The Edge of Terrorism
|Daniel Green ||December 14th 2013|
A recently captured document written by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) reveals an unusual degree of self-reflection regarding the terrorist group's short-lived control over parts of southern Yemen. Having retreated to historic safe havens in the interior following last year's Yemeni military campaign, AQAP has returned to its insurgent roots as it reconstitutes its forces. As part of this regenerative process, it has undertaken a thorough review of its 2011-2012 occupation and administration in the south -- a unique approach given that al-Qaeda has never devoted much attention to the details of governance and development nor administered such a large area in the past. Among other things, the document indicates that AQAP sees value in analyzing its experience with governance and using it as a propaganda tool to blunt criticism that al-Qaeda does not care about the people. While AQAP's actual record of administering territory falls far short of what it presents in its self-review, the document's depth of thinking and its focus on popular sentiment provide valuable insights into al-Qaeda's future strategy in Yemen and elsewhere. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|Alexander Bolton||December 13th 2013|
The year-end budget deal is likely to pass the Senate next week even though few Republican senators have publicly backed it, leadership aides say.
â€œIt seems likely weâ€™ll get there,â€ said a Senate Democratic leadership aide of the 60 votes needed to advance the budget agreement crafted by Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.) and Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.).
A Senate GOP leadership aide said the budget pactâ€™s prospects received a strong boost Thursday when the House passed it with more than 300 votes.
â€œI donâ€™t have any reason to think it wonâ€™t pass,â€ said the aide. â€œThe vote yesterday in the House that got 169 Republicans was a big vote.â€ The final tally was 332 to 94, a strong rebuke to conservative groups such as Club For Growth and Heritage Action that had urged lawmakers to oppose it. Read more ..
The Ukraine on Edge
|Robert Coalson||December 12th 2013|
Just hours after Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych called for roundtable talks with the opposition, police forcefully moved against demonstrators in Kyiv under the cover of darkness -- and hopes of a negotiated settlement to the standoff were dashed.
Yanukovych's reversal, appearing conciliatory after a meeting with three former Ukrainian presidents on December 10 only to crack down that night, was just his latest U-turn. It mirrored another apparent flip-flop weeks earlier, when police used force against protesters on the night of November 30 only to back off and cede the streets to them the next day.
Throughout Ukraine's ongoing crisis, which was sparked by Yanukovych decision to back away from a landmark pact with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Moscow, the president's mixed signals and frequent reversals of course have been dizzying.
According to Kyiv-based political analyst Viktor Nebozhenko, they have created the impression that he is losing control over the situation.
"President Yanukovych is clearly not up to the political task at hand," he says. "He is lost, that is obvious. The fact that he acts in directly contradictory ways -- one minute, he's conciliatory, the next, he is harsh -- shows that he has no strategy and he is simply being carried along with the currents."
He adds that Yanukovych's vacillations are the "main problem" in Ukraine now, producing an atmosphere in Kyiv that Nebozhenko describes as "de facto martial law." "It is obvious that the president is acting illogically -- at one moment, he is trying to frighten people and then he tries to make compromises," he says. "This is now the main problem -- what move will the president of Ukraine make next?" Read more ..
|Daniel Wagner||December 11th 2013|
The Center for Public Integrity
Minutes after Rick Metsger took the oath of office to become the newest overseer of the nationâ€™s credit union industry, he walked a few blocks up the street to break bread with executives and lobbyists for the firms he now regulates.
The luncheon in his honor was held at an elegant, $4 million Capitol Hill party and meeting space called Credit Union House. It drew a tightknit group of business leaders, advocates, and regulators â€” the most powerful people in a financial industry that holds more than $1 trillion but that most Americans know little about.
Metsger, whose ascent they had gathered to toast, was one of their own, a fellow-true believer in credit unions who would now police the industry full-time as one of three board members of the National Credit Union Administration. Read more ..
|Russell Berman, Erik Wasson and Mike Lillis||December 11th 2013|
Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) and Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.) announced a budget deal Tuesday evening that would call for about $1 trillion in federal spending in 2014 while replacing some sequestration cuts. The deal replaces $63 billion in sequester cuts over two years and trims an additional $23 billion in long-term deficits.
The agreement falls far short of the grand budget bargain Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) and President Obama once envisioned. But if passed, it will bring a measure of fiscal peace to the capital for the first time since Republicans took control of the House in 2010.
â€œThis deal doesn't solve all of our problems, but I think it is an important step to heal some of the wounds here in Congress,â€ Murray said in a joint press conference with Ryan at the Capitol. Read more ..
