The Cyber Edge
|Richard Kaplan||February 6th 2013|
Economic Warfare Institute
In the past several weeks there have been numerous stories in the press regarding hacking incidents against major newspapers in the United States that have been attributed to the People's Republic of China. These incidents follow closely on other reports of hacking incidents against U.S. financial institutions that were attributed to the Islamic Republic of Iran.
There are two major hacker groups. The first is independent hackers, usually young disenfranchised youth that conduct computer intrusions as a dare or some sport. The second, and most dangerous to the national security of the U.S., are the state sponsored hackers, such as those from China and Iran.
On any given day, state-sponsored hackers conduct tens of thousands of "probes and scans" of the U.S. federal government and commercial websites. They are looking for system vulnerabilities in an attempt to gain access to sensitive information on national defense and critical technology subjects. Read more ..
|Reva Bhalla||February 5th 2013|
As U.S. President Barack Obama's second-term foreign policy team begins to take shape, Iran remains unfinished business for the U.S. administration. The diplomatic malaise surrounding this issue over the past decade has taken its toll on Washington and Tehran. Even as the United States and Iran are putting out feelers for another round of negotiations, expectations for any breakthrough understandably remain low. Still, there has been enough movement over the past week to warrant a closer look at this long-standing diplomatic impasse.
At the Munich Security Conference held Feb. 1-3, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden said the United States would be willing to hold direct talks with Iran under the right conditions. Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi responded positively to the offer but warned that Iran would not commit unless Washington shows a "fair and real" intention to resolve the issues dividing the two sides. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Zack Pontz||February 4th 2013|
Israel Defense Force Chief of Staff Benny Gantz arrived in Washington, D.C., Sunday as the guest of his US counterpart, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey.
A statement released by an IDF spokesperson said that the two “will conduct a series of work meetings together, as well as meetings with other American officials. They will also discuss current security challenges, the regional security status in the Middle East and military cooperation.”
Sources in Israel’s security establishment told Israeli daily Yediot Ahronot that during the five-day trip the two sides will deal primarily with developments and possible risks stemming from the civil war in Syria. The main issue will be how the United States and Israel will deal jointly in the case that rebels or Hezbollah take control of chemical weapons now in the hands of the Syrian army. Read more ..
China and Japan
|Bernard Banks||February 3rd 2013|
The Japanese Coast Guard has intercepted a Chinese fishing boat near Japan's southern island of Okinawa and detained its captain on suspicion of unauthorized fishing in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. The Coast Guard said the Chinese boat was stopped some 40 kilometers off Miyaki island, about 150 kilometers from islands in the East China Sea that are claimed by China, Japan and Taiwan. The Coast Guard said the Chinese vessel had a crew of 13. A long-simmering dispute over control of the islands - known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China - has escalated in recent months, as China seeks to assert its claim to wide swaths of the East and the South China seas. Both sides have scrambled fighter jets and deployed patrol ships as tensions have risen.
Earlier Saturday, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told Coast Guard members in Okinawa that Japan would defend the disputed islands at all costs. "Since the country has acquired the ownership of the Senkaku islands, there has been an increase in incursions and patrols by Chinese government vessels. I highly commend the daily work and the effect that you of the Coast Guard [have] as you protect the waters around our country," he said. Abe also warned that the security situation regarding the islands was likely to get worse before it gets better. Read more ..
America's Darkest Edge
|Fred Schulte||February 3rd 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
The federal agents who visited Scott Taylor’s rural Pennsylvania gun shop in early January 2010 — to conduct the store’s first inspection in more than three decades — found thousands of violations of firearm sales laws.
Taylor couldn’t properly account for more than 3,000 guns he had bought or sold during the previous three years, according to agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. These and other violations led ATF to revoke his license to sell guns in November 2011. But that wasn’t the end of the story. Far from it.
Taylor blamed the infractions on his poor health and a computer crash that wiped out his business records. The gun shop, located in the basement of his Biglerville, Pa., home, remains open 14 months later while Taylor appeals the ATF action in federal court. Taylor had no comment. His lawyer, Scott L. Braum, said the violations have been corrected and “no rational person would expect them to reoccur in the future.” Read more ..
The New Egypt
|Bernard Banks||February 2nd 2013|
Egypt's main opposition bloc has backed calls for President Mohamed Morsi to step down, a day after deadly clashes left the government scrambling to contain the fallout from footage of police brutalising a man.
