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Islam on Edge

The Month of April as Great Britain Confronts Islamic Issues

May 29th 2014

London buses

April Item 1: The number of so-called taxi-rapes has snowballed to such an extent that a British judge recently issued a warning that no woman can expect to be safe while travelling in a cab. April Item 2: Ibrahim Munir, an exiled senior leader of the Muslim Brotherhood now living in Britain, when asked if violence would be an option, replied, "Any possibility." April Item 3: "Do I have to change my religion to get the best [banking] deal?" — Lloyds Bank customer, quoted in The Daily Telegraph.

Islam and Islam-related issues were omnipresent in Britain during the month of April 2014, and can be categorized into three broad themes: 1) The British government's growing concern over Islamic extremism and the domestic security implications of British jihadists in Syria; 2) The continuing spread of Islamic Sharia law in all aspects of British daily life; and 3) Ongoing questions of Muslim integration into British society. Read more ..


The Economic Edge

Alpaca Farmer Shears His Way to Success

May 28th 2014

Small Farm

It’s shearing season at Sugarloaf Farm just outside Washington, where most of the alpacas don't seem to mind getting a haircut.

But whether they like it or not, the 130 animals will have their woolly fleece sheared. It will keep them from getting overheated during the summer months while generating a cool profit for farm owner Kevin Brandt.

“We’re finding that there are more people in the marketplace looking for alpaca yarns because it’s considered to be hypoallergenic, and it’s really as soft as cashmere,” he said.

Fleece quality
Brandt keeps both types of alpacas at his farm; the Huacaya and the Suri. “The Suri has the long, dreadlock-like fiber and the Huacaya has the fluffy, teddy bear style,” he said. The animals provide three different grades of fleece.

The finest comes from the animals’ back, hip and shoulder and is usually made into clothing. The next-best grade comes from the neck. The third-grade fleece, from the legs and belly, is a coarser fiber that is used for rugs and accessories. Read more ..


Islam on Edge

Pregnant Pakistani Woman Stoned to Death by Family in front of Courthouse

May 27th 2014

Pakistan protest green flag

A pregnant woman was stoned to death Tuesday by her own family outside a courthouse in the Pakistani city of Lahore for marrying the man she loved.

The woman was killed while on her way to court to contest an abduction case her family had filed against her husband. Her father was promptly arrested on murder charges, police investigator Rana Mujahid said, adding that police were working to apprehend all those who participated in this "heinous crime."

Arranged marriages are the norm among conservative Pakistanis, and hundreds of women are murdered every year in so-called honor killings carried out by husbands or relatives as a punishment for alleged adultery or other illicit sexual behavior. Read more ..


The Digital Edge

Who Owns the Air Space Above your Garden?

May 26th 2014

There have been several lawsuits against hobbyist drone flyers, including a recent one in France where an 18-year-old boy from Nancy filmed a video of his hometown using a GoPro camera mounted onto a small drone.
Nans Thomas was eventually fined 400 Euros for violating the DGAC’s sky rules (Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile) and endangering the lives of others, a fairly light sentence if you consider the maximal sentence could have been one year of imprisonment and a 15,000 Euros fine (violating flying safety rules bear a maximal fine of 75,000 euros but this charge was not taken into account).

In the USA, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) tried to fine an aerial photographer for “reckless flying”, but the court found that the FAA had no authority over small unmanned aircraft when it imposed the first-ever such fine on a drone operator. In fact the FAA has yet to come with dedicated rules for lightweight drones (under 25 kilograms). But in both cases, the general rules that would apply are that recreational drones should stay away from populated areas. Read more ..

The Edge of Climate Change

Africa Developing Unified Climate Strategy

May 25th 2014

Hungry African Widow/Children

While an international agreement on climate change remains elusive, African nations are moving closer to a unified strategy. Africa has experienced more extreme weather events in recent years as global temperatures rise.

Dr. Joseph Mukabana said the continent is on the front lines of climate change. He said that has led to a draft version of – what’s called -- The Implementation Plan of the Integrated African Strategy on Meteorology.

“Africa is the most vulnerable continent when it comes to climate change. Out of the 48 least developed countries, 33 are in Africa. So, the priority in Africa is to adapt on climate change. You either adapt or die,” he said. Mukabana --director of the regional office for Africa and Least Developed Countries of the World Meteorological Organization – said that climate events far from Africa are having an effect on the continent. Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

Media: Mixed Performance As Ukraine Campaign Comes To An End

May 24th 2014

Ukraine protest

Many in Ukraine and around the world have pinned their hopes for stabilizing the country on the outcome of the May 25 presidential election. 

