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The Edge of Terrorism

Negative Public Opinion and Terrorism

September 21st 2009

Islamic Topics - Islamic Terrorist

An analysis of public opinion polls and terrorist activity in 143 pairs of countries has shown for the first time that when people in one country hold negative views toward the leadership and policies of another, terrorist acts are more likely to be carried out.

Princeton University economist Alan Krueger and co-author Jitka Malečková of Charles University in the Czech Republic have found that there is a strong relationship between attitudes expressed toward a foreign country—indicated in surveys on foreign leaders' performance—and the occurrence of terrorism against that country.

"Public opinion appears to be a useful predictor of terrorist activity," said Krueger, the Bendheim Professor in Economics and Public Policy. He has held a joint appointment since 1987 in Princeton's Department of Economics and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. "This is the first study to relate public opinion across countries to concrete actions such as terrorism," he added.

Read more ..

America and the Flu

Confronting the Facts About Swine Flu

September 14th 2009

Latin American Topics - Mexico Plague Kisses

In June, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared swine flu--officially known as the H1N1 virus--the first influenza pandemic since 1968. The following month, the WHO told countries to stop reporting individual swine flu infections because the number of victims had rapidly exceeded 1 million people and the virus had spread to almost every nation in the world. The flu continues to spread. A WHO scientist estimates that H1N1 could infect 2 billion people in two years. Since emerging in April, it has become one of the fastest spreading contagious diseases on record.

H1N1 will return to the U.S. this fall with the flu season. This year's flu season may be more severe than normal, but the U.S. has the capacity to respond to the extra strains. Federal, state, and local governments should continue to improve their pandemic response and risk communication programs. They still need to do much to improve cross-state planning, continuity of operations, situational awareness and information sharing, and community resiliency.

However, an effective public response will likely be the most important factor in mitigating the effects of the flu season. The public should follow the guidelines of a responsible national vaccination strategy and adopt behaviors, such as washing hands properly, to limit the spread of the disease and minimize its societal impacts. Read more ..


Future Edge

Big Brother Is Watching in Public Service Advertising

September 7th 2009

Computer Topics - Shadowy Computer User

Mornings on radio in the United States are filled with advertising. From the time we wake up until the time we fall asleep, it seems the advertising never ends. The jingles, catchy and appealing, sometimes want you to adopt a child or to pony up for National Parks. Sometimes they pressure you to wear a seat belt or to use a booster seat (4.9 is the magic age for using a booster seat -- according to the ad brought to us by the Department of Transportation). For its part, the Department of Health and Human Services wants us to adopt a teen. And so on, and so on…

Of course, they are all good ads with clever jingles and cute lines. At least they seem that way the first few times you hear them. And, obviously, listening to such ads is the price we pay for hearing the news or the music, or whatever the radio is offering. What is surprising, though, is the reversal that has taken place in radio sponsorship. Once the domain of private enterprise, it is now increasingly becoming the voice of government. Our own tax money is put to work to convince us of something politicians and bureaucrats think we ought to do. Read more ..


Turkey on the Edge

What's Behind Behind Persistent Anti-Americanism in Turkey?

August 31st 2009

Islamic Topics - Turkish Anger

Over the past years, some analysts have suggested that George W. Bush's unpopular administration spawned the high levels of anti-Americanism in Turkey. Referring to this phenomenon as "anti-Bushism," however, discounted the rise of anti-Americanism in Turkey and implied that the country's adverse view of the United States would change with a new administration. Unfortunately, two recent polls suggest otherwise. Despite the new faces in Washington -- policymakers who have gone out of their way to embrace Turkey and its citizens -- anti-Americanism persists across Turkish society.

A poll by the Pew Global Attitudes Project reveals that President Barack Obama's election has led to significant improvement in America's standing in the world, including in European and Muslim-majority countries; France and Indonesia, for instance, witnessed increases in U.S. popularity from 42 percent to 75 percent and 37 percent to 63 percent, respectively, between 2008 and 2009. Turkey, however, is a rare exception to this trend. According to Pew, the U.S. favorability rating in Turkey in 1999-2000 was 52 percent, but then sharply dived to 30 percent in 2002, 15 percent in 2003, and 12 percent in 2008. In 2009, with the advent of the Obama administration, there has been only a minimal increase of 2 percent in U.S. favorability in Turkey, from 12 to 14 percent. Read more ..


Eugenics in America

Government Death Panels and Mass Murder was Always an Option in 20th Century America's War Against the Weak

August 24th 2009

Book Covers - War Against the Weak

This article is based on the award-winning bestseller War Against the Weak--Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race  (Dialog Press). Buy it here

The summer of 2009 has been rife with misplaced fears about government death panels arising from proposed insurance reform. These fears are not based on anything in the proposed legislation. But government death panels and mass euthanasia were always a public option during the first decades of the twentieth century. This campaign to exterminate all those deemed socially or medically unworthy was not conducted by the worst segments of our society but by the elite of the American establishment. They saw themselves as liberals, progressive, do-gooders—and even utopians— trying to create a more perfect society.

The mission: eliminate the existence of the poor, immigrants, those of mixed parentage, and indeed anyone who did not approximate the blond-haired blue-eyed ideal they idealized. This racial type was termed Nordic, and it was socially deified by a broad movement of esteemed university professors, doctors, legislators, judges and writers. They called themselves eugenicists. This widely accepted extremist movement was virtually created and funded by millions in corporate philanthropy from the Carnegie Institution, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Harriman railroad fortune through a complex of pseudoscientific institutions and population tracking offices at Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island. From there, leading academics supported by big money lead a termite-like proliferation of eugenics into the laws, social policies and curricula of the nation. During these turbulent decades, eugenics enjoyed the active support of the government, especially the U.S. Department of Agriculture which wanted to breed men the way they bred cattle, and many state and county offices.

