Institute for the Analysis of Global Security
At a time when Americans are engaged in a heated debate about cutting domestic social services and entitlement programs, we are forced to fund more and more social programs—for other nations. How so?
In February, after seeing fellow Sunni Muslim regimes destabilizing throughout the Middle East, Saudi King Abdullah rushed back from New York, where he was recovering from a back injury, to the kingdom to stave off any potential spillover. After all, if Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak had been ousted, anyone could be. In an attempt to pacify its subjects, the House of Saud announced a “stimulus package” that included an increase in subsidies, a 15 percent salary raise to all government employees, and housing benefits to military and religious groups in exchange for support of his ban on protests.
In total, $133 billion was committed—equivalent to 86 percent of the Saudi regime’s $154 billion 2011 budget approved before the disturbances. (For the sake of comparison, the $787 billion economic stimulus plan implemented by the Obama administration constituted 25 percent of the U.S. federal budget.)
Saudi Arabia is not the only country where money was used to pacify disgruntled masses.
Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Ahmad Al Sabah increased his country’s budget liabilities by nearly 10 percent, committing to provide each of the country’s 1.12 million citizens some $3,572. In addition, he offered citizens free essential foodstuffs for one year, at the cost of $1 billion. Read more ..
The Race for Alt Fuel
The Pacific Northwest has the diverse feedstocks, fuel-delivery infrastructure and political will needed to create a viable biofuels industry capable of reducing greenhouse gases and meeting the future fuel demands of the aviation industry. Creating an aviation biofuels industry, however, will depend upon securing early government policy support to prioritize the aviation industry in U.S. biofuel development. That's the conclusion announced in a 10-month study by Sustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest, the nation's first regional stakeholder effort to explore the feasibility, challenges and opportunities for creating an aviation biofuels industry in the Pacific Northwest. Boeing, Alaska Airlines, Portland International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Spokane International Airport and Washington State University partnered in a strategic initiative to identify the potential pathways and actions necessary to make safe, sustainable aviation biofuel commercially available to airline operators in the area. Read more ..
Edge on China
|Christina Lin||May 28th 2011|
As Beijing embarks on its “look west” Silk Road development strategy, Syria’s “look east” policy aims to meet China at the Caspian Sea. Since 2009, Syrian president Bashar al-Asad has promoted his Four Seas strategy to transform his country into a trade hub in the regions bordering the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Persian Gulf/Arabian Sea, and the Caspian. Damascus has therefore been aligning with key countries that lie on these shores, namely Turkey, Iran, and Azerbaijan. According to one analyst, Syria’s economic relationship with Ankara lies at the center of this strategy, particularly the two countries’ efforts to connect their oil and gas infrastructure with the region’s expanding pipeline networks. With Turkey emerging as Syria’s most significant investor and trade partner and Iran remaining the guarantor of Syria’s security, the Ankara-Damascus-Tehran triangle has become the nucleus of an approach that aims to include Iraq and the Caucasus in a geographical continuum linking the Four Seas. Read more ..
Race for Alt Fuel
|R. Colin Johnson ||May 25th 2011|
Algae can produce hydrogen fuel from water and sunlight, with a little boost from man-made nanoparticle catalysts, according to engineers at the U.S.Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory. By commandeering the photosynthesis mechanisms that enable algae to harness the energy of the sun, algae can produce abundant fuel to power an emerging hydrogen economy, they say. Led by Argonne National Lab chemist Lisa Utschig, working with colleague David Tiede, the team at Argonne's Photosynthesis Group recently demonstrated how its platinum nanoparticles can be linked to key proteins in algae to coax them into producing hydrogen fuel five times more efficiently that the previous world's record, Utschig said. Read more ..
The Race for Energy Storage
|Julien Happich||May 19th 2011|
|Dong Su and Eric Stach|
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have helped to uncover the nanoscale structure of a novel form of carbon, contributing to an explanation of why this new material acts like a super-absorbent sponge when it comes to soaking up electric charge.