One key to a free and fair election is the performance of the media, and a new report by the Academy of the Ukrainian Media and the nongovernmental organization (NGO)  Telekritika gives the Ukrainian media mixed, but passing marks.

The organizations monitored election coverage of major broadcast and print media outlets from March 1 until May 18. They found that the number of suspected "paid" stories supporting one candidate or another was down significantly from past elections.

The report notes that campaign coverage has been "significantly more objective" than in previous Ukrainian elections, in part because the ongoing violence in the east and the clash over Ukraine between Russia and the West have forced election coverage out of the top news slots. Read more ..


The Way We Are

US Tops List of World's Most Competitive Countries

May 22nd 2014

Stature of Liberty Sunset

The United States ranks as the most competitive country in the world in a survey of 60 countries by IMD, a leading global business school in Switzerland.  The survey finds Europe is recovering some of its competitive edge, while emerging economies are struggling to hold their own.  

Authors of the report say the United States owes its top position to its resilient economy, better employment numbers, and dominance in technology and infrastructure.  It is followed in the competitiveness ranking by three small economies - Switzerland, Singapore, and Hong Kong - all of which prosper from exports, business efficiency and innovation.  

The report finds Europe is doing better than last year, thanks to its gradual economic recovery, but most of the big emerging markets are sliding in the rankings. It says the so-called BRIC countries - Brazil, Russia, India and China - are losing out in the competitiveness race as economic growth and foreign investment slow and infrastructure remains inadequate. China, which is widely expected to supplant the United States as the world's economic superpower, has fallen two places since last year and now ranks 23rd on the competitiveness index.   Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

In Eastern, Southern Ukraine, The Police Sometimes Melt Away

May 21st 2014

Ukraine--Berkut Riot Police Nov 2013

Outside the burnt out shell of Odesa's Trade Union building, Angela Sedova places flowers around  a makeshift memorial to the over 40 mainly pro-Russian protesters who died after being engulfed in flames during clashes with Ukraine-unity demonstrators. 

Between sobs, the 47-year-old social worker who supports anti-Kyiv separatists, describes how the five-story building burned for nearly an hour before she saw any sign of police. She says local forces deserted them.

"On my way home I went to the police station to write a report [about what I saw] and I said, people, are you not ashamed?" she says.

Eleven blocks away, on Odesa's downtown Deribasivska street, Ihor and Viktoria, a pro-unity couple in their early 20s, tell RFE/RL that it was near here that police allegedly provided cover for pro-Russian protesters to shoot live ammunition at them.  Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

Akhmetov Is Shocked, Shocked To Find That Separatism Is Going On In Donetsk!

May 20th 2014

Russian tourist in Ukraine

Rinat Akhmetov, Ukraine's richest man, normally prefers shadows to sunlight. But that's changed in the past week, with a series of strikes and noisy protests calling for the ouster of pro-Russian separatists from his native Donetsk.

In the latest demonstration on May 20, the billionaire called on Donetsk residents to stage daily protests until the self-declared "Donetsk People's Republic," the driving force behind the May 11 self-rule referendum, was eliminated.

Akhmetov's sudden description of separatists as "bandits and looters" is in full keeping with concerns expressed in Kyiv, which feared Ukraine was preparing to lose its eastern flank to Russia, and had staged numerous "antiterrorist operations" in an effort to prevent it.

But the sentiment was somewhat surprising coming from a man who is widely believed to have been one of the separatists' primary funders. Pavel Gubarev, the self-styled governor of the "people's republic," asserted that Akhmetov, whose personal fortune is estimated at $11 billion, provided up to two-thirds of the movement's operational funds. (Akhmetov denied the claim.) Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

Kyiv's Bid To Ban Communist Party Could Provoke 'Radical Opposition'

May 19th 2014

Protest in Ukraine

Acting Ukrainian President Oleksandr Turchynov has asked the Justice Ministry to evaluate evidence of illegal activities by the Ukrainian Communist Party and to consider banning it.

Turchynov said on May 18 that he had sent the request to the Justice Ministry and that he believed "a Ukrainian court will put an end to this matter." According to the presidential website, the country's security service has documented the party's role in the separatist movements in the east and determined that several party members have acted "to the detriment" of Ukraine's interests.

