|Hilal Khashan ||December 13th 2014|
Syria and Lebanon International Relations and Diplomacy in the Middle East. Taku Osoegawa London: I. B. Tauris, 2013. 246 pp.
Trying to understand and explain the ins-and-outs of the Lebanon-Syria relationship is a difficult and often bewildering task. This new attempt by Osoegawa of the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies provides useful information to students interested in case studies applicable to general courses on international relations. It is not recommended for those seeking answers about the dynamics of Lebanese political subservience to Syria.
The book's format suggests it was adapted from a doctoral dissertation that was insufficiently revised for more generalized audiences. Its structure is somewhat mechanical and comes with too many subtitles and redundant summaries. Most importantly, the book does not provide enough background information about Lebanon.
The contours of Lebanese politics and the country's interactions with the outside world date back to its independence in 1943. By focusing on Lebanese-Syrian relations from 1970 on, the author glosses over other important factors in the development of that relationship. Viewing Syrian influence on Lebanon in isolation from the changing patterns of foreign influence that went hand-in-hand with the creation of an independent Lebanon does a great disservice to anyone trying to understand the topic.
Despite this, the book is rich in factual information, illuminating not only the formation of expedient alliances with Syria by Lebanese politicians from different persuasions but also the ease in which they come to infelicitous endings. However, there is little analysis until the work's conclusion when the author explains the nuances of the sectarian divisions in Lebanon and how these shape perceptions towards Syria.
Hilal Khashan writes for the Middle East Quarterly, from where this article is adapted.
|Julie Sirrs and Owen L. Sirrs||December 12th 2014|
Derailing Democracy in Afghanistan in an Unstable Political Landscape. Noah Coburn and Anna Larson. Columbia University Press, 2013. 304 pp.
The international intervention in Afghanistan that began after the attack on the United States on 9/11 has taken on many forms, some more successful than others. Coburn, a political anthropologist at Bennington College, and Larson of the Kabul-based Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, focus on elections, critiquing that effort not only in its Afghan specifics, but in its larger context, as part of other and similar international interventions.
The authors provide a detailed analysis of what went progressively wrong with the implementation of elections in Afghanistan, which were supported and funded by the international community. Democracy-promoting "workshops," for example, complete with flip-chart presentations attended by drowsy participants were largely pointless but, nevertheless, were favored by aid agencies because attendance figures produced an easily quantifiable result. Even more troubling is the authors' description of funding "spikes" for elections shortly before they occurred, which were offset by substantial underfunding between campaigns of efforts to sustain democratization.
Yet while the authors demonstrate the problems in international efforts to create a viable electoral democracy in Afghanistan, the images that emerge of its successes are at least as compelling. Campaign posters prominently featured both male and female candidates while the sight of former warlords competing for office alongside academics and average citizens presents a dramatic and hopeful contrast to what prevailed under the Taliban. That the wealthy and well-connected tend to win such elections is hardly unique to Afghanistan. Read more ..
Books and Authors
|Mariana Barillas||December 11th 2014|
|Edwin Black appears with University of Michigan-Flint students.|
Nearly all modern genocides “begin on the campus,” the author of notable books on the Holocaust and U.S. indirect financing of terrorists told an audience at the University of Michigan-Flint. Edwin Black, an investigative journalist and human-rights activist, assailed academics who fail to adequately teach students the historical facts they should know. Black is touring in support of his latest book, Financing the Flames, which documents that American taxpayers are effectively subsidizing terror and instability in the Middle East through public support of nongovernmental organizations.
Black outlined the specific elements of international law in the Middle East, treaty by treaty, chapter and verse. Black then asked rhetorically, “How come you now know more than all the teachers in this city about the history of international law in the Middle East?,” referring to professors in general during a Q&A session. Read more ..
|Murray Polner||November 29th 2014|
The Good War: Why We Couldn’t Win the War or the Peace in Afghanistan. Jack Fairweather. Basic Books. 2014. 416 pp.
The American war in Afghanistan goes on and on and on. General Martin Dempsey, who chairs the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was quite honest when he said that to get rid of ISIS, our latest enemy in the never-ending War on Terror, 80,000 US troops will be needed.
While few in Washington will publicly admit that we are in a trap from which we cannot easily extricate ourselves, unable to withdraw or “win” in so complex, varied and perplexing region, there’s something about the place that has attracted would-be conquerors’ passion to control and change so poor, largely illiterate, intensely religious and tribal poppy-growing country as Afghanistan.
Many veteran journalists have been on the scene and written about their experiences. Among the latest and best are the Wall Street Journal’s Anand Gopal’s new, fresh, and biting No Good Men Among the Living: America, the Taliban, and the War Through Afghan Eyes, in which he reveals over and again the failures of America’s military intervention, perhaps even worse than even cynics back home believed. General (ret.) Daniel Bolger’s Why We Lost: A General’s Inside Account of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars, places much of the blame on US Generals – A bit too much, since he omitted politicians, lobbies and our bellicose home front warriors. Still, his NY Times Op Ed put it best when he defined insanity and US military policies in Afghanistan “as doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results. I think we’re there.”
Other worthy books detail how our two wars have badly damaged, even broken so many of our troops. Among the more haunting are Anne Jones’ They Were Soldiers: How the Wounded Returned from America’s Wars, the Untold Story and Yochi Dreazon’s new book The Invisible Front: Love and Loss in an Era of Endless War. Read more ..
Books and Authors
|Paula Rabinowitz||November 25th 2014|
Seventy-five years ago, paperback books returned to the United States with the brandname Pocket Books, which began publishing its mass-market paperbacks, sold at a quarter each, with ten titles, among them: Frank Buck’s Bring ‘Em Back Alive, Bambi by Felix Salten, James Hilton’s Lost Horizon and Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights. Returned, because nineteenth-century printers often bound books in paper, yet the practice had all but disappeared during the early part of the twentieth century. It may seem odd to commemorate the advent of cheap pulpy books instead of the far more significant anniversary: the signing of the Hitler-Stalin Pact on August 23, 1939.
But the saga of cheap paperbacks’ arrival on American soil is intimately tied to the Second World War and its aftermath in a number of ways, deriving from and contributing to wartime innovation, necessity, mobility and censorship. Read more ..
The Edge of Art
|Jennifer Ehidiamen||November 19th 2014|
The young Nigerian sculptor scanned the gallery with satisfaction. Drinks and snacks were laid out neatly on a corner table while her works of sculpture lit up the white walls of the gallery like art on a canvas. Her solo exhibition was about to open and she expected guests from all over Lagos.
Taiye Idahor had mounted her three-week exhibition at WhiteSpace in Ikoyi Lagos Nigeria to display her own exploration of the themes of reincarnation, culture and identity. She used her hair as a navigator to find her roots and her voice, and to bring back memories. So, she called the show Hairvolution. Read more ..