Indeed, Eugenics was enacted into law in some 27 states during the first decades of the twentieth century, and then exalted as the law of the land by the U. S. Supreme Court. In a famous 1927 opinion, revered jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes compared social undesirables to bacteria to be wiped out. The sanctioned methods to be used were nothing less than a combination of pseudoscientific raceology, social engineering, ethnic cleansing and abject race law, designed to eliminate millions in an organized fashion. More specifically, the American eugenics movement sought to continually subtract the so-called “bottom tenth” of America. These were to include Blacks, Native Americans, Southern Italians, East Europeans, Jews, Hispanics, the poor, criminals, the intellectually unaccepted, the so-called “shiftless,” and many others. The drive for perfection even included excising the existence of Appalachians with brown hair, frequently rounded up by county officials for confinement. When this effort began in the early twentieth century, some fourteen million Americans were targeted for elimination. Read more ..


Iran on the Edge

Iran Faces Its own Demographic Consequences

August 24th 2009

Iran - Iran Election

Despite its fundamentalist Islamic reputation, Iran has experimented with birth control with some unexpected and unwelcome, consequences.

If demography is destiny, the family of Farzaneh Roudi is a snapshot of Iran’s past, present and future. A program director at the Population Reference Bureau in Washington DC, Ms Roudi was born in Iran. Her grandmother had 11 children, her father had 6 and she has 2.

Her profile is not unusual in Iran, where women give birth to fewer than 2 children, on average. This is one of the most remarkable demographic shifts in world history. Its fertility rate has declined from 7 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 today – a decline of 70 percent in the space of a single generation. And about 80 percent of married women in Iran use contraception -- the highest rate among all the countries in the Middle East.

These staggering statistics confound stereotypes about Iran. Even though the Western media depicts this nation of 70 million as a teeming cauldron of Islamic fundamentalism and social and moral conservatism, the trend to lower birthrates began long ago. In 1967 Mohammad Reza Shah signed the Tehran Declaration. This acknowledged family planning as a human right and programs were quickly established. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution which booted out the Shah, they were dismantled for being pro-Western. But contraceptive use was not totally banned and Imam Khomeini and other Ayatollahs did grant fatwas allowing it as a health measure. Read more ..


Inside Islam

Secular France Piqued by Muslim Bathing Attire

August 17th 2009

Islamic Topics - Burkini a la francaise
"Carole" in her Burkini

A woman in France, a convert to Islam, was turned away from a public pool for wearing a burkini: the Muslim answer to the more liberal bikini.

The debate over Muslim attitudes regarding clothing, especially for women, took another turn in France when on August 1 a woman was refused admission to a public swimming pool in a Parisian suburb. The citizen identified as “Carole” had previously frequented the pool but was this time turned back by administrators who decided that her bathing costume, which some call "a burkini," was not acceptable.

In a country famed for its topless beaches and sun-loving bathers, Carole was turned away for wearing a garment that revealed nothing but her face, hands, and feet, much in the tradition of Muslim countries such as Iran and Saudi Arabia that impose strict dress codes on women.

Having been previously allowed to bathe at the pool in her aquatic hijab, Carole went to the nearest police station to file a complaint that she had been subjected to illegal “segregation.” Said the convert to Islam, “I understand that it is something that may come as a surprise, but what bothers me the most is that they would have me believe that it is a political problem.” Carole is planning to file suit against the the town of Emerainville, which operates the pool.

One of the pool administrators gave assurances that “under no circumstances” should the affair be understood as a “political or religious matter” but instead a matter of “hygiene.” As for using other services provided by the community, such as the public library, the same administrator said that Carole is welcome to wear a veil there. He also admitted that there had been an error in previously allowing the Muslim woman to swim in her burkini.

André Gerin, a Communist member of the French legislature and of a committee that is studying the widening use of Muslim clothing, referred to the burkini incident as another “provocation by militants.” He added in response to the Muslim woman's complaint to the police and threatened lawsuit “We cannot accept that”, while asserting that this is a militantly political act. Gerin said that burkinis are “ridiculous” and put him in mind of wetsuits used by undersea divers. Read more ..


Inside Islam

Europe is Changing--to be 20 Percent Islamic by 2050, Experts Say

August 10th 2009

Islamic Topics - Muslim Woman

The makeup of European populations has been changing since the 1950’s, unnoticed except to a tiny minority of statistical and census experts. That is until the last decade, when an almost exponential change in the demographic makeup of European populations became apparent to even the average citizen. The change in question is the unprecedented growth of Europe’s Islamic population.

When the statistics on immigration and birth rates are examined, the projections point to this conclusion; that if all other things remain equal, Europe will have a 20 percent Muslim population by 2050, with some nations arriving at that point even sooner. Debate at the highest levels has ensued about what the future holds for the Old Continent.

To many European government officials, the statistics are startling and alarming. For example, the EU’s Muslim population has doubled in the last 30 years, and is projected to double again by 2015. In France, Muslims make up 9 percent of the overall population, but in certain major urban areas, for example Marseille, the figure approaches 25 percent. In the UK, the second most popular name registered at birth is Mohammad. Likewise in Brussels where the top seven boys names are Mohammed, Adam, Rayan, Ayoub, Mehdi, Amin and Hamza.
In Britain, research by the Times newspaper into official figures published by the British government’s Office of National Statistics has also revealed that the UK’s Muslim population is growing ten times faster than that of indigenous Britons. Read more ..


Edge on Terrorism

Understanding the North Carolina Jihadis

August 3rd 2009

Terrorism - DanielPatrickBoyd

With shock and malaise, Americans are discovering that their country is penetrated by jihadi terrorists, particularly those labeled "homegrown." Over the past few months, several alarming cases have been revealed by law enforcement. Not only the frequency of these revelations but also the type of jihadi cells are teaching the public that something very troubling is happening within the homeland: the surge of a threat deserving a greater attention than the current attitude dispensed by the administration.

The arrest of Daniel Patrick Boyd, a married 39-year-old, his two sons, and four other "jihadis" in a rural area south of Raleigh, N.C., is not a little matter in our global analysis of the movement within the United States. "Saifullah," the jihadi name of Boyd; his two sons, Zakariya, 20, and Dylan, 22; Mohammed Omar Aly Hassan, 22; and Ziad Yaghi, 21, are all U.S. citizens. Hysen Sherifi, 24, a Kosovo national, is a legal resident.