But Ukraine observers are wondering if this is the right moment to raise this question, in light of the ongoing instability in the eastern part of the country and the faltering efforts of the Kyiv government to bolster its legitimacy. Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

In Eastern Ukraine, Torture Is New Weapon

May 18th 2014

Ukraine--Berkut Riot Police Nov 2013

When he ripped down a separatist flag from the main government building in Novohradovka, his hometown in eastern Ukraine, Oleksandr Hurov knew he was in for trouble. Retaliation was quick, and ruthless.

Two weeks later, the 36-year-old coalminer lies in a Kyiv hospital with a fractured jaw, a broken nose, a lacerated arm, and cracked ribs.

"They beat me nonstop," he said. "I was lying on the ground; they kicked me and hit me on the head with a gun. One of them held my arm outstretched while another one jumped on it. I passed out from time to time, which was great because then I couldn't feel the pain."

Hurov says his assailants called him a "traitor" and tried to peel off the nationalistic tattoo on his shoulder – inscribed with the words "Glory to Ukraine, glory to the heroes" – using the jagged edges of a smashed light bulb. Hurov's grisly story is an increasingly familiar one in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Russian separatists are accused of waging a campaign of abductions and torture as they seek to consolidate their grip on the region. Read more ..


The US and China

China and the Age of Contempt

May 17th 2014

New hires to Chinese military

Just four days after the conclusion of President Barack Obama's trip to reassure the United States' Asian allies of its commitments to defend them, China challenged U.S. credibility and staying power in Asia. Obama's week of tough-minded statements during his swing through the region -- including his announcement that the U.S.-Philippines alliance is "ironclad" -- apparently left Beijing, the unstated target of the trip, unmoved.

Escalating the already tense situation in the South China Sea, China sent an oil rig into waters also claimed by Vietnam, and followed this provocative move by dispatching 80 vessels, including naval and coast guard ships, to defend the rig.

Though China has been increasingly aggressive in the South and East China Seas over the last three years, the dispatch of an oil rig indicates a troubling change in Chinese behavior. First, the nature of the act marks a notable shift: An oil rig is a more permanent signal of China's intent to explore for oil in contested waters and therefore a brazen attempt to unilaterally define maritime territory. Second -- and more ominously -- given that the move was made right after the president's trip, there is every reason to believe that China is treating the United States not with anger or fear but with contempt. Read more ..


Broken Education

U.S. Pours Millions Into Failing Black Colleges, Breaks New Student Loan Rules

May 15th 2014

Ben Franklin one hundred dollar bills

The federal government violates its own student loan rules and wastes hundreds of millions of dollars to subsidize perpetually failing black colleges, an investigation has found.

The institutions are known as Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) and JW’s probe has uncovered documents that show American taxpayers are being forced to fund them even when their accreditation has been stripped, they have dismal graduation rates and rank among the nation’s worst medical schools. For instance, Meharry Medical College (where the late Jackson’s physician, Conrad Murray, got his degree) is renowned for producing an alarming number of inept doctors along with third-world institutions like Manila Central University in the Philippines and the Autonomous University of Guadalajara in Mexico, according to records obtained by JW.

Read more ..

Russia on Edge

Russia Launches New Wave Of Raids On NGOs

May 14th 2014

Moscow Rally 2011-12-24

At least six Russian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have been subjected to unannounced inspections in recent days.

The raids were conducted by prosecutors in three different regions, and targeted well-known rights groups such as the Union of Soldiers' Mothers, Agora, and the Committee Against Torture.

The Russian daily "Kommersant," which first broke the news on May 13, described the move as the beginning of a second wave of NGO sweeps.

Thousands of NGOs operating in Russia were raided last year after the country adopted a controversial "foreign agents" law requiring NGOs that receive funding from abroad and engage in political activities, which are broadly defined, to register as foreign agents. Read more ..


The Edge of Climate Change

As Planet Warms, Intense Winds Keep Antarctic Cool

May 12th 2014

Glacier calving

Intense winds help Antarctica keep its cool despite climate change, according to a new study.

Scientists overwhelmingly agree global warming exists and humans are largely responsible, but  Antarctica seems to have bucked the trend, with portions of it cooling, while the rest of the planet heats up. 

The key to Antarctic weather is the wind, says Australian National University climate scientist Nerilie Abram, lead author of a new study that explains this in the context of a warmer world. 

