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Haiti After the Earthquake

Haiti Continues to Struggle Three Years After the Earthquake

January 22nd 2013

Haiti Eathquake Devastation

Three years after the 2010 earthquake, Haiti continues its struggle to rebuild. An expanding cholera outbreak and food shortages following Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 have hampered earlier relief efforts. All the while, Haiti has become one of the most extreme cases of a state relying on foreign aid, receiving billions in foreign assistance throughout the years. Despite the billions of dollars pledged and disbursed to rebuild a greater nation, Haiti has regressed back to pre earthquake conditions, as one of the poorest countries in the Americas. On the tragic anniversary of the earthquake, relief efforts and development programs must be held accountable for any shortcomings, while more transparency is required from the international community involved in the implementation of aid programs. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Algeria to Raise Death Toll From Islamist Siege at Gas Complex

January 21st 2013

Islamic terrorists Algeria

Algeria is expected to raise the death toll from the hostage crisis at a natural gas complex, as preliminary reports showed that at least 80 people were killed. Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal was expected to announce updated casualty figures at a news conference on Monday. The Algerian government has said at least 32 militants and 23 foreign and Algerian hostages were killed in the four-day Islamist siege of the facility that ended Saturday with a final government assault.

On Sunday, special forces searching the complex at In Amenas in eastern Algeria found 25 more bodies, but the corpses were so disfigured that it was hard to tell whether they were hostages or militants. Philippine officials said Monday that six of those killed at the complex were Filipinos, while four other Filipinos were missing. The dead also include three British workers, one American, one French citizen and one Romanian. Read more ..


Obama's Second Term

Obama Inauguration Sponsors Spent Millions Influencing Government

January 20th 2013

Kickin back in the Situation room

President Barack Obama has long vowed to “take on” federal lobbyists, swearing off their campaign cash, curtailing access to his administration, and lately, directing his Presidential Inaugural Committee to reject their donations.

“We've always relied on each other, not Washington lobbyists or corporate interests, to build our campaign,” he wrote to supporters after launching his re-election campaign. While Obama has banned donations to his second inaugural celebration from lobbyists, no such prohibition exists on donations from the corporations that employ them.

Donate they have: Obama’s inaugural festivities Monday are bankrolled by several of the nation’s most powerful corporate lobbying forces, which have collectively spent at least $158.6 million on lobbying since the president first took office, a review of congressional disclosures indicates.

Read more ..

Europe on Edge

Anger, Fear Sweep Europe After Algeria Attack

January 19th 2013

Algeria Gas Field

As the hostage crisis at a remote natural gas complex in Algeria continues to play out, there is anger in European capitals and beyond over the way Algerian authorities have dealt with the situation. The attack also has sparked fears for the vulnerability of foreign-owned assets across the region - and the implications for European security.

British Prime Minister David Cameron postponed a key speech on Europe to deal with the hostage crisis Friday. After chairing an emergency meeting with ministers, he briefed parliament. "I offered UK technical and intelligence support - including from experts in hostage negotiation and rescue - to help find a successful resolution. And I urged that we and other countries affected should be consulted before any action was taken," said Cameron. Read more ..


The Mali War

Algeria Rescue Operation Ongoing says British PM

January 18th 2013

French troops Mali

British Prime Minister David Cameron says Algerian forces are still pursuing Islamist militants and attempting to free hostages at a remote Sahara Desert gas complex.
Cameron told lawmakers in London Friday he has spoken with Algeria's prime minister, who said that the crisis sparked by al-Qaida-linked militants is not over.

"He said that the terrorists had tried to flee, that they judged there to be an immediate threat to the lives of the hostages and had felt obliged to respond.  When I spoke to to the Algerian prime minister later last night he told me that this first operation was complete," Cameron said. "But this is a large and complex site and they are still pursuing terrorists and possibly some of the hostages in other areas of the site."

Offers for help ignored
Algerian forces ignored offers of foreign help on Thursday, storming the facility two days after the militants seized dozens of hostages, including many foreigners. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

America Prepares for Syrian Chemical Weapons

January 17th 2013

Weapons

The Obama administration has quietly arranged for thousands of chemical protective suits and related items to be sent to Jordan and Turkey and is pressing the military forces there to take principal responsibility for safeguarding Syrian chemical weapons sites if the country’s lethal nerve agents suddenly become vulnerable to theft and misuse, Western and Middle Eastern officials say.

As part of their preparations for such an event, Western governments have started training the Jordanians and Turks to use the chemical gear and detection equipment, so they have the capability to protect the Syrian nerve agent depots if needed – at least for a short time, U.S. and Western officials say.