The Way We Are
|Anita Powell||December 10th 2013|
Tens of thousands of South Africans gathered Tuesday to bid farewell to anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela, a man loved around the globe for his long, difficult fight to bring equality to South Africa. The event at a Johannesburg soccer stadium brought together dignitaries and celebrities from around the world -- as well as masses of ordinary South Africans who braved long waits and bad weather to pay tribute to the man everyone here knows simply as â€œTata.â€
Cold, rainy weather didnâ€™t stop more than 60,000 South Africans -- and many dignitaries from abroad -- from descending on this Johannesburg soccer stadium to celebrate the life of Nelson Mandela. The former president and anti-apartheid icon died Thursday at the age of 95, after a long battle with a recurring lung infection.
He is admired in South Africa and around the world for leading the intense struggle to end South Africaâ€™s racist apartheid regime. He spent 27 years in prison for his opposition to the regime, and emerged to become South Africaâ€™s first black president in 1994. Read more ..
The Defense Edge
|Jeremy Herb||December 9th 2013|
The House and Senate are suspending regular order on a $607 billion Defense authorization bill in a last-ditch effort to get it to President Obama's desk before the end of the year.
The move likely means there won't be votes this year on tougher Iran sanctions or a controversial proposal to take sexual assault cases outside the chain of command.
The defense panels hope to quickly pass the measure through both chambers â€” without amendments â€” because the House plans to adjourn at the end of the week.
The strategy has no guarantee of success. But the lawmakers are confident they can pass the bill, which has been signed into law 51 straight years.
â€œYes, itâ€™s without a net, and yes weâ€™ve done it before,â€ a senior committee aide said in a background briefing with reporters Monday. The deal announced by House and Senate Armed Services leaders would authorize more than $600 billion in Defense spending and ensure key provisions like special military pay arenâ€™t disrupted. Read more ..
The Digital Edge
|Thomas A. Campbell and William J. Cass||December 8th 2013|
There's one downside to 3-D printing: it can do so much. Additive manufacturing (AM), as it's also known, has immense potential not only for streamlining industrial processes but also for producing objects that would be outright impossible to make with traditional methods. Nevertheless, that's precisely the problem: as the technology develops, it creates new opportunities for intellectual property (IP) pirates and counterfeiters, not to mention the makers of contraband goods like plastic firearms. The challenge for policy makers is to keep up with AM's new capabilities and to choose policies that protect our citizenry without compromising innovation.
For anyone with fundamental computer skills and the right equipmentâ€” hardware that is getting cheaper and more widely available every dayâ€”AM can be straightforward. You start by scanning, drawing or simply buying a computerized rendition of whatever it is that you intend to build. You then take that virtual model and tell your computer to slice it into digitized cross sections. Read more ..
|Elise Viebeck and Jonathan Easley||December 7th 2013|
The Obama administration is selectively releasing data and metrics on ObamaCare to bolster its case that the rollout is going better in the month of December.
Tidbits of information from federal health officials â€” especially figures that show improvements at HealthCare.gov â€” have become a key tool in the effort to â€œrebootâ€ the law in the eyes of the public. But the limited nature of the releases has created conflict with the media and put the spotlight on outstanding areas of concern for the rollout, such as the enrollment site's back end.
Itâ€™s not unusual for politicians to put out numbers that bolster their case. Democrats, for example, have been infuriated with House Oversight Committee Chairman Darrell Issa (R-Calif.), who they say has selectively dripped a series of redacted documents about the rollout. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|Brenda Sasso||December 6th 2013|
Rep. James Sensenbrenner Jr., the original author of the Patriot Act, says Director of National Intelligence James Clapper should be prosecuted for lying to Congress.
"Lying to Congress is a federal offense, and Clapper ought to be fired and prosecuted for it," the Wisconsin Republican said in an interview with The Hill. He said the Justice Department should prosecute Clapper for giving false testimony during a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing in March.
During that hearing, Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) asked Clapper whether the National Security Agency (NSA) collects data on millions of Americans. Clapper insisted that the NSA does not â€” or at least does "not wittingly" â€” collect information on Americans in bulk. Read more ..
|Juda Engelmayer||December 5th 2013|
Cutting Edge News Contributor
Nelson Mandela, the man who led South Africa's transition from white-minority rule in the 1990s, after 27 years in prison, and who became South Africa's first black president, died today. He was 95 years old.
Mandela had been battling health issues in recent years, and had recently been repeatedly hospitalized with a chronic lung infection. Since his last release, he had been receiving home-based medical care for his infection; he passed peacefully in his home.
As a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, he was among the most revered statesmen. His warm methods of preaching reconciliation despite his nearly three decade imprisonment, won him not only world acclaim, but prominence and his historic presidency. His mantra as written in his 1994 work, Long Walk to Freedom, "If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner," was the essence of who he was as a leader and an inspiration.
Mandela, who has rarely been seen in public since officially retiring in 2004, will be mourned and memorialized by a grateful nation and a world of fans. Read more ..
|Maria Sacchetti||December 5th 2013|
President Obama acknowledged on Thursday that he lived with his Kenyan uncle for a brief period in the 1980s while preparing to attend Harvard Law School, contradicting a statement more than a year ago that the White House had no record of the two ever meeting.