“They control how far north the rain bands go out of the Southern ocean," Abram said. "And they are also really important for temperature and in particular for the temperature of Antarctica and also the Antarctic peninsula, which is the bit of Antarctica that juts out right into the path of those westerly winds.”  Read more ..


The Edge of Justice

Juvenile Injustice: Truants Face Courts, Jailing Without Legal Counsel

May 11th 2014

Kids Jail

She was barely 15 and scared at the prospect of being in court. She agreed to plead guilty to truancy. But when Judge Tim Irwin announced what he planned to do with her, the girl known as A.G. screamed in disbelief.

Guards forced the sobbing teen out of the Knox County Juvenile Court and clapped shackles on her legs. She had been struggling with crippling anxiety and what she said was relentless bullying at school. Now she was being led through a county juvenile detention center to a cell with a sliver of a window and a concrete slab with a mattress. For truancy.

“I cried all night long,” A.G. said. “It seemed like everyone was against us in court.”

Like tens of thousands of kids every year, A.G. was in court to answer for a non-criminal infraction that only a minor can commit. These infractions are called “status offenses,” and they can include skipping school, running away, underage drinking or smoking or violating curfews. But since status offenses aren’t technically crimes, indigent minors don’t benefit from the constitutional right to the appointment of defense counsel before they plead guilty. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Syrian Opposition Gains Diplomatic Victory

May 8th 2014

Syrian Fighters

The Syrian National Coalition (SNC) announced on Monday that the U.S. government has granted the organization foreign mission status. The move upgrades their Washington and New York offices to carry the same designation as other non-government delegations. The SNC will now be able to conduct business transactions in U.S. markets and also contact Syrians living in the U.S.

The SNC is an alliance of anti-Assad groups that the U.S. first recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people in 2012. However, coalition president Ahmad Jarba is making his first visit to Washington just this week. Six weeks ago, the Obama administration finally closed the Syrian embassy and expelled officials with ties to President Bashar al-Assad. Read more ..


The Battle for Syria

Swelling Tide of Syrian Refugees Causes Strains in Jordan

May 7th 2014

Syrian refugees Jordan

A senior United Nations official says international support for Jordan is needed to head off growing resentment against Syrian refugees. He warns competition between the refugees and host communities for scarce resources is causing strains.

Nearly 600,000 Syrian refugees have fled to Jordan to escape fighting in their country. Only 20 percent of them live in camps where United Nations and private aid agencies provide them with care and assistance. The other 80 percent are living in host communities.

They rely on basic government subsidies and on basic social services. This is putting enormous pressure on the infrastructure of the country. The U.N. resident humanitarian coordinator for Jordan, Edward Kallon, says there is an urgent need for development investment in Jordan to sustain the humanitarian investment. Read more ..


The Edge of Terrorism

US Assisting Nigeria in Search for Abducted Schoolgirls

May 6th 2014

African school kids

The White House Monday confirmed the United States is helping Nigeria in the effort to find and free nearly 300 schoolgirls abducted April 14 from a school in northeastern Borno State. On the same day the Islamist militant group Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the mass abduction, a U.S. spokesperson suggested many of the girls may have already been moved out of the country.

White House spokesman Jay Carney Monday denounced the kidnappings “as an outrage and terrible tragedy.”

"The president has been briefed several times, and his national security team continues to monitor the situation there closely. The State Department has been in regular touch with the Nigerian government about what we might do to help support its efforts to find and free these young women," said Carney. Read more ..


The Race for EVs

Tesla's Chinese Gigafactory Lithium Battery Plan faces Environmental Concerns

May 5th 2014

Click to select Image

Ironically one potential wrinkle in Tesla’s $5 billion Gigafactory lithium-ion battery strategic plans could turn out to be an environmental one.

Saving the environment of the planet is supposed to be one of the key reasons why people should be switching to battery-powered electric vehicles in the future. The argument goes that battery-powered EVs cause less pollution than their petrol-powered rivals but as western societys more environmentally conscious citizens consider whether to switch to so-called eco-friendly EVs we now realize that damaging forms of air and water pollution are blighting large tracts of China. Unfortunately a contributory factor in the Chinese pollution syndrome is caused by a vital constituent of EV batteries namely graphite. Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

What's Orange And Black And Bugging Ukraine?