A statement from the National Salvation Front on Saturday signalled a harder line from the opposition coalition which has spearheaded protests against President Morsi since November. "The Salvation Front completely sides with the people and its active forces' calls to topple the authoritarian regime and the Muslim Brotherhood's control," it said, urging Egyptians to stage peaceful protests. It demanded Morsi's trial for crimes of "killings and torture" and ruled out dialogue with the presidency until "the bloodletting stops and those responsible for it are held accountable". Read more ..
Israel on Edge
|Zach Pontz||February 1st 2013|
One day after Syrian officials admitted a strike had been carried out on a military facility, pointing the finger at Israel as the perpetrators, Lebanese newspaper Addiyar Daily is reporting that the militaries in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan have gone on high alert.
According to the paper, thought to be a pro-Syrian publication, Syrian army units have deployed in guerrilla-size formations in the Golan Heights. In Lebanon the High Command of the Armed Forces has ordered a “level 3″ alert for all its forces. And in Jordan armored units have reportedly been placed near the border with Israel, near the River Jordan.
Western officials told the New York Times Wednesday that a strike had been carried out on a convoy carrying sophisticated antiaircraft weaponry intended for the Hezbollah Shiite terror militia in Lebanon. The American officials said Israel had notified the United States about the attack beforehand. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Martin Barillas||January 31st 2013|
Cutting Edge Senior Correspondent
Russia expressed concern over a January 30 aistrike, presumably carried out by Israeli air forces inside Syria. The Russian Foreign Ministry says such action, if confirmed, amounts to "unprovoked attacks" against a sovereign nation, in violation of the United Nations charter.
Russia's foreign ministry said it was "deeply concerned" by the Syrian claims and that it was taking "urgent measures" to investigate. The strident statement said, "If this information is confirmed, then we are dealing with unprovoked strikes against targets located on the territory of a sovereign state, which brazenly infringes on the UN Charter and is unacceptable, no matter the motive used for its justification."
Differing accounts of the January 30 airstrike have emerged, with Syrian authorities saying Israeli jets fired on a military research facility near Damascus, killing two people.
Israeli and Western news media reported an Israeli airstrike at a different location, close to the Syrian-Lebanese border. They say the target was a convoy delivering missile parts to Hezbollah, the strongly anti-Israel Shi'ite militia based in Lebanon. Read more ..
|Pat Madgal ||January 30th 2013|
Stung by dysfunctional inventory and warehouse policies and a failing model, America's greatest book chain--Barnes and Noble--is preparing to shutter a third of its stores. Some 200 stores are slated to disappear in the coming years, according to Mitchell Klipper, chief executive of Barnes & Noble's retail group. Klipper claimed the chain would only close "about 20 stores per year" over a decade. But many observers expected the fast shrinkage period to be accelerated to just a few years--if not sooner. Moreover, the remaining shelf space, experts predict, will be devoted less and less to books, and more to widgets, chocolates, and cuddly dolls.
The chain was devastated by a dismal holiday period drop of approximately 12 percent in all three of its sales vectors: store traffic, web orders, and Nook.
Headlines predicting doom are now common. Fortune was typical when its headline declared: "Barnes and Noble's Hardest Lesson: It Pays to be Small." The Los Angeles Times blasted this headline: "The Incredible Shrinking Barnes & Noble." The Atlantic blared: "Welcome to the End of Barnes & Noble as You Knew It." Barnes and Noble has closed so many prominent stores that one newspaper local Washington, D.C. area newspaper actually headlined that its store might remain open: "Barnes & Noble Expects to Stay Open in Bethesda." Read more ..
|Saul Roth||January 29th 2013|
Wolrd Jewish Daily
North Korean scientists are among those trapped inside an Iranian nuclear facility at Fordo, the victims of a blast that occurred last week.
Despite a U.S. denial, the news Web site that originally broke the story, WND.com, revealed new details Tuesday of the Jan. 21 explosion. "Sixteen North Koreans, including 14 technicians and two top military officers, are among those trapped after a Jan. 21 explosion destroyed much of Iran’s Fordow nuclear site, a source reveals. The source who provided the initial information on the explosion at Fordow has now provided details of the explosion and the degree of the destruction at one of Iran’s most important nuclear sites."