Their relationship came into question on Tuesday at the deportation hearing of his uncle, Onyango Obama, in Boston immigration court. His uncle had lived in the United States illegally since the 1970s and revealed in testimony for the first time that his famous nephew had stayed at his Cambridge apartment for about three weeks. At the time, Onyango Obama was here illegally and fighting deportation.
On Thursday, a White House official said the press office had not fully researched the relationship between the president and his uncle before telling the Globe that they had no record of the two meeting. This time, the press office asked the president directly, which they had not done in 2011. Read more ..
|Erik Wasson||December 3rd 2013|
Congressional budget conferees on December 2 failed to meet a deadline set by appropriators for a top-line budget number.
The blown deadline raises the odds that Congress will need at least a stopgap spending bill to keep the government running after Jan. 15.
Appropriators had called on the House-Senate conference to get a deal by Dec. 2 to ensure they had time to complete detailed spending bills, but the informal deadline was never endorsed by the leaders of the conference.
Sources say a small budget deal remains possible before the committeeâ€™s official deadline on Dec. 13, though this week is pivotal. Read more ..
|Elise Vliebeck||December 1st 2013|
The Obama administration claimed victory Sunday for making HealthCare.gov workable for the vast majority of users, a standard that will be tested as millions of people flood the site in the next three weeks. Sunday marked the passage of the administration's self-imposed deadline for fixing the broken ObamaCare enrollment website, which serves consumers in 36 states.
The agency that oversees HealthCare.gov said "we believe we have met the goal" of making the system navigable for most people, but cautioned that more problems may lie ahead. "Dramatic progress has been made," the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) stated in a report released Sunday morning. "[But] there is more work to be done to continue to improve and enhance the website." Read more ..
|Elise Viebeck||November 30th 2013|
Today marks the deadline for federal health officials to fix massive problems with ObamaCareâ€™s enrollment website.
Meeting the Nov. 30 deadline would provide a major boost for the administration, which has been mired in unprecedented conflict over its healthcare rollout for two straight months. It would also help push back against criticism surrounding the administration's decision to delay the law's online sign-up system for small businesses.
Another month of serious problems at HealthCare.gov would be disastrous. Without a smoothly running site, it will be difficult for the administration to enroll the millions of people necessary for stability on the new insurance exchanges. A paltry enrollment number would likely raise next year's prices on the marketplaces and cause insurers to withdraw their plans. Read more ..
|George Friedman||November 28th 2013|
What was unthinkable for many people over many years happened in the early hours of Nov. 24 in Geneva: The United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran struck a deal. After a decadelong struggle, the two reached an accord that seeks to ensure that Iran's nuclear program remains a civilian one. It is a preliminary deal, and both sides face months of work to batten down domestic opposition, build convincing mechanisms to assure compliance and unthread complicated global sanctions.
That is the easy part. More difficult will be the process to reshape bilateral relations while virtually every regional player in the Middle East seeks ways to cope with an Iran that is no longer geopolitically encumbered.
The foreign ministers of Iran and the six Western powers that constitute the so-called P-5+1 Group clinched a six-month deal that begins the curtailment of Iran's nuclear program while relaxing as much as $6 billion in sanctions -- basically those embargoes that do not require President Barack Obama to secure approval from Congress. Allowing Iran to enrich uranium to "civilian" levels while making sure the know-how is not diverted to military purposes will be complex. Read more ..
|Jeremy Herb||November 27th 2013|
China said Wednesday that it would take action against aircraft in its new defense zone based on the threat level.
The comments came a day after two U.S. B-52 bombers flew through the newly defined Chinese air zone in a direct rebuke of Beijingâ€™s claim for the air space. Chinaâ€™s government said it monitored the two bombers and chose not to respond to the move, despite its threat to take defensive measures against unidentified foreign aircraft.
The air space had previously been seen as international space.
A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said at a briefing Wednesday that the reaction to the U.S. bombers was â€œin accordanceâ€ with its new rules.
It said its response to flights in the air space going forward would depend on â€œhow big the threat was,â€ The New York Times reported. Read more ..
|Julian Hattem||November 26th 2013|
The Obama administration faces a tough task in convincing the Supreme Court to rule in favor of ObamaCareâ€™s contraception mandate, according to legal experts. They say Chief Justice John Robertsâ€™s court, which upheld the health law in a landmark 2012 decision, has generally set a high bar for limiting religious rights. In addition, Justice Anthony Kennedy, often the courtâ€™s swing vote, authored a 1993 decision that exempted a religious group from following laws it said were contradictory with its beliefs.
