim to Disputed Islands

September 11th 2012

China Japan Islands

Tensions between China and Japan continued to rise Tuesday as Tokyo sealed a deal to purchase islands that Chinese authorities say belong to them.

China responded by sending two patrol ships to the hotly contested waters.  According state-run Xinhua news agency, the two marine surveillance ships were deployed to assert what it called the country’s undisputed sovereignty in the area.

The islets, known in China as Diaoyu and in Japan as Senkaku, lie near strategic shipping and fishing grounds, as well as potential oil and gas reserves.

A commentary Tuesday in the official media outlet of China’s military, the PLA Daily, warned Japan that it was playing with fire. The commentary stressed that while the Chinese public yearned for peace, peace had to be built on mutual respect and not threaten China’s territorial integrity. By moving its ships close to the disputed islands, China was trying to gain more leverage, said security analyst James Nolt, dean of the New York Institute of Technology’s Nanjing campus. Read more ..


Syria's Nukes

New Details of 2007 Syria Operation May Provide Insight into Iran Attack

September 11th 2012

IDF F-16s

Excerpts from a book written by Middle East expert David Makovsky, appearing in the New Yorker, reveal new details on the decision-making process leading up to Israel’s strike on Syria’s nuclear reactor in September 2007 that could provide possible parallels to the present-day situation with Iran.

The story begins in March 2007, when Israeli Mossad agents uncovered detailed photographs of Syria’s nuclear facility, al-Kibar, after breaking into the Vienna home of Ibrahim Othman, the head of Syria’s program.

Ehud Olmert, then Israel’s prime minister, established a secret committee comprising former prime ministers—Shimon Peres, Ehud Barak, Benjamin Netanyahu —as well as the heads of Israel’s intelligence and defense establishments to be a decision-making body.

Next, Olmert shared the evidence with the United States, which started a CIA investigation. While the CIA confirmed the same photographic findings as the Mossad, that it was a nuclear facility, it was unable to “identify the other essentials of a weapons program, such as a reprocessing plant or active work on a warhead,” according to former CIA Director Michael Hayden, who was quoted by Makovsky. Based on that, President George W. Bush decided against an attack. Read more ..


New Zealand on Edge

New Zealand Border Guards given Greater Enforcement Powers

September 10th 2012

New Zealand Border Patrol

As are a number of nations throughout the world, the government of New Zealand is taking a more serious approach to border security by allowing the country's immigration officers more latitude in conducting searches and detentions. Government officials said on Wednesday (Thursday New Zealand time) that protecting the integrity of the country's border is a top priority.

"Compliance officers now have increased powers to search at the border, and the ability to detain people liable for deportation for a limited period of time," Nathan Guy, the Minister of Immigration said in a press statement on Monday. "They also have the power to obtain biometric information like fingerprints, and greater access to the records of education providers," he added. Read more ..


Iraq's Nukes

Lessons for Israel from Captured Iraqi Nuclear Documents

September 10th 2012

Israeli Jet Diving

While Israel is naturally focused on the implications of Iran completing its drive toward nuclear weapons, there is another case of one of its bitterest enemies, who tried to accomplish the same goal once before: Saddam Hussein of Iraq. As a result of the 2003 Iraq War, the U.S. Army captured thousands of hours of recordings of highly-classified meetings of the Iraqi leadership on the subject of how they viewed the purpose of nuclear weapons in the future, as well as how they envisioned their use in the context of a war against Israel.

The U.S. Army made the Iraqi tapes and documents available for analysts, who have begun to publish books and academic articles on their content. Last year, two analysts, Hal Brands and David Palkki, published a study they prepared on the Iraqi records for the U.S. National Defense University (NDU). What they found was that Saddam Hussein had personally spoken about the importance of nuclear weapons as a key component of Iraqi strategy from 1978 until the Israeli strike on the Osirak nuclear reactor in 1981. Read more ..


