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Edge on Historical Archaeology

Archaeologists Discover Historical Artifacts of Australians at Gallipoli Battlefield

October 30th 2011

Archaeology Topics - Aussie canteen from Gallipoli
Aussie canteen with bullet hole, from Gallipoli.

More than one hundred artifacts from the First World War have been uncovered in an archaeological fieldwork survey on the Gallipoli battlefield in Turkey, leading to some interesting theories about life on the frontline, Minister for Veterans’ Affairs Warren Snowdon said according to a press statement. 

Snowdon said the discoveries were made as part of a second season of fieldwork undertaken as part of the Joint Historical and Archaeological Survey – the only systematic survey of the battlefields of Gallipoli since the First World War.

“This survey covered the northern frontline areas on the Turkish and Allied sides. One of the most significant finds was the Malone’s Terraces area at Quinn’s Post,” he said.

William Malone commanded New Zealand’s Wellington Infantry Battalion. Malone’s men relieved the Australians at Quinn’s Post in June 1915. This was a key position, where even the smallest advance by the Turk’s would have forced the evacuation of the Anzacs.

Malone, who was killed during the fight for Chunuk Bair on August 8, 1915, greatly improved living arrangements at the post, including building terraces for troops to sleep in. These terraces were thought to have been lost. Read more ..

The Ancient Edge

New Archaeological Evidence of Early Hunters Dates Earliest Americans to 12,000 BCE

October 29th 2011

Science - Mastodon bones

A new and astonishing chapter has been added to North American prehistory in regards to the first hunters and their hunt for the now extinct giant mammoth-like creatures – the mastodons. Professor Eske Willerslev’s team from the Centre for GeoGenetics, University of Copenhagen, has in collaboration with Michael Waters’ team at the Center for the Study of the First Americans, University of Texas A&M, shown that the hunt for large mammals occurred at least 1,000 years before previously assumed.

This new study concludes that the first-known hunters in North America can now be dated back at least 14,000 years. The results are published today in the internationally renowned scientific journal Science.

“I am sure that especially the Native Americans are pleased with the results of the study. It is further proof that humans have been present in North America for longer than previously believed. The “Clovis First” theory, which many scientists swore to just a few years back, has finally been buried with the conclusions of this study,” says Professor Willerslev, director of the Centre for GeoGenetics at the Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen. Read more ..

The Saudi Succession Question

The Next Generation of Saudi Princes: Who Are They?

October 26th 2011

Arab Topics - Saudi Royals Dancing the Ardha

Editor’s note: This series was originally written in 2009; we re-publish it now in light of Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud’s recent death.

Who are the candidates for succession to Saudi throne once King Abdullah passes? Many of the grandsons of Ibn Saud are already grandfathers; some have years of government experience. But which line should be favored in this next generation is among the most contentious aspects of the Saudi succession.

In discussing the younger generation, it is worth noting that sons of past kings are usually not considered worthy of mention. The respect accorded them and the extent to which they have a leadership claim seem to diminish upon the death of their fathers. Crucially, without their fathers’ backing, most seem to fall out of contention. The largest single group of second-generation princes are the sons of Saud, numbered at more than fifty (and a similar number of daughters), only a few of whom have any public role. Read more ..

American Songbook

The Spirit of Orchestral Mastermind Charles Stepney Lives on in Chicago

October 24th 2011

Art Topics - charles stepney

There is still a vibrancy and creativity of American music of the 1960s and 70s that has much to offer those who remember those days, as well as those inheriting the unique American penchant for syncretism in music styles. Certainly, the merging of jazz, gospel, funk, and rock is what distinguishes the 1970s as the U.S. emerged from days of the Civil Rights movement and the war in Vietnam. Definitions of what qualified as ‘Black’ music and ‘White’ music appeared to become fuzzier as young people breathed easier (without the Draft dangling over their heads) and could go to the dance floor and groove to tunes by Earth Wind and Fire, Stevie Wonder (imported from Saginaw, Michigan), Sly and the Family Stone, Parliament and Funkadelic.

But who was one of the masterminds? Who was it that helped shape the behind the microphone? The tunes are there to be heard on your MP3 player, YouTube, Songza, or even on an LP as God Himself intended those tunes to be heard. His name is Charles Stepney. You won’t hear his voice on those recordings, but you can feel his spirit. It lives. Read more ..

Africa on Edge

Kenyan Army Marks Progress Battling al-Shabab

October 23rd 2011

Africa Topics - Kenyan Soldiers

Kenyan army officials say a five-day-old incursion into Somalia has been successful, and that troops are pushing deeper into the territory in pursuit of al-Shabab militants.

Army spokesman Emmanuel Chirchir says troops are targeting known al-Shabab hideouts.