The material, which was recently created at The University of Texas–Austin, can be incorporated into “supercapacitor” energy-storage devices with remarkably high storage capacity while retaining other attractive attributes such as superfast energy release, quick recharge time, and a lifetime of at least 10,000 charge/discharge cycles. “Those properties make this new form of carbon particularly attractive for meeting electrical energy storage needs that also require a quick release of energy—for instance, in electric vehicles or to smooth out power availability from intermittent energy sources, such as wind and solar power,” said Brookhaven materials scientist Eric Stach,. Read more ..
The Race for Alt Fuel
Billions of dollars lost each year as waste heat from industrial processes can be converted into electricity with a technology being developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
The high-efficiency thermal waste heat energy converter actively cools electronic devices, photovoltaic cells, computers and large waste heat-producing systems while generating electricity, according to Scott Hunter, who leads the development team. The potential for energy savings is enormous.
"In the United States, more than 50 percent of the energy generated annually from all sources is lost as waste heat," Hunter said, "so this actually presents us with a great opportunity to save industry money through increased process efficiencies and reduced fuel costs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions." Read more ..
The Race for Nuclear
|Susan Q. Stranahan||May 18th 2011|
|Worker at Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant (credit: NRC)|
Thirty-six years after federal overseers of safety at nuclear plants first recognized the serious risks of fires—when a candle ignited a major emergency at the Browns Ferry nuclear plant—preventable fire hazards still persist at the nation’s reactors, including Browns Ferry.
On Tuesday, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission was back at the site of the nation’s worst reactor fire, in 1975, this time to issue a rare “red” safety violation—considered a matter of “high safety significance.” A valve critical for reactor cooling in the event of a fire or other accident had failed. The valve may have been inoperable for more than two years. Read more ..
Edge on China
|Christina Lin||May 18th 2011|
China’s widesspread energy investments have extended to most every corner of the Greater Middle East, particularly the Caspian Basin and key nodes such as Iran, Turkey, and Greece. In many cases, this growing economic foothold has translated into a military foothold as well, given the large-scale participation of Chinese army personnel in energy projects and the “strategic partnerships” that Beijing has formed with key states.
In the Caspian Sea Basin, China has invested most heavily in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran, in addition to increasing its ties with Azerbaijan. Read more ..
The Race for Nuclear
The Department of Energy is responsible for managing almost 13,000 metric tons of nuclear waste at sites in Colorado, Idaho, New York, South Carolina, and Washington. For the past three decades, DOE planned to permanently dispose nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain, a geological repository in southwest Nevada. The cancellation of the project by the Obama administration in 2009 has left the department scrambling to come up with alternatives.
Since 1983, DOE has spent $14 billion to research potential sites, develop technical documents and apply to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for a license for the Yucca Mountain repository, which was slated to open in 2020. When the administration decided to terminate the Yucca Mountain program and proposed cutting its funding, DOE tried to withdraw its license application from NRC. The commission declined to do so. As a result, the status of the Yucca Mountain program is still in limbo, but the DOE and Navy do not have backup plans in place for a different location the nuclear waster could be stored. Read more ..
The Race for Solar Energy
A bold new design for thin film solar cells that requires significantly less silicon – and may boost their efficiency – is the result of an industry/academia collaboration between Oerlikon Solar in Switzerland and the Institute of Physics' photovoltaic group at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
One long-term option for low-cost, high-yield industrial production of solar panels from abundant raw materials can be found in amorphous silicon solar cells and microcrystalline silicon tandem cells (a.k.a. Micromorph)—providing an energy payback within a year.
A drawback to these cells, however, is that the stable panel efficiency is less than the efficiency of presently dominate crystalline wafer-based silicon, explains Milan Vanecek, who heads the photovoltaic group at the Institute of Physics in Prague. Read more ..
Edge on China
|Christina Lin||May 8th 2011|
|China's Energy Sources (source: US EIA)|
Since China became an energy importer in 1993, it has adopted a “go out” strategy to procure energy assets abroad. Enabled by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Beijing is reviving the strong economic connection between China and the Middle East; for centuries, the trade carried along the Silk Road was important to the economies of both areas. Along much the same route as the Silk Road, and along the sea trade routes between China and the Middle East, Beijing is building a modern grid of pipelines, roads, and railways for its enegy supplies, in addition to addressing maritime concerns.