According to published government documents, this was a group based in the U.S. training and preparing to perform "jihad" overseas, like a Virginia predecessor group arrested some eight years ago and charged with using paintball training camps to "strike at targets in the Indian subcontinent." Based on this data alone, the North Carolina cell is a combatant group committed to "terror war." Based on reviewing this data and comparing it with the multiple cells dismantled over several years, particularly over the past few months, the matter is more serious.

Furthermore, even though the courts will struggle with defense attorneys' expected tactics to portray the jihadists as enamored with a "foreign cause," many in the counterterrorism community would not buy this version. All the hallmarks indicate (based on the published information) that the case is more ominous than average citizens think. The legal proceedings will take their course and justice will be served in court, but the bigger picture—the troubling questions related to this country's national security—must be addressed seriously and quickly.

Read more ..

The Cuban Edge

Remnant Jewish Cuban Community Holds Identity Despite Dwindling Numbers

July 27th 2009

 - Cuban Jewish Woman

In 1995, when I first visited Cuba, it was after years working in support of Soviet Jewry. My mission was discovering what had happened to the Cuban Jewish community, after the Cuban Revolution and years of Soviet influence. The question I asked myself was could I help the community not only survive, but thrive after decades during which practicing religion was discouraged and daily life was challenged by dire economic conditions.

In many ways, my effort began after I met Abraham Berezniak in 1996. Abraham had a lively smile and a powerful voice and was the President of the Orthodox Synagogue in Havana. The synagogue had managed to survive because of his leadership and the force of his personality, notwithstanding pressures from the Soviets and Cuban government.

Although cancer forced him to spend most of his time in hospital, his congregation would place a bed next to the Ark that housed the Torah so that he could spend every Friday night service with them. Abraham knew that his congregation needed to see him there.

Years later, his son, Yacob, now a Vice-President of the congregation and a true leader like his father, became the first child to be bar mitzvahed in Cuba after the Soviets left. I attended that bar mitzvah and later returned to Cuba with the video I had made which I gave Yacob so that he could see on film how proud his father was of him. Read more ..


The Way We Are

Brain Emotion Circuit Sparks as Teen Girls Size Up Peers

July 20th 2009

Social Topics - Brain Waves

What is going on in teenagers' brains as their drive for peer approval begins to eclipse their family affiliations? Brain scans of teens sizing each other up reveal an emotion circuit activating more in girls as they grow older, but not in boys. The study by Daniel Pine, M.D., of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, and colleagues, shows how emotion circuitry diverges in the male and female brain during a developmental stage in which girls are at increased risk for developing mood and anxiety disorders.

"During this time of heightened sensitivity to interpersonal stress and peers' perceptions, girls are becoming increasingly preoccupied with how individual peers view them, while boys tend to become more focused on their status within group pecking orders," explained Pine. "However, in the study, the prospect of interacting with peers activated brain circuitry involved in approaching others, rather than circuitry responsible for withdrawal and fear, which is associated with anxiety and depression." Read more ..


Significant Lives

Michael Jackson's Legacy Soars Above His Troubles

July 13th 2009

Music - Michael Jackson 1990

Many of us grew up as huge fans and were consistently affected by his music and persona for much of our lives. Hearing the news of his shocking death has quickly reminded us of our own mortality and imminent death. The world was absolutely crushed when the reality set in that he was gone too soon and would never return. This will deeply resonate within the now seemingly hollow spot Michael Jackson left in the hearts of cult global followers that grew up with the pop star turned tragic figure---one that even the masterful craftsmanship of Shakespeare couldn’t create.

Many of us are well versed in his trials and tribulations, but, maintained empathy and downright pity for him as we continued to see him slide into depression and plain weirdness. Many can tell the story of befriending his posters in our rooms, eating breakfast with him on our cereal boxes, driving with him on our radios to work, even masterminding genius plans to find ways into his concerts. Everywhere you looked, Michael Jackson made cultural imprints as he easily crossed genres. It is without question that there was deep love and affection for him from sea to shining sea.

Through the years, Michael endured the curse of being the world’s most famous person, and, at times bore the weight of being one of the most infamous people. His relationships with others were dissected and called weird or fake. He was swarmed by fans spontaneously anytime he left his home, and tracked by helicopters and paparazzi on the way to court to defend himself before the world. Having communicated with Mr. Jackson during the furnace of his trials, I really began to see that that this superstar was only a man. What came across? A man who reached great heights and had his childhood stolen from him. He was skeptical of people because he was oftentimes exploited. He was clearly twisted and warped. I had to wonder who was responsible for this mess. Yet through his emotional underdevelopment, he remained sincere, humbled by stardom, and a man you wouldn’t be afraid to call brother and friend.

Read more ..

Significant Lives

A Saintly Main Returns Home

July 6th 2009

Christian Topics - Thomas Mulvihill King

The term "saint" is used quite often these days, referring to a good person or a kind person or someone who pulled us out of a jam.

We think that saints are very rare and especially hard to find, especially in this day and age. In fact, there are many unrecognized men and women of holiness around us each day. 

In his book, Saint of the Day, Father Leonard Foley, OFM, defines saints as those who “surrender to God's love was so generous an approach to the total surrender of Jesus that the Church recognizes them as heroes and heroines worthy to be held up for our inspiration. They remind us that the Church is holy, can never stop being holy and is called to show the holiness of God by living the life of Christ.”

In recent days, we laid one such man to rest. A man who exemplified holiness, demonstrated an intimate love of God, and was a model for each of us to follow to salvation.

Born May 9, 1929 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Father Thomas Mulvihill King, SJ, returned home after a sudden heart attack in his campus residence at Georgetown University on June 23. He was 80. Read more ..