Washington has decided moreover that the best course of action in the aftermath of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s fall would be to get the nerve agents out of the country as quickly as possible, and so it has begun discussions not only with Jordan and Turkey, but also with Iraq and Russia in an effort to chart the potential withdrawal of the arsenal and its destruction elsewhere. Read more ..


The Edge of Physics

Is Teleportation Possible?

January 17th 2013

Eye biometrics

For the last ten years, theoretical physicists have shown that the intense connections generated between particles as established in the quantum law of 'entanglement' may hold the key to eventual teleportation of quantum information. Now, for the first time, researchers have worked out how entanglement could be 'recycled' to increase the efficiency of these connections.

The team have also devised a generalised form of teleportation, which allows for a wide variety of potential applications in quantum physics. Once considered impossible, in 1993 a team of scientists calculated that teleportation could work in principle using quantum laws. Quantum teleportation harnesses the 'entanglement' law to transmit particle-sized bites of information across potentially vast distances in an instant. Read more ..


France and Mali

France Starts "Long War" as Ground Troops Engage Terrorists In Central Mali

January 16th 2013

French Soldiers

French special forces began fighting on the ground with Islamist rebels in central Mali on Wednesday, according to regional security sources, six days after the European power launched an air offensive in the country. “The special forces are currently in Diabaly, engaged in fighting with the Islamists. The Malian army is also on site,” the AFP news agency quoted a Malian security source as saying.

French troops closed in on Islamist-controlled areas earlier on Wednesday, in the first stage of a ground offensive that President François Hollande called “both necessary and legitimate” and Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian warned would be “long”. A column of around 30 armoured vehicles set out on Tuesday for the town of Diabaly, some 350km to the north of the capital of Bamako. Read more ..


Mali on Edge

French Troops Prepare for Possible Ground Assault in Mali

January 15th 2013

French troops Mali

French forces are preparing for a possible ground assault in Mali against al-Qaida-linked rebels who have continued to push south despite five days of French aerial bombardments. Paris has put 800 soldiers on the ground in Mali since it began its rapid deployment Friday at the request of the Malian government. The plan is to deploy 1,600 French soldiers in the short term and bring that number up to 2,500 in coming weeks.

About 100 vehicles, including tanks and armored vehicles, arrived overland from Ivory Coast early Tuesday morning. Other French troops are coming from Chad and France. French soldiers from the 1st company, 2nd regiment of Marines, continued preparations Tuesday for an eventual deployment from their base just outside the Bamako airport.   Read more ..


The Digital Edge

PCs Decline as World Shifts to Tablets

January 15th 2013

Tablet Use

Worldwide PC shipments totaled 90.3 million units in the fourth quarter of 2012, a 4.9 percent decline from the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary results by Gartner. “Tablets have dramatically changed the device landscape for PCs, not so much by 'cannibalizing' PC sales, but by causing PC users to shift consumption to tablets rather than replacing older PCs,” said Mikako Kitagawa, principal analyst at Gartner. “Whereas as once we imagined a world in which individual users would have both a PC and a tablet as personal devices, we increasingly suspect that most individuals will shift consumption activity to a personal tablet, and perform creative and administrative tasks on a shared PC. There will be some individuals who retain both, but we believe they will be exception and not the norm. Therefore, we hypothesize that buyers will not replace secondary PCs in the household, instead allowing them to age out and shifting consumption to a tablet.” Read more ..


France and Mali

Islamists Threaten France Following Troops Deployment to Mali

January 14th 2013

Tuareg

Islamists in France on Saturday warned the French government that it risks the security of its citizens "wherever they find themselves in the Muslim world" after supporting military intervention in the Muslim terrorist attack on the African country of Mali. According to an earlier report, a French hostage was executed in Somalia on Saturday and eight others are believed to be captives of al-Qaeda-linked cells.

Meanwhile in the second day of fighting in Mali, French helicopter pilot was killed when he was shot down near the central Mali town of Mopti, Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said in a press conference on Saturday.

France has deployed its special forces (French Foreign Legion) into Mopti to prepare the way for hundreds of troops to protect the capital from terrorists. In addition, the French government is deploying additional Rafale fighter jets to set the stage for a major offensive against the Islamists, according to the defense minister. Read more ..


Oil Addcition

Fracking Could Allow America to Overtake Saudi Arabia in Oil by 2020

January 13th 2013

Oil Barrels

An oil boom launched by “fracking” has led energy leaders to take a second look at harnessing the potential of oil shale, a fossil fuel that energy firms largely abandoned the hope of harnessing in the 1980s. No commercially viable method of producing oil shale exists, but American Petroleum Institute CEO Jack Gerard turned heads earlier this month when he predicted a game-changing technological breakthrough could allow the use of oil shale. Gerard’s remarks caught many by surprise as doubts abound on oil shale’s future.