The Supreme Court announced on Tuesday that it would consider the case, possibly in its spring term. While Hobby Lobby and other businesses opposed to the mandate donâ€™t have a slam dunk case, experts said it will be tough to convince the court that the federal government can order businesses to pay for contraception coverage that goes against their owners' religious beliefs. Read more ..
|Elise Vliebeck||November 25th 2013|
Kathleen Sebelius may become the biggest loser in the Senate's approval of filibuster reform. The Health and Human Services (HHS) secretary has kept her job despite the botched rollout of ObamaCare's insurance exchanges, but it will now be easier for Obama to replace her. After the Senateâ€™s vote, confirming an executive-branch nominee now takes just 51 Senate votes. Some think that raises the likelihood Sebelius will soon be a former Cabinet member.
â€œThe president's hands were previously tied,â€ said John Hudak, a fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution, who wrote a piece on the topic Thursday. â€œNow, he has more breathing room and he is able to fire whoever he wants at HHS. That's a very, very appealing approach, whether it fixes the problems with ObamaCare's rollout or not.â€
The filibuster vote could also make it easier for Obama to fill the healthcare law's controversial cost-cutting board, another big advantage for the president. Read more ..
The US and Iran
|Michael Bowman||November 24th 2013|
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry says a nuclear accord with Iran will halt Tehranâ€™s march to atomic weapons capacity and provide a window to negotiate a final agreement. The Obama administration is attempting to convince skeptics at home and abroad that the preliminary deal is good for America and its allies.
In a media blitz on U.S. airwaves Sunday, Secretary Kerry described the accord as a first step towards a possible peaceful resolution of Iran's nuclear ambitions. Appearing on CBSâ€™ Face the Nation program, Kerry detailed restrictions Tehran has agreed to.
"They will have to destroy the higher-enriched uranium they have, which is critical to being able to build a bomb," he said. "Once they have destroyed that, they only have lower-enriched uranium. They are not allowed under this agreement to build additional enrichment facilities. We will have restrictions on the centrifuges, which are critical for enrichment.â€ The secretary stressed the agreement mandates rigorous verification. Read more ..
Financing the Flames
|Edwin Black||November 23rd 2013|
At a time of ceaseless budget crises, it may astound many that American taxpayers are deploying their precious dollars not to pay for peace in Israel, but to achieve the exact opposite: confrontation.
Each year, American aid, taxpayer subsidies of 501(c)(3) organizations, and other financial programs richly support political confrontation between Palestinians and Israelis, vocal critics say. Tax experts estimate that for every one million dollars in donations received by a 501(c)(3), US taxpayers must subsidize approximately $440,000.
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Tax-exempt charitable organizations are supposed to be just that: charitable. But prominent Israeli critics claim that highly politicized American charitable organizations, including several operated by some of Americaâ€™s most prominent Jewish personalities, are actually working hard to destabilize the Israel Defense Forces and erase Israelâ€™s identity as a Jewish State. Rather than engaging in charitable programs, outspoken critics say, these charitable groups are focused on massive political lobbying and fomenting internal political upheaval that make peace between Arab and Jew seemingly impossible. Not a few of these critics point to the prestigious New Israel Fund (NIF) as the chief culprit.
NIF grants steer millions of US dollars to scores of confrontation-oriented Israeli NGOs. Among the controversial NGOs is one called Bâ€™Tselem, which circulates video cameras to Arab villages that are hotbeds for confrontation. Israeli military officials assure that they rely upon B'Tselemâ€™s help to document IDF infractions. But many critics in the ranks charge the cameras are calculated to capture the scene after soldiers are taunted into finally reacting.
One such critic is Colonel Benny Yanay, who represents Consensus, an organization of several hundred IDF officers. "The New Israel Fund,â€ insists Yanay, â€œacts against Israelâ€”against the soldiers of our country. It is important to me that people recognize the New Israel Fund for what it is. It is supported by foreign governments and organizations so that Israeli soldiers will be weakened." Yanay adds, "Their budget is more than anything we haveâ€”so it is not a fair fight. We are not a political organization. They are political." Read more ..
Egypt and Russia
|Col. (Ret.) Dr. Jacques Neriah||November 22nd 2013|
American Center for Democracy
In one of my encounters with the Soviet military attachÃ© in Paris in the late 1980s, I was asked how many staff members were assigned to me at the Israeli Embassy. I answered that I was the only officer and was assisted by two secretaries. I asked my Soviet counterpart how many people he had working with him, and he said "16." I was shocked at the high number. "What are you doing with so many officers and staff?" I asked. I remember his answer as if it was yesterday: "We are still waiting for better times!"