Authors on Tour
|Martin Barillas||November 7th 2014|
New York Times bestselling investigative author Edwin Black will feature some of his best known investigations at a widely-anticipated Kristallnacht weekend scholar-in-residence at Tifereth Israel in Bensalem outside Philadelphia, November 7-11, 2014.
Buy Financing the Flames
Learn More About Financing the Flames
His six events kick off with November 7 Friday night report detailing the exact design of the Iranian nuclear warhead, and the latest information from the International Atomic Energy Agency, reportedly released just hours before the event.
See the Weekend Program
Saturday afternoon, November 8, Black will chronicle how America and the world became addicted to oil and what might happen if the oil supply is interrupted by Iranian or terrorist action. The presentation is based on his award-winning books, Internal Combustion and British Petroleum and the Redline Agreement, as well as the Plan. Black recently appeared in a Hollywood documentary on oil addiction, called Pump.
Saturday night, Black will reveal newly discovered information about how IBM co-planned and co-organized the Holocaust, based on his New York Times bestselling book IBM and the Holocaust soon to be a Brad Pitt blockbuster. IBM has never disputed his explosive findings which Newsweek called “explosive” and “stunning.”
Sunday morning, November 9, 2014, Black will conclude his scholar-in-residence with the latest revelations about the New Israel Fund’s involvement in the effort to boycott Israel and obtain prosecution of its leaders for war crimes. He will also detail how terrorists receive salaries [paid by American taxpayers. The presentation will be drawn from Black’s recent bestseller, Financing the Flames: How Tax-Exempt and Public Money Fuel a Culture of Confrontation and Terrorism in Israel, and related research. In February and early March 2014, Black delivered his findings before four parliaments in four weeks: The British House of Commons in London, the European Parliament in Brussels, the Israeli Knesset in Jerusalem, and finally the U.S. House of Representative Foreign Affairs Committee in Washington, D.C. Read more ..
Books and Authors
|Todd Brewster||November 2nd 2014|
While on a speaking tour for a new book on Lincoln recently, appearing in bookstores and museums and libraries from Washington DC to Mill Valley, California, one question has been repeatedly asked of me in venue after venue: What would Lincoln do? Of course, it isn't phrased precisely that way, but the content is the same: If Abraham Lincoln were president today, do you think he would be striking ISIS? Would he endorse universal health care? What would be his policy towards immigration, privacy, campaign finance, global warming, gay marriage? Would he detain enemies at Guantanamo? How would he respond to the shooting in Ferguson, Missouri, to the outbreak of the Ebola virus?
I usually beg off these pleas. Lincoln, after all, had a hard enough task determining policy for his own time, much less generating a blueprint for problems 150 years hence and, anyway, I am uncomfortable with such responsibility being thrust upon me, as if writing a single book about Lincoln makes me capable of channeling his thoughts. Still, there is something poignant in the repeated asking: Americans so desperately want someone to lead them, to make sense of the confusing world they inhabit, to impose sturdy values upon the confusing array of options before us. Who better than Abraham Lincoln?
The fact that we so revere him today would have amused many in Lincoln's own day even - perhaps especially - Lincoln himself. He had been elected in 1860 with the lowest voting percentage (39.8) of any president in American history and it would be many years before he would be etched into the nation's consciousness as the savior of the Union and the Great Emancipator, our most respected president. Americans were judging him in the moment and many of them – in the North as well as the South – judged him unfavorably. Read more ..
|Michael Honey||November 1st 2014|
Death of a King: The Real Story of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Final Year. Author: Tavis Smiley. Little, Brown & Co), 2014. 288 pp.
Television and radio talk show host and author Tavis Smiley plays an important role in our culture. The mass media’s discussions are so limited in scope and distorted by prejudice that most people have little opportunity to become well informed. Smiley provides that opportunity. As an avid reader and provocative thinker, he keeps pressing in new directions through his Public Broadcasting and Public Radio programs, his sixteen books on various subjects, and his book tours and town hall meetings. His new book, Death of a King: The Real Story of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Final Year (Little, Brown, and Co., 2014) now moves us toward reconsidering the legacy one of the most important human rights leaders of the twentieth century.
Those of us who lived our lives in the movement or who write about it now have often commented on the startling trajectory of King’s last year of life. On April 4, 1967, at a speech in Riverside Church in New York City, he excoriated the American war in Vietnam as a travesty; he named U.S. policy as state-inspired murder, economic imperialism, and racial and political arrogance. All of it, he warned, could lead the U.S. down the path of great nations that wasted their resources and moral authority on the mass violence of war.
Often titled “Beyond Vietnam,” King’s speech remains the most powerful indictment of the interplay of American militarism, racism, and poverty. Leading to the deaths of over two million Vietnamese and a cascading series of tragedies in Laos and to mass genocide in Cambodia, American policy was not a “mistake,” as both liberal and conservative commentators often supposed. Rather, in King’s view, it represented the systemic illness of an American capitalism hooked on war. Read more ..
Author's on Tour
|Martin Barillas||October 29th 2014|
New York Times bestselling investigative author Edwin Black will detail the financial undercurrents of Mideast conflict during an eight-event, multi-campus scholar-in-residence in Greensboro, North Carolina, sponsored by Guilford College. The presentations will be drawn from Black’s recent bestseller, Financing the Flames: How Tax-Exempt and Public Money Fuel a Culture of Confrontation and Terrorism in Israel, and related research.
Buy Financing the Flames
Learn More About Financing the Flames
On November 3, 2014, Black will open the series at Greensboro College exploring the challenge of the ISIS terrorism threat with an emphasis on the group’s financial resources, including oil smuggling.
On November 4, 2014, reflecting the findings of Financing the Flames, Black will explore the health impacts of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and their relationship to human rights organizations and finances, during a speech at Winston-Salem State University School of Health Sciences. That same day he will also answer general questions about the Mideast crisis for African-American leadership at the Winston-Salem Urban League. The evening of November 4, 2014, Black will deliver the main lecture of the series, “Financing the Flames -- Money and Human Rights in Israel” at Guilford College in Greensboro.
On November 5, 2014, Black will provide a breakfast briefing for Guilford’s international studies majors, emphasizing international law and the Israel crisis. Later that day, he concludes the series with an open discussion for Guilford students about all aspects of the Mideast crisis.
While in the area, Black will also deliver two events for journalism students. “Journalism in the Misinformation Age” is for Guilford College journalism students. The second event, which will be videotaped for the Charlotte Law School Viewpoint Project, will be a memoir about “becoming an investigative reporter” along with insights into oil addiction. Read more ..
Books and Authors
|Gerard Russel||October 28th 2014|
The Middle East is fertile ground for religions. Its deserts, mountains and marshes have inspired mystics and prophets; its tribes have provided followers and fighters who can form a new prophet’s core following; and older, persecuted religions can find refuge in its impassable topography. Also, although much of that region seems today to be suffused with cruelty and violence beyond our imagining, it has historically often been a place of intellectual freedom and creativity - a place for the exchange of ideas, and for their intermingling to create new and startling creeds. The survival there of some of the world’s smallest and most remarkable faith communities proves that.