“To date, what we’ve seen is 100 years of promises and taxpayer funds for projects that have all gone belly up,” said Ellynne Bannon, a spokeswoman with spending watchdog group Checks and Balances Project. Environmentalists abhor the prospect of trying to harness oil shale, which would involve extracting oil that is contained in rocks. Extraction methods so far use a considerable amount of fossil fuels and water, which is scarce in the West. Yet before fracking — which injects a high-pressure mixture of water, sand and chemicals into tight rock formations to capture oil hidden under the rocks —many had thought accessing the oil and gas buried deep underground was too expensive. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

French Troops Beat Back Mali's Islamist Militants

January 12th 2013

Mali Millitary

French airstrikes have driven back Islamist militants who captured a key town in northern Mali, and a West African regional bloc has authorized the immediate deployment of more troops into the country. Officials said Saturday that French forces had pushed rebels from Konna. The takeover of the town a few days ago had placed militants within 25 kilometers of Mopti, the northern-most city under Malian government control.  

A reporter in Mali said that dozens of Islamist fighters were killed in the operation.  The reporter also says the Malian army is now occupying the town and Islamists fighters have retreated to the towns of Bore' and Douentza. Meanwhile, France's defense minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said Saturday a helicopter pilot was killed during the airstrikes, which began Friday. ​​The al-Qaida-linked Ansar Dine militant group has responded to the strikes by threatening France with reprisals. Read more ..


Broken Banking

How US Tax Money Pays to Expand Shariah Economies

January 12th 2013

Iranian Rial Close-Up

Under Obama’s administration, the U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, bears little resemblance to the international aid agency that President John F. Kennedy initiated on Nov. 3, 1961. USAID’s stated goal was to further “America’s foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and free markets while also extending a helping hand to people struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country.”

However, upon issuing the first USAID loan guarantee of $1.15 million to an Islamic bank in Indonesia in August 2011, the agency’s blog justified the move, stating: “The finance guarantee agreement builds on President Obama’s speech in Cairo, which called for deeper engagement with the Muslim world.”

The development of Islamic banking was made possible by Malaysia. A recent Economist article, “Banking on the ummah,” reviewed the country’s Islamic banking industry and pointed out the lack of standardized regulations and transparency. But the piece ignored the country’s role in implementing the Muslim Brotherhood’s larger agenda to create a “parallel economy by first infiltrating and co-opting the Western economy.

Read more ..

Obama's Second Term

More Congressmen Register Hesitation About Hagel

January 11th 2013

Chuck Hagel

Responding to the nomination of Senator Chuck Hagel to Secretary of Defense, Congressman Trent Franks (R-Ariz.), chairman of the House Subcommittee on the Constitution, voiced serious reservations on Thursday regarding Hagel's fitness to serve.

"As a member of Congress and the House Armed Services Committee, I join many of my Congressional colleagues in holding the most serious of reservations to the nomination of Senator Chuck Hagel to lead our nation's Department of Defense," said the six-term congressman.

"The Department of Defense (DoD) is facing more challenges today than I have seen in my lifetime. If sequestration goes into effect, we are facing the smallest Army since 1950 and the smallest Navy since 1915. While I believe that every single government agency has room to cut wasteful spending, I agree with current DoD Secretary Panetta that an across the board cut to defense spending will prove 'devastating,'" Franks stated. Read more ..


The Race for Nuclear

France Ponders a Nuclear Exit

January 11th 2013

Nuclear waste overseas

France has been held up, worldwide, as the forerunner in using nuclear fission to produce electricity. However, a third of the nation's nuclear reactors will need replacing in the next decade, and public opinion has shifted toward reducing reliance on nuclear power. In a special issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, published by SAGE four articles explore whether France has the means or desire to unplug from nuclear power.