“We've been doing targeting since 2009 in terms of al-Shabab bases in lower Juba,” he said. “So pretty much we know the training camps, we have pictures of well all of their locations and this is actually pointing towards where we are going to target.”

Chirchir also said a significant number of al-Shabab fighters have been killed in cross-border airstrikes.

“So far what we have counted is 73,” he said. “However, we know [that] because of air action it could be more, it could be hundreds.” Read more ..

The Digital Edge

Google Rides the Swiss rails for Spectacular StreetView

October 20th 2011

Switzerland railway

Google Street View technology has put imagery of some of the world’s most interesting and significant sites online. So now Google has now captured the beauty and majesty of the Swiss Alps from its winding train tracks and switchbacks.

Cooperating with Rhaetian Railways of Switzerland, a Google Street View team collected images from the Albula-Bernina line in Switzerland that will soon be live on Google Maps. The route winds through the Swiss Alps and is one of most famous in the world, passing through alpine forests from Thusis, Switzerland and past the resort town of St. Moritz, then to its final stop just over the border in Tirano, Italy Read more ..

After the Holocaust

Bulldozers and Residual Anti-Semitism Erase Jewish Remnants in Ukraine

October 20th 2011

Jewish Topics - Lviv synagogue remnant

In August of this year, I watched as bulldozers began to demolish parts of the remnants of what was once one of Europe’s most beautiful synagogue complexes, the 16th-century Golden Rose in Lviv. Most of the rest of the synagogue was burned down, with Jews inside, by the Nazis in 1941.

During the war, 42 other synagogues were destroyed in Lviv, which for much of its history was known by its Hapsburg (and Yiddish) name, Lemberg, then in the 20th century renamed Lwow by the Poles, and later Lvov after the Soviets annexed it in 1945. The remnants of the Golden Rose are one of the few remaining vestiges of Jewish existence in Lviv, the majority of whose residents, in 1940, were Jewish.

Lviv had already been the third largest Jewish city in Poland before the war, and then after the Nazis invaded Poland in September 1939, over 140,000 Jews fled from the Nazi-controlled part of the country into the relative-safety of Soviet-occupied Lviv. Read more ..

The Edge of Terrorism

Freeing Gilad Shalit: The Cost to Israel

October 16th 2011

Israel Topics - Gilad Shalit

On Tuesday, Israel and Hamas announced a two-phase prisoner exchange that would secure the release of Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier kidnapped in 2006 and held for more than five years in Gaza. In return, Israel would release 1,027 prisoners, including 280 who are serving life sentences for their involvement in terrorist acts. The deal was initially mediated by Gerhard Conrad, a senior German official with expertise in the Middle East who has overseen prisoner swaps between Israel and Hizballah since the 1990s. But it was Egyptian intelligence chief Maj. Gen. Murad Muwafi who played the pivotal role in recent weeks.

According to reports of the deal, Israel will first release the most controversial 450 prisoners, in exchange for which Hamas will hand over Shalit to Egypt. Israel will then choose an additional 550 or so ostensibly non-Hamas prisoners for release. The group’s leader—Khaled Mashal, based in Damascus—has reported that the first release will occur within a week and the second within two months. After on-and-off negotiations since Shalit’s capture, new circumstances have apparently made a deal possible. Read more ..

The 2012 Vote

Recognizing a Great Speech when You Hear one

October 12th 2011

UK Topics - winston churchill declaiming

With the season for political oratory hard upon us, how does the rhetoric of this year's crop of presidential contenders measure up? "So far none of the Republicans stands out as a great orator," said Sara Forsdyke, an associate professor of classical studies and history at the University of Michigan College of Literature, Science & the Arts (LSA).

"And while President Obama has delivered some great speeches in the past, his oratory has gone downhill recently. I was quite disappointed in his jobs speech to the joint session of Congress."

Forsdyke teaches a class called "Great Speeches Ancient and Modern" in which she reviews the principles of public speaking that have been handed down by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and applies these principles to modern as well as ancient speeches.

"The power of persuasive speech isn't really a matter of inborn charisma," she said. "People can learn the techniques of effective public speaking that have been used both by great orators of classical antiquity and by great modern speakers, from Winston Churchill to Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy and Barack Obama." Read more ..

The Battle for Syria

Turkey’s New Policy on Syria

October 12th 2011

Syrian Issues - Assad and Erdogan

Ankara may soon slap the Assad regime with mild sanctions, but most of its Syria policy will remain just rhetoric in the absence of international consensus regarding stronger action.

Although Turkey has gradually distanced itself from Syria, policymakers in Ankara believe that their options for further action are limited. Without a proper game plan and international consensus, the United States and others cannot count on Turkey to make the Syria problem “disappear.”