May 4th 2014

Pro-Russian demonstrators in eastern Ukraine

As pro-Russian separatists continue to tighten their grip in eastern Ukraine, some angry Ukrainians have given them a nickname that sums up just how they feel about teeming swarms of unwanted pests: "koloradi." 

The term is short for Colorado potato beetles, the invasive, plant-eating insects that are the scourge of gardeners and farmers around the globe. 

Koloradskiye zhuki, as the plump, six-legged bugs are known locally, are distinctive for their bright orange-and-black stripes. In this, they bear a marked resemblance to the orange-and-black St. George ribbon, a symbol of Russian military valor that has become de rigueur lapel-wear for the separatists occupying administration buildings in cities like Donetsk and Slovyansk. Read more ..


The EU and Russia

'We're Not Laughing Anymore,' Says EU Commissioner On Relations With Russia

May 3rd 2014

euro flags

The European Union's enlargement commissioner, Stefan Fuele, says the EU has contributed to the current conflict in Ukraine by "failing" to understand Russian President Vladimir Putin's past statements about the legacy of the U.S.S.R. 

"We didn't take seriously the message that President Putin sent to us when he said a couple of years ago that the dissolution of the Soviet Union was the biggest catastrophe of the 20th century," said Fuele in an interview.

"At the 2008 Bucharest NATO-Russia summit, I was in the room when Putin said Ukraine was an 'artificial country,'" Fuele added. "Half of us laughed, half of us didn't understand. But we do understand now. We're not laughing anymore." Read more ..


The Cyber Edge

The Cyber Threat Industry: Lurking Into the Darknet

May 2nd 2014

Shadowy Computer User

Deep in shadowy chat rooms, where normal users never visit, there's an entirely different world. Its denizens conduct their business secretly, keeping their distance from journalists and information security experts who try to meddle in their affairs. This business has rules of its own -- the collection of forums and websites we call "darknet". The tracks of every virus and malware that threaten innocent users lead there.

 

Did you ever attempt to enter a specific site while surfing, when suddenly a pop-up window asked you to update a software for you to be able to view the content? In many cases this is a trojan. It's also important to remember that even if you press X to close that pop-up window you still get infected. Software, however, has to be updated regularly despite all that, to avoid a totally different type of attack, and it's important to download these updates through official websites rather than through pop-ups in third-party websites. These software updates, in many cases, deal with software vulnerabilities that can be abused by hackers in order to infect computers. Read more ..


The Prehistoric Days

Demise of Neanderthal Humans Came with Assimilation by Modern Humans

May 1st 2014

Click to select Image

Neandertal demise may be the result of interbreeding, assimilation, not early modern human superiority

The embargo has been lifted for the article, 'Neandertal Demise: An Archaeological Analysis of the Modern Human Superiority Complex.'

An analysis of the archaeological records of Neandertals and their modern human contemporaries has found that complex interbreeding and assimilation may have been responsible for Neandertal disappearance 40,000 years ago, in contrast to many current theories, according to results published in the open access journal PLOS ONE.

Neandertals thrived in Eurasia for more than 300,000 years but vanished around 40,000 years ago, around the same time that modern humans entered Europe. Archaeologists have developed many theories to explain their disappearance, and many of these suggest that modern-day humans were superior in a wide range of ways, including weaponry and subsistence strategies. Read more ..


The Battle for Ukraine

Donetsk Dispatch: City Looks To Victory Day With Trepidation

April 30th 2014

Protest in Ukraine

Nearly two weeks after the Geneva agreement intended to de-escalate the conflict in Ukraine was signed, no de-escalation has been seen in the industrial and mining region of Donetsk.

In fact, on April 28, several dozen pro-Russian militants attacked a Ukrainian unity demonstration, brutally beating many marchers with bats and batons. A few protesters were kidnapped and beaten in an effort to force them to confess that they belong to the Right Sector nationalist group.

It was an unprecedented escalation of violence in the city that has left nerves frayed and tensions high. The previous day, pro-Russian activists seized the city's television broadcast center. Some Donetsk residents have seen their television cut off since then, while others have seen local channels replaced with Rossia-24, the Russian government's round-the-clock information channel. Read more ..


The Edge of Health

MRSA Now Spreading among New York Households

April 29th 2014

Emergency Medical

Genome sequencing has revealed how a strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) spread through parts of New York City. Although MRSA is often associated with public spaces such as hospital and gyms, researchers say that private homes helped to fuel its travels in the New York neighborhoods of Manhattan and the Bronx.