Nuclear arms experts Patrice Bouveret, Bruno Barrillot, and Dominique Lalanne argue that phasing out Frances' civilian nuclear program would entail costs both to military funding streams, and to the nation's identity. In their provocative article, "Nuclear chromosomes: The national security implications of a French phase-out," they explain that weapons channels are distinct from the power industry. However, as civilian and military nuclear programs have been intertwined for decades, cutting financing for civilian nuclear research projects would increase the cost of maintaining the nuclear arsenal. The extent to which the military and civilian budgets are shared and expenses transferred between them is impossible to quantify – a deliberate move by defense staff to maintain secrecy. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

Terrorists Restocking Arsenal to Pre-Operation “Pillar of Defense” Levels, Officials Say

January 11th 2013

Hamas head

Despite the relative calm in Israel since  the end of Operation “Pillar of Defense” ended in November, officials in Israel believe that attempts by Hamas in Gaza to restock its arsenal–heavily depleted during the operation–have been highly effective. According to Israel’s Channel 2, IDF officials believe that Hamas has almost replenished its arsenal to levels seen before an Israeli offensive in November targeted terrorist weapon caches. The officials furthermore believe that this rearmament represents an inevitable confrontation with terrorist organizations in Gaza in the near future.

“Organizations in Gaza are working hard to restock their weapons arsenal through generous assistance from Iran,” a senior officer in the Southern Command told Channel 2 according to a translation. “Through the tunnels of the Sinai border of Gaza come rockets, anti-tank missiles, mortars and everything you can think of. More than that they are trying to get new weapons in what they call the surprise of the next round. We’re talking about anti-tank missiles, anti-aircraft missiles and long-range rockets.” Read more ..


The Battle for Jordan

Will Jordan Be the First Arab Monarchy to Fall?

January 10th 2013

King Abdullah

Two years into the so-called "Arab Spring," the tally is grim for Middle East republics. To date, three nominally republican governments have been toppled, and a fourth -- Syria -- promises to follow in 2013. Despite longstanding governance problems and human rights abuses, the Arab monarchies have largely been spared from the popular revolts that dislodged their autocratic neighbors. Until now this monarchy "red line" has served U.S. interests. After all, Washington would benefit little from a cascade of friendly kingdoms and emirates falling like dominos only to be replaced by inimical Islamist regimes.

But the monarchy red line will not last forever, and Washington will face a series of new strategic challenges when and if this threshold is crossed. The end of the monarchy in Jordan would constitute a particularly serious blow to U.S. interests. Should the regime fall, Washington would lose its best remaining Arab ally, and Israel would lose its last reliable peace partner. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Israel Reportedly Stopped Syria Unit 450 from Deploying Chemical Bombs

January 9th 2013

IDF Soldiers

As fears surfaced that Syria could use chemical weapons against rebels and citizens in the country, Israel led the charge to halt the decisive action.

According to a report in the New York Times, in late November top Israeli commanders alerted the Pentagon to intelligence picked up by satellite that suggested Syrian troops were mixing chemicals at two storage sites, probably the deadly nerve gas sarin, and filling dozens of 500-pounds bombs that could be loaded on airplanes.

Soon after U.S. President Obama was informed, and officials told him that were the Syrians to use the weapons the U.S. might not be able to stop them. According to the Times, what followed next was a “a remarkable show of international cooperation” in which both opponents and supporters of Bashar al-Assad, such as China and Russia,  pressed Syria to halt whatever steps towards the use of chemical weapons the country might have been taking. Read more ..


Broken Campus

Notre Dame Case Highlights Complexities Of Campus Sexual Assault Investigations

January 8th 2013

Woman

Notre Dame’s high-profile re-emergence among college football’s elite has focused new attention on the university’s long-standing claims that it does things “the right way” — that football players are treated like anyone else on campus, with no special favors.

The boasts of lofty moral standards have long struck other schools’ fans as a bit sanctimonious. But they are getting fresh scrutiny now, in part because the bright lights of college football’s biggest stage have brought renewed attention to a two-year-old case involving a Notre Dame player and chilling allegations of sexual assault.

In August 2010, 19-year-old freshman Lizzy Seeberg accused the athlete of sexually assaulting her in his dorm. She filed a report with campus police, which sat on it for two weeks before even interviewing him. By then, Seeberg had committed suicide. Administrators would later convene a closed-door campus disciplinary hearing—three months after Seeberg’s death became national news—in which the player was found “not responsible.” In the university's only direct comment on the case, Notre Dame's president, the Rev. John I. Jenkins, told the South Bend Tribune in December 2010 that university police had conducted a "thorough and judicious investigation that followed the facts..." He acknowledged, however, that the inquiry could have been conducted "more quickly, perhaps." The player, who has not been publicly identified, reportedly has never missed a game, nor presumably will he miss tonight’s national championship contest with Alabama’s Crimson Tide. Meanwhile, a small but vocal number of critics are asking pointed questions about how this case was handled, and wondering aloud whether Notre Dame’s righteous rhetoric is really a fiction.

Read more ..