From the Mediterranean as far as the Zagros mountains that divide Iran from Iraq, there are peoples who believe passionately in reincarnation: one of these, the Druze of Lebanon, will sometimes settle inheritance cases with the help of the dead man’s supposedly re-embodied spirit. A belief, inherited from pre-Christian religions, that the essence of God can be manifest in earthly form means that the Alawites of Syria can regard the Greek philosophers, and also the sun and moon, as worthy of religious reverence. In Iran, the Zoroastrians have clung on to their country’s ancient, pre-Islamic customs: as late as the 1950s they were waging regular war on flies, as creatures of darkness, while they treated dogs (which in the Avesta, are seen as allies of good) with great respect and kindness, giving a dead house-dog an almost human funeral. Underlying these customs are philosophies whose origins lie millennia back in time.
Until the eleventh century AD, the Middle East’s Muslim rulers were disinclined to enforce their religion on their subjects. In subsequent centuries, this changed; many non-Islamic communities were brought close to extinction. But those minorities have never been so threatened as they are today. Iraq’s Christians have declined in number by over 50% in twenty years. The Mandaeans, whose religion was actually founded in Iraq in probably the third century AD, have almost all left their country and are scattered across the world. Even Egypt’s Coptic Christians, who form the region’s largest surviving religious minority, have begun to leave their country in accelerating numbers. Read more ..
The Edge of Hate
|Shiryn Ghermezian ||October 20th 2014|
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio on Monday criticized his predecessor Rudolph Giuliani for objecting to the Metropolitan Opera’s performance of The Death of Klinghoffer and defended the Met’s right to stage the controversial performance that has been labeled anti-Semitic, the New York Daily News reported on Monday, hours before the play was set to open.
“The former mayor had a history of challenging cultural institutions when he disagreed with their content. I don’t think that’s the American way. The American way is to respect freedom of speech. Simple as that,” de Blasio said at an unrelated press conference.
Giuliani plans to lead the latest protest against the opera outside the Met on Monday, as the show opens. Critics have labeled the performance anti-Semitic for glorifying the murder of Jewish-American cruise ship passenger Leon Klinghoffer, 69. Wheel chair-bound, Klinghoffer was shot in the head by Palestinian hijackers on the Achille Lauro cruise ship 29 years ago. The terrorists threw his body, along with his wheelchair, overboard into the Mediterranean Sea and his corpse washed up on the Syrian shoreline a few days later. Read more ..
The Edge of Art
|Dan Levin||October 15th 2014|
from VOA and agencies
Read more ..
Blue figures swim around walls, dancers prance in a circle and flowers sprout on a huge canvas in an exhibition of the cut-out works of French artist Henri Matisse that opened this week.
The show, “Henri Matisse: the Cut-Outs,” which runs from Oct. 12 through Feb. 8 at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), includes 100 works from private and public collections, drawings, textiles and stained glass from the final years of the renowned artist, who died in 1954 aged 84.
“It is the most extensive exhibition of this period of Matisse's work ever mounted,” said Jodi Hauptman, a curator of the show, which was organized in collaborations with the Tate Modern in London. Matisse was already famous for his vivid paintings when he began to draw with scissors, cutting colored and painted paper into various shapes, then mounting and pinning them on paper, canvas and the walls of his studio.
The Edge of Music
Read more ..
From the VOA comes this Reuters report:
At 88, veteran crooner Tony Bennett broke his own record as the oldest living artist to land a No. 1 record on the weekly U.S. Billboard 200 album chart on Wednesday with his latest compilation of duets with Lady Gaga.
“Cheek to Cheek,” which features New York singers Bennett and Gaga singing classics such as “Anything Goes” and “Let's Face The Music And Dance,” sold 131,000 copies in its first week according to figures from Nielsen SoundScan.
Bennett previously set the record for becoming the oldest-living artist to land a No. 1 album in 2011 aged 85, with his compilation “Duets,” which included a track with Gaga.
“Cheek to Cheek” is the second compilation of classic songs to top the Billboard 200 chart for the second consecutive week, after fellow New York songstress Barbra Streisand's “Partners” debuted at No. 1 last week.
Books and Authors
|D.W. Duke||September 22nd 2014|
On a warm fall day in the 1850s, a young man named Washington Duke, after whom Duke University would later be named, visited the courthouse in Hillsboro, North Carolina, looking for a file. The court clerks were unable to locate the file so he left the courthouse empty handed. Upon leaving, Washington noticed a large number of slaves standing in two groups, males to the right and females to the left. As he walked between the two groups, he heard a woman call his name. He turned to see a beautiful female slave, close to his own age, whom he recognized as someone he had met briefly many years earlier.
The young woman explained that her owner had died and that she was going to be auctioned later that day. Noticing her sadness, Washington asked her to tell him her greatest desire. She replied that her greatest desire was to be free from slavery. Washington lowered his head then walked away. Later that day, during the bidding, Washington purchased her for $601 then immediately set her free. Having no place to live Caroline moved into the Duke home where she was provided room, board and a salary in exchange for housekeeping services.
The foregoing story was told to me, when I was a child, by my grandmother Sarah Taylor Duke. She had heard this, and other stories, from my fourth generation great grandfather, William P. Duke. William was a cousin and a contemporary of Washington Duke with whom he spent a great deal of time when they were boys. Many years later, when I was in college, I learned that the Orange County Estate Records in North Carolina, show that on October 15, 1855, Washington Duke purchased a slave named Caroline. Later Census records show that she lived in Washington’s home as a free woman. Read more ..
The Edge of Hate
|Bernard Banks||September 22nd 2014|
A coalition of organizations will protest at Lincoln Center on Monday evening, Sept. 22, at 4:30 PM, across the street from the Lincoln Center Plaza at Broadway & 65th Street to protest the Metropolitan Opera House’s decision to air the “The Death of Klinghoffer.” Thousands are expected to gather on the first night of the gala opening of the Metropolitan opera season. Dignitaries and elected officials will raise a voice of outrage against this opera which promotes terrorism and anti-Semitism.
Confirmed participants include George Pataki, New York’s former Governor, Michael Mukasey, the former Attorney General of the United States, Dr. Bill Donahue, President, Catholic League, criminal defense attorney Ben Brafman, Rabbi Avi Weiss, Assemblyman Dov Hikind, Rabbi Joseph Potasnik, executive vice president of the New York Board of Rabbis, Morton Klein, President of the Zionist Organization of America, Member of the Israeli Knesset (Parliament) Nissim Ze’ev, Actor Tony LoBianco, Debra Burlingame (the sister of Charles "Chic" Burlingame III, the pilot of the hijacked American Airlines Flight 77 that was flown into the Pentagon on 9/11), and others. Read more ..
|Walter G. Moss||September 15th 2014|
Moral Imagination: Essays. David Bromwich. Princeton University Press. 2014. 376 pp.