According WND’s source, 36 North Korean technicians and military officers visited two Iranian nuclear sites on on Jan. 15 and 17. At the Fordow site, the North Koreans were to witness the commencement of six cascades of "174 new-generation, speedier centrifuges." WND's source said security cameras recorded the following events: "On Jan 21, 14 members of the North Korean team and two military officers now stationed at Fordow along with Iranian scientists started the process of feeding uranium gas into the newly set-up cascades at 9:15 a.m. Tehran time. At 10:43 a.m., due to a drop in power pressure, system warning signs went off, but everything went back to normal after two minutes." Read more ..
Mali on Edge
|Martin Barillas||January 29th 2013|
Cutting Edge Correspondent
Islamist militants have lost more ground in northern Mali, with French and Malian troops taking the city of Timbuktu and secular Tuareg rebels announcing they have seized the city of Kidal. A spokesman for Tuareg rebel group MNLA told VOA that the group's fighters now control Kidal and the nearby town of Tessalit. There has been no independent confirmation of the claim.
Meanwhile, French media reports say French and Malian troops entered central Timbuktu on January 28, a day after they seized the local airport and the key roads that lead to the historic city. The U.N. cultural agency UNESCO lists Timbuktu as a World Heritage site for its ancient mosques and shrines, some of which date back to the 15th century. But Islamist group Ansar Dine considers the sites sacrilegious, and the militants destroyed some mausoleums while they controlled the city. Read more ..
The New Egypt
|Bernard Banks||January 27th 2013|
Egypt has been thrown into a 30-day state of emergency and a night-time curfew in three cities along the Suez Canal that have seen deadly clashes in recent days, it president Mohamed Morsi has declared. In a televised address late on Sunday, Morsi said the emergency measures in Port Said, Ismailia and Suez would take effect on Monday from 9:00 at night to 6:00 in the morning. He warned that more action would be taken to stem the latest eruption of violence across much of the country. "I have said I am against any emergency measures but I have said that if I must stop bloodshed and protect the people then I will act," Morsi said. He also called for dialogue with top politicians starting on Monday to resolve the situation. Read more ..
|Dave Levinthal||January 27th 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
Congress’ fiscal cliff fiasco, a flurry of lame duck legislation and election-season politics drove some of the nation’s most powerful lobbying forces to double down on their governmental influence efforts late last year, newly filed reports show. Such an uptick foreshadows what could be ever-more-aggressive lobbying on federal finances, taxation, energy and social issues like immigration and gun ownership as President Barack Obama enumerated in his inaugural address Monday. The trend may end a prolonged lobbying spending slowdown largely prompted by Capitol Hill gridlock and a dearth of meaningful legislation receiving consideration during much of 2011 and 2012. In all, about half of the year’s top 100 lobbying organizations spent more on lobbying in the fourth quarter of last year than in the third quarter. About half also showed an overall increase in spending for 2012, an analysis of congressional disclosure reports and Center for Responsive Politics data indicates. Read more ..
The New Egypt
|Edward Yeranian||January 26th 2013|
Egyptian authorities say at least 30 people have been killed in violence that erupted in the coastal city of Port Said, after a court handed down death sentences over last year's deadly football riot. Army enforcements are being deployed to the area to restore order.
Clashes broke out Saturday between relatives of those sentenced to death and police guarding the prison where those convicted are being held. The violence spread with reports of rival groups of football fans firing live rounds at each other and police.
Reinforcements from Egypt's Second Army were ordered into the city to prevent further clashes. Egyptian state TV reported that a curfew was being imposed to calm the situation. Fans known, as ultras, were said to be blocking the city's main railway station. Read more ..
The North Korean Threat
|Bernard Banks||January 25th 2013|
North Korea has threatened "strong physical counter-measures" against South Korea if Seoul directly takes part in a new U.N. resolution tightening sanctions against Pyongyang. A statement released Friday by the North's Committee for Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland warned that sanctions mean a war and a declaration of war against Pyongyang. The statement also threatened to end all dialogue with anyone on denuclearization.
The threat against South Korea came a day after the North said it would carry out a new nuclear test and more long-range rocket launches as part of a new phase of confrontation with the United States.