Obama's Second Term

Obama Nominates New Defense and Spy Chiefs

January 7th 2013

Barack Obama in Thought

President Barack Obama on Monday nominated former Republican Senator Chuck Hagel to be his new secretary of defense. Obama also chose counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to head the CIA. Obama made his choices official in the White House East Room with Hagel and Brennan standing by his side. The president noted that Hagel, a Vietnam War veteran, would be the first person of enlisted military rank to serve as secretary of defense. 

"He understands that sending young Americans to fight, bleed in the dirt and mud, that is something that we only do when it is absolutely necessary.  My frame of reference, he has said, is geared toward the guy at the bottom who is doing the fighting and the dying," he said.

​​Hagel served two terms as a senator from the Midwestern state of Nebraska.  He gained a reputation as someone who is willing to break with his own party on key issues.
Read more ..

Obama's Second Term

Democrats Seek up to $1 trillion in New Taxes This Year

January 7th 2013

Money Money Money

Democrats say they want to raise as much as $1 trillion in new revenues through tax reform later this year to balance Republican demands to slash mandatory spending. Democratic leaders have had little time to craft a new position for their party since passing a tax deal Tuesday that will raise $620 billion in revenue over the next ten years. The emerging consensus, however, is that the next installment of deficit reduction should reach $2 trillion and about half of it should come from higher taxes. This sets up tax reform as one of the biggest fights of the 113th Congress, which began on Thursday.

Republicans say tax reform should be revenue neutral. Additional revenues collected by eliminating or curbing tax breaks and deductions should be used to lower rates. Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) has dismissed the possibility of negotiating additional tax increases. Read more ..


The Edge of Space

Milky Way Could Contain 100 Billion Planets

January 6th 2013

protoplanetary disk

It seems like hardly a week goes by without another planet being discovered in some far off stellar system, but a new study, released by the California Institute of Technology, indicates there will likely be many, many more such discoveries.
 
The Caltech team made this conclusion based on analyzing the planets orbiting the Kepler-32 star, which contains five planets and which the scientists say is representative of the vast majority of stars in our galaxy. Kepler-32 is classified as an M dwarf, and scientists say three out of every four stars in the galaxy are M dwarfs, also known as red dwarfs. "There's at least 100 billion planets in the galaxy—just our galaxy," says John Johnson, assistant professor of planetary astronomy at Caltech and coauthor of the study, which was recently accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal. "That's mind-boggling."
Read more ..

Asia on Edge

Asia's Challenge in 2013 is Nationalism

January 6th 2013

The East is Red

The West's attention may be focused on the American "fiscal cliff" and possible breakup of the euro zone, but Asia, especially the northeast, offers its own challenges in 2013 that could affect global stability. Given regional rivalries and lack of trust, there is little reason to believe that Asia's problems will be solved in the coming 12 months. Instead, they may only fester, leading to greater complications down the road.

As odd as it may seem, Kim Jong Eun is now the senior leader in northeast Asia. The last two months of 2012 saw the elevation of Xi Jinping to head of the Chinese Communist Party, Shinzo Abe returning to power in Japan after five years, and Park Geun-hye elected as South Korea's first female president. This quartet of leaders will have to learn to live together.

For now, each will be focused on his or her domestic economy. Kim continues to flirt with ideas of reform, though to what extent remains murky—and unreliable. Mr. Xi must deal with a worrying slowdown in China that raises questions about social stability and the Communist Party's legitimacy. Read more ..


Sports on Edge

Arizona Outraged But Still Waiting for Fiesta Bowl Fixes

January 5th 2013

Fiesta Bowl 2013 Oregon Helmut

The Fiesta Bowl game and its many related events have become a football extravaganza that kicks off the new year for the Phoenix area with national publicity and a hefty  economic boost. But over the past three years, the Fiesta Bowl has also become the source of continuous embarrassment in the Valley of the Sun, for bowl officials, civic boosters and state legislators, as well. And it isn’t over.

The parade of bad news began in December 2009, when the Arizona Republic exposed the Fiesta Bowl’s scheme of urging employees to make campaign contributions and then illegally reimbursing them. In March 2011, a special investigative committee revealed that the bowl had showered elected officials, mostly legislators, with lavish gifts.

That May, the Fiesta Bowl was fined $1 million by the organization that runs the biggest bowls, and put on one-year probation by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Fiesta Bowl CEO John Junker, who was fired, and five other bowl employees have pleaded guilty to involvement in the illegal reimbursements. A lobbyist pleaded guilty to disclosure violations over a trip by legislators.

Read more ..