The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, suggests a framework for other investigations into how pathogens colonize and infect communities.

Researchers examined the prevalence of the USA300 strain in northern Manhattan and the Bronx, where it has caused an epidemic of skin and soft-tissue infections in recent years. In 2009, it was responsible for around 75% of community-acquired MRSA infections in northern Manhattan. Read more ..


Putin's Insiders

From 'Darth Vader' To 'The Wolf:' A Who's Who Of Putin's Sanctioned 'Insiders'

April 28th 2014

Vladimir Putin sunglasses

When the United States last month imposed visa and financial sanctions on wealthy businessmen seen as close to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Russian leader laughed it off, saying: "I think I need to stay away from them." 

Putin might have a harder time staying away from the group of senior officials sanctioned by the Obama administration on April 28 over the ongoing unrest in Ukraine. Some of the seven officials have been close to the Russian president ever since he began his political career in St. Petersburg more than two decades ago.

Igor Sechin
With his stern visage and reputation for secretive machinations, Sechin has been likened to Darth Vader and is believed by many to be Putin's closest confidant. A former deputy prime minister who oversaw Russia's vast energy wealth, he currently serves as president of state-owned oil giant Rosneft and is widely seen as one of the country's most powerful men. In announcing the sanctions, the U.S. Treasury Department cited Sechin's "utter loyalty" to Putin as a "key component to his current standing." Read more ..


The Edge of Medicine

Exercise Could Stem Alzheimer's Onset

April 27th 2014

Holding Hands

Researchers have discovered yet another reason to hit the gym.

A new study of older adults who were at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease claims that moderate physical activity can prevent shrinkage of the hippocampus, the area of the brain responsible for memory and spatial orientation. It is also the first part of the brain that comes under attack from the devastating disease.

"The good news is that being physically active may offer protection from the neurodegeneration associated with genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease," said Dr. J. Carson Smith, a kinesiology researcher at the University of Maryland School of Public Health who conducted the study in a statement.

"We found that physical activity has the potential to preserve the volume of the hippocampus in those with increased risk for Alzheimer's disease, which means we can possibly delay cognitive decline and the onset of dementia symptoms in these individuals,” he said. “Physical activity interventions may be especially potent and important for this group," Smith added. For the study, Smith and his colleagues monitored four groups of “healthy older adults ages 65-89." Read more ..


The Oceans on Edge

Summit Pledges to Save the Oceans

April 26th 2014

Stormy Seas

The summit on protecting the world’s oceans ended Friday, with a call to tackle the major threats of climate change, overfishing, habitat loss and pollution. The Global Oceans Action Summit for Blue Growth and Food Security was held in The Hague.

A joint initiative on ocean health was announced by the Netherlands -- the summit host country -- the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank and summit organizers. Valerie Hickey of the World Bank said the summit was a success.

“I think this was the first time that over 600 people came together to align agendas across the conservation and growth fields to discuss how can we actually commit to action to support broad-based blue growth, food security. This was about making sure that we can invest in the oceans in a way that alleviates poverty, that shares broad prosperity, while turning down the heat.” Read more ..


Russia on Edge

Durov, Activists Adjust Accordingly As Kremlin Cracks Down On Internet Rights

April 24th 2014

Russian computer user

Where does the ousted CEO of Russia's most popular homegrown social network go to crowd-source ideas for a new place to do business? The competition, of course. 

"We are choosing a new home," Pavel Durov posted on April 24 on a little-used Facebook account he has held since 2006, the year he launched what would become his profoundly successful Russian-language analogue, VKontakte (VK). "A country that will allow us to develop our projects with privacy and freedom of speech in mind." 

The 29-year-old Durov announced on April 22 that he had left Russia after he was forced to sell his ownership shares in VK, which now rests in the hands of two pro-Kremlin oligarchs, Alisher Usmanov and Igor Sechin. The news -- accompanied by Durov's claim that he had refused to hand over private user data and the passage of sweeping new restrictions on Internet activity -- has sent a shiver through Russian activists, who depend on the net as a vital communication channel in a part of the world dominated by state-run media. Read more ..