Inside Africa

Kenya's Grim Squalor Seethes Beside Opulence and Corruption

June 29th 2009

Kenya Topics - Kenya Poverty

From where I write at the Kenyan Coast, where I am working for a few days, I am within walking distance of what when it is finished will be a show-piece golf resort, unmatched elsewhere in Africa, with supermarket, airport, luxury homes with swimming pools, 36-hole course and a long etcetera of facilities which might be the envy of the Gulf sheikhs. In shaming contrast, a few miles towards the interior lies the poorest political constituency of the whole of Kenya, Ganze. Here peasants literally scrape out a living with their primitive hoes under a blistering sun and famine is a frequent visitor. Here too, it is rare for a child to complete even primary education, healthcare is at its most basic, and people sleep on a wooden frame covered with skins which passes for a bed.

The golf resort targets the international elite, and when construction was first started the local people, squatters on what they consider their ancestral land, broke down the wall. As a sop they have been offered jobs on this enormous construction site, at a rate of around two dollars a day to cover all the expenses of their often very large families. They may protest at the working conditions, only to find their job offered to someone else in the long line of local unemployed.

This is the crisis Kenya and most sub-Saharan African states are undergoing: the seemingly unbridgeable gap between very rich and very poor. Nearly forty years ago, a famous political activist, J.M. Kariuki, whose murder in strange circumstances has never been explained called Kenya a country of ten millionaires and ten million beggars. Read more ..


Edge on Human Trafficking

Emancipation Anniverary Means Nothing to Thousands of Modern Day Sex Slaves

June 22nd 2009

Crime Topics - Sex Slave Motif2

Thousands of young women have been enslaved in Europe and the US because of permissive Western attitudes.

Nothing illustrates the moral schizophrenia of our age and in America than two June events. June 19th marks the anniversary of the effective emancipation of African-American slaves in 1865. The Senate has passed a resolution formally apologising for the "fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery".

But on June 16, the State Department released its Trafficking in Persons Report 2009. This dismal document estimates that there are still over 12.3 million adults and children in forced labor, bonded labor, and commercial sexual servitude at any given time in the world. About 1.4 million of these are victims of commercial sexual servitude. Even President Obama has acknowledged that slavery still exists in the US: "Sadly, there are thousands who are trapped in various forms of enslavement, here in our country… oftentimes young women who are caught up in prostitution... It is a debasement of our common humanity".

According to John R. Miller, former US ambassador at large on modern day slavery, as many as 17,500 slaves may enter the United States every year. As elsewhere, contemporary American slaves work in brothels, massage parlors, and other sex businesses, or as domestic servants. Read more ..


After the Holocaust

After Holocaust Museum Shooting, Denial and Hate Again Spotlighted

June 15th 2009

Contributors / Staff - Michael Berenbaum
Michael Berenbaum

From its inception, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has regarded itself—and been regarded by others—as a high priority target, and for good reason. Though not a Jewish institution, but a government institution, it is one of the most visible institutions that reflect the prominence of American Jewry—its creators—and the most central American institution dealing with the Holocaust.

For the past 15 years, the museum has spent significant resources on security and held itself to the highest standards. Its security staff is very professional, very well trained and armed. Such professionalism and training showed itself today in the swiftness of their response. Lives were saved. There may have been as many as 2,000 people in the museum when the gunman entered. We deeply mourn the death of Officer Stephen Tyrone Johns, a six-year veteran of the museum’s security staff, and salute his colleagues for their immediate and effective response.

The alleged shooter, an 88-year-old white supremacist—let us not give him the dignity of a name—reminds us that danger lurks in many places and that hatred takes many forms. It will be clear over the next several days that he hated Jews, but not only Jews. Racists seem to be unable to confine their hatred to only one group, and this often generates solidarity among the subjects of their hatred, for the safety of one group is inextricably lined to the safety of another and to the effectiveness of law enforcement groups and the rule of law. He proclaimed his hatred on the Web. His heinous act is the loudest proclamation of that hatred.

We should genuinely fear a copycat killer, and other institutions must take appropriate precautions. A lone gunman who is willing to risk his own death can seldom be stopped. Homegrown terrorists are dangerous, as we saw in a Kansas church on the Sunday before last. Venom is also dangerous.

The attack also reminds us of the sheer power of the events now known as the Holocaust; the power to plead for dignity and decency, for tolerance and pluralism, and for an effective response to other genocide and to the condemnation of antisemitism, past and present.

The killer may have been on Holocaust overload. Read more ..


The Education Edge

Does Universal Preschool Improve Learning?

June 8th 2009

Social Topics - Homeschooling

Campaigning for the presidency in 2008, Barack Obama pledged to help states implement taxpayer-funded universal preschool—preschool for all. The President's early education plan, for which he has advocated spending up to $10 billion annually in federal expenditures, encourages states to provide preschool for every child. As President, Obama reinforced his commitment to early education when he signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which provided $5 billion in funding for early childhood programs. Furthermore, the President's Early Learning Challenge Grant program pledges additional support for early education initiatives, with the ultimate goal of supporting states' efforts to implement universal preschool for all three- and four-year-old children in the country, regardless of family income.

With the support of President Obama, the 111th Congress will likely consider proposals to expand federal subsidies for early childhood programs. Four such proposals aim to establish taxpayer-funded universal preschool.

The Providing Resources Early for Kids Act of 2009 (PRE-K Act), H.R. 702, introduced by Representative Mazie Hirono (D-HI), provides federal grants to states to improve and expand taxpayer-funded preschool programs. The bill stipulates that in order to receive funding, state preschool programs must use curricula aligned with early learning standards, implement best practices for student-teacher ratios, and be in operation for the full academic year. Teachers must hold at least an associate's degree in early childhood education and obtain a bachelor's degree in early childhood education after five years of receiving such a grant. The PRE-K Act authorizes $4 billion in federal funds from 2010 to 2014

Read more ..