The New Egypt

Morsi Caught on Tape Refers to Jews as “The Descendants of Apes and Pigs”

January 4th 2013

Mohammed Morsi

In two separate  2010 interviews with Al-Quds TV in Lebanon, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi makes disparaging remarks about Jews and dismisses peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Arabs. In one interview, dated September 23, Morsi refers to Jews as “the descendants of apes and pigs.” During the interview, which was released by The Middle East Research Institute’s (MEMRI) today, Morsi also declares that peace negotiations are futile and promotes the use of force. “There should be military resistance within the land of Palestine against those criminal Zionists, who attack Palestine and the Palestinians,” he says.

In another interview, dated March 20th, Morsi continues to promote the use of force against Israel. “We must all realize that resistance is the only way to liberate the land of Palestine,” he says. Then he dismisses Israel’s right to exist. “The Zionists have no right to the land of Palestine. There is no place for them on the land of Palestine.”

Read more ..

Broken Business

Barnes & Noble Took a Major Hit in Holiday Sales

January 3rd 2013

Barnes and Noble store

Troubled Barnes & Noble today reported holiday sales for the nine-week holiday period ending December 29, 2012. The numbers for the faltering bookseller were down, once again, even as Amazon sales zoomed.

According to MarketWatch, the embattled retrailer suffered "revenues of $1.2 billion, decreasing 10.9% over the prior year. This decrease was attributable to an 8.2% decline in comparable store sales, store closures and lower online sales. Core comparable store sales, which exclude sales of Nook products, decreased 3.1% as compared to the prior year due to lower bookstore traffic. Sales of Nook products in the Retail segment declined during the holiday period due to lower unit volume and average selling prices."

Barnes & Noble was compelled to sell off even more of Nook's ownership to raise needed cash. The firm parlayed a lifeline deal to London-based education and media company Pearson PLC, which owns Penguin Books and the Financial Times. Pearson agreed to make a strategic investment of $89.5 million in exchange for a 5% equity stake in Barnes & Noble’s Nook Media unit, which also includes its college textbook business. Read more ..


The Edge of Health

Fructrose Slammed by Scientists on Obesity Epidemic

January 2nd 2013

Obese man

In a study examining possible factors regarding the associations between fructose consumption and weight gain, brain magnetic resonance imaging of study participants indicated that ingestion of glucose but not fructose reduced cerebral blood flow and activity in brain regions that regulate appetite, and ingestion of glucose but not fructose produced increased ratings of satiety and fullness, according to a preliminary study published in the January 2 issue of JAMA.

"Increases in fructose consumption have paralleled the increasing prevalence of obesity, and high-fructose diets are thought to promote weight gain and insulin resistance. Fructose ingestion produces smaller increases in circulating satiety hormones compared with glucose ingestion, and central administration of fructose provokes feeding in rodents, whereas centrally administered glucose promotes satiety," according to background information in the article. "Thus, fructose possibly increases food-seeking behavior and increases food intake." How brain regions associated with fructose- and glucose-mediated changes in animal feeding behaviors translates to humans is not completely understood. Read more ..


The Darkest Edge

Tax Breaks for Assault Rifle Manufacturing

January 2nd 2013

Shooter shooting AR15

Taxpayers across the country are subsidizing the manufacturers of assault rifles used in multiple mass killings, including the massacre of 20 children and six adults at an elementary school in Newtown, Conn. last month.

An examination of tax records shows that five companies that make semi-automatic rifles have received more than $19 million in tax breaks, most within with the past five years.

“I feel horrified at the power of the gun industry over our political system, that it could exert such influence,” said Newtown resident Barbara Richardson, who lives between the homes of one of the 6-year-old victims and the shooter. Saying she respects hunters who are ethical and good neighbors, she “absolutely [does] not” support taxpayer subsidies to help manufacture assault rifles: “They’re weapons of mass destruction.”
Read more ..

America on Edge

Secretary Hillary Clinton Remains Hospitalized for Dangerous Blood Clot

January 1st 2013

Hilary Clinton

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is in a New York hospital, after doctors discovered a blood clot while performing a follow-up exam for a concussion she suffered at home in December 2012 following a bout with a stomach virus apparently contracted while she was traveling on official business in Europe. Her physicians at New York Presbyterian Hospital issued a statement in which they expressed the hope that she will experience a "full recovery."

At a news conference early December 31 about the September attack on the U.S. mission in Benghazi, Libya, Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Chairman Joe Lieberman expressed his concern. "We just want to say how much Secretary Clinton is in our prayers this morning and hope she recovers rapidly from this health problem," he said. "She's not only been a great secretary of state, she is a personal friend."