In Moral Imagination’s dozen essays David Bromwich focuses on important topics: terrorism and war, patriotism, cultural identity, 9/11, the American character, Abraham Lincoln, Edward Snowden and the decline of privacy, and the arrogance of U.S. foreign policy as demonstrated by Dick Cheney and others. But the book’s first essay, “Moral Imagination,” is the most significant of all.
Bromwich is mainly interested in this quality on a national scale, and he identifies it as “the power that compels us to grant the highest possible reality and the largest conceivable claim to a thought, action, or person that is not our own, and not close to us in any obvious way.” It involves compassion and empathy. He traces the concept back to the eighteenth-century Irish-English statesman Edmund Burke, the subject of his The Intellectual Life of Edmund Burke (2014). But he then outlines its development through others like the English Romantic poets and Lincoln down to Martin Luther King’s 1967 speech “A Time to Break Silence.” In it “King imagines himself in the position of the Vietnamese under the bombing sorties of B-52s, or the casualties of what was called the ‘pacification program.’ ” Bromwich has had much more to say about this great speech in his “Martin Luther King's Speech Against the Vietnam War,” but unfortunately this essay is not included in Moral Imagination.
Just a year after King’s speech, Kentucky writer Wendell Berry in “A Statement against the War in Vietnam” (1968) stated, “We have been led to our present shameful behavior in Vietnam by this failure of imagination, this failure to perceive a relation between our ideals and our lives.” As I have indicated in a previous essay, Berry has subsequently lamented our lack of imagination, what Bromwich would call our moral imagination, “in government, in the corporate economy, in the universities,” and in our foreign policy.
Although the essays in Moral Imagination were written for different occasions over the past two decades, Bromwich believes that they are united by their concern with power, conscience, and moral imagination. In the post-Cold-War era, he thinks that too often the U.S. government has wished “to stand unopposed at the center of the world. This ambition is conventional, not particularly democratic, and in no way imaginative.” Read more ..
The War on Terror
|Alan Dershowitz||September 12th 2014|
Hamas quickly produces photographs of dead babies to be shown around the world, while at the same time preventing the media from showing its rocket launchers in densely populated areas.
Unless Hamas's "dead baby strategy" is denounced and stopped -- by the international community, the media, the academy and all good people -- it will be coming soon "to a theater near you".
If Hamas's dead baby strategy works, why not repeat it every few years? And why shouldn't other terrorist groups, like ISIS and Boko Haram, adapt this strategy to their nefarious goals as Hezbollah has already done?
On June 13, 2014, the commander of the Gaza Division of the Israel Defense Forces took me into a Hamas tunnel that had recently been discovered by a Bedouin tracker who serves in the IDF. The tunnel was a concrete bunker that extended several miles from its entrance in the Gaza Strip to its exit near an Israeli kibbutz kindergarten.
The tunnel had one purpose: to allow Hamas death squads to kill and kidnap Israelis. The commander told me that Israeli intelligence had identified more than two dozen additional tunnel entrances in the Gaza Strip. They had been identified by the large amounts of earth being removed to dig them. Although Israeli intelligence knew where these entrances were, they could not order an attack from the air, because they were built into civilian structures such as mosques, schools, hospitals, and private homes.
Nor could Israel identify their underground routes from Gaza into Israel, or their intended exit points in Israel. Israeli scientists and military experts had spent millions of dollars in an effort to develop technologies that could find the underground routes and intended exits for tunnels that were as deep as a hundred feet beneath the earth, but they had not succeeded in finding a complete solution to this problem. The planned exits from these tunnels in Israel were also a Hamas secret, hidden deep in the ground and incapable of being discovered by Israel until the Hamas fighters emerged. At that point it would be too late to prevent the death squads from doing their damage. Read more ..
|Nina Baron||September 10th 2014|
Submarine Deluxe, in association with Fuel Freedom Foundation and iDeal Film Partners, have announced the limited theatrical release of PUMP this fall. The film will open in select cities on Friday, September 12th, 2014, and will expand to additional markets on September 19th.
see the PUMP trailer
Directed by Joshua Tickell and Rebecca Harrell Tickell, and narrated by Jason Bateman, PUMP is an inspiring, eye-opening documentary that tells the story of America's addiction to oil, from its corporate conspiracy beginnings to its current monopoly today, and explains clearly and simply how we can end it – and finally win choice at the pump.
see the PUMP website
Today oil is our only option of transportation fuel at the pump. Our exclusive use of it has drained our wallets, increased air pollution and sent our sons and daughters to war in faraway lands. PUMP shows us how through the use of a variety of replacement fuels, we will be able to fill up our cars – cheaper, cleaner and American made - and in the process, create more jobs for a stronger, healthier economy.
The film features notable experts such as John Hofmeister, former President of Shell Oil US; Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla Motors; Peter Goldmark, former president of the Rockefeller Foundation; bestselling author Edwin Black, and other noteworthy figures who share their passionate views and knowledge. An important film for anyone who drives or owns a car, PUMP will inform the audience how to change their lives for the better: save money, create jobs and improve the environment. Read more ..
|Murray Polner||September 5th 2014|
The Devils' Alliance. Roger Moorhouse. Basic Books. 2014. 432 pp.
“On August 23, 1939, Stalin drank to Hitler’s health. Although the two dictators would never meet, the agreement that they had forged that day would change the world.”
So begins Roger Moorhouse’s outstanding and revelatory book about the startling and shocking story how Nazi Germany and Communist Russia teamed up to divide eastern Europe, allowing Moscow to absorb large swathes of Poland and the Baltics while granting Berlin a free hand to attack Poland and successfully invade western Europe. As good as it is, he exaggerates a bit in claiming that “ignorance of the subject is surprising” and the “pact remains largely unknown,” which is certainly not true among historians of the era.
Bitter ideological enemies, the two behemoths had recently fought as proxies in Spain’s Civil War. But on August 23, 1939, prompted by unapologetic realpolitik and mindful of what might be gained from linking up, and in spite of some skepticism within their inner circles, the Nazi-Soviet Pact was signed. The Soviets had signaled their intent when it replaced its moderate Jewish foreign minister Maxim Litvinoff, a symbol of anti-Nazism and the Popular Front, with Vyachaslav Molotov, Stalin’s classic poodle. “Fascism,” he said after dismissing criticism, “ is a matter of taste.” Hitler, meanwhile, reluctantly bought the arguments of his foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and members of his eastern-oriented foreign office that German national interests would best be served by such a pact.