This episode can easily apply to Egyptian-Russian relations as they emerge today. It seems indeed that "better times" is the proper way to describe the latest developments in Russian-Egyptian relations after almost 30 years of strained, always problematic, and sometimes hostile relations. This is happening not because of a deliberate choice made by the Egyptian regime, but rather as an option of last resort, mainly because of what the current Egyptian leadership and probably half of the Egyptian body-politic feel is a betrayal by their American ally. Read more ..
Iran on Edge
|Joshua Levitt||November 22nd 2013|
Reports of an imminent deal to rein in Iranâ€™s nuclear program seemed unlikely to materialize on Friday, as most of the foreign ministers of the six nations leading the talks have cancelled plans to travel to Geneva, as would be required for the signing of an agreement, with the work left to diplomatic staffers, Israeli daily Maâ€™ariv reported from Geneva. Of the foreign ministers, only Russiaâ€™s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was expected to make an appearance in Geneva, Maâ€™ariv said early on Friday.
Maâ€™ariv outlined the sticking points in the negotiations, the main obstacle still being Iranâ€™s refusal to budge on calls to forfeit the ability to enrich uranium, which it has claimed as a â€œright.â€ Iranâ€™s Deputy Foreign Minister, Abbas Arkagâ€™i said, â€œThe principle that Iran has the right to enrich uranium is not debatable, even if you can argue over the quantities, the level of enrichment of uranium, and its location.â€ Read more ..
|Alexander Bolton||November 21st 2013|
The Senate voted Thursday to change its rules to prevent the minority party from filibustering any nominations other than nods to the Supreme Court.
The change was approved after Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) triggered the â€œnuclear option,â€ which allows a change to Senate rules by majority vote.
The 52-48 vote dramatically changes the rules of the Senate and limits the minority party's ability to prevent confirmation of presidential nominees. Sens. Carl Levin (Mich.), Mark Pryor (Ark.) and Joe Manchin (W.Va.) were the only Democrats to vote against Reid's rules change.
It will allow all three of President Obama's nominees to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals to go forward, as well as his nomination of Rep. Mel Watt (D-N.C.) to lead a housing regulatory agency. Obama praised the action. â€œThe gears of government have to work and the step that a majority of senators took today I think will help make those gears work just a little bit better,â€ he said in a statement from the White House briefing room. Read more ..
Financing the Flames
|Martin Barillas||November 20th 2013|
New York Times bestselling author Edwin Black will be the featured speaker at the IBC-TV Special Event being hosted in the Beverly Hills City Council Chambers by the Beverly Hills Forum November 25, 2013. He will reveal new information from his latest investigative book, Financing the Flames: How Tax-Exempt and Public Money Fuel a Culture of Confrontation and Terror in Israel. The IBC-TV Special Event accompanies a special 10-part broadcast series on Financing the Flames produced as part of the Edwin Black Show on the IBC-TV network.
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Financing the Flames pulls the cover off the robust use of US tax-exempt, tax-subsidized, and public monies to foment agitation, systematically destabilize the Israel Defense Forces, and finance terrorists in Israel. In a far-flung investigation in the United States, Israel, and the West Bank, human-rights investigative reporter Edwin Black documents that it is actually the highly politicized human rights organizations and NGOs themselvesâ€”all American taxpayer supportedâ€”which are financing the flames that make peace in Israel difficult if not impossible.
Black spotlights key charitable organizations such as the Ford Foundation, George Sorosâ€™s Open Society Foundations, the New Israel Fund, and many others, as well as American taxpayers as a group. Instead of promoting peace and reconciliation between Arabs and Israelis, he writes, a variety of taxpayer-subsidized organizations have funded a culture where peace does not pay, but warfare and confrontation do.
Financing the Flames has received a cascade of accolades since it was unleashed upon the public last month. Rick Halperin director of Southern Methodist University Embrey Human Rights Program and former chairman of the board of Amnesty International USA called the book â€œa jolt.â€ Halperin wrote, â€œMost people should and will be appalled to read the revelations in Financing the Flames. It is a jolt!â€ Read more ..
The Iranian Threat
|Adiv Sterman||November 20th 2013|
The Times of Israel
Authorities in Azerbaijanâ€™s capital recently jailed an Iranian man for allegedly plotting a terrorist attack against the Israeli embassy, and found photos of the embassy and blueprints in his home, Channel 10 reported Wednesday.
Hasan Faraji, 31, was arrested in late October after he was seen wandering near the embassy, Azeri news site APA reported. A security guard stopped him for questioning and, after refusing to cooperate, Faraji was detained and taken to a nearby police station. He was later sentenced to 30 days in prison, but there was no indication from the report why he was incarcerated. According to a Channel 10 News report on Wednesday, Azeri police claimed they had discovered photos and blueprints of the Israeli embassy in Farajiâ€™s apartment. Read more ..