Broken Borders

Investigation of Alleged Killing By Border Patrol Agent

September 9th 2012

Border Patrol-Arizona

The U.S. law enforcement officers are investigating a shooting incident involving a U.S. Border Patrol agent who allegedly fired his weapon across the Texas-Mexico border killing a Mexican citizen, U.S. officials reported on Thursday.

The shooting comes at a time when the Obama administration is moving to shut down nine Border Patrol stations across four states, triggering a backlash from local law enforcement, members of Congress and Border Patrol agents themselves. In this latest violence on the border, according to the U.S. Border Patrol, a group of people threw rocks and debris at Border agents aboard a boat near Laredo, Texas, on Monday. One of the agents then fired his sidearm toward the Mexican city of Nuevo Laredo across the border. However, it was not yet clear if anyone was hit by the bullets, according to daily newspaper Houston Chronicle. Read more ..


Pakistan on Edge

Pakistani Militants Launch Counteroffensive From Afghan Safe Haven

September 8th 2012

Bomb explosion

Fighting has been raging for more than a week in Pakistan's Bajaur tribal agency as militants surge back into the region from safe havens across the border in Afghanistan.

Just a year ago this area was declared free of insurgents. That was after a three-year military operation that Islamabad hailed as a major success in its strategy of clearing, holding, and developing militant-plagued regions of the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA). Now, as calls are made for similar operations elsewhere in northwestern Pakistan, the resumption of fighting in Bajaur is raising questions about how effective the strategy really is when safe havens can easily be found across the border in Afghanistan. The thousands of villagers fleeing the fighting for the safety of Bajaur's main town of Khar tell of relatives and neighbors struck down in the cross-fire. Read more ..


Iran's Nukes

What We Know About Iran's Nuclear Enrichment

September 7th 2012

Iran centrifuges

Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei claimed last week that his government isn't interested in nuclear weapons: "Our motto is nuclear energy for all and nuclear weapons for none," he said. A better perspective was provided almost simultaneously from the world's nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, which on Aug. 30 released its latest report on Iran's nuclear activities.

The report, written in a mix of bureaucrat-speak and obscure science, nevertheless conveys a worrying message. It shows that Iran continues to expand its capacity for enriching uranium. There are now two new groups of centrifuges installed at Fordow -- the hardened site built under a mountain near the holy city of Qom -- which signals a doubling of the site's capacity since May. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Pakistan Expels Save the Children in Wake of Bin Laden Raid

September 7th 2012

Bin Laden Compound

Pakistan has ordered Save the Children's foreign staff members to leave the country. An official with the U.S.-based aid agency, Ghulam Qadri, told reporters Thursday that the Interior Ministry ordered six foreign employees to leave Pakistan, but gave no reason for the expulsion.

Save the Children is said to have come under increased government scrutiny following media reports that it helped facilitate meetings between the CIA and a Pakistani doctor, Shakil Afridi, who is said to have helped the U.S. intelligence agency track down Osama bin Laden. U.S. special forces killed the al-Qaida leader in May of 2011 during a covert raid in the Pakistani town of Abbottabad. Qadri on Thursday denied allegations that the aid group put Afridi in touch with the CIA. Read more ..


The Defense Edge

Planning for Contingencies and Evacuations is Better than no Planning

September 7th 2012

bus evac

When the London 2012 Paralympic Games conclude the week of Sept. 9, the British navy reportedly will send a task force to the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, where it will participate in amphibious exercises off the coasts of Albania, Sardinia and Turkey before lingering off the coast of Cyprus.

Ostensibly, the upcoming exercises are meant to prepare the navy for evacuating Syria of British citizens. Indeed, the ongoing civil war in Syria has prompted several Western countries to consider evacuation plans for their citizens who remain in the war-torn country. Some countries already have issued travel warnings against Syria, while others have advised their citizens to vacate the country. The United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France and Germany have closed their embassies in Syria and are less able to assist their citizens there. Foreign nationals should take full advantage of their governments' evacuation assistance regardless of the country in which they temporarily reside; British citizens in Syria are no exception. However, government planning is no substitute for personal evacuation plans, which are vital for any citizen in a foreign country. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Syrian Forces Turn to Air Power as Insurgency Gains

September 6th 2012

Aleppo

Syrian government forces are coming in for fierce international criticism as they turn increasingly to air power to counter rebel strength on the ground. And both sides are using ever more brutal tactics, pushing casualty levels to new highs.