Inside Latin America

Rampant Violence in Guatemala Apparently Immune to Justice

June 1st 2009

Latin American Topics - Funeral in Guatemala

Deadly violence appears to be a daily occurrence in Guatemala, where even the president of the small Central American nation has been accused of being the author of a recent murder of attorney. Thousands of President Alvaro Colom’s supporters thronged the central square of Guatemala City on May 17, while in another public space his accusers demanded justice for Rodrigo Rosenberg, who had accused in a video before his death that the president and his wife were plotting his murder.

Rosenberg’s murder, like thousands of others, has gone unsolved just as the detritus of decades of civil war, torture, and genocide smolder beneath the surface of a land beset by social inequalities, narcotrafficking, maladministration, and ethnic tensions.

Drug gangs known as “maras” have been associated with hundreds of murders of women that remain unsolved, while they have been known to order killings from their cells in prisons that are largely within their control. These gangs actually had their genesis in the U.S., largely in Los Angeles in the Latino barrios. They now also have operations in the Central American isthmus where they are involved in trafficking narcotics and human beings north through Mexico to the U.S. Read more ..


Significant Lives

Edward Bromfield--A Renaissance Man Passes into Memory

May 25th 2009

Contributors / Staff - Ed Broomfield

At his regular Wednesday night basketball game a few weeks ago, some three years into a battle with pancreatic cancer, Ed Bromfield played as hard as ever and only told his friends in an e-mail afterward that it was his last game. Perhaps that was just as well.

"He made the winning basket, and he had a kid in a candy store grin on his face," said Dutch Henry, his next-door neighbor in Newton and a player in the Wednesday games. "This sounds really corny, but it really happened. His wife said, 'You guys weren't cutting him any slack, were you?' And I said, 'No, he never wanted anyone to cut him any slack.' "

No slack was discernible in any aspect of Dr. Bromfield's life. A physician who founded the epilepsy program at Brigham and Women's Hospital, he was just as well known for teaching students and colleagues how to balance family, work, and hobbies as he was for showing them how to be better doctors.

Dr. Bromfield, chief of epilepsy and sleep neurology at the hospital, died May 10 at his Newton home. He was 58.

In a eulogy, Terry Bromfield said her husband found out he had cancer on her birthday and called to tell her before they met for dinner. "When I sat down at the table to join him, he took both of my hands, looked into my eyes, and said, 'I have no regrets,' " she wrote. "Can you imagine living a life and having no regrets?" Read more ..


Personal Edge

Making Epilepsy a Personal Mission

May 25th 2009

Contributors / Staff - Joyce Bender

“In 1985, a seizure almost ended my life,” recalls JoyceBender. “That experience led to a whole new purpose in life for me." Now Epilepsy Foundation’s Board of Directors has elected Bender as its new chair for a two-year term. Bender founder of based Pittsburgh-based Bender Consulting, national company that works with the disabled. She also hosts Disability Matters with Joyce Bender, a radio show airing on www.voiceamerica.com.

"It is the greatest honor to be appointed as board chair of the Epilepsy Foundation," said Bendxer, "and I will work to serve and represent all Americans living with epilepsy.”

When Bender founded her first company, its focus was on matching the right people with the right technology and management positions. When she suffered a life-threatening, epilepsy-related accident, she created a new business to help talented people with disabilities find rewarding professional careers.

“Joyce has been a dedicated member of the board of directors and supporter of the Foundation for 10 years,” said Eric Hargis, president and CEO of the Epilepsy Foundation. “We are fortunate that she shares her resources, passion, and knowledge to help further our mission to ensure that people with epilepsy are able to participate in all life experiences.” Read more ..


Inside Latin America

Ramón Villeda Morales: The “Little Bird” Who Brought Big Changes and Honor to Honduras

May 18th 2009

Latin American Topics - Hondurans

In a country perennially struggling with issues of lack of social justice, equality and corrupted by successive inept governments, Honduras’ Ramón Villeda Morales (or as his supporters dubbed him, “little bird”) fought to free his country from self-destructiveness and to alleviate the problems afflicting a nation better known for its repeated revolutions and annual coups.

Ramón Villeda Morales was born on November 26, 1909 in Ocotepeque, a southwestern Honduran department bordering Guatemala and El Salvador. While studying pediatric medicine at Honduras’ Universidad Nacional Autónoma in the capital city of Tegucigalpa, Villeda Morales also served as president of the prestigious Federation of University Students. After graduating in 1938, he moved with his wife, Alejandrina Bermudez de Villeda, to Germany, where he attended medical school.

He returned to Honduras in 1940 and, at age 31, opened a pediatric clinic in Santa Rosa de Copán, in western Honduras, and then a second one in Tegucigalpa.
With an intense interest in politics, Villeda Morales soon joined the Partido Liberal de Honduras Honduran Liberal Party (PLH), where he quickly demonstrated charisma and exceptional oratorical talents. His prodigious public speaking capabilities soon earned him his lifetime nickname “Pajarito,” meaning little bird, from his supporters inside the party. Read more ..


Inside the Phillipines

Philippines Effort to Cut Smoking Goes up in Smoke

May 11th 2009

Health/Medicine - Phillipines Cigarettes

The campaign against smoking, which kills close to 90,000 people a year in the Philippines - on a par with the number of deaths in natural disasters or conflicts - is becoming a losing battle.

“My friends look so cool smoking,” Arnold Santos of Mandaluyong City said, who took up the habit out of peer pressure. “Now, I smoke 10 cigarettes a day,” the 17-year-old, who has no plans of quitting just yet, said.

Despite the passage of the Tobacco Control Act, more Filipino youths are now smoking, “indicating that the law has not been effective”, Maricar Limpin, executive director of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance Philippines (FCAP), said. Read more ..


Inside Islam

Mideast Population Growth Slows But Women's Status Remains Unresolved

May 5th 2009

Islamic Topics - 2 women in burqa

Fifty years of rapid population growth in the Middle East is coming to an end. The Middle East is experiencing the same "demographic transition" to slow population growth that other areas have gone through. The immediate reason for the slower population growth is a fall in the number of children born to the average woman over her lifespan, known as the "total fertility rate" (TFR). While contraception availability and urbanization played a part in the declining TFR, the main factor was the empowerment of women. In recent decades, Middle Eastern women have made great progress at gaining more equal access to education, but that has not yet translated into more access to employment outside the home. The demographic transition through which the Middle East is passing presents an opportunity that is also a challenge. The opportunity is several decades in which the economy faces a relatively light burden in caring for children and the elderly.