Snapshot of Current Energy Consumption
In August 2010, a report from the Paris-based International Energy Agency stated that China had become the world’s number-one energy consumer, surpassing the United States. Specifically, China consumed 2.252 billion tons of oil equivalent in 2009—about 4 percent more than the United States, which consumed 2.170 billion tons of oil equivalent. (The oil equivalent metric represents all forms of energy consumed: crude oil, nuclear power, coal, natural gas, renewable sources, etc.) Read more ..
The Race for EVs
|Nicky Blackburn||May 2nd 2011|
Better Place will begin selling electric cars in Israel this summer according to an April 26 report in Israeli newspaper, Yediot Ahronot. The electric car infrastructure company founded by Shai Agassi, has reportedly closed its visitor's center near Tel Aviv and will convert it into a sales center. The first electric car to be sold to Israeli customers by Better Place is the Renault Fluence ZE. It will be followed by the Renault Zoe.
Israel is the first country in the world to install the cutting edge electric car network and will act as a pilot for a worldwide electric car grid. The Dor Alon gas station chain earlier signed an agreement to install battery replacement points for the electric vehicles at all of its gas stations. A sales center at Glilot Junction will be the company's flagship store, and will be built in a huge warehouse that was used previously to store fuel. Read more ..
Race for Solar
High-performance nanotech materials arrayed on a flat panel platform demonstrated seven to eight times higher efficiency than previous solar thermoelectric generators, opening up solar-thermal electric power conversion to a broad range of residential and industrial uses, a team of researchers from Boston College and MIT report in the journal Nature Materials.
Two technologies have dominated efforts to harness the power of the sun's energy. Photovoltaics convert sunlight into electric current, while solar-thermal power generation uses sunlight to heat water and produce thermal energy. Photovoltaic cells have been deployed widely as flat panels, while solar-thermal power generation employs sunlight-absorbing surfaces feasible in residential and large-scale industrial settings. Read more ..
The Race for Pressure Energy
Electrical engineers at the University of Michigan have built a device that can harness energy from vibrations and convert it to electricity with five to 10 times greater efficiency and power than other devices in its class. And it's smaller than a penny.
"In a tiny amount of space, we've been able to make a device that generates more power for a given input than anything else out there on the market," said Khalil Najafi, one of the system's developers and chair of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Ann Arbor-based institution.
This new vibration energy harvester is specifically designed to turn the cyclic motions of factory machines into energy to power wireless sensor networks. These sensor networks monitor machines' performance and let operators know about any malfunctions. Read more ..
The Race for Biomass
|Ronnie Greene||May 2nd 2011|
Just 12 miles apart in the belly of California, a pair of 12.5 megawatt power plants fouled the air with a toxic brew of pollutants — nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ammonia, and particulate matter. They released thick plumes and visible dust. They failed to install proper monitoring equipment, and failed to file reports on their emissions.
Another instance of coal plants polluting the environment?
Not quite. These are biomass power plants, part of the so-called green wave of the future.
Pitched as a smarter, environmentally-friendly way to produce power, the electricity generating stations are spreading nationwide, spurred by hundreds of millions in stimulus dollars and big muscle support from members of Congress and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Generating electricity by burning trees, construction debris, poultry litter, and agricultural mass has become a key element in a larger push to develop sources of alternative energy, and popular because it’s been around for decades and is reliable. Read more ..
China on Edge
|Christina Lin||May 2nd 2011|
|Credit: IEA & National Pipeline Research Society of Japan|
Over the past decade, China has increased its energy foothold in the Greater Middle East, encompassing the mainly Islamic countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus, Southwest Asia, and parts of the Balkans and North Africa. Much of this activity has been rooted in China’s tendency to view energy security in geopolitical and strategic terms rather than purely economic terms. In particular, Beijing has been concerned about countering Western energy initiatives in the region. As one Chinese scholar argued, projects such as the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline—the first regional pipeline directly supported and controlled by Western countries—imply American motives of containing Russia and China. Read more ..