Nearly a quarter of a million Syrians have fled their homes in recent weeks, as government bombs and mortar shells have begun targeting heavily-populated areas.

Last week, amateur video on a social website, which could not be independently verified, purported to show the aftermath of attacks on the town of Deraa. This week, government raids struck Syria's largest city, Aleppo. Burying the victims is challenging authorities, as estimates of the death toll top 4,000 for August, the worst month since an opposition uprising began in March of last year. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Colombia Talks with Terrorists

September 5th 2012

Colombia FARC rebels

On September 4, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos unveiled more details about the peace talks being scheduled with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC. It was the president’s second speech regarding the peace developments within the last two weeks; the first taking place on August 27 when the start of “exploratory talks” with FARC was declared. This renewed peace process represents a monumental shift in the attitude of the Colombian government towards the notorious terrorist group and gives hope to force the end the guerrilla conflict.

The FARC has been terrorizing, assassinating and kidnapping, keeping many Colombians and foreign visitors in fear. In order to maintain its decade-long open conflict with the government forces, the guerrilla group has been financing its activities with coca production and distribution. By the best estimates, the number of casualties caused by FARC from 1975 to 2011 is approximately 14,645 people. Additionally, former President Uribe, from 2002 to 2010 presided over the worst two years of casualties. The growth of violence during Uribe’s term is largely attributed to his exclusive use of military force in attempts to exterminate the guerrilla groups, while blocking any negotiations. Read more ..


Congo on Edge

DRC Says Rwanda Withdraws Troops Helping Rebels

September 5th 2012

Soldiers

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s government says Rwanda has been smuggling troops out of the eastern DRC.  The DRC accuses Rwanda of assisting rebels in the region, an accusation that Rwanda repeatedly has denied.

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s communications minister Lambert Mende has questioned Rwanda’s announcement that last Friday it withdrew a contingent of soldiers who were working with the Congolese army. Mende does not deny that some units of the Rwandan army, said by local sources to number more than 200, were withdrawn from the territory of Rutshuru last week, but he says they were not part of a joint operation with the Congolese army. He says the announcement was to disguise a withdrawal of troops that should not have been in the Congo, and were probably helping the rebel group M23.

"We think that it is a trick, because we received here less than 100 intelligence officers.  It’s what we agreed with our neighbours - to set up a team of 100 from Congo and 100 from Rwanda to set up a mechanism to monitor the border," Mende said. Mende says Congo recently decided to dismantle this team, because of worsening relations with Rwanda, and he suggests Kigali has seized this opportunity to smuggle out other soldiers. Read more ..


The New Libya

Mauritania Extradites Gadhafi's Ex-Spy Chief

September 5th 2012

Muammar Qaddafi
Muammar Qadfdafi

Mauritania's state news agency says Moammar Gadhafi's ex-spy chief, Abdullah al-Senussi, has been handed over to Libya, where he is expected to stand trial.

Al-Senussi was arrested in March after sneaking into Mauritania using a disguise and a fake passport. Since then, Libyan authorities have called for the extradition of the former intelligence chief, who is also wanted by the International Criminal Court.

Mauritania had insisted on trying al-Senussi on charges of illegally entering the country. But government officials confirmed that he left the country Wednesday on a Libya-bound flight.

The ICC issued an arrest warrant for al-Senussi in June, saying he was responsible as an "indirect perpetrator" on two counts of crimes against humanity, including murder and political persecution.

France had also wanted al-Senussi extradited there to serve a life sentence handed down in absentia for his role in the 1989 bombing of a French commercial airliner that killed 170 people.

Al-Senussi is the brother-in-law of ex-Libyan leader Gadhafi, who was forced from power by a revolt that in October 2011 led to his death and the arrest of several of his key allies.



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