For communists and their sympathizers throughout the world the news of the signing was nothing less than a bombshell. Long devoted to the principle that the Soviet Union and not the appeasement-minded west was the greatest bulwark against the Nazi evil, they were now suddenly forced to become instant ideological acrobats, overnight shifting its messages and policies from spirited anti-fascism to isolationism. In the U.S., the Party directed its loyalists to its new catchphrase “No, the Yanks are Not Coming”— a throwaway slogan once Germany invaded Russia in 1941 and a connection to the west was imperative. Read more ..
|James Bowman||September 3rd 2014|
Calvary. Director: John Michael McDonagh. Starring: Brendan Gleeson, Orla O'Rourke, Chris O'Dowd, M. Emmet Walsh. Length: 90 mins.
John Michael McDonagh's Calvary is, among other things, a bit like one of those exercises in what moral philosophers call trolleyology. This takes its name from a classic problem originally proposed by the philosopher Philippa Foot about whether or not it's OK to re-route a runaway trolley so that it kills one person, who would not otherwise have been killed, rather than the five people it will kill if it's not re-routed. In other words, the problem’s being far-fetched to the point of fanciful is of its very essence.
They say that hard cases make bad law, but these hard cases were invented for the sake of the bad law. Bad law can be good intellectual fun — though of course it still is bad law. Those who engage in such moral speculations openly dare you to object that the situation they propose is so improbable as to make them ridiculous rather than serious.
Sticking to the cinema, we might find another sort of comparison in a post-modern movie like Speed (1994), which likewise dares you to make fun of its bizarre set up. The city bus in that movie, you may remember, has been rigged up (never mind how) with a fiendishly clever bomb set by a pyrotechnical genius (played by Dennis Hopper), which is set to go off the instant the bus's speed drops below 50 miles per hour as it travels on L.A. roads and highways where such speeds can rarely be obtained. It's utterly absurd, but it so calls attention to its own absurdity as to disarm criticism and all but draw us in every time it, or Keanu Reeves, says, "What do you do? What do you do?" Read more ..
|James Bowman||September 1st 2014|
Boyhood. Director: Richard Linklater. Starring: Patricia Arquetta, Lorelei Linklater, Ethan Hawke. 165 minutes.
Richard Linklater’s Boyhood is a movie, like most of those made by the late Stanley Kubrick, which is almost inseparable from its critical reception. Both directors, I think, predispose critics to see them as making socially significant statements about the world we live in — and by "we" I mean, of course, those of us who, like the critics themselves, come from the great American middle classes. Thus, although Boyhood has won golden opinions from almost all the critical fraternity, it seems to me that, insofar as it is about boyhood, it is rather a bust.
There is nothing in its exiguous story of a boy growing up that we haven’t seen before, or nothing of much intrinsic interest. The interest is, rather, in the movie’s production — its gimmick, if you will — which (in the unlikely event of your not having heard of it) is that it was shot over a twelve-year period and the boy named Mason shown growing up in it is actually growing up before our eyes with the actor, Ellar Coltrane, who plays him.
Everybody seems to think it wonderfully clever of Mr Linklater to have managed this, though François Truffaut did it in a less deliberate way and over multiple pictures with Jean-Pierre Léaud as Antoine Doinel, beginning with Les Quatre Cent Coups in 1959, when his star was only 14, and ending with L’amour en fuit in 1978. Though I admit the device required a certain amount of luck and a lot of patience, I think the fuss about it is a bit overdone. Surely what matters is not the innovation in production, if it is one, but what is done with it, and what is done with it in Boyhood seems to me pretty unremarkable for what it is, though it’s a bit more interesting for what it is not. Read more ..
The Way We Are
|Faiza Elmasry||August 31st 2014|
“Allies Days, May 1917,” an impressionistic scene of flags fluttering over midtown Manhattan, was painted by Childe Hassam to celebrate the United States' entry into World War I. It is currently on display at the National Gallery of Art, and throughout August at a bus stop in downtown Washington and in hundreds of other locations across the country.
It’s part of Art Everywhere, the largest outdoor art campaign in the U.S. The open-air art galleries present reproductions of 58 American paintings, photographs and other works of art spanning 230 years of history in 50,000 unexpected locations.
“It’s really educating people about the foundation of the American visual culture,” says Charles Brock, associate curator of American and British painting at the National Gallery of Art. “The idea of using public spaces to advertise great artworks of American art and to bring attention to works in parts of the country that might not even know about these paintings or their locations.” Read more ..
|Luther Spoehr||August 30th 2014|
Careless People. Sarah Churchwell. Penguin Press. 2014. 432 pp.
Sarah Churchwell is Professor of Literature and Public Understanding of the Humanities at the University of East Anglia, which I assume means that part of her academic mission is to write for that endangered species, the “general reader.” If so, her new book—a highly readable study of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby that combines biography, literary analysis, and what might be called “contextualization"-- fulfills that mission admirably. It will also appeal, in particular, to historians. By placing the author and his “invention” in their time and place, she demonstrates the importance of historical context—and also the interpretive limits of that context when trying to explain artistic creativity.
After publishing, in short order, two novels--This Side of Paradise (1920) and The Beautiful and Damned (1922)—and two collections of short stories, Fitzgerald had already become the public personification of “The Jazz Age,” a promotional coup that he and his wife, Zelda, did nothing to discourage. Indeed, as Churchwell’s close examination of the Fitzgeralds’ scrapbooks shows, they watched the press as closely as it watched them.
In the fall of 1922, while Scott waited for the ideas and inspiration for his next project—the one that would eventually become Gatsby—the Fitzgeralds rented an impressive home in Great Neck, Long Island, where they could “party” (a word that, appropriately for the “Roaring Twenties,” was about to become a verb). Churchwell begins her own project here: “Using newspaper reports, biography, correspondence, the Fitzgeralds’ scrapbooks, and other archival material, I piece together a collage of the Fitzgeralds’ world….a kind of two-part invention in which fact and fiction are in contrapuntal relation.” She is appropriately restrained about what she might achieve: “Instead of trying to be definitive, what follows mixes explication with intimation, trying to suggest how inspiration might have worked.” Read more ..
The Edge of Music
|Elizabeth Lee||August 28th 2014|
For most people, tango evokes a passionate dance form. For Argentine-born Gustavo Bulgach, tango is music with an attitude.
“Tango means the blues. Tango is not just tango - it means - it’s an attitude that you want to express," he said. "In every language, in Yiddish, in Spanish - in whatever language - Tango represents that kind of attitude of losing or having your heart broken by life.”
Jewish people from across Europe and Russia have been immigrating to Argentina for hundreds of years. They brought with them dance music that was eventually mixed with Argentine tango.
Fusion of melodies, culture
The result is Yiddish tango -- a fusion of melodies and cultural experiences that is still evolving today. Bulgach is the band leader of the Yiddish Tango Club, a group that fuses a form of Jewish dance music known as "klezmer" with Argentine tango.
“Tango is not only Argentinian. It’s a loop from Europe also. It’s like something dramatic, and it’s the count…maybe one, two, three,” says vocalist Divina Gloria. Read more ..