The Arab Spring has posed a particular challenge to Turkish foreign policy under the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). Once characterized by Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s catchy phrase “zero problems with neighbors,” in reality this policy has centered on “zero problems with regimes.” As the AKP successfully pursued its goal of turning Turkey’s EU-obsessed foreign policy eastward and boosting ties with the Arab world, its top new ally became the half-century-old Ba’ath Party dictatorship in Syria. Read more ..

Egypt after Mubarak

The Rains of the Arab Spring fall Hardest on the Heads of Egyptian Christians

October 10th 2011

Christian Topics - Coptic Girl

The credibility of the Arab Spring took a bloody hit on Sunday, October 9, when Egyptian Army forces shot dead more than thirty Christian Copts and wounded scores of them. In addition, the action by the Army was paralleled by armed men, described as Salafi Jihadists by Coptic sources, seen also shooting and hitting demonstrators with knives. At a few weeks from the legislative elections in Egypt, this violence impacts the debate about the Spring of Egypt but also challenges US and European policies towards the current and perhaps the forthcoming Government. Can the West support - and fund - a regime that kills members of the weakest community in Egypt, months after the fall of Mubarak?

International news agencies, including AP, were late in reporting the real casualties, as Coptic sources have identified more than 30 bodies seen on the streets at the time this article was filed (forty by the latest unconfirmed account). Hundreds of demonstrators who were protesting against the attacks on Christian Churches in the south of the country were also wounded and dozens were taken to hospital. Read more ..

Technology on Edge

Apple Co-Founder Steve Jobs, 1955–2011

October 6th 2011

Technology - Steve Jobs through the Years

Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs has died at age 56 after a long illness. Tributes have been pouring in from around the world. Jobs was an entrepreneur and innovator who changed several industries.

Apple chief executive Tim Cook called Jobs “an amazing human being, a visionary and a creative genius.” With his trademark black turtleneck and jeans, Jobs was known a charismatic business leader and an innovator.

“We just try to build products we think are really wonderful and that people might want. And, sometimes we are right and sometimes we are wrong,” Jobs said. Read more ..

Global Economy on Edge

Spain Hands Out Millions in Aid despite Fishing Company’s Record

October 5th 2011

Europe Topics - Vidal Armadores Galaecia
Vidal Armadores’s Galaecia (credit: New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries)

One of the world’s most controversial fishing operations—a family-controlled company in northwestern Spain linked to more than 40 cases of alleged illegal fishing—is changing tack. Antonio Vidal Pego, co-owner of Vidal Armadores, says the company is folding, and he’s devoting himself to renewable energy and fish oil. But fisheries officials in Brussels are not convinced.

Trafficking in fish is a thriving global black market. It fuels organized crime and the rapid disappearance of the oceans’ most valuable species, including top predators that scientists say are vital to the balance of the marine ecosystem. Nine out of 10 large fish are already gone, marine biologists say.

Many claim Vidal Pego has been one of the most infamous players in this trade—a so-called “pirate” fisherman.

“You can see I don’t have a hook, a parrot on my shoulder, or a wooden leg,” the 38-year-old says as he sits down to lunch in a private room at Restaurante Berenguela in Santiago de Compostela, the capital of the Galician region. He says it is his company’s first on-the-record interview. Read more ..

Destination Israel

WeMakeIt Mobile Pocket Hotspot Connects Israel Travelers to the Country and the Planet

October 1st 2011

Jerusalem-Temple and Wall

More than three million people visit Israel each year. More every month. They are tourists, pilgrims, businessmen, diplomats, students, and celebrants. 

Most visitors to Israel are highly wired and connected individuals who need to stay in touch with home and business. But they also need to maximize their enjoyment of Israel's endless attractions. The problem is that getting connected in Israel is difficult. Naturally, your smartphones are going to become completely stupid in Israel due to incompatible signal. Therefore, any hookup for telephone is still going to require a global phone--very expensive, or a travel phone rental--less expensive.

The workaround for smartphone apps is your laptop or iPad. But your iPads and tablets will not work because you lack an Israeli wireless connection. When you finally connect at your hotel, the daily connect fee is often double or triple the cost of a typical US hotel fee—as much as $20 to $30 per day plus tax just to get connected. All this aggravation can be avoided with a small box about the size of a wallet--the mobile hotspot. It is offered by a recently formed Israeli hi-tech company called WeMakeIt. You will find it easily available on demand from the leading car rental company, Eldan, or delivered to your hotel. The fact that Eldan makes the mobile hotspot—or MiFi—as easily available as US rental agencies do for navigators, sets Israeli travel ease a notch ahead for ease and access. Read more ..