BP After the Spill
|Aaron Mehta||April 27th 2011|
Last fall, Iris Cross beamed into millions of homes, the friendly BP worker hailing from New Orleans who assured TV viewers that the oil giant wouldn’t stop cleaning up the worst oil spill in U.S. history “until we make this right.”
She became the very public face of BP, a soothing contrast to former CEO Tony Heyward, whose PR gaffes cemented public opinion against the oil company.
This is not the first time Cross sought to soothe public anger from a BP disaster. One of her efforts in 2006 so angered a judge that BP was accused of jury tampering and threatened with fines and contempt charges. Read more ..
The Race for Hydrogen
|James E. Rickman||April 25th 2011|
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have developed a way to avoid the use of expensive platinum in hydrogen fuel cells, the environmentally friendly devices that might replace current power sources in everything from personal data devices to automobiles.
In a paper prepared by Los Alamos researchers Gang Wu, Christina Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, joined by researcher Karren More of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, describe the use of a platinum-free catalyst in the cathode of a hydrogen fuel cell. Eliminating platinum—a precious metal more expensive than gold—would solve a significant economic challenge that has thwarted widespread use of large-scale hydrogen fuel cell systems. Read more ..
|Andrew Restuccia||April 25th 2011|
With gas prices rising, the rhetoric in Washington about drilling is becoming increasingly intense.
On one side of the battle, is President Obama. He recently outlined a proposal to reduce the country’s dependence on foreign oil by one-third by 2025, while continuing to drill responsibly, beefing up fuel-economy standards and promoting electric vehicles.
On the other side of the battle are Republicans and many drill-state Democrats. While they agree with Obama’s policy agenda broadly, they say the administration is not moving quickly enough to expand domestic oil and natural gas production. Read more ..
|Jim Morris||April 25th 2011|
Sunoco asserts that there is no “off-site impact” from clouds of toxic acid—to a skeptical audience.
The general manager of the Sunoco oil refinery in Philadelphia defended his company’s decision to keep using an extremely toxic, cloud-forming acid, saying on April 21 that in 40 years “there has not been a single, documented incident of off-site impact or injury to a member of the public.”
Testifying at a legislative hearing on risks posed to workers and neighborhoods by hydrofluoric acid, or HF, the manager, Mike Bukowski, did not find a sympathetic audience, even after explaining that Sunoco had spent $125 million to switch to a modified form of the acid, less likely than standard HF to travel long distances if discharged during an accident. Read more ..
Race for Bio-Fuel
|Scott Loarie||April 25th 2011|
Brazilians are world leaders in using biofuels for gasoline. About a quarter of their automobile fuel consumption comes from sugarcane, which significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions that otherwise would be emitted from using gasoline. Now scientists from the Carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology have found that sugarcane has a double benefit. Expansion of the crop in areas previously occupied by other Brazilian crops cools the local climate. It does so by reflecting sunlight back into space and by lowering the temperature of the surrounding air as the plants "exhale" cooler water. The research team, led by Carnegie's Scott Loarie, is the first to quantify the direct effects on the climate from sugarcane expansion in areas of existing crop and pastureland of the cerrado, in central Brazil. Read more ..
The 2012 Vote
|John Aloysius Farrell||April 25th 2011|
“I am not a lobbyist for ethanol,” Newt Gingrich declared in a mid-winter spat with the editors of The Wall Street Journal over his support for government subsidies for alternative fuel.
But Gingrich was a hired consultant to a major ethanol lobbying group—at more than $300,000 a year.
According to IRS records, the ethanol group Growth Energy paid Gingrich’s consulting firm $312,500 in 2009.The former House Speaker was the organization’s top-paid consultant, according to the records. His pay was one of the group’s largest single expenditures, as it took in and spent about $11 million to promote ethanol and to lobby for federal incentives for its use.
In a Growth Energy publication, Gingrich was listed as a consultant who offered advice on “strategy and communication issues” and who “will speak positively on ethanol related topics to media.” Read more ..