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The statement Friday from North Korea's Committee for Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland said it would take action against South Korea if it "takes a direct part" in the U.N. sanctions. The South Korean Unification Ministry declined to comment specifically on the new threats from Pyongyang. It reiterated its stance that North Korea should refrain from further provocations.
The Edge of Terrorism
|Scott Stewart||January 24th 2013|
The recent jihadist attack on the Tigantourine natural gas facility near In Amenas, Algeria, and the subsequent hostage situation there have prompted some knee-jerk discussions among media punditry. From these discussions came the belief that the incident was spectacular, sophisticated and above all unprecedented. A closer examination shows quite the opposite.
Indeed, very little of the incident was without precedent. Mokhtar Belmokhtar, who orchestrated the attack, has employed similar tactics and a similar scale of force before, and frequently he has deployed forces far from his group's core territory in northern Mali. Large-scale raids, often meant to take hostages, have been conducted across far expanses of the Sahel. What was unprecedented was the target. Energy and extraction sites have been attacked in the past, but never before was an Algerian natural gas facility selected for such an assault. Read more ..
|Russell Berman and Erik Wasson ||January 24th 2013|
Speaker John Boehner’s (R-Ohio) pledge to back a Republican budget that balances within 10 years raises the political stakes for his party and sets up another major test of his leadership. Democrats eyeing a takeover of the House in 2014 view the move as a gift, since the GOP budget plan will likely make deeper cuts to popular government programs that any leadership-backed blueprint has before.
Boehner will rely heavily on his budget chairman, Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.), to help him navigate the treacherous waters of drafting the budget plan and selling it to members.
The Speaker committed to a 10-year target on Tuesday to secure conservative backing for a short-term suspension of the debt limit. The tactic succeeded, but could backfire this spring if he cannot pass a more austere budget out of the House. Read more ..
|Rachel Ehrenfeld & Ken Jensen||January 23rd 2013|
In January 2009, Obama presented his first cyber security strategy plan. That plan, however, mirrored the Bush Administration's blueprint to better protect the nation's federal and commercial cyber security. That plan was followed each successive year with new strategies. New agencies were created and additional personnel were added to the government payroll, only to witness an avalanche of cyber attacks from abroad on U.S. defense and commercial infrastructures. In October 2012, responding to growing criticism on the Administration's failure to provide cyber protection, Obama acknowledged that, "cyber threat is one of the most serious economic and national security challenges we face as a nation," and went on to declare: "America's economic prosperity in the 21st century will depend on cybersecurity." Read more ..
|Amir Mizroch||January 22nd 2013|
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud-Beytenu list won 31 Knesset mandates, followed by Yesh Atid at 19, exit polls broadcast by Israel's three leading television stations showed on Tuesday night. Final results will be published by the Central Elections Commission on Wednesday.
At 22:17, Netanyahu declared victory with a message on his Facebook page. "I wish to thank the millions of the citizens of Israel carried out their democratic right today. According to the exit polls it is clear that the citizens of Israel have decided that they want me to continue in the position of prime minister of Israel and that I form as wide a coalition government as possible. The early results are a big opportunity for many changes that will favor all of Israel's citizens. The elections are behind us and many complex challenges lie ahead. Starting tonight I will start the efforts to form a government that will be as wide as possible," Netanyahu wrote. According to the Channel 2 exit polls, which are unofficial, the left wing bloc stands at 59 and the right wing bloc at 61. Channels 10 and 1 showed 58 to 62 in the blocs. Arab parties, which are counted amongst the left wing bloc, garnered some 24 seats in the 120 member Knesset. Read more ..
Haiti After the Earthquake
|JT Larrimore and Brielle Sharkey||January 22nd 2013|
Three years after the 2010 earthquake, Haiti continues its struggle to rebuild. An expanding cholera outbreak and food shortages following Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 have hampered earlier relief efforts. All the while, Haiti has become one of the most extreme cases of a state relying on foreign aid, receiving billions in foreign assistance throughout the years. Despite the billions of dollars pledged and disbursed to rebuild a greater nation, Haiti has regressed back to pre earthquake conditions, as one of the poorest countries in the Americas. On the tragic anniversary of the earthquake, relief efforts and development programs must be held accountable for any shortcomings, while more transparency is required from the international community involved in the implementation of aid programs. Read more ..