Environmental Justice

The Plight of the Waterless in Detroit

September 28th 2011

Social Topics - Water is Our Right

In Detroit, the business of water is a dirty one. Thousands of residents have their water shut off every year, but the issue reflects more than just unpaid bills. The shutoffs are at the heart of how the Great Lakes are being stewarded. As the world’s supply of fresh water dwindles, the Great Lakes will only continue to become more of a focal point. Who gets the water in these lakes and who goes without? The ways in which water equity issues play out in Detroit may foreshadow what’s on the horizon for other U.S. cities—and even the world.

Detroit resident Keith Bragg wears a faded blue jacket and stands behind a small wooden lectern. He glances down every now and again, but for the most part he keeps his head up. His voice and eyes are clear as he begins to tell the assembled crowd how he found himself without water. Read more ..

After the Holocaust

A Second Generation Group Looks Back Nine Years Later

September 28th 2011

History-Genocide - Holocaust survivor and flag

For the global Holocaust survivor community, a void was filled when Generations of the Shoah International (GSI) was formed in October 2002. What began with nine people in seven cities has grown into the largest family of survivors organization in the world as well as the bridge between the survivor community and major Holocaust organizations and institutions globally. We are proud to have accomplished all this without receiving funds from any program devoted to assisting needy survivors and without soliciting membership dues.

An all-volunteer organization, GSI devotes its efforts to two important areas: freely sharing information and resources towards the goals of Holocaust education, remembrance and commemoration; and promoting and remaining responsive to the interests of survivors and their descendents. Read more ..

The Mortgage Meltdown

Mortgage Industry Tanks, Fraud Continues at Countrywide

September 27th 2011

Economy - Foreclosure

The mortgage market was struggling in March 2007 when Countrywide promoted Eileen Foster to executive vice president and tapped her to take over the company’s mortgage fraud unit.

Home prices were sputtering, borrower defaults were climbing, and the industry leader, Countywide, would soon be forced to ask Bank of America for an infusion of capital to help it keep afloat.

The fraud investigation unit was also struggling. The company had laid off several experienced investigators, according to Foster. Those who remained were faced with an ever-growing number of fraud complaints.

Foster had roughly two dozen investigators working for her, but only four or five had real investigative chops, Foster says. Many of the rest had been brought over to the unit from clerical jobs, she says. Read more ..

The Caribbean on Edge

Caribbean Islands' Economies Too Dependent on Sun and Sand

September 26th 2011

Travel - Princess Juliana airport

As globalization has carried with it a greater degree of potential for economic integration among different nations, the tiny English-speaking Caribbean states are fighting for their place in an ever-shrinking world. Aside from the potential boon associated with globalization, the spread of free trade and increased competition between transnational corporations could pose another considerable threat to vulnerable Caribbean nations that are often ill-equipped to retaliate against more economically formidable societies.

As far back as the eighteenth century, national economies experienced the initial phases of industrial capitalism. During this era imperial powers, such as England and Spain, exploited the colonies, forcing them to export raw materials to the mother-countries for processing, which prevented the Caribbean islands from achieving a proper degree of progress. For instance, the island nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis historically had come to depend heavily upon on sugar exports and had the potential to complete the entire production process from inception to launch. Read more ..

Nature on Edge

Conservationists Trying to Save, Reproduce Endangered Frogs

September 23rd 2011

Animals - La loma tree frog
La Loma tree frog (credit: Brian Gratwicke, National Zoo)

Forty percent of all the frogs in the world are in danger of extinction, according to the Smithsonian Institution. Pollution, pesticides, climate change and now a fungus are taking a toll on this diverse group of amphibians. Until recently, the central rain forest of Panama was rich in frog species. Smithsonian conservationist Brian Gratwicke is directing a campaign to save and reproduce in captivity some of the world’s most endangered frogs.

Sierra Llorona is a tropical rainforest in Central Panama. It’s rich in all sorts of flora and fauna, especially frogs. Read more ..

After the Holocaust

Hugo Boss Finally Apologizes for Aiding Nazis before and during WWII

September 23rd 2011

History-Genocide - Nazi stormtrooper uniforms

The German fashion house of Hugo Boss admitted that founder Hugo Ferdinand Boss had supported dictator Adolf Hitler before and during the Second World War as National Socialist Germany occupied most of Europe. Boss is the maker of expensive men’s clothing and accessories.

A new book, Hugo Boss – 1924-45: A Clothing Factory during the Weimar Republic and Third Reich , by German historian Roman Köster, professor of History at the Military University of Munich, wrote an authorized history that reveals that the firm’s founder was not only a fervent Nazi but also relied on slave labor to produce clothing at his factory in Metzingen in the state of Baden-Wurttemburg. There, 180 prisoners of war (140 French and 40 Polish) were forced to work at no wages.