The Digital Edge

Digital Comfort in Driverless Automobiles

April 23rd 2014

Click to select Image

A glimpse to future urban individual mobility provides a prototype of a vehicle designed by engineering company MBtech. Link & Go 2.0, as the prototype was named, has been showcased at the Geneva Motor Show. The vehicle has no steering wheel anymore. Instead, it offers all conceivable digital whistles and bells.

Designed for urban scenarios and inspired by the concepts of car pooling and car sharing, Link & Go 2.0 is actually more a taxi than a means of individual mobility as we know it. But the definitions of individual and collective mobility are blurring anyway. The operating concept of Link & Go 2.0 makes them almost disappear: The car can be ordered via smartphone (across its Facebook site) and then drives automatically to the customer to pick him up. Having transported the passenger to his destination, experience-based algorithms make vehicle to head for places where the statistic likelihood to pick up another passenger is the highest. Read more ..


Broken Government

The Resurgence of K Street Lobbyists

April 22nd 2014

Revenues are rising again on K Street after a brutal 2013 for many of Washington’s top firms.

Four of the top five lobby shops on Monday reported increases in lobbying revenue over the first three months of 2014, with some in the top 20 recording double-digit growth.

While lobbyists aren’t expecting a boom year, they’re holding out hope that Congress will have a productive summer despite the pressures of the midterm election season.

“You don't have an across-the-board bull market, but you're seeing increased activity where Congress is acting,” said Smith Davis, a partner in the public law and policy practice at Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld. Read more ..


The Edge of Space

In a Galaxy Far, Far Way is Found an Aqueous Planet

April 21st 2014

Click to select Image

In a dim and faraway solar system, astronomers have for the first time discovered a rocky, Earth-sized planet that might hold liquid water—a necessary ingredient for life as we know it.

The planet Kepler-186f is the fifth and outermost world orbiting the red dwarf Kepler-186. The slow-burning sun is smaller and cooler than our own. Too faint to be seen without a telescope, it's roughly 500 light years away in the direction of the northern constellation Cygnus (a light year is the distance light travels in a year).

Two attributes make the newfound planet special. First, it's within its star's habitable zone. That's the range of orbital distances where a planet with an atmosphere could harbor lakes, rivers or oceans that wouldn't freeze or boil away. Second, the planet is about the size of Earth. It's not big enough to accumulate a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium as gas giants like Jupiter and Saturn have. Read more ..


The Genetic Edge

The Search for the Genetic Engineers of Chickens and Chili Peppers

April 21st 2014

Click to select Image

Suddenly there was a word for chili peppers. Information about archaeological remains of ancient chili peppers in Mexico along with a study of the appearance of words for chili peppers in ancient dialects helped researchers to understand where jalapeños were domesticated and highlight the value of multi-proxy data analysis.

Their results are from one (Kraig Kraft et al.) of nine papers presented in a special feature issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on plant and animal domestication edited by Dolores Piperno, staff scientist emerita at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Curator of South American Archaeology at the National Museum of Natural History and Greger Larson of Durham University in England. Read more ..


Ukraine on Edge

An Easter Tale Of Two Orthodox Babushkas In Ukraine

April 20th 2014

Ten Commandments

Lyudmila, 60, a newspaper copy editor, and Yelena Andreyevna, 75, a pensioner, have a lot in common. 

They have lived most their lives in Kyiv. They are both ethnic Russian. And they are both practicing Orthodox Christians. On Easter Sunday they both prayed for peace and understanding in Ukraine amid fears of impending war.

Aside from that, however, their beliefs are very different, and their choice of Easter service significant.

Lyudmila, 60, who identifies herself as a Russian and only gave her first name, went to the midnight service at the spectacular Moscow Patriarchate's Pechersk Lavra. Her Easter wish was for Russians in Ukraine to be given "equal rights" on language.

Yelena Andreyevna, who identifies herself as a Ukrainian and gave only her first name and patronymic, went to the Kyiv Patriarchate's St. Michael's Gold-Domed Monastery, where she prayed that God would help extinguish the "malice" burning on the frontier with Russia. Read more ..


The Way We Are

Face of American Farmer Changing

April 19th 2014

Small Farm

The average American farmer is now 58 years old, and farmers 65 and older are the fastest growing segment of the population. It’s a troubling trend signaling big changes ahead for American agriculture as aging farmers retire. A new report from the U.S. Census Bureau is suggesting what some of those changes might look like and why they might not be so troubling.