The Iranian Threat
|Simon Henderson and Olli Heinonen||November 20th 2013|
The International Atomic Energy Agency's latest report on Iran's nuclear program, released November 14, has generated a profusion of optimistic news reports and editorials. According to the IAEA, Tehran has not increased the number of centrifuges installed at declared installations or put more advanced centrifuges into operation, and its stockpile of 20 percent enriched uranium hexafluoride remains below a crucial red line. Meanwhile, work has been proceeding slowly at the Arak reactor, which will be capable of producing plutonium, an alternative nuclear explosive. And three days before releasing the report, the IAEA announced that Iran had agreed to give the agency access to information on some previously blocked aspects of its nuclear program.
Much less emphasized in the report, and the coverage of it, are the IAEA's persistent suspicions of Iran's true motives, as detailed under the heading "Possible Military Dimensions." As page 10 of the thirteen-page report noted, "Since 2002, the Agency has become increasingly concerned about the possible existence in Iran of undisclosed nuclear related organizations, including activities related to the development of a payload for a missile." The agency also received information indicating that Iran has carried out activities "relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device." The report deemed this intelligence to be "credible," noting that the IAEA has obtained more information since November 2011 that "further corroborates" its analysis. Read more ..
The Edge of Mars
|Kristin Roberts||November 19th 2013|
As NASA prepares to launch a new Martian probe, a Florida State University scientist has uncovered what may be the first recognized example of ancient Martian crust.
The work of Munir Humayun â€” a professor in FSU's Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science and a researcher at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (MagLab) â€” is based on an analysis of a 4.4 billion-year-old Martian meteorite that was unearthed by Bedouin tribesmen in the Sahara desert. The rock (NWA 7533) may be the first recognized sample of ancient Martian crust and holds a wealth of information about the origin and age of the Red Planet's crust. Read more ..
Financing The Flames
|Edwin Black||November 17th 2013|
Times of Israel
Evyatar Borovsky, age thirty-one, was devoted to helping people across Israelâ€”people of any background. His way was psychodrama and other role-playing techniques calculated to coax victims, especially children, out of their traumatic fog. Often the children were survivors of terrorism. Evyatar was part of a so-called therapeutic theatrical troupe. On April 30, 2013, Evyatar went to Tapuach Junction to catch a ride.
Salam Zaghal came from an impoverished Arab family in Shuka, a village near Tulkarm. Once, Salam tried to plant a bomb. That landed him in an Israeli prison for more than three years. When Salam was released earlier this year, he had no job and no economic prospects. His family lived on the edge. Money was scarce. As Salam became more disconsolate, his brother Abdulfattah remembered that his brother increasingly began "talking more and more about the martyrdom of the prisoners in Israeli jails."
April 30, 2013, shortly after dawn, Zaghal jumped onto a bus for the long drive to Tapuach Junction. He carried a blue plastic bag. Two items were secreted inside the bag. Zaghal asked to be dropped about sixty meters down the way from the intersection. When he stepped off the bus, he lit a cigarette. Then Zaghal texted his brother Abdulfattah. "My dear brother, take care of dad, mom and my sister, and keep your head up." Zaghal sent a second text to his family: "Forgive me in life, in death, and in the end of days." Then he broke his phone so no one could call back and dissuade him.
At 8:15 a.m., Evyatar was standing about, looking somewhere over there, oblivious to the nearby Arab hitchhikers congregated about. Zaghal approached, carrying his blue plastic bag, which contained a piece of paperâ€”a prosecution notice from a previous run-in with Israeli security, and a kitchen knife almost eight inches long.
Suddenly, Zaghal screamed, "Allahu Akbar!" and "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger." Zaghal plunged the metal blade directly into Evyatarâ€™s stomach and then again deep into his chest. A moment later, the medical clown lay on the ground, his life leaking quickly onto the asphalt. Salam then grabbed Evyatarâ€™s gun, but before he could inflict more carnage, nearby Border Guards shot him. The killer was not shot in the head or upper body, but in the leg. In an instant, Evyatarâ€”the clown with the big heartâ€”was gone, stabbed to death. As for Salam, he was rushed to an Israeli hospital with a non-life-threatening leg wound. There, Salam received Israelâ€™s world-renowned medical attention. Read more ..
|Michael Beckel||November 16th 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
Read more ..
Americans for Prosperity â€” the main political arm of billionaire industrialist brothers Charles and David Koch â€” spent a staggering $122 million last year as it unsuccessfully attempted to defeat President Barack Obama and congressional Democrats, according to a Center for Public Integrity review of documents filed in Colorado.
That's more than the total amount the group had previously spent from its formation in 2004 through 2011. During its previous eight years of existence, Americans for Prosperity spent a combined $72 million, a review of Internal Revenue Service records indicates.