The Edge of Music
|Steve Baragona||August 23rd 2014|
In Liberia’s capital, Ebola has captured the airwaves, and it's not just news about the often-fatal disease. The hit song Ebola in Town has a danceable beat, while also conveying a serious message about avoiding infection.
The idea for the song was conceived back in May, by three Liberian musicians who thought people weren't taking the Ebola outbreak seriously enough. People thought it was a government trick to get aid money.
The musicians wanted to get people’s attention. It worked. Just a few days after they recorded it, Ebola in Town was a hit all over Monrovia.
Musician Samuel “Shadow” Morgan says he and his fellow artists didn't want to produce the typical awareness song: slow, mellow and serious. They wanted something people could dance to. “Since everybody wants to dance these days, they will first dance to the beat," Morgan said. "And the next thing is, they will learn the chorus. From the chorus, you start going into the verses and what the song is actually about.” Read more ..
|Robert A. Cohn ||August 20th 2014|
St Louis Jewish Light
Commodore Levy: A Novel of America in the Age of Sail. Author: Irving Litvag. Publisher: Texas Tech University Press. 2014
The late Irving Litvag had a passion for history. He liked nothing more than to immerse himself in meticulous research on various topics, including the lives of remarkable people. That passion is in full display in Litvag’s posthumously published historical novel “Commodore Levy: A Novel of America in the Age of Sail” (Texas Tech University Press, $45).
Litvag was a former news writer for the CBS Radio Network and a public-relations executive, along with being a former editor of the St. Louis Light, predecessor to the St. Louis Jewish Light, in the early 1960s. The lifelong St. Louis resident published two earlier books: “Singer in the Shadows,” about the famous St. Louis case of a young woman named Pearl Curran, who seemed to “channel” the poetic and literary voice of a young English girl from centuries ago; and “The Master of Sunnybank: A Biography of Albert Payson Terhune,” the dog breeder and noted novelist of canine adventure stories (about his beloved collies).
Litvag manages to strike just the right balance with “Commodore Levy,” whose life was so filled with actual drama that it keeps the reader’s attention as it moves through the turbulent true story of Uriah Phillips Levy (1792-1862).
Levy’s life spanned the lives of some of the greatest presidents of the United States. He was 5 years old when George Washington died in 1797. He worked with, and greatly admired, Thomas Jefferson and provided the funds to restore Jefferson’s estate at Monticello. Levy also lived long enough that when he was almost 70, he pleaded with President Abraham Lincoln to let him rejoin active naval duty during the Civil War. Lincoln politely refused. Read more ..
Russia on Edge
|Tom Balmforth||August 18th 2014|
Some Russian lawmakers are supporting a campaign against rock musician Andrei Makarevich, threatening to strip him of state awards after he performed for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the eastern Ukraine last week.
Makarevich, founder of rock group Mashina Vremeni, or "Time Machine," was invited by a pro-Kyiv Ukrainian volunteer foundation to tour eastern Ukrainian cities ravaged during the conflict between separatist insurgents and the government forces.
He gave a charity concert on August 12 to IDP children in Donetsk Oblast's war-stricken town of Svyatogorsk. Makarevich posted a photograph on his Facebook page of a Svyatogorsk hall full of excited children standing and clapping.
"Andrei Makarevich has been partnering with fascists for a long time," lawmaker Yevgeny Fyodorov of the ruling United Russia party told the pro-Kremlin daily "Izvestia" on August 18. "He made this choice a fairly long time ago, back when he sided with the Russian Federation's enemies." Read more ..
|Kevin Ryan||August 15th 2014|
The Giver. Directed by Phillip Noyce. Starring: Jeff Bridges, Meryl Streep, Brenton Thwaites, Alexander Skarsgård, Odeya Rush, Katie Holmes. Length: 94 minutes
What if we could erase violence, pain and discord? Could a society regularize emotions, eliminate suffering and end war? What if reproduction and sexuality could be completely divorced from the messiness of family life? Wouldn’t it be lovely? In the soon-to-be released movie-from–a-book, "The Giver," an ideal community is based on this premise. There is a price, of course.
The film is based on Lois Lowry’s novel which has become a literary fixture in American schools. "The Giver" is one of those rare books loved both by teachers and students. Our guess is that the movie version produced by Walden Media will have similar success. For one reason, it has a built-in audience of the millions who read the book as students. For another, it is visually spectacular.
In the movie, inhabitants of a highly controlled and regimented world are smiling, uniformly handsome and beautiful. All happily work on various state-run activities. They are fed, clothed, recreated and quietly controlled by the smiling and seemingly benevolent dictator (played chillingly by Meryl Streep), who at one point says, "When people have the freedom to choose, they choose wrong."
The inhabitants also live in a perfect climate, but live a flat and colorless existence. Since they daily receive injections to suppress their emotions, they, too, are colorless. They don’t bear their own children. Only those designated as “birth mother” carry this out. After delivery biologically unrelated host families inculcate the children into society’s soft totalitarian ethos. Presumably there are no squabbles at the dinner table, no complaints about veggies or sulky teenagers Read more ..
The bright lights that welcome people to New York's Broadway theater district will dim Wednesday to pay tribute to American actor-comedian Robin Williams.
The marquees of the Great White Way - as Broadway is often called - will go dark for one minute at 7:45 PM local time (23:45 GMT). Williams performed in a one-man show on Broadway titled Robin Williams - Live on Broadway in 2002.
Law enforcement authorities say the 63-year-old entertainer committed suicide by hanging himself at his California home this week. Williams' personal assistant found him dead in his home on Monday. His publicist said Williams had been battling depression.
Williams' longtime struggle with drugs and alcohol was well-known. Just last month, he admitted himself into a rehabilitation facility to help maintain his sobriety.
Williams started as a stand-up comedian and went on to entertain fans of all ages during his decades-long career in television and movies. He won acclaim for numerous films, including "Mrs. Doubtfire," "Good Morning, Vietnam" and "Good Will Hunting," which earned him the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1998.
Williams acted on Broadway and continued performing stand-up comedy even after becoming a movie star, delighting audiences with his rapid-fire, improvisational routines.
U.S. President Barack Obama has praised Williams as a "one of a kind" performer who touched "every element of the human spirit." Born in Chicago in 1951, Williams made his television debut in the late 1970s, playing an alien in the situation comedy "Mork and Mindy." Read more ..
|Mike O'Connor||August 9th 2014|
Sharing the Prize. Gavin Wright. Belknap Press. 2013. 368 pp.
The Civil Rights Act is fifty years old this year. Though assessments will differ regarding the impact of this law and of the Civil Rights Movement that brought it to bear, to many this signature achievement feels a part of modern U.S. history. Liberal historians argue that the end of overt white supremacy led to the emergence of a more insidious variety of purportedly color-blind racialism, while conservative writers articulate dissatisfaction with the rise of what they diagnose as a “culture of victimization” stemming from the movement’s successes. Both camps implicitly agree, however, that the Civil Rights Movement represents a dividing line between “then” and “now.” The fact that it plays a primary role in defining the terms of the modern era, however, can blind us to the fact that the movement is part of the distant past rather than the recent one. We are as far removed today from the Civil Rights Act, for example, as those who fought to pass that measure were from World War I. The assumption that we can evaluate the movement in light of modern-day values frequently undermines our ability to understand its effects and to evaluate the plausibility of alternative approaches.