The Edge of Terrorism
|Bernard Banks||January 21st 2013|
from VOA and agencies
Algeria is expected to raise the death toll from the hostage crisis at a natural gas complex, as preliminary reports showed that at least 80 people were killed. Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal was expected to announce updated casualty figures at a news conference on Monday. The Algerian government has said at least 32 militants and 23 foreign and Algerian hostages were killed in the four-day Islamist siege of the facility that ended Saturday with a final government assault.
On Sunday, special forces searching the complex at In Amenas in eastern Algeria found 25 more bodies, but the corpses were so disfigured that it was hard to tell whether they were hostages or militants. Philippine officials said Monday that six of those killed at the complex were Filipinos, while four other Filipinos were missing. The dead also include three British workers, one American, one French citizen and one Romanian. Read more ..
Obama's Second Term
|Dave Levinthal||January 20th 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
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President Barack Obama has long vowed to “take on” federal lobbyists, swearing off their campaign cash, curtailing access to his administration, and lately, directing his Presidential Inaugural Committee to reject their donations.
“We've always relied on each other, not Washington lobbyists or corporate interests, to build our campaign,” he wrote to supporters after launching his re-election campaign. While Obama has banned donations to his second inaugural celebration from lobbyists, no such prohibition exists on donations from the corporations that employ them.
Donate they have: Obama’s inaugural festivities Monday are bankrolled by several of the nation’s most powerful corporate lobbying forces, which have collectively spent at least $158.6 million on lobbying since the president first took office, a review of congressional disclosures indicates.
Europe on Edge
|Henry Ridgwell||January 19th 2013|
As the hostage crisis at a remote natural gas complex in Algeria continues to play out, there is anger in European capitals and beyond over the way Algerian authorities have dealt with the situation. The attack also has sparked fears for the vulnerability of foreign-owned assets across the region - and the implications for European security.
British Prime Minister David Cameron postponed a key speech on Europe to deal with the hostage crisis Friday. After chairing an emergency meeting with ministers, he briefed parliament. "I offered UK technical and intelligence support - including from experts in hostage negotiation and rescue - to help find a successful resolution. And I urged that we and other countries affected should be consulted before any action was taken," said Cameron. Read more ..
The Mali War
|Bernard Banks||January 18th 2013|
British Prime Minister David Cameron says Algerian forces are still pursuing Islamist militants and attempting to free hostages at a remote Sahara Desert gas complex.
Cameron told lawmakers in London Friday he has spoken with Algeria's prime minister, who said that the crisis sparked by al-Qaida-linked militants is not over.
"He said that the terrorists had tried to flee, that they judged there to be an immediate threat to the lives of the hostages and had felt obliged to respond. When I spoke to to the Algerian prime minister later last night he told me that this first operation was complete," Cameron said. "But this is a large and complex site and they are still pursuing terrorists and possibly some of the hostages in other areas of the site."
Offers for help ignored
Algerian forces ignored offers of foreign help on Thursday, storming the facility two days after the militants seized dozens of hostages, including many foreigners. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|R. Jeffrey Smith||January 17th 2013|
The Center for Public Integrity
The Obama administration has quietly arranged for thousands of chemical protective suits and related items to be sent to Jordan and Turkey and is pressing the military forces there to take principal responsibility for safeguarding Syrian chemical weapons sites if the country’s lethal nerve agents suddenly become vulnerable to theft and misuse, Western and Middle Eastern officials say.
As part of their preparations for such an event, Western governments have started training the Jordanians and Turks to use the chemical gear and detection equipment, so they have the capability to protect the Syrian nerve agent depots if needed – at least for a short time, U.S. and Western officials say.
Washington has decided moreover that the best course of action in the aftermath of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s fall would be to get the nerve agents out of the country as quickly as possible, and so it has begun discussions not only with Jordan and Turkey, but also with Iraq and Russia in an effort to chart the potential withdrawal of the arsenal and its destruction elsewhere. Read more ..
The Edge of Physics
|Sergii Strelchuk||January 17th 2013|
University of Cambridge
For the last ten years, theoretical physicists have shown that the intense connections generated between particles as established in the quantum law of 'entanglement' may hold the key to eventual teleportation of quantum information. Now, for the first time, researchers have worked out how entanglement could be 'recycled' to increase the efficiency of these connections.