The groupâ€™s unprecedented spending in 2012 is a fivefold increase over 2010, a year when a surge of conservative voters helped Republicans regain control of the U.S. House of Representatives. And it represents a more than 1,600 percent increase above the $7 million it spent in 2008, when voters first elected Obama to the White House.
|Pete Kasperowicz||November 15th 2013|
The House passed legislation on Friday that allows insurance companies to offer health plans that were cancelled for not meeting new requirements under ObamaCare.
Thirty-nine Democrats broke with their party's leaders and backed the bill despite a veto threat by the White House, highlighting the political problem the issue has come for President Obamaâ€™s party. Only four Republicans opposed it. The House approved the "Keep Your Health Plan Act" in a 261-157 vote.
Obama on Thursday announced he would take executive action that would allow insurance companies to offer the old plans for an additional year. That likely prevented a larger wave of Democratic votes in favor of the bill sponsored by Rep. Fred Upton (R-Mich.).
The vote is a further blow to Obama, who was forced on Thursday to admit that new standards under the healthcare law are forcing millions of people into new and often more expensive health insurance plans. Obama repeatedly said that under ObamaCare people could keep their plans if they liked them. Read more ..
The Weapon's Edge
|Denise Chow||November 12th 2013|
In the final years of his nearly 30-year career in the U.S. Air Force, Slim spent 10 to 12 hours a day in a cool, dark room in the Arizona desert, stationed in front of monitors that beamed back aerial footage from Afghanistan. Slim's unit operated around the clock, flying Predator drones thousands of miles away over Afghanistan, to monitor â€” and sometimes eliminate â€” "targets" across the war-ridden country. As a sensor operator for these remotely piloted aircraft, or RPAs, it was his job to coordinate the drones' onboard cameras, and, if a missile was released, to laser-guide the weapon to its destination.
These types of missions are part of the military's expanding drone program, which has developed a reputation for carrying out shadowy and highly classified operations â€” ones that sometimes blur legal or moral lines. As such, their use in warfare has been steeped in controversy.
Critics say firing weapons from behind a computer screen, while safely sitting thousands of miles away, could desensitize pilots to the act of killing. What separates this, they argue, from a battlefield video game? Read more ..
The Cyber Edge
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||November 10th 2013|
To fully comprehend the vulnerability of the United States' infrastructure, business and the public to cyber threats, read the October 24 audit report from the Department of Homeland Security's inspector general, "DHS' Efforts to Coordinate the Activities of Federal Cyber Operations Centers." It's real gobbeltygook.
The key office at DHS for coordinating cyber security is ICS-CERT (Industrial Control Systems-Cyber Emergency Response Team). It has nothing to do with U.S. business and cyber, but, rather, with cyber and public infrastructure. Its mission is described as follows:
"The Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) works to reduce risks within and across all critical infrastructure sectors by partnering with law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community and coordinating efforts among Federal, state, local, and tribal governments and control systems owners, operators, and vendors. Additionally, ICS-CERT collaborates with international and private sector Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) to share control systems-related security incidents and mitigation measures." Read more ..
|George Friedman||November 7th 2013|
The United States's inland waterways system -- more than 19,000 kilometers (12,000 miles) of navigable routes maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers overlaid with expansive farmlands -- has contributed greatly to the country's success. Ongoing use of the waterway system requires the maintenance of infrastructure to meet usage demand, including dredging of ports and rivers, and the operation and maintenance of dams, levees and locks.
The Mississippi and Ohio rivers and the Illinois waterways, the busiest avenues for commercial traffic on inland waterways, all have expansive lock systems. The locks make navigating a river easier, sequestering vessels before raising or lowering the water level in a chamber in order to compensate for changes in the river's level. Most of these locks were constructed in the early 20th century, with an expected lifetime of 50 years. Seventy or 80 years later, many of these locks are still in operation. Unplanned delays due to mechanical breakdowns have been on the rise for more than a decade. Read more ..
|Alexander Jaffe||November 6th 2013|
His reelection fight might be over, but the real race is just beginning for New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, as he prepares to weave a careful path to the 2016 presidential nomination.
With a blowout win under his belt Tuesday night, Christie has solid proof he can win where many Republicans havenâ€™t been able to: among female and minority voters.
Preliminary exit polling showed him improving his showing among those key demographic groups. He increased his share of the female vote by 11 percent from 2009, the black vote by 12 percent and the Hispanic vote by 13 percent.
The strong showing came after he made a concerted effort to reach out to those demographic groups in an attempt to build a strategy he and his advisors believe is replicable for other Republicans facing tough races nationwide. He also gained donations from Democrats, including some affiliated with liberal financier George Soros and donors of President Obama. Read more ..
|Roger Baker and John Minnich||November 5th 2013|
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China will convene its Third Plenum meeting Nov. 9. During the three-day session, President Xi Jinping's administration will outline core reforms to guide its policymaking for the next decade. The Chinese government would have the world believe that Xi's will be the most momentous Third Plenary Session since December 1978, when former supreme leader Deng Xiaoping first put China on the path of economic reform and opening.