Gavin Wright’s focused and well-argued book, Sharing the Prize, provides a clear-eyed corrective to this tendency. Granting that the movement was “a moral and legal revolution,” (2) Wright asks the provocative and important question whether it can be declared an economic one as well. Now that enough time has passed to allow for both sufficient historical distance and the accumulation of enough relevant data, he is able to argue convincingly that the “record shows strong gains…for African Americans in the South—relative to earlier levels, relative to southern whites, and relative to national standards.” (26) To those who do not specialize in economic analysis or the history of the Civil Rights Movement, this point might seem fairly obvious: It would seem difficult to argue that blacks’ economic situation has not improved since the days of Jim Crow. But to emphasize that point is to commit the fallacy–so often warned against by economists–of confusing correlation with causation. The fact that African Americans have enjoyed economic improvement since segregation does not necessarily mean that they have done so because ofthe Civil Rights Movement. Read more ..
|James Bowman||August 8th 2014|
America: Imagine a World Without Her. Director: Dinesh D'Souza. Length: 90 mins.
The exhortation in the title of Dinesh D’Souza’s new movie — America: Imagine the World Without Her — suggests that it is going to be an exercise in what they call "counter-factual" history. In other words, imaginary history. History as it didn’t happen. And the opening of the film appears to bear this out, since we watch as an actor (John Koopman) portraying George Washington is shot and killed by a British sniper.
Thereafter, however, the alternative history of our country, a history in which (presumably) the Revolutionary War was lost and the United States as we know them never came into existence as a single country, is forgotten, along with all other forms of idle speculation. Instead, we are taken straight into quite a different movie, one consisting of a rapid survey of real American history, organized so as to constitute a refutation of the late Howard Zinn’s People's History of the United States.
It should be said that Mr D’Souza’s movie is all the better for abandoning the counter-factual. Every unfortunate student who has been assigned by some left-wing professor to read Zinn’s deplorable and politically tendentious book should see this movie in order to detox. It takes up and answers, one by one, five heads of the progressive indictment of America, as popularized by Zinn, according to her supposed victims. They are, in order, the Indians, Mexico, African slaves — who, after slavery, were also victims of segregation — and the worldwide multitudes suffering to this day under the yoke of American "colonialism" and "capitalism."
Together, they make up what Mr D’Souza calls "the Zinn narrative of American shame," and he’s here to prove to us that there is no need for us to be ashamed of it after all. On the contrary, America’s history is something for us to be proud of, just as it was once usual for people to think before the ideologues began writing it. Read more ..
Books and Authors
The Silence of Our Friends: the Extinction of Christianity in the Middle East. Author: Ed West. Amazon Kindle, 2014.
The first Iraqi contact with Christianity came very early. Within Mesopotamia was a small vassal state called Osrhoene, its capital at Edessa, modern-day Turkey, the population of which was largely Aramaean.
Legend has it that the incurably ill Abgar V, King of Osrhoene, heard of Jesus and wrote a letter offering to let him stay in the country, as he was being persecuted at home. Jesus replied that he couldn’t go but he would send over his apostle Thaddeus, who arrived after the Crucifixion and cured the king of his disease.
Offering asylum to the Son of God gives the country a certain moral status, but the historical reality is that Christianity had reached Edessa very early, most likely in the first century, and in the second century its King Abgar VIII converted. Edessa would remain Christian for another 18 centuries, until the First World War brought that world to an end.
Christians in Syria and Iraq at first welcomed the Arab invaders because they were persecuted by Byzantium and Persia, and felt an affinity with fellow Semites. And the Arab world flourished during the Islamic Golden Age, when Muslim rulers mixed and advanced the knowledge of Roman, Egyptian, Greek and even Chinese cultures. Yet this relied heavily on Christians who translated Greek philosophy into Syriac and then Arabic, which survived and arrived in Spain and Italy in the 12th and 13th centuries where they were copied into Latin, helping to influence the Renaissance (which was also sparked by the exodus of Greeks from Constantinople to Italy in 1453).
As Dr Suha Rassam wrote in Christianity in Iraq: “Neither the Persians who lived in Iraq, nor the Arabs that ruled the state, were conversant with Greek. In fact, translation of Greek philosophical works to Arabic was almost exclusively performed by Christian scholars. [Academic George] Qanawati enumerates over sixty translators, all of whom were Christians, except for one Sabian [a religion that focussed around the worship of angels] and one Jew.” Read more ..
|C. John McCloskey||August 7th 2014|
An Anxious Age: The Post-Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of America. Author: Joseph Bottom. Publisher: Image Books, 2014. 320 pp.
Joseph Bottum, the former editor of First Things magazine and a top-flight observer of the American religious scene, has written an intriguing book entitled An Anxious Age: The Post-Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of America.
This book is not an easy read, but worth the trouble in order to understand the collapse of America as a largely Protestant country with a Catholic minority. In its place, we see a nation that seems to be following the once largely Christian Europe into what one can call practical atheism, i.e., people may believe in God, but he plays no important role in day-to-day living in worship or morality.
The first part of the book details how all of this happened, mostly by tracing the thought and effects of various intellectuals such as Walter Rauschenbusch and William James, who began the process that turned traditional Protestant religion into a quest for social justice rather than primarily worship of the Creator, moral living and personal witness and evangelization.
Bottum intersperses his history (to my mind, unnecessarily) with descriptions of people he knows to show how they are affected in the present day by the teachings of these Protestant revolutionizers of the 1800s and early 1900s in the United States. Read more ..
The Edge of Music
|Darren Taylor||August 6th 2014|
There are plenty of talented women in South Africa's burgeoning music scene. But a woman playing drums in a heavy metal band is still a rarity. Yet that's exactly how Courtney Gibson, 24, is making a name for herself. She fronts Johannesburg-based band, Mizera, that plays death and thrash metal, two highly aggressive subgenres of heavy metal, typically using distorted guitars, deep, growled vocals and supercharged drumbeats.
A blue haze of smoke engulfs the crowd at a music festival in Mpumalanga Province. The stage is swathed in purple light. Three big men dressed in black denim and leather step forward, wielding droning electric guitars. They launch a tidal wave of sound.
One concert-goer - bearded, adorned with multiple tattooes and silver nose-rings - exclaims when he realizes the drummer is woman. Courtney Gibson's long brunette hair cascades over her thin arms in a blur as she pounds the drums at furious speed. She's living her childhood dream of being a metal bland drummer. Read more ..
|Andrew J. Nelson||August 4th 2014|
Marching Into Darkness: The Wehrmacht and the Holocaust in Belarus. Waitman Wade Beorn. Harvard University Press, 2014. 314 pages. $39.95
It is a deeply held belief in some circles that the German military was a professional fighting force largely blameless in the Holocaust that killed 6 million Jews in World War II.