The team have also devised a generalised form of teleportation, which allows for a wide variety of potential applications in quantum physics. Once considered impossible, in 1993 a team of scientists calculated that teleportation could work in principle using quantum laws. Quantum teleportation harnesses the 'entanglement' law to transmit particle-sized bites of information across potentially vast distances in an instant. Read more ..
France and Mali
|Joseph Bamat||January 16th 2013|
French special forces began fighting on the ground with Islamist rebels in central Mali on Wednesday, according to regional security sources, six days after the European power launched an air offensive in the country. “The special forces are currently in Diabaly, engaged in fighting with the Islamists. The Malian army is also on site,” the AFP news agency quoted a Malian security source as saying.
French troops closed in on Islamist-controlled areas earlier on Wednesday, in the first stage of a ground offensive that President François Hollande called “both necessary and legitimate” and Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian warned would be “long”. A column of around 30 armoured vehicles set out on Tuesday for the town of Diabaly, some 350km to the north of the capital of Bamako. Read more ..
Mali on Edge
|Anne Look||January 15th 2013|
French forces are preparing for a possible ground assault in Mali against al-Qaida-linked rebels who have continued to push south despite five days of French aerial bombardments. Paris has put 800 soldiers on the ground in Mali since it began its rapid deployment Friday at the request of the Malian government. The plan is to deploy 1,600 French soldiers in the short term and bring that number up to 2,500 in coming weeks.
About 100 vehicles, including tanks and armored vehicles, arrived overland from Ivory Coast early Tuesday morning. Other French troops are coming from Chad and France. French soldiers from the 1st company, 2nd regiment of Marines, continued preparations Tuesday for an eventual deployment from their base just outside the Bamako airport. Read more ..
The Digital Edge
|Julien Happich||January 15th 2013|
Worldwide PC shipments totaled 90.3 million units in the fourth quarter of 2012, a 4.9 percent decline from the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary results by Gartner. “Tablets have dramatically changed the device landscape for PCs, not so much by 'cannibalizing' PC sales, but by causing PC users to shift consumption to tablets rather than replacing older PCs,” said Mikako Kitagawa, principal analyst at Gartner. “Whereas as once we imagined a world in which individual users would have both a PC and a tablet as personal devices, we increasingly suspect that most individuals will shift consumption activity to a personal tablet, and perform creative and administrative tasks on a shared PC. There will be some individuals who retain both, but we believe they will be exception and not the norm. Therefore, we hypothesize that buyers will not replace secondary PCs in the household, instead allowing them to age out and shifting consumption to a tablet.” Read more ..
France and Mali
|Jim Kouri||January 14th 2013|
Islamists in France on Saturday warned the French government that it risks the security of its citizens "wherever they find themselves in the Muslim world" after supporting military intervention in the Muslim terrorist attack on the African country of Mali. According to an earlier report, a French hostage was executed in Somalia on Saturday and eight others are believed to be captives of al-Qaeda-linked cells.
Meanwhile in the second day of fighting in Mali, French helicopter pilot was killed when he was shot down near the central Mali town of Mopti, Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said in a press conference on Saturday.
France has deployed its special forces (French Foreign Legion) into Mopti to prepare the way for hundreds of troops to protect the capital from terrorists. In addition, the French government is deploying additional Rafale fighter jets to set the stage for a major offensive against the Islamists, according to the defense minister. Read more ..
|Zack Colman||January 13th 2013|
An oil boom launched by “fracking” has led energy leaders to take a second look at harnessing the potential of oil shale, a fossil fuel that energy firms largely abandoned the hope of harnessing in the 1980s. No commercially viable method of producing oil shale exists, but American Petroleum Institute CEO Jack Gerard turned heads earlier this month when he predicted a game-changing technological breakthrough could allow the use of oil shale. Gerard’s remarks caught many by surprise as doubts abound on oil shale’s future.
“To date, what we’ve seen is 100 years of promises and taxpayer funds for projects that have all gone belly up,” said Ellynne Bannon, a spokeswoman with spending watchdog group Checks and Balances Project. Environmentalists abhor the prospect of trying to harness oil shale, which would involve extracting oil that is contained in rocks. Extraction methods so far use a considerable amount of fossil fuels and water, which is scarce in the West. Yet before fracking — which injects a high-pressure mixture of water, sand and chemicals into tight rock formations to capture oil hidden under the rocks —many had thought accessing the oil and gas buried deep underground was too expensive. Read more ..