Adrienne Gibson works a small plot of land in the rolling hills north of Knoxville, Tennessee. She’s something of a novelty in American agriculture. Female and a minority, Gibson is succeeding in an industry dominated by white men.

Gibson makes a living from her tiny operation by using the Community Supported Agriculture, or CSA, model of farming. She raises food for a handful of contract customers who pay in advance. “We have 23 CSA customers. They subscribe to supporting the farm, and in return they get a weekly basket of vegetables from May through October," said Gibson. Read more ..


The Ukraine on Edge

Kramatorsk Dispatch: Humiliating Capitulation Dampens Troops' Morale

April 18th 2014

Pro-Russian demonstrators in eastern Ukraine

On April 15, a Ukrainian army unit lost six armored personnel carriers to pro-Russian militants in the city of Kramatorsk. Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov says the troops will be brought before a court for what he describes as an act of "cowardice."

The separatists blocked the road with cars and demanded that the soldiers switch to their side. Along with the civilian protesters were so-called "little green men," unmarked soldiers believed to be Russian servicemen who are showing up in all the hotspots and commanding operations. These wore masks and had weapons. To avoid an escalation, the soldiers decided to meet the protesters' demands and abandoned their armored vehicles. They didn't hand over their weapons. The armored vehicles were then taken to Slovyansk. Read more ..


The Battle for the Ukraine

Ukraine Restricting Russian Males From Entering Country

April 17th 2014

Ukraine

Ukraine is stepping up its border controls with Russia, restricting entry for Russian men of "fighting age," a spokesman for the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine said

"I can confirm that we temporarily have been forced to strengthen border control efforts in connection with information about possible provocations at the border, and even possible terrorist acts," said Oleh Slobodyan. "Of course we are looking first and foremost at men, you might say, of a fighting age that are traveling alone or in small groups." 

Russia's Foreign Ministry has demanded an explanation from Ukraine. It said Russian authorities would consider "possible retaliatory measures."

In an apparently related development, the Russian Border Guard press service said April 17 that 45 Russian passengers on a train headed to Ukraine were stopped at the Ukrainian border and ordered by Ukrainian border guards to go back.

Crimea Restrictions
In its statement, Aeroflot said that only male Russian nationals arriving in Ukraine to see relatives, or care for sick relatives, or attend a funeral will be permitted to enter the country. It said such Russian male passengers must have documents proving the purpose of their visit. Read more ..


Broken Economy

Casinos and Offshore Companies Battle for Billions in Online Gambling

April 16th 2014

Roulette Wheel

Ever since Bugsy Siegel opened the Flamingo Hotel in 1946 and launched the Las Vegas Strip, gambling has held a tenuous position in American life, suggesting glamour, wealth, depravity and corruption all at once. Now that casinos have spread throughout the nation and allegedly shed their mafia ties, a new branch of the industry is fighting for legitimacy here.

Las Vegas-based casinos and overseas operators have begun an all-out battle over Internet gambling, which is mostly banned nationwide but carries with it the promise of billions of dollars in additional revenue for casinos and state governments. Three states began licensing online betting last year, and lawmakers are debating online gambling bills in seven others right now. In Washington, meanwhile, Congress is facing increasing pressure to either bar or regulate the fledgling industry federally.

The moves are coming in response to a concerted push orchestrated by a colorful cast of characters, including one of the most prolific political donors of the Super PAC era, an offshore company that only recently settled federal allegations of money laundering and bank fraud and a pair of benignly named groups backed by millions of dollars in casino cash. Read more ..


Europe on Edge

Berlin Fears a High Court Ruling Could Threaten the European Union

April 15th 2014

Greek and EU flags

The Greek economy ended its four-year exile from international markets last week with a triumphant 3 billion euro (about $4.1 billion) bond sale. The global financial media trumpeted this somewhat unexpected achievement as a sign that things were finally turning around in the European Union's most blighted country. Media reports to the contrary, Greece's return to the market does nothing to resolve Greece's systemic economic deficiencies. Instead, it enables Greece to build up more debt, which will leave it a permanent bailout state for the foreseeable future.

In any case, events in Athens, a city perennially destined to be a dependent on the great powers of any given time, will not be pivotal to the future of the European Union. Nor will decisions made in Spain, Italy or even France. Instead, the Continent's fate in the 21st century will be decided in Germany. Germany stands increasingly alone as the guardian of the very European order that allowed it to prosper and quelled its historical insecurities about its neighbors. Read more ..



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