Seventy years later, the Boss company published a communiqué on its website begging forgiveness while offering its “sincerest regrets towards those who suffered injury during forced labor at the business of Hugo Ferdinand Boss during the Nationalist Socialist regime.”

Professor Köster’s book on the life of Hugo Boss recalls that in 1933 that the company was the official manufacturer and distributor for the military uniforms of Germany’s National Socialist Party and as of 1938 also produced uniforms for the feared Waffen SS – Hitler’s private army to which some of the worst atrocities of the war have been attributed.

According to German media, forced labourers at Hugo Boss’s factory lived under deplorable conditions in a work camp near the factory. Hygiene was poor, as was the food provided to the prisoners. The pace of work was inhuman.

Professor Köster said that the documents he examined show that Hugo Ferndinand Boss himself was a fervent Nazi. “Not only did he support the party from which he obtained diverse contracts for producing military uniforms, but he was totally integrated into the political movement.” The historian also affirmed that the Third Reich was “deeply assimilated by the owner of the business inasmuch as the working conditions for the workers there were quite tragic.” Read more ..

Economic Recovery on Edge

Bailed-Out Banks made Riskier Loans than Others

September 19th 2011

Economy - credit report request form

Banks that received federal bailout money ended up approving riskier loans and shifting capital toward risky investments after getting government help, say University of Michigan researchers.

In a new study on risk-taking by banks that received funds from the Troubled Asset Relief Program, finance professors Ran Duchin and Denis Sosyura of Michigan's Ross School of Business found that the overall risk level of TARP banks increased 10 percent. Further, these banks were no more likely to issue loans, overall, than non-TARP banks, in contrast to the declared objective of the federal program to increase lending.

The U.S. government established TARP in late 2008—the largest federal investment program in American history—to increase financial stability and stimulate lending to U.S. consumers and businesses. The Capital Purchase Program, the first and largest TARP initiative, invested $205 billion in more than 700 financial institutions in 2008-09. Read more ..

Economic Recovery on Edge

Obama’s New Plan for Underwater Mortgages May Be Too Little, Too Late

September 11th 2011

Economy - Foreclosure

It was almost a blink-and-you-miss-it moment in President Barack Obama’s jobs speech, but for about 20 seconds—after he urged Congress to pass his $447 billion economic stimulus bill—he offered a quick sketch of a plan to aid struggling homeowners.

“To help responsible homeowners we are gonna work with federal housing agencies to help more people refinance their mortgages at interest rates that are now near 4 percent,” the president said Thursday evening. “I know you guys must be for this, because that’s a step that can put more than $2,000 a year in a family’s pocket and give a lift to an economy still burdened by the drop in housing prices.”

For many housing activists, Obama’s declaration sounded like more of the same: a tepid response to a continuing foreclosure crisis that has put millions of homeowners at risk. Read more ..

Washington on Edge

IRS Whistleblower Program Needs More Resources, Says Grassley

September 11th 2011

Politics - Sen Chuck Grassley (R Iowa)
Sen Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa)

The Internal Revenue Service needs to boost resources for investigating tips about tax cheats, the architect of the agency’s whistleblower reward program said September 9th.

Sen. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, who wrote a 2006 expansion of the whistleblower program, said a new Government Accountability Office report says the agency needs to do more to make sure that delays don’t discourage whistleblowers from reporting companies and fat cats who cheat on their taxes.

He said the IRS also needs to circumvent internal agency politics by giving the IRS Whistleblower Office more clout within the bureaucracy. Read more ..

Human Trafficking

Snakes in the Grass

September 11th 2011

China Topics - Golden Venture survivors
Chinese immigrants rescued from the Golden Venture (credit: Paul DeMaria)

Human smuggling is a lucrative business. Despite the best efforts of customs officials around the globe, smugglers remain in business, in part because of their access to capital and law enforcement’s reluctance to use some of the most advanced tools on the market.

Smuggled Chinese arrive in the United States by land, sea, and air. Some travel directly, while others transit through Mexico or Canada and then cross overland illegally. Although exact figures are unavailable regarding how many Chinese are smuggled into the United States every year, credible estimates put the number at 50,000.

The number of Chinese smuggling groups worldwide is not known; estimates range from seven to 50. The Chinese use the term “snakehead” for smugglers and “human snake” to describe those being smuggled. These terms stem from the idea of slithering from point to point along clandestine routes. Read more ..

The Race for Solar

Solyndra Investigation Expands, with Agents Visiting Executives’ Homes

September 11th 2011

Energy Topics - solyndra HQ

Federal agents have expanded their examination of the now-bankrupt California solar power company Solyndra, visiting the homes of the company’s chief executive, a founder, and a former executive, examining computer files and documents.