However, the Middle East can only take advantage of this opportunity if it can create enough jobs for the young people born during the years of rapid population growth. If jobs are not created in sufficient numbers to absorb those joining the labor market, the resulting rise in unemployment could have a considerable political impact. Meanwhile, within a few decades, the Middle East is expected to experience a rapid increase in the elderly population, which by 2050 will exceed the number of children in many of the region's countries.

In the Middle East, as in much of the world, the demographic story of the past 50 years was rapid population growth, which placed a heavy burden on economies. Yet that is coming to an end, in no small part because of social changes, especially the modest progress toward women's empowerment. The Middle East is now making a "demographic transition" that offers the prospect of twin "demographic dividends" if governments can create the right environment -- first the opportunity from much of the population being of working age with a low burden for caring for the youth and elderly; then, in coming decades, the opportunity of increased capital from the savings of middle-aged workers preparing for retirement. Read more ..


Great Gatherings

Nearly 7,000 Gather at AIPAC Policy Conference to Confront Iran and Gasoline Suppliers with Crushing Sanctions

April 30th 2009

Obama Admin Topics - Obama AIPAC 2008
Barack Obama at AIPAC 2008

As many as 7,000 supporters of Israel will assemble at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee Annual Policy Conference in Washington May 3-5 to work with their representatives in Congress to enact tough new sanctions against Iran and its gasoline suppliers.

The sanctions are another attempt to avert a military confrontation between Jerusalem and Tehran over the latter’s nuclear ambitions. Iran has consistently threatened to “wipe Israel off the map” and to block the strategic oil passage at the Strait of Hormuz which would immobilize the American economy within weeks.

The AIPAC conference is considered one of Washington’s most significant political and constituent gatherings, attended by thousands of Israel advocates from across the nation and scores of Senators, House Representatives and key administrative officials and diplomats in a massive show of solidarity with Israel. Last year’s historic event, which will undoubtedly overshadow the conference for years to come, saw John McCain, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama all appearing prominently during the apex of the superheated political campaign. Indeed, Clinton and Obama passed each other backstage. This year, the focus is not elections but thwarting Iran’s nuclear program. Read more ..


GM's Toxic Legacy

General Motors Leaves a Toxic Time Bomb for America--and the World

April 27th 2009

Energy / Environment - Toxic Waste Site
Toxic Waste Site in Michigan

GM's assets are toxic. But that toxicity is not limited to financial health. The poisonous legacy of General Motors will be carried by its workers in their bodies for the rest of their lives.

Working in factories like those in America’s auto industry is unlike working for a bank, a grocery store, an office, utility company or most other none toxic industries. The potential for close and continuous exposure in these auto factories to dangerous toxic elements is far greater than these other jobs. That is why United Auto Workers leaders over the last fifty years negotiated good healthcare benefits for workers and retirees. Read more ..


Significant Lives

A Spiritual Loss Stuns a Catholic Community

April 20th 2009

Christian Topics - Rev. G. William Finch
Rev. G. William Finch

The mood was forlorn. The crowd was overflow. The streets were parked up for blocks around. The moment was a sad one as the 11,000 member St. Raphael’s Catholic Church in Rockville, MD both mourned the sudden death and celebrated the life of Pastor Rev. G. William Finch. Some 1,300 mourners assembled at St. Raphael’s. Some 85 priests, vested in white, representing several dioceses, filled several rows of pews. Together, they concelebrated the Eucharist, simultaneously intoning the prayers of consecration.

Rev. Finch’s sudden passing just before Good Friday stunned the local Catholic community and many others throughout the Washington suburbs. So far-reaching was Pastor Finch’s spiritual connection to the community, that Archbishop Donald Wuerl of the Washington D.C. Diocese interrupted his Holy Week activities to officiate as celebrant of the priest’s funeral mass. Known as a mega-church, the 11,000-member St. Raphael’s celebrates seven Masses every Sunday. Pastor Finch was their rock.

The beloved priest died suddenly on April 9 just after celebrating Maundy Thursday Mass, also known as Holy Thursday. Father Bill, as he was popularly known since 2002, had just finished Mass when he began complaining of shortness of breath. He had marked his own 55th birthday only a day before collapsing. Read more ..


The Obama Edge

Proposed Decrease in Tax Deduction for Charitable Giving Hurts Civil Society

April 13th 2009

Economy - Money Jar

Many nonprofit organizations are under severe financial pressure. They need donations more than ever, and the hurting people they serve have a stake in the unrestrained flow of those donations.

However, President Barack Obama's proposed budget for fiscal year (FY) 2010 moves in the opposite direction. It would raise taxes on those who can give the most and reduce their income tax deduction for charitable giving. This not only weakens one of the incentives to give, but also shifts perceived responsibility for social welfare from individual donors toward the state.

The Administration's Proposal

In February, the Obama Administration released its proposed federal budget for FY 2010. Included in the document are proposals to raise tax rates on high-income earners and to reduce their tax deduction rate on gifts to charities. These strategies are intended to raise funds for President Obama's health care plan. Read more ..


Edge of the Economic Crisis

Is Healthcare Under Obama "Too Big to Fail"

April 6th 2009

Social Topics - Medical bag
Armstrong Williams

The Washington press corps was busy last week stocking up on Red Bulls and Diet Cokes in anticipation of a late night following President Obama’s second prime time news conference in his short tenure.  White House aides said privately they wanted to convey the image of a “calm, relaxed, and confident” commander-in-chief, whose baptism by fire with the financial crisis has only steeled his resolve and reaffirmed that his is the correct path.