Clinton has been ill in recent weeks with a stomach virus that forced her to cancel travel plans and public appearances, including a congressional hearing on the incidents at the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, where the American ambassador and companions were murdered by Islamist terrorists. Two weeks ago, she fainted and fell at home where she suffered a concussion.

"This is a clot in the vein that is situated in the space between the brain and the skull behind the right ear," reported her physicians, Dr. Lisa Bardack and Dr. Gigi El-Bayoumi, said in a statement. "It did not result in a stroke, or neurological damage." They added that Clinton will be monitored as to her response to medications, including blood thinners, before she can be released. Former President Bill Clinton, her husband, and Chelsea, her daughter, visited her on December 31 at the hospital while her staff continue to hold a vigil. Read more ..


Edge of the Cliff

Senate Approves Biden-Mcconnell 'Fiscal Cliff' Deal In Easy 89-8 Vote

January 1st 2013

Bundles of Cash

The Senate early on New Year's Day voted overwhelmingly in favor of a fiscal cliff deal that would extend tax rates on annual household income under $450,000 and postpones automatic spending cuts for two months.  

The bill was approved in an 89-8 vote that came after only 10 minutes of formal floor debate and no official score from the Congressional Budget Office. The Joint Committee on Taxation estimated it would reduce federal revenue by $3.93 trillion over the next decade compared to current law.

Five Republicans and three Democrats voted against the bill: Sens. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), Tom Carper (D-Del.), Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), Mike Lee (R-Utah), Rand Paul (R-Ky.), Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) and Richard Shelby (R-Ala.). Sens. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.), Mark Kirk (R-Ill.) and Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.) missed the vote. Read more ..


India's Dark Edge

India Cancels New Years Celebrations

December 31st 2012

India Gang Rape Protest Placard

Many across India canceled festive New Year's Eve celebrations Monday out of respect for the young woman who died days earlier from injuries suffered during a brutal gang rape. The unidentified victim, a 23-year-old student, died Saturday from severe internal injuries that her assailants caused with a metal rod during the attack on a bus two weeks ago. Six men have been arrested and charged with murder in the December 16 attack in New Delhi. They could face the death penalty if convicted. Reflecting the country's somber mood, hotels, clubs, India's military and even the head of the ruling Congress Party, Sonia Gandhi, called off their parties to greet the new year. Many have joined candlelight vigils in the capital and other major cities. Others have chosen to protest peacefully, in contrast to the violent demonstrations that erupted in New Delhi a week ago. Read more ..


Islam's War on Christianity

Christianity Continues to Disappear from the Middle East

December 31st 2012

Iraqi Christians

A new study warns that Christianity is at the risk of being wiped out in the biblical heartlands of the Middle East. According to the London Daily Telegraph, which cites the study, 10 percent of Christians worldwide - approximately 200 million - are “socially disadvantaged, harassed or actively oppressed for their beliefs.” With over 2.3 billion Christians around the world, the study notes that Christians face the most persecution in the region of the world where Christianity first originated – the Middle East.

“The pace of this assault is now intensifying with the rise of militant Islam in countries such as Egypt, Iraq and now with the civil war, Syria,” states the report, entitled Christianophobia. Read more ..


India's Dark Edge

India Gripped by Tragic Story of New Delhi Gang Rape Victim

December 31st 2012

India Rape Protest Dec 2012

Every morning for the past two weeks, more than a thousand residents of a small village on the Uttar Pradesh-Bihar border had been gathering at the local Shiva temple, to pray for the well-being of the 23-year-old gang rape victim battling for her life in a New Delhi hospital.

On Saturday, the temple looked deserted.

By 7 a.m., as news of the death broke, men, women and children braved the biting fog and cold to assemble outside her ancestral home. While some wailed, others mourned in silence the death of “Ballia’s daughter.” Infuriated, young men cried for immediate justice and threatened violence. Elders, however, restrained them. For the most part, the grief was directed inwards: some villagers even refused to light their stoves. Read more ..


Edging Toward The Fiscal Cliff

Lawmakers Have No Bill, No Deal And New Year's Eve On The Cliff

December 31st 2012

Cliff Face West Wales

Senate leaders are racing against the clock to reach a "fiscal cliff" deal the House and Senate can approve on New Year's Eve.

Leaders in the upper chamber narrowed their differences Sunday as Republicans agreed to drop a demand to curb cost-of-living increases to entitlement benefits, while Democrats showed flexibility on taxes. Yet after months of talks on ways to avoid the fiscal cliff of tax hikes and spending cuts at the end of 2012, House and Senate lawmakers find themselves approaching the new year without a bill to present to their members.