Race for Solar
|Nicholas Mokhoff||April 20th 2011|
EE Times Europe
Organic photovoltaics won't compete with conventional solar technologies, limiting its market potential due to comparatively poor conversion efficiencies and short lifetimes.
OPVs will almost certainly materialize over the next decade, driven by unique form factors and the potential for lower costs, according to a report from Lux Research, which projects a market that reaches $159 million in 2020. OPV modules use carbon-containing polymers or molecules to convert light to electricity. Read more ..
The Race for Batteries
|Julien Happich||April 20th 2011|
EE Times Europe
A dramatic and surprising magnetic effect of light discovered by University of Michigan researchers could lead to solar power without traditional semiconductor-based solar cells. The researchers found a way to make an "optical battery," according to Stephen Rand, a professor in the departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Physics and Applied Physics. In the process, they overturned a century-old tenet of physics. "You could stare at the equations of motion all day and you will not see this possibility. We've all been taught that this doesn't happen," said Rand. "It's a very odd interaction. That's why it's been overlooked for more than 100 years."
Light has electric and magnetic components. Until now, scientists thought the effects of the magnetic field were so weak that they could be ignored. What Rand and his colleagues found is that at the right intensity, when light is traveling through a material that does not conduct electricity, the light field can generate magnetic effects that are 100 million times stronger than previously expected. Under these circumstances, the magnetic effects develop strength equivalent to a strong electric effect. Read more ..
Race for Solar
|Anne-Françoise Pele||April 18th 2011|
“Reaction to the Fukushima nuclear crisis has been swift in Germany and Italy,” commented Henning Wicht, senior director and principal analyst for photovoltaic systems at IHS iSuppli. “Germany responded quickly by shutting down seven of its oldest reactors, potentially boosting the prospects for renewable energy in the country. Meanwhile, Italy indicated it might upgrade the role of solar within the country and accept higher volumes of sun-powered energy.”
IHS noted that, by the third quarter of 2011, it will be clearer whether the German government is likely to proceed with a rapid exit from nuclear power. In that case, renewable energy is expected to be promoted more strongly. Wind dominates current public discussions, but solar energy possibly could benefit as well. One possible course of action that could benefit the solar industry would boost the annual photovoltaic (PV) installation forecast. Read more ..
The Race for CNG
|Containment pond for hydraulic fracking liquids|
Cornell University professors will soon publish research that concludes natural gas produced with a drilling method called “hydraulic fracturing” contributes to global warming as much as coal, or even more. The conclusion is explosive because natural gas enjoys broad political support – including White House backing – due to its domestic abundance and lower carbon dioxide emissions when burned than other fossil fuels. Cornell Prof. Robert Howarth, however, argues that development of gas from shale rock formations produced through hydraulic fracturing – dubbed “fracking” – brings far more methane emissions than conventional gas production. Read more ..
Edge on Energy
|Andrew Restuccia ||April 18th 2011|
Environmental groups blasted an updated environmental analysis released on April 15 by the State Department of a proposed oil pipeline project that would stretch from Alberta, Canada to Texas.
The updated review offered largely the same conclusions as a draft environmental impact statement issued by the State Department in April of last year. The draft review found that the project, known as Keystone XL, “would result in limited adverse environmental impacts during both construction and operation.”
The Keystone XL project, proposed by TransCanada, would transport Canadian oil sands from Alberta, Canada to refineries on the Texas Gulf coast. Read more ..
The Race for Solar
|Paul Buckley||April 11th 2011|
Researchers at the University of Warwick have developed a gold plated window as the transparent electrode for organic solar cells. The electrodes have the potential to be relatively cheap since the thickness of gold used is only 8 billionths of a meter. The ultra-low thickness means that even at the current high gold price the cost of the gold needed to fabricate one square metre of this electrode is only around $10.
Organic solar cells have long relied on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coated glass as the transparent electrode, although this is largely due to the absence of a suitable alternative. ITO is a complex, unstable material with a high surface roughness and tendency to crack upon bending if supported on a plastic substrate. The short supply of indium is making it relatively expensive to use. Read more ..