Agents visited the homes of CEO Brian Harrison and company founder Chris Gronet. Agents also visited the home of a third executive involved in the company from the start, according to a source who agreed to speak only on condition of anonymity because of the legal sensitivity of the situation.

Gronet, reached at his home Friday morning, did not dispute that his home was visited by federal agents a day earlier.

“I’m sorry,” Gronet said in an interview. “You probably understand full well that I cannot comment.” Read more ..

Economic Recovery on Edge

Judge Rules in Favor of Military Retirees who Traded Pensions for Lump Sum Payments

August 29th 2011

Economy - Kathie and Louis Kroot
Kathie and Louis Kroot (credit: Lee P. Thomas/iWatch News)

A new development follows the previously published the story of Structured Investments , a California company that gives lump-sum payments to military retirees in exchange for their pension payments. These agreements are often equivalent to a loan at an annual rate of 30 percent or more. This week, a judge in Orange County, Calif., delivered a blow to the company, issuing a preliminary ruling that Structured violates federal laws prohibiting the “assignment” of military pay to someone else.

“The defendant’s practice is unscrupulous and substantially injurious” to retirees, Judge David Velasquez wrote. Read more ..

The 2012 Vote

527 Group Wanes after Newt's Summer Implosion

August 28th 2011

Presidential - Newt Gingrich

The Newt Gingrich money machine that raised $52 million in just four years to promote his ideas and image, American Solutions for Winning the Future, has quietly gone belly up.

Gingrich set up the 527 group in 2007, but it began to lose fundraising steam almost as soon as the former House Speaker launched his presidential bid in May, according to Joe Gaylord, the group’s chairman. It closed its doors early last month, an apparent casualty of Gingrich’s beleaguered presidential drive.

To make his bid for the GOP nomination, Gingrich had to sever his ties with the 527, as federal election law requires for candidates, and that proved to be a big blow to its growth and ongoing operations, Gaylord said.

According to a filing with the IRS on August 18, the 527 spent $2.9 million in the first six months of the year, but only raised $2.4 million in the same period. Read more ..

Africa on Edge

Resolving Hunger in the Horn of Africa Requires Long-Term Commitment

August 23rd 2011

Africa Topics - Somalis in food queue

As the food crisis across the Horn of Africa is intensifying, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) will help thousands of Somali refugees in northeast Kenya by providing critical services in the soon-to-be opened Kambioos extension to the Dadaab refugee camp. CRS is making a five-year commitment to work with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to provide 25,000 people with water and sanitation infrastructure in Kambioos, while also aiding the surrounding communities affected by the influx of refugees.

“The vast majority of refugees are suffering from malnutrition, poor sanitation facilities, and live in crowded conditions with a lack of appropriate shelter,” said P.M. Jose, CRS’ Kenya country representative. “Getting life-saving assistance to the new arrivals is critical, but as we help refugees, we must not forget the impact that these arrivals will have on the host communities surrounding the camps.” Read more ..

Destination Edge

Behind the Truck Stop at New Mexico's Vado-Del Cerro

August 23rd 2011

Travel - El Vado, New Mexico
El Vado Lake

Rambling along Interstate 10 between Las Cruces and El Paso, Texas, travelers might see the Vado exit sign and notice a truck stop that’s seen better days. They might catch a glimpse-and a whiff-of the numerous dairies that line the southern Mesilla Valley.

Few, however, will probably ever hear about the rich history this border region community of several thousand people offers to visitor and resident alike. Scratch the history of Vado and a prism of windows opens up into the past, present and future of New Mexico, Mexico and the United States.

Dora Dorado has lived a good part of this history. Guiding her vehicle through a jumble of paved and unpaved roads, Dorado takes the visitor on a tour of the site-built houses, stone walls and mobile homes that make up Vado and its neighboring community of Del Cerro. In recent decades growth has practically merged the two communities together, making it more proper to speak of Vado-Del Cerro, as opposed to just Vado. Read more ..

The Edge of Justice

New Whistleblower Rules at SEC Pave the Way for Exposing Corporate Fraud

August 15th 2011

Social Topics - whistleblower

The Securities and Exchange Commission’s new whistleblower rules went into effect on August 12, paving the way for tipsters who expose corporate fraud to collect rewards that could total millions of dollars.

To highlight the official start of its new whistleblower bounty program, the SEC launched a Web page, www.sec.gov/whistleblower, that includes information on eligibility and directions on how to submit a tip.

Under the Dodd-Frank financial reform law, whistleblowers who provide useful and original information could be eligible to receive between 10 percent and 30 percent of penalties of $1 million or more that the SEC collects in criminal or civil cases.