The Edge of Terrorism
|Bernard Banks||January 12th 2013|
French airstrikes have driven back Islamist militants who captured a key town in northern Mali, and a West African regional bloc has authorized the immediate deployment of more troops into the country. Officials said Saturday that French forces had pushed rebels from Konna. The takeover of the town a few days ago had placed militants within 25 kilometers of Mopti, the northern-most city under Malian government control.
A reporter in Mali said that dozens of Islamist fighters were killed in the operation. The reporter also says the Malian army is now occupying the town and Islamists fighters have retreated to the towns of Bore' and Douentza. Meanwhile, France's defense minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said Saturday a helicopter pilot was killed during the airstrikes, which began Friday. The al-Qaida-linked Ansar Dine militant group has responded to the strikes by threatening France with reprisals. Read more ..
|Rachel Ehrenfeld||January 12th 2013|
Economic Warfare Institute
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Under Obama’s administration, the U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, bears little resemblance to the international aid agency that President John F. Kennedy initiated on Nov. 3, 1961. USAID’s stated goal was to further “America’s foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and free markets while also extending a helping hand to people struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country.”
However, upon issuing the first USAID loan guarantee of $1.15 million to an Islamic bank in Indonesia in August 2011, the agency’s blog justified the move, stating: “The finance guarantee agreement builds on President Obama’s speech in Cairo, which called for deeper engagement with the Muslim world.”
The development of Islamic banking was made possible by Malaysia. A recent Economist article, “Banking on the ummah,” reviewed the country’s Islamic banking industry and pointed out the lack of standardized regulations and transparency. But the piece ignored the country’s role in implementing the Muslim Brotherhood’s larger agenda to create a “parallel economy“ by first infiltrating and co-opting the Western economy.
Obama's Second Term
|Jim Kouri||January 11th 2013|
Responding to the nomination of Senator Chuck Hagel to Secretary of Defense, Congressman Trent Franks (R-Ariz.), chairman of the House Subcommittee on the Constitution, voiced serious reservations on Thursday regarding Hagel's fitness to serve.
"As a member of Congress and the House Armed Services Committee, I join many of my Congressional colleagues in holding the most serious of reservations to the nomination of Senator Chuck Hagel to lead our nation's Department of Defense," said the six-term congressman.
"The Department of Defense (DoD) is facing more challenges today than I have seen in my lifetime. If sequestration goes into effect, we are facing the smallest Army since 1950 and the smallest Navy since 1915. While I believe that every single government agency has room to cut wasteful spending, I agree with current DoD Secretary Panetta that an across the board cut to defense spending will prove 'devastating,'" Franks stated. Read more ..
The Race for Nuclear
|Katie Baker||January 11th 2013|
France has been held up, worldwide, as the forerunner in using nuclear fission to produce electricity. However, a third of the nation's nuclear reactors will need replacing in the next decade, and public opinion has shifted toward reducing reliance on nuclear power. In a special issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, published by SAGE four articles explore whether France has the means or desire to unplug from nuclear power.
Nuclear arms experts Patrice Bouveret, Bruno Barrillot, and Dominique Lalanne argue that phasing out Frances' civilian nuclear program would entail costs both to military funding streams, and to the nation's identity. In their provocative article, "Nuclear chromosomes: The national security implications of a French phase-out," they explain that weapons channels are distinct from the power industry. However, as civilian and military nuclear programs have been intertwined for decades, cutting financing for civilian nuclear research projects would increase the cost of maintaining the nuclear arsenal. The extent to which the military and civilian budgets are shared and expenses transferred between them is impossible to quantify – a deliberate move by defense staff to maintain secrecy. Read more ..
The Edge of Terrorism
|Zack Pontz||January 11th 2013|
Despite the relative calm in Israel since the end of Operation “Pillar of Defense” ended in November, officials in Israel believe that attempts by Hamas in Gaza to restock its arsenal–heavily depleted during the operation–have been highly effective. According to Israel’s Channel 2, IDF officials believe that Hamas has almost replenished its arsenal to levels seen before an Israeli offensive in November targeted terrorist weapon caches. The officials furthermore believe that this rearmament represents an inevitable confrontation with terrorist organizations in Gaza in the near future.