Whether or not Xi's policies will be as decisive as Deng's -- or as disappointing as those of former President Hu Jintao -- the president has little choice but to implement them. China's current economic model, and by extension its political and social model, is reaching its limits just as it had prior to Deng's administration. The importance of the upcoming meeting is that it comes at an inflection point for China, one that its leaders can hardly afford to ignore. Read more ..
Financing the Flames
|Edwin Black||November 4th 2013|
Times of Israel
A regular feature of West Bank confrontation between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians seems to be a corps of intrepid young women that villagers call â€œinternationals.â€ They specialize in upfront and personal, in-your-face, and often nose-to-nose verbal taunting hoping to provoke a reaction that video cameras can record. If and when soldiers finally do react, these incidents are then uploaded to the Internet to prove â€œthe brutality of the IDF.â€ These â€œinternationalsâ€ often seem to appear out of nowhere at a village flashpoint. Just as suddenly, they melt into the background.
Using false names and seemingly untrackable movements, the skilled and stealthy internationals have managed to inspire and encourage videographed confrontation far beyond their numbers. Who are they? What is the font of their financial wherewithal? Who is financing these flames?
Searching for answers, one night in early May 2013, I traveled to the tiny West Bank town of Deir Itsiya where the internationals quietly maintain a base of operations. The women are known to many in that local Arab community, where they are provided logistical assistance and deferential hospitality. They receive many European guests. When I asked my taxi driver, "Do you know where the house is?" he answered, "Yes, Sheik Haider (neighborhood)." He took me there.
At an elbow in a dusty road, I found their compound behind long, ornate iron fencing. I knocked on all the doors, the ones with knockers and the ones without. No answer. I called out for anyone who was home. A neighbor strolled by to remark. The driver translated: "He said the European girls are not sleeping in town tonight. But he knows how to reach them. I will take you where he said." Read more ..
|Reity O'Brian||November 3rd 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
Out-of-state political organizations spent millions on mudslinging television ads in state supreme court elections in 2012, according to a new report, marking a new and worrisome trend, say some legal experts.
The report found that total spending in states where high court judges are elected reached $56 million in the 2012 election cycle with more than $24 million of it â€” 43 percent â€” coming from non-candidate organizations, many from out of state.
The report was released by the Brennan Center for Justice and Justice at Stake, groups that are highly critical of judicial elections. The conclusions were based on data from the National Institute on Money in State Politics and the Campaign Media Analysis Group.
A record $33.7 million was spent on television ads, much of which came from outside groups â€” including super PACs and nonprofits â€” attacking judicial candidates on the airwaves.
In Michigan, the Judicial Crisis Network spent between $600,000 and $1 million on a television ad equating incumbent Democratic justice Bridget McCormackâ€™s previous legal work defending a detainee at Guantanamo Bay to volunteering to â€œhelp free a terrorist.â€ Read more ..
The Edge of the Universe
|Clara Moskowitz||November 2nd 2013|
The worldâ€™s most sensitive search for dark matter announced today that it has foundâ€”nothing. The first results from the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) detector are null, scientists say, indicating that the invisible matter thought to make up a large chunk of the universe is even more elusive than many experts thought.
Buried about a kilometer and a half underground in a repurposed South Dakota gold mine that is now the Sanford Underground Research Facility, the LUX experiment searches for signs of dark matter particles colliding with the atoms in a vat of liquid xenon. During its first three months of operation the detector found no such signals whatsoever. â€œWe looked hard for these dark matter particles and we didnâ€™t see anything,â€ says physicist Rick Gaitskell of Brown University, LUX co-spokesperson. The results, presented at a seminar today and submitted to Physical Review Letters for publication [pdf], rule out a number of possible masses and characteristics for the particles that make up dark matter. The null result also conflicts with earlier experiments that had reported possible dark matter signals. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Sam Orez||November 1st 2013|
Hezbollah has deployed 15,000 fighters for an expected offensive on the mountainous al-Qalamoun area north of Damascus, Syrian opposition sources told Al Arabiya. The Syrian regime is also reportedly building up its forces in the area, located between Damascus and Homs, Syriaâ€™s third largest city to the north. Hezbollah last spring helped the Syrian regime retake the town of Qusair on the border with Lebanon. Hezbollah said it interfered to â€œprotectâ€ Shiite Lebanese people living in the border area with Lebanon against alleged attacked by the armed Sunni rebels.
Hezbollah also justifies his involvement in Syria with the need to protect Shiite religious sites. The Damascus-based Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas brigade, a close Hezbollah ally, said it will take part in the expected Qalamoun battle as a response to a recent attack on its headquarters in the capitalâ€™s Shiite district of Sayeda Zeinab. Read more ..
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