Edge on Computing
|Rick Merritt||April 11th 2011|
Hewlett-Packard has officially opened a new data center on March 30 that will both help run its internal business and act as a lab to research techniques to reduce consumption of energy in data centers. To that end, the building has been outfitted with nearly 10,000 networked sensors. The 50,000 square-foot facility in Fort Collins, Colorado, will house about 10,000 HP x86 and Itanium servers, consolidating work from several prior centers. It is a medium-sized facility, one of six HP uses for its internal applications, some of which are as large as 200,000 square feet. Read more ..
Energy vs Environment
|Rosanne Skirble||April 11th 2011|
Ecuador’s decision to forego potentially lucrative oil drilling in the Amazon forest in order to protect a biologically rich and fragile ecosystem is the focus of two documentaries at the Washington Environmental Film Festival.
The decision represents a huge sacrifice for a small South American country which earns half its export revenues from oil.
In 2007, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa boldly halted operations at one of the country’s most promising wells. That amounts to 25 percent of Ecuador’s known oil reserves, which works out to about 846 million barrels of crude. The oil sits below Yasuni National Park, one of the most biologically diverse places on the planet. Read more ..
The Race for EVs
|Karin Kloosterman ||April 11th 2011|
In a $250 million deal, Israel's Evida will supply the batteries, cooling systems and software tools to run Mia Electric's vehicles in Europe. Batteries for Mia Electric's vehicles will be supplied by Israeli company Evida. Racing from one business meeting to the next, Asher Bennett, the 42-year-old founder of Israeli electric battery maker Evida, couldn't elaborate on how he came up with the invention in such a short time. But the former military submarine man did say that his company has been in stealth mode for the last two years.
Under the media's radar until now, Evida has just signed a $250 million contract with the French-German automaker Mia Electric to manufacture its batteries. Funded with about $2 million from the Israeli venture capital firm Terra Venture Partners, and backed by private investment, Evida has been contracted to provide 50,000 8-kilowatt/hour battery packs for three of Mia's newest electric models, through to the year 2016. Read more ..
Japan after the Quake
|Martyn Williams ||April 4th 2011|
Tokyo's main electric power company has begun a planned release of thousands of tons of water from a damaged nuclear power plant into the Pacific Ocean.
The water, which is about 100 times more radioactive than Japan's legal limit, is collected in several areas inside the reactor buildings. But the water being released is less radioactive than the water that has already leaked from the nuclear plant into the ocean.
Plant operators want to expel the water to aid clean up at the facility and to provide storage space for water with much higher radioactivity. Read more ..
After the BP Spill
|Andrew Restuccia||April 4th 2011|
Interior Secretary Ken Salazar on Monday said the Interior Department has not come to an agreement with BP to resume drilling in the Gulf of Mexico. The Financial Times reported this weekend that BP “has struck a deal” with the Interior Department to resume drilling at as many as 10 wells that were shuttered in the aftermath of last year’s Gulf oil spill. Salazar, in a conference call with reporters Monday, blasted what he called a “misconception that has gotten out there from a media outlet.” Read more ..
The Race for Nuclear
|James Brooke||April 4th 2011|
|Fukushima nuclear plant|
Soldiers long ago shot the dogs and cats. Today, the only sound on Lenin Avenue is a chill wind blowing dead leaves. In the summer, thick vegetation obscures six-story apartment blocks, once homes for the city’s 50,000 residents. Once a model Soviet community built for Chernobyl’s nuclear power station, Pripyat now looks like a post apocalypse film set.
Tourists, some wearing face masks, pick their way carefully through dimly lit corridors, boots crunching on broken glass. They walk down debris strewn sidewalks, keeping an eye out for missing manhole covers. Side streets have narrowed into tunnels as bushes and trees have grown unchecked for a quarter century. Read more ..
The Race for Solar
|Arwa Aburawa||April 4th 2011|
For many living in the harsh and desolate deserts of south Jordan, life without electricity is the norm. Either the infrastructure which provides electricity doesn’t reach them or they simply don’t have the money to afford it. However, all that looks set to change as two women bring to light the advantages of solar energy.