In May, the SEC spelled out in detail how whistleblowers seeking the bounties should file complaints and when they may qualify for the awards. The commission approved the new rules after a contentious rulemaking process that pitted whistleblower advocates against corporate representatives who claimed that the bounty program could undermine companies’ internal compliance programs. Read more ..

The Edge of Justice

Millions of Federal Court Records Being Destroyed—to Save Money

August 11th 2011

History American - NARA file folders

The federal courts are destroying millions of judicial case records that have been stored in the Federal Records Centers of the National Archives (NARA) for decades, all in an effort to save money.

The plan is to destroy all records on cases that did not go to trial that were filed between 1970 and 1995. For other records, the federal judiciary has reduced the current record retention time from 25 to 15 years in an effort to cut costs. All cases that went to trial or were filed before 1970 will be kept. Read more ..

The Ancient Edge

European Neanderthals Overwhelmed by Sheer Numbers of Invading Homo Sapiens

August 10th 2011

Archaeology Topics - Neanderthal child mannequin
Replica of a Neanderthal child

New research sheds light on why, after 300,000 years of domination, European Neanderthals abruptly disappeared. Researchers from the University of Cambridge have discovered that modern humans coming from Africa swarmed the region, arriving with over ten times the population as the Neanderthal inhabitants.

The reasons for the relatively sudden disappearance of the European Neanderthal populations across the continent around 40,000 years ago has for long remained one of the great mysteries of human evolution. After 300 millennia of living, and evidently flourishing, in the cold, sub–glacial environments of central and western Europe, they were rapidly replaced over all areas of the continent by new, anatomically and genetically 'modern' (i.e. Homo sapiens) populations who had originated and evolved in the vastly different tropical environments of Africa.

The most plausible answer to this long-debated question has now been published today, 29 July, in the journal Science by two researchers from the Department of Archaeology at Cambridge – Professor Sir Paul Mellars, Professor Emeritus of Prehistory and Human Evolution, and Jennifer French, a second-year PhD student. Read more ..

Travel Green

Greensboro's Proximity Hotel Excels in Comfort and Green Innovation

August 8th 2011

Travel - Proximity Hotel

Proximity Hotel in beautiful Greensboro, North Carolina, is uncommon in that it not only offers luxury, but it sits on the cutting edge of a trend towards environmentally-friendly and energy efficient accommodation. Opened in 2008, Proximity Hotel is in the heart of Greensboro’s business and shopping district where travellers can not only make their appointments, but also enjoy natural surroundings in this quiet retreat. While it less than 300 feet away from one of the area’s busiest thoroughfares, at Proximity Hotel you will be soothed and energized by a restored natural stream that wends its way through tall grass where a colony of turtles and other wildlife can be seen. Read more ..

Myanmar on Edge

More Oversight Needed for Myanmar Cyclone Relief Funds, GAO Says

August 2nd 2011

Disaster - Myanmar cyclone Nargis destruction
credit: Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Federal aid officials have not shown adequate monitoring of cyclone relief efforts in Myanmar, according to a recent audit ordered by Congress—oversight deemed necessary to ensure aid monies are not touched by the repressive Myanmar government and military.

On May 2, 2008, Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar’s Irrawaddy Delta, leaving 140,000 people dead or missing. Millions of others in the island nation, were displaced or adversely affected. Initially, international relief efforts were restricted by the Myanmar government, which said the disaster could be handled internally. Later, however, restrictions were loosened and the U.S., mainly through USAID, dedicated $84.5 million to the emergency response. Read more ..

The Water’s Edge

Turning Gray Water Green

August 1st 2011

Israel Topics - sea of galilee sat photo
The Sea of Galilee (credit: NASA)

The facts on the ground are stark: Israel is in a serious water deficit. The Sea of Galilee is shrinking every year, as are its underground aquifers. Yet water needs are increasing along with energy costs.

One answer to this crisis may be found in the water we send down the sink and bathtub drains. Much of this “gray water” can be lightly treated and reused to flush toilets and water gardens.

Putting that ideal into action on a large scale is the target for Gil Ben-Meir, inventor of the Evergreen gray water solution developed by his company, Green Solutions. Some 150 family Israeli homes have already installed Evergreen. This business owner, working since 2009 on the project, is intent on making a dent in the foreign market with Israel’s already well-known water solutions that work.

Speaking at the 15th annual Cleantech Exhibition in Tel Aviv in July, Ben-Meir says that the Evergreen system is a small, affordable and easy-to-maintain gray-water processing device that can treat up to 600 liters of household water a day, or about 150 gallons. Read more ..