“Organizations in Gaza are working hard to restock their weapons arsenal through generous assistance from Iran,” a senior officer in the Southern Command told Channel 2 according to a translation. “Through the tunnels of the Sinai border of Gaza come rockets, anti-tank missiles, mortars and everything you can think of. More than that they are trying to get new weapons in what they call the surprise of the next round. We’re talking about anti-tank missiles, anti-aircraft missiles and long-range rockets.” Read more ..
The Battle for Jordan
|David Schenker||January 10th 2013|
Two years into the so-called "Arab Spring," the tally is grim for Middle East republics. To date, three nominally republican governments have been toppled, and a fourth -- Syria -- promises to follow in 2013. Despite longstanding governance problems and human rights abuses, the Arab monarchies have largely been spared from the popular revolts that dislodged their autocratic neighbors. Until now this monarchy "red line" has served U.S. interests. After all, Washington would benefit little from a cascade of friendly kingdoms and emirates falling like dominos only to be replaced by inimical Islamist regimes.
But the monarchy red line will not last forever, and Washington will face a series of new strategic challenges when and if this threshold is crossed. The end of the monarchy in Jordan would constitute a particularly serious blow to U.S. interests. Should the regime fall, Washington would lose its best remaining Arab ally, and Israel would lose its last reliable peace partner. Read more ..
The Battle for Syria
|Zach Pontz||January 9th 2013|
As fears surfaced that Syria could use chemical weapons against rebels and citizens in the country, Israel led the charge to halt the decisive action.
According to a report in the New York Times, in late November top Israeli commanders alerted the Pentagon to intelligence picked up by satellite that suggested Syrian troops were mixing chemicals at two storage sites, probably the deadly nerve gas sarin, and filling dozens of 500-pounds bombs that could be loaded on airplanes.
Soon after U.S. President Obama was informed, and officials told him that were the Syrians to use the weapons the U.S. might not be able to stop them. According to the Times, what followed next was a “a remarkable show of international cooperation” in which both opponents and supporters of Bashar al-Assad, such as China and Russia, pressed Syria to halt whatever steps towards the use of chemical weapons the country might have been taking. Read more ..
|Kristen Lombardi||January 8th 2013|
Center for Public Integrity
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Notre Dame’s high-profile re-emergence among college football’s elite has focused new attention on the university’s long-standing claims that it does things “the right way” — that football players are treated like anyone else on campus, with no special favors.
The boasts of lofty moral standards have long struck other schools’ fans as a bit sanctimonious. But they are getting fresh scrutiny now, in part because the bright lights of college football’s biggest stage have brought renewed attention to a two-year-old case involving a Notre Dame player and chilling allegations of sexual assault.
In August 2010, 19-year-old freshman Lizzy Seeberg accused the athlete of sexually assaulting her in his dorm. She filed a report with campus police, which sat on it for two weeks before even interviewing him. By then, Seeberg had committed suicide. Administrators would later convene a closed-door campus disciplinary hearing—three months after Seeberg’s death became national news—in which the player was found “not responsible.” In the university's only direct comment on the case, Notre Dame's president, the Rev. John I. Jenkins, told the South Bend Tribune in December 2010 that university police had conducted a "thorough and judicious investigation that followed the facts..." He acknowledged, however, that the inquiry could have been conducted "more quickly, perhaps." The player, who has not been publicly identified, reportedly has never missed a game, nor presumably will he miss tonight’s national championship contest with Alabama’s Crimson Tide. Meanwhile, a small but vocal number of critics are asking pointed questions about how this case was handled, and wondering aloud whether Notre Dame’s righteous rhetoric is really a fiction.
Obama's Second Term
|Dan Robinson||January 7th 2013|
President Barack Obama on Monday nominated former Republican Senator Chuck Hagel to be his new secretary of defense. Obama also chose counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to head the CIA. Obama made his choices official in the White House East Room with Hagel and Brennan standing by his side. The president noted that Hagel, a Vietnam War veteran, would be the first person of enlisted military rank to serve as secretary of defense.
"He understands that sending young Americans to fight, bleed in the dirt and mud, that is something that we only do when it is absolutely necessary. My frame of reference, he has said, is geared toward the guy at the bottom who is doing the fighting and the dying," he said.
Hagel served two terms as a senator from the Midwestern state of Nebraska. He gained a reputation as someone who is willing to break with his own party on key issues. Read more ..
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