Let’s suspend disbelief for the time being and assume last week’s 500 point market rally was a sign of better times for our embattled economy.  What happens next with respect to Obama’s agenda?  He has certainly bitten off more than he can chew, even if his Cabinet and aides feel they’re primed for bolder agenda items.  One issue that will suck all of the political oxygen out of the room in the coming weeks and months is the president’s health care plan.

When he submitted his budget at the beginning of the month, Hill veterans were forced to ask where the health care specifics were located in such a large tome.  No one could find any details.  The proposal even listed an exact amount of $634 billion to be placed into a reserve fund. Again, with such a precise dollar amount, one would assume this amount was reached by having a clear plan of where and how the money would be spent.  Apparently, details only complicate the otherwise smooth and rapid approval of boundless sacks of taxpayer money heaped on our national woes. Read more ..


Edge of Black America

African-Americans Still Worse off Than Whites

March 30th 2009

Presidential - Barack Obama

The National Urban League says, despite the hope generated by the election of the first black U.S. president, African-Americans are faring worse in an economy in which the gap between the "American dream" and reality is widening. The Urban League says it will be pushing to ensure blacks benefit from the jobs and money Congress and President Obama made available in the economic stimulus plan.

On "H" Street in Washington, D.C., about 13 blocks from the U.S. Capitol, there is a steady stream of people at the unemployment office. One of them is electrician Stanley Currie, who is in a training program for government jobs.

"It's possible that you will get hired. But the probability of you getting hired - the odds are not with you," he says.

And that is the story in places that are predominantly African-American, in city after city. Unemployment, running nationally at 8.1 percent, is in double digits among blacks.

"Might be higher than that. I am a believer that it's higher than that, because I've been living here all my life and I see it," says Donald Long, who is unemployed.

And unemployment is just one factor leading the National Urban League to conclude there is still an "intolerable divide" between blacks and whites. Read more ..


America's Economic Collapse

Cheap Motels the New Address for Many Who Have Lost Their Homes

March 23rd 2009

Social Topics - Homeless in Cheap Motels

The National Center on Family Homelessness now estimatesthat 1.5 million U.S. children were homeless at one time or another between 2005 and 2006. The center also says America's homelessness problem is likely to worsen this year because of foreclosures and job losses due to the ongoing recession. 

Some middle class families have lost their homes, and because they cannot afford high rent, now are moving into low-cost motels.

Johnny and Tammy Garza and their four children are calling a low-cost motel room their home. "It's actually hard to have this many people in a small room like this," Johnny said.

The Garzas are joining a new class of Americans who are victims of the nation's financial crisis. They now live in cheap motel rooms.

"We have two burners over there and we have a little toaster oven to cook with and we have all the pots and pans," Tammy said. Read more ..


Inside Israel

Israeli Women Dying to be Thin

March 16th 2009

Social Topics - Anorexia

Through the millennia, humans have struggled to find or produce enough food to survive. Today, some people struggle not to eat… so they can die.

Just as lung cancer was almost nonexistent over a century ago, before tobacco smoking became popular, exposure to the media that made thinness fashionable has produced anorexia and other eating disorders that are fatal 20 percent of the time (more than any other psychiatric disorder).

Anorexia nervosa ("nervous loss of appetite") was first identified and described in 1870 but became common mostly in teenage girls and young women about four decades ago. More recently, a minority of teenage boys have joined in. The medical term is misleading, as sufferers do not lack appetite - they just ignore it and try to starve themselves because their perverted body image makes them fear gaining weight. Read more ..


America's Economic Collapse

The End of Retailing As We Knew It

March 9th 2009

Economy - Out of Business

Over the last 30 years Americans have learned to love soft living and fallen for the lie of prosperity at any price. In the last 10 years a significant number of delusional citizens have tested the get rich quick theory of life, twice. First, the internet bubble lured millions to believe that Pets.com was going to change the world and day trading was a road to riches. Once this bubble collapsed and wiped out millions of investors, we moved onto the next bubble.

Millions of Americans bought into the “fact” that home prices only go up. The National Association of Realtors dealt the propaganda that now was the best time to buy. Alan Greenspan provided the fuel with 1 percent interest rates and recommending ARMs for everyone.

Banks and mortgage brokers provided the mortgage products that would allow someone with annual income of $25,000 to “buy” a $400,000 home. The get rich quick portion of our population (10 percent to 20 percent) began to buy multiple houses and flipping them before the ink was dry on the closing papers. Home prices doubled in many places in the space of a few years. This lured a vast amount of the population to borrow against the ever increasing value of their homes. Everyone knew that home prices never fall. Read more ..


Inside India

World's Largest Democracy is a Closed Political Machine Incapable of a War on Terror

March 3rd 2009

India Topics - Indians protest against bars
Indians Protest Against Bars

Believing as he does that it is not ethnicity but values that define a civilization, this analyst was among the many who welcomed the November 4, 2008 election of Barack Hussein Obama as the 44th President of the United States. Indeed, this bias towards President Obama has been present since November 2007, when he became an internationally visible contender for the office.

The victory may motivate millions within the United States to shed the Victim Mindset and take advantage of the opportunities the United States has to offer as successfully as Indian-Americans (now the most prosperous segment within the population) have. This is conditional, however, on President Obama successfully ensuring the safety and prosperity of the United States, and this is itself partly conditional on continuing to keep his homeland safe from another mass casualty terror attack. Read more ..


Great Gatherings

Energy Independence Day in Washington Hopes to Ignite an Energy Revolution

February 23rd 2009

Energy / Environment - Oil Barrels

Hundreds of advocates urging America to get off of foreign oil will gather in Washington on March 3, 2008 to demand real action. Supporters will rally first at 11AM at the Capitol to hear speakers including Pulitzer-nominated author Edwin Black, author of The Plan, and then fan out on Capitol Hill for meetings with their Members of Congress.

Calling the event “The Shot Heard Round the World,” the event is being organized by Energy Alternatives for the 21st Century (EA-21) and the Transportation Energy Partnership (umbrella group for federal Clean Cities programs throughout the country) in association with a wide array of other green organizations. There is no cost to participate. Read more ..