Significant differences remain over two key parts of a deal — the automatic spending cuts known as the sequester and the estate tax. Instead of working through the night, the Senate recessed at 7:27 p.m. Sunday with plans to reconvene Monday at 11:00 a.m., and the House recessed around the same time. Read more ..


Edging Toward The Fiscal Cliff

The Fiscal Cliff--Understanding the Terrain

December 30th 2012

Capitol Hill

The "fiscal cliff" is a term used describe a bundle of momentous U.S. federal tax increases and spending cuts that are due to take effect at the end of 2012 and early 2013. In total, the measures are set to automatically slash the federal budget deficit by $503 billion between FY 2012 and FY 2013, according to the most recent Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projections (PDF). If these numbers are converted to calendar year 2013, however, this contraction would be substantially higher, close to 4 percent of GDP. The abrupt onset of such significant budget austerity in the midst of a still-fragile economic recovery has led most economists to warn of a double-dip recession and rising unemployment in 2013 if Washington fails to intervene in a timely fashion.

But many analysts question what action, if any, will be taken either in the lame duck session of the 112th Congress or in the early days of 2013. While legislative inaction could have deleterious economic effects in the short term, analysts say putting off or cancelling all of the measures without a longer-term deficit deal in place would be equally dangerous for the U.S. economy. Read more ..


India on Edge

India’s Protests Become a Social “Stress Test”

December 29th 2012

India anti-Rape Riots Dec 2012

2012 has been a rough year for India’s government. It began with a series of protests led by an anti-corruption activist, who went on hunger strikes to protest foot-dragging by the government in passing a new anti-corruption law. Then, as a reminder of one of the worst scandals in recent memory, the Indian Supreme Court revoked all broadband licenses granted through what turned out to be illegal spectrum auctions. On the economic front, India has maintained stubbornly high inflation and the Indian government lowered the economy's growth forecast for the current financial year to 5.7 percent, the lowest in a decade.

As if these events were not bad enough, just in time to ring out the old year, major protests have broken out across the major cities in India over the brutal rape of a 23-year-old medical student in New Delhi. In Delhi’s famous Raisina Hill area where the parliament, presidential palace and several ministries are located, thousands of demonstrators clashed with riot police for several days before the area was barricaded.

Read more ..

The Education Edge

Curfew Violations in Los Angeles Still Generate Thousands of Tickets Impacting Education

December 29th 2012

Downtown LA Neighborhood

Even as Los Angeles authorities continue efforts to reform school-discipline standards, fresh data show that police from the city’s biggest school district are continuing to ticket thousands of young students, especially minorities, at disproportionate rates that critics charge are putting them on a track for dropping out.

Citation rates for this year are little changed from 2011 data. Disclosure of the 2011 data this past spring led to federal civil-rights scrutiny and promises that policies at the Los Angeles Unified School District would be reviewed, and likely changed.

In 2011, children 14 or younger in the school district, the area’s biggest, were issued 43 percent of the nearly 10,200 tickets school police handed out to students for fighting, daytime-curfew violations and other minor infractions — indiscretions that community groups and judges have maintained might better be handled by school officials or referred directly to community-based counseling.

Read more ..

China on Edge

China Clamps Down on the Internet

December 28th 2012

Chinese soldier at Tienamen Square

China's official news agency says the government has tightened controls on Internet users by enacting rules requiring them to register their real names. The state Xinhua news agency said lawmakers approved the measures Friday at the closing meeting of a five-day session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Beijing says the regulation is aimed at protecting the personal information of Web users and cracking down on abuses such as junk e-mail.

However real-name registration will also curtail people's ability to report, often anonymously, corruption and official abuses.

Many Internet users in China have turned to so-called virtual private networks (VPNs) to gain access to websites that are otherwise blocked by China's Internet censorship, but Duncan Clark, a Beijing-based consultant who is also a senior adviser to Stanford University's Graduate School of Business, says Chinese authorities are limiting access to those, too, and that could hurt business. Read more ..


Benghazigate

The Benghazi Report and the Diplomatic Security Funding Cycle

December 27th 2012

libya-consulate

On Dec. 18, the U.S. State Department's Accountability Review Board released an unclassified version of its investigation into the Sept. 12 attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya. U.S. Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens and three other Americans were killed in the attack, so the report was widely anticipated by the public and by government officials alike. 

Four senior State Department officials have been reassigned to other duties since the report's release. Among them were the assistant secretary of state for diplomatic security; two of his deputy assistant secretaries, including the director of the Diplomatic Security Service, the department's most senior special agent; and the deputy assistant secretary responsible for Libya in the State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. Read more ..



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