But a University of Nebraska at Omaha history professor takes a close look at the German army’s complicity in rounding up and executing Jews in Belarus in the opening months of the Eastern Front in 1941.
“Marching Into Darkness: The Wehrmacht and the Holocaust in Belarus” by Waitman Wade Beorn, assistant professor of history and the Louis and Frances Blumkin professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at UNO, ought to be on the reading list of anyone interested in the German army or battles on the Eastern Front in World War II.
The writing style is more academic than in popular histories, but this book can be highly recommended for anybody interested in military ethics, and in the importance of strong and principled military leadership.
Beorn, a 2000 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy and an Iraq war veteran, paints a complex picture. Most German soldiers in the region were, at the very least, willing to do nothing as Belarusian Jews were murdered. Others were willing to actively take part.
But there was a minority who refused to take part and even hid Jews. In many cases, these officers and soldiers were not punished — information that refutes postwar claims of German veterans that they had to go along or face dire consequences. The difference in many cases came down to leadership at the company level. Some commanders simply refused to allow their units to take part. Company commander 1st Lt. Josef Sibille refused an order for his unit to take part in a mass execution of local Jews, telling his commander he would not “expect decent German soldiers to dirty their hands with such things.” Major Alfred Commichau asked Sibille when he would “be hard for once,” to which the lieutenant replied, “In this case, never.” Read more ..
|Murray Polner||August 4th 2014|
Failing Our Veterns. Mark Boulton. NYU Press. 2014. 288 pp.
In 1932, a former army office living in Oregon was so infuriated by the failure of the federal government to award WWI vets their promised bonuses that he managed to inspire several hundred of them to join him and undertake a march on Washington. They traveled in autos, trucks and box cars only to be denounced by their government as communists. (Their trek and arrival was vividly described in Paul Dickson and Thomas B. Allen’s 2005 book “The Bonus Army: An American Epic”) The vets ultimately received their bonuses in 1936 but before then American soldiers led by the imperious General Douglas MacArthur acting under the orders of President Herbert Hoover assaulted the vets in sight of the nation’s capital. It was a shameful but memorable event and remained very much in the minds of later politicians forced to grapple with the needs of those who later served in war and peace.
Mark Boulton’s book “Failing Our Veterans” is a comprehensive and compelling legislative history which skillfully details how ideology, economics and personal and political biases have shaped the way vets have been dealt with from the Revolutionary era to Vietnam
Disabled Revolutionary War vets, foe ample, were granted half-pay for life though some politicians opposed the grant on the grounds of expense, War of 1812 and Mexican War vets received land grants and wounded vets some compensation. But the process was torturously slow. The 1812 group received their reward in 1871 – long after many of hem had died—while Mexican War vets finally received their grants in 1887, decades after most of General Winfield Scott’s men had passed from the scene.
Civil War union soldiers did much better because of the political pull of the newly-organized Grand Army of the Republic, much as the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars had developed and pushed the landmark G.I. Bill of 1944 for WWII vets, certainly one of the most momentous pieces of legislation ever enacted. Vets received the famous 52-20 payments to help them adjust to civilian life together with munificent educational and housing benefits. The resulting impact on society was huge. “These provisions helped forestall a widely feared economic depression, expanded the home-owning middle class and helped democratize higher education,” writes Bolton. In 1952, Korean War vets were granted roughly similar benefits. While some thought the laws was overly generous, most Americans did not, believing that the years spent in uniform, fighting or behind he lines, were worth the rewards. Read more ..
The Edge of Music
|Adam Phillips||July 29th 2014|
The peaceful atmosphere in the Upper West Side apartment where 92-year-old Walter Hautzig plays his piano amid family photographs and framed honors is many worlds away from the pre-war Vienna where he grew up. In 1938, when Hautzig was a 16-year-old prodigy, the Nazis took power in Austria.
Hautzig says Jews were routinely beaten in the streets. Their businesses were closed. “That was the Austria I grew up in. You can’t imagine,” he said with a grimace.
Music was the boy’s only refuge. After authorities closed the state music academy he attended, Hautzig made a forbidden visit there, only to find the place filled with German soldiers. Their rifles covered the pianos. And then a miracle happened.
Hautzig learned that the director of the Jerusalem Conservatory of Music was coming to Vienna to hold auditions for new students. Not knowing where they were to be held, Hautzig arrived at the man’s hotel at eight in the morning and waited. The director arrived at two in the afternoon, only to offer his regrets and leave to hail a taxi. Desperate, Hautzig made his move. Read more ..
The Edge of Music
|Katerine Cole||July 26th 2014|
The Library of Congress has announced this year’s winner of the Gershwin Prize for Popular Song: singer, piano-player and songwriter Billy Joel.
Library of Congress Librarian James Billington calls Joel a "storyteller of the highest order." Billington said his songwriting carries "an intimacy" that bridges the gap between the listener and the worlds in his songs. With a career spanning five decades, Joel, known for his piano-driven compositions, is one of the most popular recording artists in the world.
On his current tour, Joel has been poking fun at those lyrics to “The Entertainer,” noting that he has broken all the rules for success he sings about. Now he’s being honored with The Gershwin Prize for a career that includes 33 Top-40 hits, and six Grammy wins out of 23 nominations. His hits, including "Piano Man," "New York State of Mind" and "Uptown Girl," have made him the sixth top-selling artist of all time. Read more ..
North Korea on Edge
|Matthew Hilburn||July 23rd 2014|
In the United States, mocking political leaders is national pastime that most Americans enjoy. Even the targets of ridicule usually laugh along or ignore it.
In North Korea, poking fun at the Supreme Leader, Kim Jong Un, appears to be viewed as an existential threat.
For example, in April, North Korean officials dropped by a London barber shop, which mocked Kim Jong Un’s hairstyle in a promotional poster. The poster showed Kim famous coiffure and read “bad hair day?”
Earlier this month, North Korea’s ambassador to the United Nations, Ja Song Nam, filed a formal complaint urging the body to force the U.S. block the release of an upcoming movie, “The Interview.”
The comedy, which stars Seth Rogen and James Franco in a plot to assassinate Kim, mocks North Korea’s ruler.
The complaint read that “to allow the production and distribution of such a film on the assassination of an incumbent Head of a sovereign State should be regarded as the most undisguised sponsoring of terrorism as well as an act of war."
Now this week, North Korea asked China to stop the spread of a viral video that lampoons Kim. According to the Chosun Ilbo newspaper, the North says the video, which shows Kim in a variety of silly situations, including being knocked out by President Barack Obama, "seriously compromises Kim's dignity and authority." Read more ..
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