Inside Society

Post-Abortion Women Describe Personal Struggles Over Their Choices

February 16th 2009

Social Topics - Post Aboriton Women

Thirty-six years after the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Roe v. Wade, effectively legalizing abortion in America, a spirited debate continues between anti-abortion activists and those who insist on a woman's right to choose to terminate her pregnancy.

But what do women who have actually undergone an abortion say about their ordeal and the impact their choice has had on their personal lives?           

While Americans debate the morality of abortion, the procedure has been legal and widely used since the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973. According to an estimate by the Centers for Disease Control, there were more than 45 million abortions in America between 1973 and 2005.

Some personal stories follow.

Susanne

Today, Susanne - who, like the other women in this report, asked that her last name not be used - is the mother of a thriving 10-year-old girl. But in 1991, she was a pregnant college girl with an unreliable boyfriend. She quickly chose to have abortion rather than bring the baby to term, yet she still muses about what or "who" might have been. Read more ..


Inside Eastern Europe

Ukraine is Split by Language and History

February 9th 2009

Russian Topics - Tymoshenko and Putin

Prime Ministers Yuliya Timoshenko and Vladimir Putin

Mykhailo Kazybrid is the head of the independent coal miners union at Mine Shaft Number Eight in the Western Ukrainian town of Sosnivka. Having worked in mines for more than 30 years, he is concerned some could be closed, devastating the local economy and people's lives. 

Kozybrid and his wife of 44 years, Hanna Fedorivna, agree that eastern and western Ukrainian miners are united by difficult working conditions and equally low pay.

"If we talk about the economy, it is the same in Lviv Oblast and the Lviv Coal Basin along with the economy in the Luhansk and Donetsk Basins. They are all one and the same," he says.

One-thousand kilometers east, in the industrial city of Makiivka near Donetsk, 30-year mine veteran Nikolai Vorobyov now works mostly above ground in an electric shop. Read more ..


The Home Front

Why Homeschooling is on the Rise

February 2nd 2009

Social Trends - Homeschooling

In December, the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics released new estimates on the number of American families homeschooling their children. The new report shows the growing popularity of homeschooling. In view of this trend, it is important that federal and state policymakers safeguard families' right to educate their children at home.

Growing Homeschooling Movement
The report shows that approximately 1.5 million children (2.9 percent of school-age children) were being homeschooled in the spring of 2007, representing a 36 percent relative increase since 2003 and a 74 percent relative increase since 1999. One private researcher estimates that as many as 2.5 million school-age children were educated at home during the 2007-2008 school year.

The homeschooling survey also reveals the most common reasons cited by families as the basis for their decision to educate their children at home. The most frequently referenced reasons included the ability to provide moral or religious instruction (36 percent), concern about the environment at other schools (21 percent), and dissatisfaction with the academic instruction provided at other schools (17 percent). Read more ..


Inside Africa

Donated Pipes Bring Water and New Life to Northern Senegal

January 26th 2009

Africa Topics - Senegal carrying water

Gaile Ndiaye remembers well waking before dawn in search of fresh water. She and the other girls from her village set off with their buckets, often walking several miles across the sandy soil of northern Senegal.

Ndiaye says when they did find a well with water, each girl took only two buckets so there would be enough for the rest of the village. It is a routine she repeated for years in this remote area near the Mauritanian border, her hands calloused by working the rough rope that drops down into the well's darkness.

Now her hands are smooth, and clean water flows from a tap just outside her door. More than 60 villages around the town of Leona--more than 13,000 people in northern Senegal--have fresh water for drinking and non-potable water for irrigation through a project linking the Senegalese government, Columbia University, and the world's largest manufacturer of plastic pipe. The project is having a big impact on the lives of women and children who used to spend hours carrying water from wells far from home. Read more ..


Inside Asia

Hong Kong's Air Pollution Causes Some to Think Twice About Living There

January 19th 2009

Asia Topics - Hong Kong air pollution

Air pollution in Hong Kong has gotten so bad that some businesses are losing staff and customers. A city watchdog group says the government is not doing enough to reduce pollution, much of which comes from mainland China.

Hong Kong's skies were clear and blue when Alan Knight first arrived there in 1993. But, within 12 years, the city had become so polluted there were days when he could not see through the gray haze across Victoria Harbor.

Knight's work requires travel. He is a journalist and professor. He also has a lung condition, which usually is dormant. But it flared, a few years back, when he returned to Hong Kong. He was hospitalized and received high dosages of antibiotics. Once he was back in Brisbane, Australia the condition resolved itself. Read more ..


The Way We Are

The Garage Gods

January 5th 2009

Contributors / Staff - Liz Black headshot
Elizabeth Black

I began looking at the real estate listings when I moved to a small Midwest city, mostly out of curiosity because the prices were so low compared to the East Coast. I was utterly amazed that anyone could own a home for under $400,000, much less for a mere $150,000. A 3-bedroom, 1-bath fixer-upper in the Washington D.C. suburbs would maybe start at $465,000. As I perused the photos in the weekly home sale guides, I began noticing something else: the amount of space devoted to garage doors as opposed to people doors. Many homes featured 3-car garages facing the street with only a small narrow front entrance off to one side like an afterthought. I was so intrigued by these photos that I began cutting them out. And then it became a game, a variation of "Where’s Waldo" that I call "Where’s the Entrance." I half expect to one day find a house with no front door at all. Once in a while I think I’ve found it, but if I drive by the property, I realize that someone just cropped off the inconsequential front entrance from the real estate listing photo. The duplexes popular in Midwest towns are the most intriguing: two side-by-side double garages with small front doors slightly set back on either side.

I’ve begun calculating the ratios between space devoted to car and people doors on the curbside views of houses for sale. Most come in at a 75 percent face space for the cars, 25 percent for the people. But last weekend I found the winner. A house that devoted 90 percent of its full frontal view to a 3-car garage. The front entrance occupied 10 percent.

Read more ..


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