The Medical Edge

Linking Mind to Artificial Limbs Shows Promise for Victims of Paraplegia

July 28th 2011

Science - artificial limbs

Four universities won a $1.2 million grant to develop prosthetics that deliver sensory information to patients and can be controlled by their thoughts. Rice University, the University of Michigan, Drexel University and the University of Maryland will work on the four-year project with funds from the National Science Foundation's Human-Centered Computing program.

Researchers at Rice will build a prosthetic arm that can be controlled by a cap of electrodes that read electrical activity on the scalp using electroencephalography. The EEG information will be combined with real-time data about blood-oxygen levels in the user's frontal lobe using functional near-infrared technology developed by Drexel's brain imaging lab. Read more ..

Economy on Edge

CFPB Wish Lists Urge Action on Mortgages, Payday Loans, Prepaid Cards

July 25th 2011

Economy - richard cordray, cfpb-designate
Richard Cordray, Obama’s Nominee for CFPB

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has opened for business. Its mailbox is already piled high with wish-lists from consumer advocacy groups about what the new agency should tackle first.

While consumer groups cheer the arrival of the CFPB, the banking industry and other financial services providers such as payday lenders, debt collectors, consumer credit bureaus, and credit card issuers are less enthusiastic and worry that any new regulations could be costly and burdensome. Many Republican lawmakers share those concerns and have threatened to block the Senate nomination of Richard Cordray to head the agency.

Until the CFPB has a confirmed director in place, the bureau is limited to enforcing existing consumer protection regulations and generally cannot propose new rules.

Here is a closer look at some of the most common requests from consumer groups to the CFPB. Read more ..

Financial Jihad

Selling Land to Jews Punishable by Death, says PA Law

July 25th 2011

Israel Topics - jerusalem from mt of olives
View of Jerusalem from Mount of Olives

Israel supporters are sounding the alarm on a controversial law in the Palestinian Authority that forbids Arabs from selling land to Jews.

On the Mount of Olives, a large Israeli flag flies over a house where one man was possibly killed over the PA decree.

“Who killed him nobody knows, but it was because of the house,” said resident Abraham.

Abraham’s brother Mohammed was accused of selling the house to Jewish settlers. Just days after the new residents moved in, Mohammed’s dead body was found on the road between Jericho and Jerusalem. Read more ..

The Financial Edge

Money Laundering and Financial Crime: The Cayman Islands in a Global Perspective

July 25th 2011

Economy - money laundering

It does not take long for a visitor to the Caymans to realise that the 1993 film “The Firm” still arouses the ire of those in the Cayman financial sector. Even today in certain circles Cayman is synonymous with money laundering and other financial misdeeds. Others however recognise that Cayman is far from the world’s money laundering haven and is in fact exploited by fraudsters because of its record of political and financial stability.

Cayman is certainly a financial success. A February 2010 International Monetary Fund paper titled “Cross- Border Investment in Small International Centers” reported that Bank for International Settlements statistics “indicate that banks resident in the Cayman Islands held over $1.7 trillion in assets at the end of 2008 (more than Italy, Portugal, and Spain combined).” And the March 2010 Global Financial Centres Index ranked Cayman as 28th in the world, tied with Edinburgh and Seoul and right ahead of Dublin, Hamilton and Munich.

Despite its negative image in certain circles, it is telling to review material where Cayman is found to be unremarkable or is not found at all. A simple check of indexes of relevant books shows that the Cayman Islands is not listed in The Money Launderers: Lessons From The Drug Wars: How Billions of Illegal Dollars Are Washed Through Banks & Businesses (1992), Washed in Gold: The Story Behind the Biggest Money Laundering Investigation in US History (1994), nor in Infiltrator: My Secret Life Inside the Dirty Banks Behind Pablo Escobar’s Medellin Cartel (2009). Other significant books make little reference to Cayman. Read more ..

Edge on Terrorism

Iran's Double-Talk on the Anniversary of Deadly Bombing in Argentina

July 24th 2011

Argentina Topics - AMIA bombing 1994 and cop

Seventeen years ago this week, Hezbollah operatives working closely with Iranian intelligence blew up the Israeli-Argentine Mutual Association (AMIA) building in Buenos Aires, killing 85 people and wounding 300 more. Now, after years of obstructing investigation into the attack, Iran claims it is ready to "engage in constructive dialogue" with Argentina about the case, but insists that talk of an Iranian link is nothing more than "plots and political games."

In fact, it is Iran that is playing games.

Argentinean authorities conducted an extensive investigation into the AMIA attack, with significant international cooperation, and concluded that "the decision to carry out the AMIA attack was made, and the attack was orchestrated, by the highest officials of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the time, and that these officials instructed Lebanese Hezbollah -- a group that has historically been subordinated to the economic and political interests of the Tehran regime -- to carry out the attack." Read more ..

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