Two Jordanian Bedouin women have recently returned from a six-month course at a unique college in India where they were trained as solar engineers. The two women, who are illiterate and have never been employed, were carefully selected by the elders in the village to attend the course at Barefoot College in India which helps poor rural communities become more sustainable. Read more ..
Edge of Computing
|Matt Nixon||March 30th 2011|
University of Michigan engineering researchers have designed an exceptionally efficient fluorescent blue OLED, or organic light emitting diode.
OLEDs are the next generation display technology. They are already used in televisions, cell phones and computers, and they are candidates for a vast array of light sources from advertising billboards to indoor and outdoor illumination. Fluorescent OLEDs are typically less efficient at emitting light per unit area than their phosphorescent counterparts.
That may be changing, according to new findings by professor John Kieffer and graduate student Changgua Zhen of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. They released findings in the journal Advanced Functional Materials that shattered previous records. Traditionally, the ceiling for the efficiency of fluorescent OLEDs was believed to be 5 percent. Now, Kieffer and his collaborators have produced fluorescent OLEDs with close to 10 percent efficiency. Read more ..
The Race for EVs
|Susan Kraemer||March 28th 2011|
|Better Place in Hawaii|
Hawaii has just invested $2.6 million in stimulus funds in a public private partnership in electric vehicle infrastructure planned since 2008 to help jump start the adoption of electric vehicles. Better Place, with $854,000, and Aerovironment with $820,000 were the leaders among six road-ready electric vehicle innovators to receive a share of the funding.
Before electric cars are widely adopted, some way of charging them on the go is needed. Better Place will use its $854,000 to help support the introduction of EVs to a rental car fleet with the installation of the charging stations that will be needed to do just that. Read more ..
The Race for Alt Fuel
|Kurt Achin||March 28th 2011|
|India's Garbage Points to New Power Source|
Some of India's most remote farming villages are beginning to see sundown in a new light, now that they are able to convert an abundant crop into electricity.
Remote regions are prime examples of what people describe as old India - parts of the country off the grid, literally, from new India and its high-tech urban centers.
Tamkuha, in the Indian state of Bihar, does not receive electricity from the country's main distribution network. It gets by on traditional farming - and for decades, as the sun went down, villagers turned to the dim light of candles or kerosene lamps.
But these days, thanks to an ambitious renewable energy project, life in Tamkuha no longer grinds to a halt around 6:00 p.m. By the glow of florescent bulbs, residents have been able to extend their hours of productivity late into the night. A woman says she used to work as a tailor only during the day. Sewing was nearly impossible with a kerosene lamp. Now, she says she can work in her shop until very late at night. Read more ..
The Cost of Oil
|Gonzalo Turdera||March 28th 2011|
Council on Hemispheric Affairs
Since initiated in 1993, the environmental class action lawsuit brought against Texaco’s alleged pollution of Ecuador’s Amazon region has been fought before various courts and judges, always under the shadow of dubious impartiality. After the case had already filed, Chevron bought Texaco in 2001 and assumed its liabilities, including Texaco’s defendant status. On February 14, 2011, after 18 years of intense legal battle, Ecuadorian provincial Judge Nicolás Zambrano ruled against Chevron and ordered the successor corporation to pay more than $9 billion in compensation for decades of petro-contamination of virgin Amazon jungle. Read more ..
The Race for Wind
|Tara Hicks Johnson||March 21st 2011|
|Kahuku Wind Project|
When combined with on-Oahu wind farms and solar energy, the Interisland Wind project planned to bring 400 megawatts (MW) of wind power from Molokai and Lanai to Oahu could reliably supply more than 25 percent of Oahu's projected electricity demand, according to the Oahu Wind Integration Study (OWIS).
For the purposes of the research project, the OWIS released today studied the impact on the Oahu grid of a total of 500 MW of wind energy and a nominal 100 MW of solar power, though a good deal more utility-scale and customer-sited solar power is expected on Oahu. Read more ..
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